Bhikhi

11 documented cases implicating security forces based in Bhikhi:


Ludhiana District

Ludhiana East Subdistrict
Mahinder Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ludhiana

Mansa District

Budhlada Subdistrict
Dharminder Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Budhlada
Harbhajan Singh Male, age 28-29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Boha
Shingara Singh Male, age 28-30 at time of disappearance, Heron Khurd
Shingara Singh Male, age 32-33 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhadra
Mansa Subdistrict
Amarjit Singh Male, age 45-46 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhalewan
Najjar Ram Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhikhi

Moga District

Moga Subdistrict
Gurcharn Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mehna

Sangrur District

Sangrur Subdistrict
Mahinder Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sahoke
Sunam Subdistrict
Balbir Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Namol

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Bhikhi:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 11
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

36.4% Not married 4
 
 
63.6% Married 7

If married, did the victim have children?

54.5% Yes 6
 
 
9.1% No 1


Total children surviving victims: 22


Religion

90.9% Sikh 10
 
 
9.1% Non-Sikh 1

Caste

63.6% Non-Jat 7
 
 
36.4% Jat 4

Age

63.6% 18-33 7
 
27.3% 34-49 3
 

Education

72.7% No education 8
 
9.1% Primary school 1
 
18.2% High school 2
 

Employment

45.5% Day labourer 5
 
36.4% Farmer/agriculture 4
 
9.1% Shopkeeper 1
 
9.1% Driver (bus/truck/car) 1
 

Urban / Rural

63.6% Rural 7
 
 
27.3% Urban 3

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

45.5% Yes 5
 
 
54.5% No 6

Prior torture

45.5% Yes 5
 
 
0.0% No 0

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

90.9% Yes 10
 
 
9.1% No 1

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
85.7% No 6

Witnesses to abduction

63.6% Yes 7
 
 
9.1% No 1

Victim abduction location

36.4% Friend/relative's residence 4
 
18.2% Victim’s residence 2
 
9.1% Roadside 1
 
9.1% Bus station/stand 1
 
9.1% Police station 1
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

54.5% Yes 6
 
 
36.4% No 4

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

9.1% Gave no response 1
 
9.1% Told family to go to another police station 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
90.9% No 10

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

90.9% Extrajudicial executions 10
 
 
9.1% Enforced disappearances 1

Number of victims per family

90.9% 1 victim 10
 
9.1% 2 victim 1
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 11

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces


Security forces returned body

9.1% Yes 1
 
9.1% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 1
 
72.7% No 8
 

Condition of corpse, if known

9.1% Other 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

81.8% Yes 9
 
 
18.2% No 2

Security forces uniformed

71.4% Yes 5
 
 
14.3% No 1

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

90.9% Punjab Police 10
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

81.8% Punjab police 9
 
9.1% CRPF 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

27.3% Combatant 3
 
 
72.7% Non-combatant 8

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

36.4% Yes 4
 
 
36.4% No 4

If provided support, support was voluntary

27.3% Yes 3
 
 
9.1% No 1

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

18.2% Yes 2
 
 
81.8% No 9

Approached security officials

18.2% Yes 2
 
 
81.8% No 9

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

63.6% Afraid of retaliation 7
 
54.5% Didn’t know what to do 6
 
45.5% Couldn’t afford 5
 
9.1% Believed it would have been ineffective 1
 
9.1% Other 1
 

Remedies desired from government

63.6% Monetary compensation to family 7
 
63.6% Truth commission 7
 
45.5% Investigations into abuses 5
 
27.3% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 3
 
27.3% Employment 3
 
18.2% Memorial for victims 2
 
9.1% Rehabilitation services to family members 1
 
9.1% Desire nothing from government 1
 

Year & District 

District

9.1% Ludhiana 1
 
54.5% Mansa 6
 
9.1% Moga 1
 
18.2% Sangrur 2
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
0.0% 1987 0
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
0.0% 1989 0
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
27.3% 1991 3
 
9.1% 1992 1
 
45.5% 1993 5
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
9.1% 1999 1
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
9.1% Date Unknown 1
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.