Mansa

27 documented cases implicating security forces based in Mansa:


Amritsar District

Amritsar II Subdistrict
Ravinder Kaur Female, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Thanda
Resham Singh Male, age 32-33 at time of extrajudicial execution, Thanda
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Salwinder Singh Male, age 49 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhotian
Sukhwant Singh Male, age 29-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhotian

Bathinda District

Bathinda Subdistrict
Gurdeep Singh Male, age 40-45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jeeda
Rampura Phul Subdistrict
Sukhbir Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mandi Kalan

Mansa District

Budhlada Subdistrict
Chajju Singh Male, age 43-44 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dodra
Gamdur Singh Male, age 33 at time of extrajudicial execution, Boha
Jagroop Singh Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Hassanpur
Mahinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Barah
Major Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dialpura
Mansa Subdistrict
Baldev Singh Male, age 38-40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chakerian
Bikkar Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Aspal
Bugar Singh Male, age 40 at time of disappearance, Hirewala
Darshan Singh Male, age 21 at time of disappearance, Khara
Ghota Singh Male, age 68-70 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nangal Kalan
Hamir Singh Male, age 54-55 at time of disappearance, Hirewala
Kaka Singh Male, age 50-55 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khilian
Magar Singh Male, age 38-40 at time of disappearance, Dalel Singhwala
Makhan Singh Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khiala Kalan
Wazir Singh Male, age 40-42 at time of disappearance, Khara
Sardulgarh Subdistrict
Darshan Singh Male, age 16 at time of disappearance, Nandgarh
Harpal Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jhanduke
Jarnail Singh Male, age 25 at time of disappearance, Bhama Kalan
Ravinder Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mankhera

Sangrur District

Sunam Subdistrict
Ram Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bakshiwala

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Mansa:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

96.3% Male 26
 
 
3.7% Female 1

Marital status

51.9% Not married 14
 
 
48.1% Married 13

If married, did the victim have children?

48.1% Yes 13
 


Total children surviving victims: 41


Religion

100.0% Sikh 27
 

Caste

77.8% Jat 21
 
 
22.2% Non-Jat 6

Age

3.7% 0-17 1
 
59.3% 18-33 16
 
25.9% 34-49 7
 
7.4% 50-64 2
 
3.7% 65+ 1
 

Education

37.0% No education 10
 
18.5% Primary school 5
 
18.5% Middle school 5
 
18.5% High school 5
 
7.4% Some college 2
 

Employment

55.6% Farmer/agriculture 15
 
14.8% Student 4
 
7.4% Day labourer 2
 
3.7% Shopkeeper 1
 
3.7% Mechanic 1
 
3.7% Housewife 1
 
14.8% Other 4
 

Urban / Rural

96.3% Rural 26
 
 
0.0% Urban 0

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

77.8% Yes 21
 
 
22.2% No 6

Prior torture

66.7% Yes 18
 
 
11.1% No 3

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

74.1% Yes 20
 
 
25.9% No 7

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

13.3% Yes 2
 
 
80.0% No 12

Witnesses to abduction

55.6% Yes 15
 
 
7.4% No 2

Victim abduction location

22.2% Victim’s residence 6
 
11.1% Friend/relative's residence 3
 
11.1% Roadside 3
 
7.4% Village fields 2
 
3.7% Shop/market 1
 
3.7% Bus station/stand 1
 
3.7% Police station 1
 
11.1% Other 3
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

44.4% Yes 12
 
 
29.6% No 8

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

25.9% Denied involvement 7
 
11.1% Gave no response 3
 
11.1% Told family to go to another police station 3
 
3.7% Killed victim in an “encounter” 1
 
3.7% Victim had escaped 1
 
3.7% Other 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

3.7% Yes 1
 
 
59.3% No 16

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

74.1% Extrajudicial executions 20
 
 
25.9% Enforced disappearances 7

Number of victims per family

70.4% 1 victim 19
 
14.8% 2 victim 4
 
14.8% 5 victim 4
 

Related incidents

18.5% Genuine encounters in family 5
 
 
81.5% No genuine encounters in family 22

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

22.2% Cremated the body 6
 

Security forces returned body

7.4% Yes 2
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
66.7% No 18
 

Condition of corpse, if known

3.7% Broken bones 1
 
3.7% Other 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

66.7% Yes 18
 
 
22.2% No 6

Security forces uniformed

73.3% Yes 11
 
 
33.3% No 5

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

70.4% Punjab Police 19
 
7.4% CRPF 2
 
7.4% Criminal Investigation Agency 2
 
3.7% BSF 1
 
3.7% Other 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

70.4% Punjab police 19
 
3.7% CRPF 1
 
3.7% Army 1
 
3.7% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

40.7% Combatant 11
 
 
59.3% Non-combatant 16

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

29.6% Yes 8
 
 
25.9% No 7

If provided support, support was voluntary

14.8% Yes 4
 
 
3.7% No 1

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

29.6% Yes 8
 
 
70.4% No 19

Approached security officials

40.7% Yes 11
 
 
59.3% No 16

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

48.1% Didn’t know what to do 13
 
44.4% Afraid of retaliation 12
 
22.2% Believed it would have been ineffective 6
 
14.8% Couldn’t afford 4
 
11.1% Not applicable 3
 

Remedies desired from government

77.8% Truth commission 21
 
66.7% Employment 18
 
63.0% Investigations into abuses 17
 
59.3% Monetary compensation to family 16
 
33.3% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 9
 
25.9% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 7
 
22.2% Rehabilitation services to family members 6
 
18.5% Memorial for victims 5
 

Year & District 

District

14.8% Amritsar 4
 
7.4% Bathinda 2
 
70.4% Mansa 19
 
3.7% Sangrur 1
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
0.0% 1987 0
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
0.0% 1989 0
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
33.3% 1991 9
 
44.4% 1992 12
 
11.1% 1993 3
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
3.7% 1999 1
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
7.4% Date Unknown 2
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.