Dirba

8 documented cases implicating security forces based in Dirba:


Patiala District

Samana Subdistrict
Gurtej Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sailwala
Manjit Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Miyal

Sangrur District

Sangrur Subdistrict
Amar Singh Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Alo Arkh
Kulwinder Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kapial
Sunam Subdistrict
Ajaib Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sihal
Devi Dial Male, age 19-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khanal Kalan
Gurtej Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sangatiwala
Narinder Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sihal

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Dirba:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 8
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

50.0% Not married 4
 
 
50.0% Married 4

If married, did the victim have children?

37.5% Yes 3
 
 
12.5% No 1


Total children surviving victims: 5


Religion

87.5% Sikh 7
 
 
12.5% Non-Sikh 1

Caste

62.5% Jat 5
 
 
37.5% Non-Jat 3

Age

87.5% 18-33 7
 
12.5% 34-49 1
 

Education

25.0% No education 2
 
12.5% Middle school 1
 
50.0% High school 4
 
12.5% Vocational degree 1
 

Employment

25.0% Farmer/agriculture 2
 
12.5% Carpenter 1
 
12.5% Driver (bus/truck/car) 1
 
12.5% Day labourer 1
 
50.0% Other 4
 

Urban / Rural

100.0% Rural 8
 
 
0.0% Urban 0

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

37.5% Yes 3
 
 
62.5% No 5

Prior torture

37.5% Yes 3
 
 
0.0% No 0

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

62.5% Yes 5
 
 
37.5% No 3

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
100.0% No 3

Witnesses to abduction

37.5% Yes 3
 

Victim abduction location

25.0% Village fields 2
 
12.5% Village drain 1
 
12.5% Roadside 1
 
12.5% Victim’s residence 1
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

62.5% Yes 5
 
 
0.0% No 0

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

12.5% Killed victim in an “encounter” 1
 
12.5% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 1
 
12.5% Gave no response 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
62.5% No 5

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

100.0% Extrajudicial executions 8
 
 
0.0% Enforced disappearances 0

Number of victims per family

100.0% 1 victim 8
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 8

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

37.5% Cremated the body 3
 

Security forces returned body

37.5% Yes 3
 
12.5% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 1
 
50.0% No 4
 

Condition of corpse, if known

25.0% Bullet wounds 2
 
12.5% Cuts/wounds 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

50.0% Yes 4
 
 
25.0% No 2

Security forces uniformed

133.3% Yes 4
 
 
0.0% No 0

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

62.5% Punjab Police 5
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

100.0% Punjab police 8
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

62.5% Combatant 5
 
 
37.5% Non-combatant 3

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
37.5% No 3

If provided support, support was voluntary

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
0.0% No 0

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
100.0% No 8

Approached security officials

37.5% Yes 3
 
 
62.5% No 5

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

100.0% Afraid of retaliation 8
 
37.5% Didn’t know what to do 3
 
12.5% Couldn’t afford 1
 
12.5% Believed it would have been ineffective 1
 

Remedies desired from government

75.0% Monetary compensation to family 6
 
75.0% Employment 6
 
50.0% Truth commission 4
 
37.5% Memorial for victims 3
 
37.5% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 3
 
25.0% Rehabilitation services to family members 2
 
25.0% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 2
 
12.5% Investigations into abuses 1
 

Year & District  

District

25.0% Patiala 2
 
75.0% Sangrur 6
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
25.0% 1987 2
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
0.0% 1989 0
 
12.5% 1990 1
 
25.0% 1991 2
 
25.0% 1992 2
 
12.5% 1993 1
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.