Firozpur

87 documented cases implicating security forces based in Firozpur:


Amritsar District

Amritsar I Subdistrict
Kuldip Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chogawan Roopowali
Amritsar II Subdistrict
Harpal Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar
Manjit Singh Male, age 17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar
Baba Bakala Subdistrict
Kuldip Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nangli
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mehta
Patti Subdistrict
Bakshish Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kairon
Dessa Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dassuwal
Jagdeesh Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ahmedpur
Jagir Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dassuwal
Jarnail Singh Male, age 15 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sabhrai
Onkar Singh Male, age 26-27 at time of disappearance, Gharyala
Ranjit Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sabhrai
Sarwan Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of disappearance, Bua
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 26-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Thathi Jaimal Singh
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Ram Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manochahal

Bathinda District

Bathinda Subdistrict
Gurmeet Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhucho Mandi

Faridkot District

Faridkot Subdistrict
Baldev Singh Male, age 45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Deep Singhwala
Gurlal Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kauni
Jaitu Subdistrict
Gurcharan Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bish Nandi

Firozpur District

Fazilka Subdistrict
Jarnail Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mulianwali
Kundan Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mulianwali
Sarbjeet Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Banwala Hanwanta
Firozpur Subdistrict
Atma Singh Male, age 34-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Maste Ke
Balkar Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sodhiwala
Balwinder Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mirze Ke
Bhajan Singh Male, age 35-38 at time of extrajudicial execution, Maste Ke
Dharm Kaur Female, age 60 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jaimalwala Alias Pireana
Gurmel Singh Male, age 45-50 at time of extrajudicial execution, Toor
Harjeet Singh Male, age 23-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bukan Khanwala
Jagir Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Arie Ke
Jagroop Singh Male, age 36-40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Baghewala
Jasbir Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Firozpur
Jaswant Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Changali Qadim
Jaswant Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Naurang Ke Lelli
Laal Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Maste Ke
Lakhbir Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Malwal
Lakhwinder Singh Male, age 17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Saide Ke Rohela
Laljit Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sur Singhwala
Major Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dula Singhwala
Mota Singh Male, age 49-50 at time of extrajudicial execution, Arifke
Mukhtiyar Singh Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tali Gulam
Nishan Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ghulam Hussainwala
Pargat Singh Male, age 30-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kamalwala
Prem Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khai
Satnam Singh Male, age 15 at time of extrajudicial execution, Saide Ke Rohela
Satnam Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bagguwala
Suja Singh Male, age 60 at time of extrajudicial execution, Arie Ke
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bandala
Sukhwant Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jhok Naudh Singh
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 26-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bagguwala
Jalalabad Subdistrict
Balwant Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mothanwala
Gurbaksh Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mothanwala
Zira Subdistrict
Ajit Singh Male, age 65 at time of extrajudicial execution, Killi Bodla
Fumman Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nihalke
Gurlal Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mansurwal
Hansa Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kamalwala
Iqbal Kaur Female, age 90 at time of extrajudicial execution, Killi Bodla
Jagtar Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jhanda Bagga Nawan
Jaswinder Kaur Female, age 39-40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Killi Bodla
Kulwant Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Talwandi Nepalan
Lakhvir Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Wara Chain Singhwala Alias Ramgarh
Lakhwinder Kaur Female, age 50 at time of extrajudicial execution, Killi Bodla
Major Singh Male, age 40-45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Variah
Manjit Kaur Female, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Killi Bodla
Pritam Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Botianwala
Rajwinder Singh Male, age 16 at time of extrajudicial execution, Killi Bodla
Shuwinder Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Roshan Shahwala
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Malang Shahwala
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Killi Bodla
Surjit Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Fatehgarh Sabrah

Gurdaspur District

Batala Subdistrict
Sahib Singh Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Batala
Dera Baba Nanak Subdistrict
Makhan Singh Male, age 32-33 at time of disappearance, Choura
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of disappearance, Choura

Kapurthala District

Kapurthala Subdistrict
Ranjit Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lakhan Kalan
Sultanpur Lodhi Subdistrict
Jaswant Singh Male, age 31-33 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sherpur Sadha

Moga District

Bhagha Purana Subdistrict
Angrej Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Landa
Avtar Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Maur Nauabad
Sewak Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sangatpura

Muktsar District

Muktsar Subdistrict
Iqbal Singh Male, age 60 at time of extrajudicial execution, Saddarwala
Nachattar Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Saddarwala

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 26-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 28 at time of disappearance, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 35-36 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 40-45 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Firozpur:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

94.3% Male 82
 
 
5.7% Female 5

Marital status

51.7% Not married 45
 
 
48.3% Married 42

If married, did the victim have children?

41.4% Yes 36
 
 
6.9% No 6


Total children surviving victims: 102


Religion

100.0% Sikh 87
 

Caste

77.0% Jat 67
 
 
23.0% Non-Jat 20

Age

6.9% 0-17 6
 
66.7% 18-33 58
 
17.2% 34-49 15
 
4.6% 50-64 4
 
2.3% 65+ 2
 
1.1% Age unknown 1
 

Education

34.5% No education 30
 
16.1% Primary school 14
 
13.8% Middle school 12
 
28.7% High school 25
 
2.3% Some college 2
 
2.3% College degree 2
 
1.1% Graduate degree 1
 
1.1% Vocational degree 1
 

Employment

63.2% Farmer/agriculture 55
 
5.7% Day labourer 5
 
5.7% Housewife 5
 
3.4% Student 3
 
3.4% Unemployed 3
 
3.4% Shopkeeper 3
 
2.3% Mechanic 2
 
1.1% Driver (bus/truck/car) 1
 
16.1% Other 14
 

Urban / Rural

87.4% Rural 76
 
 
5.7% Urban 5

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

49.4% Yes 43
 
 
49.4% No 43

Prior torture

40.2% Yes 35
 
 
9.2% No 8

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

69.0% Yes 60
 
 
31.0% No 27

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

29.8% Yes 14
 
 
70.2% No 33

Witnesses to abduction

54.0% Yes 47
 
 
9.2% No 8

Victim abduction location

26.4% Victim’s residence 23
 
13.8% Friend/relative's residence 12
 
6.9% Roadside 6
 
4.6% Village fields 4
 
2.3% Bus station/stand 2
 
1.1% Shop/market 1
 
8.0% Other 7
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

59.8% Yes 52
 
 
9.2% No 8

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

12.6% Gave no response 11
 
6.9% Other 6
 
4.6% Denied involvement 4
 
3.4% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 3
 
3.4% Killed victim in an “encounter” 3
 
2.3% Told family to go to another police station 2
 
2.3% Admitted custody only 2
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

6.9% Yes 6
 
 
46.0% No 40

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

94.3% Extrajudicial executions 82
 
 
5.7% Enforced disappearances 5

Number of victims per family

70.1% 1 victim 61
 
17.2% 2 victims 15
 
4.6% 3 victims 4
 
8.0% 7 victims 7
 

Related incidents

4.6% Genuine encounters in family 4
 
 
95.4% No genuine encounters in family 83

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

33.3% Cremated the body 29
 
1.1% Dumped body in well or drain 1
 

Security forces returned body

27.6% Yes 24
 
1.1% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 1
 
64.4% No 56
 

Condition of corpse, if known

21.8% Bullet wounds 19
 
12.6% Broken bones 11
 
10.3% Cuts/wounds 9
 
9.2% Bruises 8
 
9.2% Burn marks 8
 
5.7% Missing hair from head or face 5
 
3.4% Other 3
 
3.4% Missing fingernails 3
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

70.1% Yes 61
 
 
14.9% No 13

Security forces uniformed

85.1% Yes 40
 
 
12.8% No 6

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

65.5% Punjab Police 57
 
8.0% CRPF 7
 
3.4% Criminal Investigation Agency 3
 
2.3% Black cat 2
 
1.1% Other 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

89.7% Punjab police 78
 
21.8% CRPF 19
 
6.9% BSF 6
 
5.7% Criminal Investigation Agency 5
 
2.3% Black cat 2
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

34.5% Combatant 30
 
 
65.5% Non-combatant 57

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

23.0% Yes 20
 
 
40.2% No 35

If provided support, support was voluntary

13.8% Yes 12
 
 
8.0% No 7

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

21.8% Yes 19
 
 
77.0% No 67

Approached security officials

37.9% Yes 33
 
 
60.9% No 53

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

65.5% Afraid of retaliation 57
 
26.4% Didn’t know what to do 23
 
20.7% Believed it would have been ineffective 18
 
16.1% Couldn’t afford 14
 

Remedies desired from government

73.6% Monetary compensation to family 64
 
70.1% Employment 61
 
69.0% Truth commission 60
 
41.4% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 36
 
37.9% Investigations into abuses 33
 
23.0% Rehabilitation services to family members 20
 
21.8% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 19
 
14.9% Memorial for victims 13
 
4.6% Desire nothing from government 4
 
3.4% Other 3
 

Year & District  

District

18.4% Amritsar 16
 
1.1% Bathinda 1
 
3.4% Faridkot 3
 
58.6% Firozpur 51
 
3.4% Gurdaspur 3
 
2.3% Kapurthala 2
 
3.4% Moga 3
 
2.3% Muktsar 2
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
1.1% 1983 1
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
4.6% 1986 4
 
5.7% 1987 5
 
4.6% 1988 4
 
11.5% 1989 10
 
10.3% 1990 9
 
25.3% 1991 22
 
17.2% 1992 15
 
11.5% 1993 10
 
4.6% 1994 4
 
1.1% 1995 1
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
1.1% 1997 1
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
1.1% 1999 1
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.