Raman

11 documented cases implicating security forces based in Raman:


Bathinda District

Bathinda Subdistrict
Lakha Singh Male, age 25-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amargarh
Major Singh Male, age 31 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bathinda
Talwandi Sabo Subdistrict
Ajmer Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pakka Kalan
Darshan Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kalalwala
Ginder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kaureana
Gurdas Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bagha
Gurmail Singh Male, age 22-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pakka Kalan
Malkeet Singh Male, age 45-50 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manwala Urf Kishangarh
Nehru Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Giana
Palwinder Singh Male, age 30-31 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mahi Nangal

Mansa District

Sardulgarh Subdistrict
Mohan Lal Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jhanda Kalan

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Raman:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 11
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

45.5% Not married 5
 
 
54.5% Married 6

If married, did the victim have children?

45.5% Yes 5
 
 
9.1% No 1


Total children surviving victims: 11


Religion

90.9% Sikh 10
 
 
9.1% Non-Sikh 1

Caste

54.5% Non-Jat 6
 
 
45.5% Jat 5

Age

90.9% 18-33 10
 
9.1% 34-49 1
 

Education

36.4% No education 4
 
36.4% Primary school 4
 
27.3% High school 3
 

Employment

54.5% Farmer/agriculture 6
 
18.2% Shopkeeper 2
 
9.1% Driver (bus/truck/car) 1
 
18.2% Other 2
 

Urban / Rural

90.9% Rural 10
 
 
9.1% Urban 1

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

36.4% Yes 4
 
 
63.6% No 7

Prior torture

18.2% Yes 2
 
 
18.2% No 2

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

90.9% Yes 10
 
 
9.1% No 1

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
112.5% No 9

Witnesses to abduction

72.7% Yes 8
 
 
9.1% No 1

Victim abduction location

27.3% Victim’s residence 3
 
18.2% Checkpoint (naka) 2
 
9.1% Roadside 1
 
9.1% Bus station/stand 1
 
27.3% Other 3
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

36.4% Yes 4
 
 
54.5% No 6

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

18.2% Gave no response 2
 
9.1% Denied involvement 1
 
9.1% Victim killed while trying to escape 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

9.1% Yes 1
 
 
63.6% No 7

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

100.0% Extrajudicial executions 11
 
 
0.0% Enforced disappearances 0

Number of victims per family

81.8% 1 victim 9
 
18.2% 2 victim 2
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 11

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

18.2% Cremated the body 2
 

Security forces returned body

9.1% Yes 1
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
90.9% No 10
 

Condition of corpse, if known

18.2% Bullet wounds 2
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

90.9% Yes 10
 
 
9.1% No 1

Security forces uniformed

100.0% Yes 8
 
 
12.5% No 1

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

90.9% Punjab Police 10
 
18.2% CRPF 2
 
9.1% Other 1
 
9.1% Black cat 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

100.0% Punjab police 11
 
9.1% CRPF 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

0.0% Combatant 0
 
 
100.0% Non-combatant 11

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
100.0% No 11

If provided support, support was voluntary

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
0.0% No 0

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

27.3% Yes 3
 
 
72.7% No 8

Approached security officials

36.4% Yes 4
 
 
63.6% No 7

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

72.7% Afraid of retaliation 8
 
45.5% Believed it would have been ineffective 5
 
36.4% Couldn’t afford 4
 

Remedies desired from government

100.0% Truth commission 11
 
72.7% Employment 8
 
63.6% Investigations into abuses 7
 
45.5% Monetary compensation to family 5
 
36.4% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 4
 
27.3% Rehabilitation services to family members 3
 
9.1% Memorial for victims 1
 

Year & District 

District

90.9% Bathinda 10
 
9.1% Mansa 1
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
0.0% 1987 0
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
0.0% 1989 0
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
36.4% 1991 4
 
27.3% 1992 3
 
18.2% 1993 2
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
18.2% Date Unknown 2
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.