Bhawanigarh

26 documented cases implicating security forces based in Bhawanigarh:


Mansa District

Mansa Subdistrict
Saroop Singh Male, age 26-27 at time of disappearance, Alisher Kalan

Patiala District

Patiala Subdistrict
Jinderpal Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bathoi Kalan
Samana Subdistrict
Gurmail Singh Male, age 30 at time of disappearance, Kahangarh Bhutna
Gurtej Singh Male, age 21 at time of disappearance, Bishanpura
Jasbir Singh Male, age 13 at time of disappearance, Kahangarh Bhutna
Jaspal Singh Male, age 20 at time of disappearance, Kahangarh Bhutna
Kanta Singh Male, age 17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Majri
Kashmir Singh Male, age 14-15 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kularan
Sukhpal Singh Male, age 17 at time of disappearance, Kahangarh Bhutna

Sangrur District

Dhuri Subdistrict
Bhagwan Singh Male, age 32 at time of disappearance, Kumbarwal
Hardeep Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rajo Majra
Sangrur Subdistrict
Darshan Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Longowal
Harbhajan Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sangheri
Jagdev Singh Male, age 27 at time of disappearance, Kapial
Jagseer Singh Male, age 25 at time of disappearance, Kakra
Kesar Singh Male, age 25 at time of disappearance, Balad Kalan
Mahinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of disappearance, Sangrur
Paramjeet Singh Male, age 33 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gehlan
Tarlochan Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kapial
Sunam Subdistrict
Balbir Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Namol
Mela Singh Male, age 21 at time of disappearance, Karial
Tejinder Singh Male, age 34 at time of disappearance, Sunam

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Bhawanigarh:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 26
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

61.5% Not married 16
 
 
38.5% Married 10

If married, did the victim have children?

26.9% Yes 7
 
 
3.8% No 1


Total children surviving victims: 16


Religion

100.0% Sikh 26
 

Caste

53.8% Jat 14
 
 
46.2% Non-Jat 12

Age

19.2% 0-17 5
 
69.2% 18-33 18
 
11.5% 34-49 3
 

Education

34.6% No education 9
 
3.8% Primary school 1
 
26.9% Middle school 7
 
26.9% High school 7
 
3.8% Some college 1
 
3.8% College degree 1
 

Employment

30.8% Farmer/agriculture 8
 
26.9% Day labourer 7
 
23.1% Driver (bus/truck/car) 6
 
7.7% Student 2
 
3.8% Shopkeeper 1
 
19.2% Other 5
 

Urban / Rural

73.1% Rural 19
 
 
11.5% Urban 3

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

38.5% Yes 10
 
 
61.5% No 16

Prior torture

34.6% Yes 9
 
 
3.8% No 1

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

92.3% Yes 24
 
 
3.8% No 1

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

15.0% Yes 3
 
 
95.0% No 19

Witnesses to abduction

76.9% Yes 20
 

Victim abduction location

26.9% Village fields 7
 
23.1% Victim’s residence 6
 
15.4% Friend/relative's residence 4
 
11.5% Bus station/stand 3
 
15.4% Other 4
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

57.7% Yes 15
 
 
34.6% No 9

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

42.3% Gave no response 11
 
26.9% Denied involvement 7
 
19.2% Told family to go to another police station 5
 
3.8% Victim had escaped 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
92.3% No 24

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

50.0% Extrajudicial executions 13
 
 
50.0% Enforced disappearances 13

Number of victims per family

84.6% 1 victim 22
 
11.5% 2 victim 3
 
3.8% 3 victim 1
 

Related incidents

3.8% Genuine encounters in family 1
 
 
96.2% No genuine encounters in family 25

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

7.7% Cremated the body 2
 

Security forces returned body

3.8% Yes 1
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
46.2% No 12
 

Condition of corpse, if known

3.8% Other 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

61.5% Yes 16
 
 
11.5% No 3

Security forces uniformed

70.0% Yes 14
 
 
25.0% No 5

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

88.5% Punjab Police 23
 
7.7% Criminal Investigation Agency 2
 
3.8% CRPF 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

30.8% Punjab police 8
 
15.4% Criminal Investigation Agency 4
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

30.8% Combatant 8
 
 
69.2% Non-combatant 18

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

19.2% Yes 5
 
 
50.0% No 13

If provided support, support was voluntary

11.5% Yes 3
 
 
7.7% No 2

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

46.2% Yes 12
 
 
50.0% No 13

Approached security officials

73.1% Yes 19
 
 
26.9% No 7

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

34.6% Afraid of retaliation 9
 
19.2% Not applicable 5
 
19.2% Didn’t know what to do 5
 
19.2% Couldn’t afford 5
 
3.8% Other 1
 

Remedies desired from government

80.8% Truth commission 21
 
69.2% Monetary compensation to family 18
 
61.5% Investigations into abuses 16
 
57.7% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 15
 
46.2% Employment 12
 
11.5% Rehabilitation services to family members 3
 
11.5% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 3
 
3.8% Memorial for victims 1
 
3.8% Desire nothing from government 1
 
3.8% Other 1
 

Year & District 

District

3.8% Mansa 1
 
30.8% Patiala 8
 
50.0% Sangrur 13
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
0.0% 1987 0
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
0.0% 1989 0
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
26.9% 1991 7
 
26.9% 1992 7
 
15.4% 1993 4
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
3.8% 1995 1
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
3.8% 1999 1
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
23.1% Date Unknown 6
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.