Malerkotla (Jamalpura)

34 documented cases implicating security forces based in Malerkotla (Jamalpura):


Gurdaspur District

Batala Subdistrict
Amrik Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nat
Balkar Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nat
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Cheema

Kapurthala District

Sultanpur Lodhi Subdistrict
Mahinder Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ladwal

Ludhiana District

Ludhiana East Subdistrict
Harjeet Singh Male, age 24 at time of disappearance, Pohir
Payal Subdistrict
Ajmer Singh Male, age 52-53 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sihaura
Jagir Singh Male, age 55-56 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jogi Majra
Nachhatar Singh Bhola Male, age 27-28 at time of disappearance, Bharthala Randhawa
Raikot Subdistrict
Bhag Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rachhin
Hakam Singh Male, age 35 at time of disappearance, Halwara

Sangrur District

Dhuri Subdistrict
Bhagat Singh Male, age 44 at time of disappearance, Salempur
Gulzar Singh Male, age 33 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhandra
Gurcharan Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rajo Majra
Ranjit Singh Male, age 37-38 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jakhlan
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Wazirpur
Malerkotla Subdistrict
Amarjeet Singh Male, age 42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Badshahpur
Gurcharan Singh Male, age 42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kanganwal
Gurdial Singh Male, age 50-52 at time of extrajudicial execution, Upal Kheri
Gurmeet Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manvi
Hardev Singh Male, age 25 at time of disappearance, Kangarpur
Ilam Deen Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ranwan
Kuldeep Singh Male, age 36 at time of disappearance, Ferozepur
Maggar Singh Male, age 26-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lasoi
Mohamad Rafiq Male, age 47-48 at time of extrajudicial execution, Malerkotla
Pawan Kumar Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khanpur
Rajinder Singh Male, age 23 at time of disappearance, Kangarpur
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bunga
Tarlochan Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sehke
Sunam Subdistrict
Gurpal Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mehlan
Tejinder Singh Male, age 34 at time of disappearance, Sunam

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 28-29 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 33-34 at time of disappearance, location withheld

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Malerkotla (Jamalpura):

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 34
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

32.4% Not married 11
 
 
67.6% Married 23

If married, did the victim have children?

61.8% Yes 21
 
 
5.9% No 2


Total children surviving victims: 61


Religion

88.2% Sikh 30
 
 
11.8% Non-Sikh 4

Caste

76.5% Jat 26
 
 
23.5% Non-Jat 8

Age

52.9% 18-33 18
 
26.5% 34-49 9
 
8.8% 50-64 3
 

Education

23.5% No education 8
 
14.7% Primary school 5
 
14.7% Middle school 5
 
38.2% High school 13
 
2.9% College degree 1
 
2.9% Vocational degree 1
 

Employment

44.1% Farmer/agriculture 15
 
11.8% Day labourer 4
 
5.9% Student 2
 
2.9% Shopkeeper 1
 
2.9% Unemployed 1
 
2.9% Mechanic 1
 
2.9% Carpenter 1
 
35.3% Other 12
 

Urban / Rural

82.4% Rural 28
 
 
5.9% Urban 2

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

52.9% Yes 18
 
 
47.1% No 16

Prior torture

32.4% Yes 11
 
 
20.6% No 7

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

61.8% Yes 21
 
 
38.2% No 13

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

20.0% Yes 3
 
 
86.7% No 13

Witnesses to abduction

44.1% Yes 15
 
 
2.9% No 1

Victim abduction location

17.6% Victim’s residence 6
 
8.8% Police station 3
 
8.8% Bus station/stand 3
 
5.9% Friend/relative's residence 2
 
5.9% Roadside 2
 
2.9% Shop/market 1
 
2.9% Village drain 1
 
2.9% Village fields 1
 
5.9% Other 2
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

50.0% Yes 17
 
 
11.8% No 4

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

20.6% Denied involvement 7
 
17.6% Gave no response 6
 
5.9% Told family to go to another police station 2
 
5.9% Other 2
 
2.9% Victim killed while trying to escape 1
 
2.9% Victim had escaped 1
 
2.9% Admitted custody only 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

2.9% Yes 1
 
 
55.9% No 19

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

73.5% Extrajudicial executions 25
 
 
26.5% Enforced disappearances 9

Number of victims per family

94.1% 1 victim 32
 
5.9% 2 victim 2
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 34

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

17.6% Cremated the body 6
 

Security forces returned body

35.3% Yes 12
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
38.2% No 13
 

Condition of corpse, if known

29.4% Bullet wounds 10
 
8.8% Bruises 3
 
5.9% Cuts/wounds 2
 
5.9% Broken bones 2
 
2.9% Missing hair from head or face 1
 
2.9% Burn marks 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

76.5% Yes 26
 
 
8.8% No 3

Security forces uniformed

93.3% Yes 14
 
 
20.0% No 3

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

52.9% Punjab Police 18
 
8.8% Criminal Investigation Agency 3
 
2.9% Black cat 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

70.6% Punjab police 24
 
2.9% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

20.6% Combatant 7
 
 
70.6% Non-combatant 24

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

11.8% Yes 4
 
 
58.8% No 20

If provided support, support was voluntary

5.9% Yes 2
 
 
5.9% No 2

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

17.6% Yes 6
 
 
82.4% No 28

Approached security officials

50.0% Yes 17
 
 
50.0% No 17

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

58.8% Afraid of retaliation 20
 
29.4% Couldn’t afford 10
 
29.4% Didn’t know what to do 10
 
2.9% Not applicable 1
 
2.9% Believed it would have been ineffective 1
 

Remedies desired from government

70.6% Truth commission 24
 
64.7% Investigations into abuses 22
 
55.9% Employment 19
 
52.9% Monetary compensation to family 18
 
47.1% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 16
 
14.7% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 5
 
11.8% Rehabilitation services to family members 4
 
11.8% Memorial for victims 4
 
5.9% Desire nothing from government 2
 

Year & District 

District

8.8% Gurdaspur 3
 
2.9% Kapurthala 1
 
17.6% Ludhiana 6
 
58.8% Sangrur 20
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
26.5% 1983 9
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
2.9% 1986 1
 
2.9% 1987 1
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
2.9% 1989 1
 
2.9% 1990 1
 
5.9% 1991 2
 
29.4% 1992 10
 
14.7% 1993 5
 
5.9% 1994 2
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
2.9% 1996 1
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
2.9% Date Unknown 1
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.