Dirba

9 documented cases implicating security forces based in Dirba:


Patiala District

Samana Subdistrict
Gurtej Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sailwala
Manjit Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Miyal
Rajwinder Singh Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Patran

Sangrur District

Sangrur Subdistrict
Amar Singh Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Alo Arkh
Kulwinder Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kapial
Sunam Subdistrict
Ajaib Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sihal
Devi Dial Male, age 19-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khanal Kalan
Gurtej Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sangatiwala
Narinder Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sihal

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Dirba:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 9
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

44.4% Not married 4
 
 
55.6% Married 5

If married, did the victim have children?

44.4% Yes 4
 
 
11.1% No 1


Total children surviving victims: 7


Religion

88.9% Sikh 8
 
 
11.1% Non-Sikh 1

Caste

55.6% Jat 5
 
 
44.4% Non-Jat 4

Age

88.9% 18-33 8
 
11.1% 34-49 1
 

Education

22.2% No education 2
 
11.1% Middle school 1
 
44.4% High school 4
 
11.1% Some college 1
 
11.1% Vocational degree 1
 

Employment

22.2% Farmer/agriculture 2
 
11.1% Day labourer 1
 
11.1% Driver (bus/truck/car) 1
 
11.1% Carpenter 1
 
55.6% Other 5
 

Urban / Rural

88.9% Rural 8
 
 
11.1% Urban 1

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

44.4% Yes 4
 
 
55.6% No 5

Prior torture

33.3% Yes 3
 
 
11.1% No 1

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

66.7% Yes 6
 
 
33.3% No 3

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
100.0% No 3

Witnesses to abduction

33.3% Yes 3
 
 
11.1% No 1

Victim abduction location

22.2% Village fields 2
 
11.1% Village drain 1
 
11.1% Victim’s residence 1
 
11.1% Checkpoint (naka) 1
 
11.1% Roadside 1
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

66.7% Yes 6
 
 
0.0% No 0

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

11.1% Gave no response 1
 
11.1% Killed victim in an “encounter” 1
 
11.1% Other 1
 
11.1% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
66.7% No 6

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

100.0% Extrajudicial executions 9
 
 
0.0% Enforced disappearances 0

Number of victims per family

100.0% 1 victim 9
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 9

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

44.4% Cremated the body 4
 

Security forces returned body

33.3% Yes 3
 
11.1% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 1
 
55.6% No 5
 

Condition of corpse, if known

22.2% Bullet wounds 2
 
11.1% Cuts/wounds 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

55.6% Yes 5
 
 
22.2% No 2

Security forces uniformed

133.3% Yes 4
 
 
33.3% No 1

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

66.7% Punjab Police 6
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

100.0% Punjab police 9
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

55.6% Combatant 5
 
 
44.4% Non-combatant 4

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
44.4% No 4

If provided support, support was voluntary

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
0.0% No 0

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
100.0% No 9

Approached security officials

44.4% Yes 4
 
 
55.6% No 5

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

100.0% Afraid of retaliation 9
 
33.3% Didn’t know what to do 3
 
11.1% Couldn’t afford 1
 
11.1% Believed it would have been ineffective 1
 

Remedies desired from government

77.8% Employment 7
 
77.8% Monetary compensation to family 7
 
55.6% Truth commission 5
 
44.4% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 4
 
33.3% Memorial for victims 3
 
33.3% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 3
 
22.2% Investigations into abuses 2
 
22.2% Rehabilitation services to family members 2
 

Year & District 

District

33.3% Patiala 3
 
66.7% Sangrur 6
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
22.2% 1987 2
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
0.0% 1989 0
 
11.1% 1990 1
 
22.2% 1991 2
 
22.2% 1992 2
 
11.1% 1993 1
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
11.1% Date Unknown 1
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.