Zira

86 documented cases implicating security forces based in Zira:


Amritsar District

Amritsar II Subdistrict
Mukhwinder Singh Male, age 38-40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar
Baba Bakala Subdistrict
Kuldip Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nangli
Pargat Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nangli
Khadoor Sahib Subdistrict
Sulakhan Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Darapur
Tarlochan Singh Male, age 25-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Waring
Patti Subdistrict
Balbir Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Patti
Bhupinder Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhul Kohna
Harbans Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dholan
Harjit Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chima Khurd
Jaspal Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lauhka
Rajpal Singh Male, age 33 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lauhka
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Narli
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 14-15 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mari Udhoke

Firozpur District

Firozpur Subdistrict
Balkar Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sodhiwala
Balkar Singh Male, age 19-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nihala Lawera
Dharam Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Naraingarh
Dharam Singh Male, age 15-16 at time of extrajudicial execution, Naraingarh
Dharam Singh Male, age 65 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ratta Khera baja Kotwal
Harbans Singh Male, age 31-36 at time of extrajudicial execution, Machhiwara Alias Kamagar
Kulwant Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Arifke
Kulwant Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Palha Megha
Pippal Singh Male, age 17-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jaimalwala
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mudki
Zira Subdistrict
Ajit Singh Male, age 65 at time of extrajudicial execution, Killi Bodla
Amarjeet Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Thatha
Balvir Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Machhian
Daljit Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Malhuwaliawala
Gurbachan Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Behk Walayat Shah
Gurjant Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jattanwali
Gurjeet Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lohke Kalan
Gurlal Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mansurwal
Gurmukh Singh Male, age 29-32 at time of disappearance, Mansurpur Deva
Iqbal Balla Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Roshan Shahwala
Iqbal Kaur Female, age 90 at time of extrajudicial execution, Killi Bodla
Jagdish Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jaura
Jagir Singh Male, age 51 at time of extrajudicial execution, Warra Mansurwal
Jagrup Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chohlah
Jagtar Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jhanda Bagga Nawan
Jameet Singh Male, age 54-55 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chak Mahrana
Jasmail Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Wara Chain Singhwala Alias Ramgarh
Jaswinder Kaur Female, age 39-40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Killi Bodla
Jeet Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jhanda Bagga Purana
Kartar Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Wara Pohwindian
Kulwant Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Talwandi Nepalan
Kulwant Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sodhiwala
Lakhwinder Kaur Female, age 50 at time of extrajudicial execution, Killi Bodla
Major Singh Male, age 40-45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Variah
Malook Singh Male, age 40-45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Killi Bodla
Mangal Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mallanwala
Manjit Kaur Female, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Killi Bodla
Mehar Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of disappearance, Hardasa
Mohan Singh Male, age 37-38 at time of extrajudicial execution, Behk Walayat Shah
Nahar Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of disappearance, Maloke
Naseeb Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Malhewala
Palwinder Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sharaf Ali Shahwala
Rajwinder Singh Male, age 16 at time of extrajudicial execution, Killi Bodla
Sarwan Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ghuram
Shuwinder Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Roshan Shahwala
Sukhchain Singh Male, age 23 at time of disappearance, Behk Gujran
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Malang Shahwala
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Killi Bodla
Surjit Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Behk Pasarian
Swaran Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ghuduwala

Gurdaspur District

Batala Subdistrict
Amar Singh Male, age 34-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Karnaman
Mahinder Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Malikpur
Sahib Singh Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Batala
Tarsem Singh Male, age 45-46 at time of extrajudicial execution, Malikpur
Gurdaspur Subdistrict
Chanchal Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Talwandi

Kapurthala District

Sultanpur Lodhi Subdistrict
Jasbir Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mand Indresa
Satnam Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sarupwal

Moga District

Bhagha Purana Subdistrict
Naryan Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bara Ghar
Moga Subdistrict
Ajit Singh Male, age 40-45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Fatehgarh Panjtur
Jagir Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Daulewala
Joginder Singh Male, age 48 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chirag Shahwala
Maneer Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Fatehgarh Panjtur
Swaranjeet Singh Male, age 14-15 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kokri Kalan
Nihal Singhwala Subdistrict
Suba Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Raunta

Muktsar District

Muktsar Subdistrict
Shinda Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Saddarwala

Sangrur District

Barnala Subdistrict
Umarpal Singh Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhila

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 70-75 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 35-36 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Zira:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

95.3% Male 82
 
 
4.7% Female 4

Marital status

53.5% Not married 46
 
 
46.5% Married 40

If married, did the victim have children?

38.4% Yes 33
 
 
8.1% No 7


Total children surviving victims: 83


Religion

97.7% Sikh 84
 
 
2.3% Non-Sikh 2

Caste

75.6% Jat 65
 
 
24.4% Non-Jat 21

Age

5.8% 0-17 5
 
66.3% 18-33 57
 
18.6% 34-49 16
 
3.5% 50-64 3
 
4.7% 65+ 4
 

Education

29.1% No education 25
 
26.7% Primary school 23
 
15.1% Middle school 13
 
22.1% High school 19
 
1.2% Some college 1
 
2.3% College degree 2
 
3.5% Vocational degree 3
 

Employment

52.3% Farmer/agriculture 45
 
9.3% Student 8
 
9.3% Day labourer 8
 
5.8% Mechanic 5
 
4.7% Housewife 4
 
3.5% Shopkeeper 3
 
3.5% Driver (bus/truck/car) 3
 
1.2% Carpenter 1
 
1.2% Unemployed 1
 
15.1% Other 13
 

Urban / Rural

88.4% Rural 76
 
 
3.5% Urban 3

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

46.5% Yes 40
 
 
53.5% No 46

Prior torture

39.5% Yes 34
 
 
7.0% No 6

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

74.4% Yes 64
 
 
24.4% No 21

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

31.9% Yes 15
 
 
80.9% No 38

Witnesses to abduction

54.7% Yes 47
 
 
2.3% No 2

Victim abduction location

19.8% Victim’s residence 17
 
14.0% Friend/relative's residence 12
 
9.3% Roadside 8
 
9.3% Village fields 8
 
3.5% Bus station/stand 3
 
3.5% Shop/market 3
 
2.3% Police station 2
 
10.5% Other 9
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

58.1% Yes 50
 
 
16.3% No 14

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

12.8% Gave no response 11
 
9.3% Killed victim in an “encounter” 8
 
7.0% Denied involvement 6
 
4.7% Other 4
 
3.5% Admitted custody only 3
 
3.5% Told family to go to another police station 3
 
1.2% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 1
 
1.2% Victim killed by militants 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

4.7% Yes 4
 
 
50.0% No 43

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

95.3% Extrajudicial executions 82
 
 
4.7% Enforced disappearances 4

Number of victims per family

73.3% 1 victim 63
 
11.6% 2 victims 10
 
7.0% 3 victims 6
 
8.1% 7 victims 7
 

Related incidents

2.3% Genuine encounters in family 2
 
 
97.7% No genuine encounters in family 84

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

37.2% Cremated the body 32
 
2.3% Dumped body in canal or river 2
 

Security forces returned body

29.1% Yes 25
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
66.3% No 57
 

Condition of corpse, if known

23.3% Bullet wounds 20
 
12.8% Cuts/wounds 11
 
10.5% Broken bones 9
 
10.5% Bruises 9
 
9.3% Burn marks 8
 
8.1% Missing hair from head or face 7
 
5.8% Missing fingernails 5
 
3.5% Other 3
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

73.3% Yes 63
 
 
16.3% No 14

Security forces uniformed

95.7% Yes 45
 
 
8.5% No 4

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

69.8% Punjab Police 60
 
5.8% CRPF 5
 
2.3% BSF 2
 
1.2% Other 1
 
1.2% Black cat 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

94.2% Punjab police 81
 
14.0% CRPF 12
 
4.7% Criminal Investigation Agency 4
 
2.3% BSF 2
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

43.0% Combatant 37
 
 
55.8% Non-combatant 48

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

19.8% Yes 17
 
 
36.0% No 31

If provided support, support was voluntary

11.6% Yes 10
 
 
7.0% No 6

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

12.8% Yes 11
 
 
86.0% No 74

Approached security officials

41.9% Yes 36
 
 
58.1% No 50

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

72.1% Afraid of retaliation 62
 
33.7% Didn’t know what to do 29
 
25.6% Couldn’t afford 22
 
15.1% Believed it would have been ineffective 13
 

Remedies desired from government

80.2% Truth commission 69
 
74.4% Monetary compensation to family 64
 
68.6% Employment 59
 
46.5% Investigations into abuses 40
 
32.6% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 28
 
31.4% Rehabilitation services to family members 27
 
11.6% Memorial for victims 10
 
8.1% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 7
 
4.7% Desire nothing from government 4
 
1.2% Other 1
 

Year & District  

District

15.1% Amritsar 13
 
58.1% Firozpur 50
 
5.8% Gurdaspur 5
 
2.3% Kapurthala 2
 
8.1% Moga 7
 
1.2% Muktsar 1
 
1.2% Sangrur 1
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
1.2% 1984 1
 
1.2% 1985 1
 
1.2% 1986 1
 
5.8% 1987 5
 
3.5% 1988 3
 
3.5% 1989 3
 
7.0% 1990 6
 
36.0% 1991 31
 
27.9% 1992 24
 
5.8% 1993 5
 
2.3% 1994 2
 
2.3% 1995 2
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.