Ghagga

5 documented cases implicating security forces based in Ghagga:


Ludhiana District

Ludhiana East Subdistrict
Leela Singh Male, age 32-33 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ludhiana

Patiala District

Samana Subdistrict
Bachan Kaur Female, age 50 at time of disappearance, Kularan

Sangrur District

Malerkotla Subdistrict
Randhir Singh Male, age 18 at time of disappearance, Amargarh
Sunam Subdistrict
Jagraj Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rattangarh Sidhran

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 70 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Ghagga:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

80.0% Male 4
 
 
20.0% Female 1

Marital status

40.0% Not married 2
 
 
60.0% Married 3

If married, did the victim have children?

60.0% Yes 3
 


Total children surviving victims: 18


Religion

100.0% Sikh 5
 

Caste

60.0% Non-Jat 3
 
 
40.0% Jat 2

Age

40.0% 18-33 2
 
20.0% 34-49 1
 
20.0% 50-64 1
 
20.0% 65+ 1
 

Education

60.0% No education 3
 
20.0% High school 1
 
20.0% College degree 1
 

Employment

40.0% Farmer/agriculture 2
 
20.0% Day labourer 1
 
20.0% Student 1
 
20.0% Housewife 1
 
40.0% Other 2
 

Urban / Rural

60.0% Rural 3
 
 
20.0% Urban 1

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

60.0% Yes 3
 
 
40.0% No 2

Prior torture

60.0% Yes 3
 
 
0.0% No 0

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

60.0% Yes 3
 
 
40.0% No 2

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

33.3% Yes 1
 
 
33.3% No 1

Witnesses to abduction

60.0% Yes 3
 

Victim abduction location

60.0% Victim’s residence 3
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

20.0% Yes 1
 
 
40.0% No 2

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

20.0% Gave no response 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
60.0% No 3

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

60.0% Extrajudicial executions 3
 
 
40.0% Enforced disappearances 2

Number of victims per family

60.0% 1 victim 3
 
40.0% 2 victim 2
 

Related incidents

60.0% Genuine encounters in family 3
 
 
40.0% No genuine encounters in family 2

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

20.0% Cremated the body 1
 

Security forces returned body

20.0% Yes 1
 
20.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 1
 
20.0% No 1
 

Condition of corpse, if known

20.0% Bullet wounds 1
 
20.0% Other 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

100.0% Yes 5
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security forces uniformed

100.0% Yes 3
 
 
0.0% No 0

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

60.0% Punjab Police 3
 
20.0% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

60.0% Punjab police 3
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

20.0% Combatant 1
 
 
80.0% Non-combatant 4

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

40.0% Yes 2
 
 
40.0% No 2

If provided support, support was voluntary

40.0% Yes 2
 
 
0.0% No 0

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

20.0% Yes 1
 
 
80.0% No 4

Approached security officials

20.0% Yes 1
 
 
80.0% No 4

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

80.0% Afraid of retaliation 4
 
60.0% Couldn’t afford 3
 
40.0% Didn’t know what to do 2
 
20.0% Not applicable 1
 

Remedies desired from government

60.0% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 3
 
60.0% Truth commission 3
 
40.0% Monetary compensation to family 2
 
40.0% Desire nothing from government 2
 
20.0% Rehabilitation services to family members 1
 
20.0% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 1
 
20.0% Employment 1
 
20.0% Investigations into abuses 1
 

Year & District 

District

20.0% Ludhiana 1
 
20.0% Patiala 1
 
40.0% Sangrur 2
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
0.0% 1987 0
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
0.0% 1989 0
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
60.0% 1991 3
 
0.0% 1992 0
 
20.0% 1993 1
 
20.0% 1994 1
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
0.0% Date Unknown 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.