Samana (Sarai Patti)

18 documented cases implicating security forces based in Samana (Sarai Patti):


Firozpur District

Firozpur Subdistrict
Dharam Singh Male, age 65 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ratta Khera baja Kotwal

Patiala District

Nabha Subdistrict
Labh Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lout
Patiala Subdistrict
Daler Singh Male, age 25 at time of disappearance, Kheri Musalmani
Harbhajan Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bibipur
Shinder Kaur Female, age 45 at time of disappearance, Kheri Musalmani
Samana Subdistrict
Amrik Singh Male, age 20 at time of disappearance, Shutrana
Amrik Singh Male, age 28-30 at time of disappearance, Shutrana
Balwinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Karim Nagar Alias Chicharwala
Dalbir Singh Male, age 31 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dugal Kalan
Gurdeep Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rajla
Maggar Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kalar Bhaini
Palwinder Singh Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Haryaoo Khurd
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 38-40 at time of disappearance, Shutrana
Tara Singh Male, age 38-40 at time of disappearance, Talwandi Malik

Sangrur District

Malerkotla Subdistrict
Randhir Singh Male, age 18 at time of disappearance, Amargarh
Moonak Subdistrict
Charanjit Kaur Female, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nawangaon

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 48-50 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Samana (Sarai Patti):

Victim Demographics 

Gender

88.9% Male 16
 
 
11.1% Female 2

Marital status

33.3% Not married 6
 
 
66.7% Married 12

If married, did the victim have children?

61.1% Yes 11
 
 
5.6% No 1


Total children surviving victims: 25


Religion

100.0% Sikh 18
 

Caste

83.3% Jat 15
 
 
16.7% Non-Jat 3

Age

66.7% 18-33 12
 
27.8% 34-49 5
 
5.6% 65+ 1
 

Education

27.8% No education 5
 
16.7% Primary school 3
 
16.7% Middle school 3
 
27.8% High school 5
 
11.1% College degree 2
 

Employment

44.4% Farmer/agriculture 8
 
16.7% Student 3
 
11.1% Housewife 2
 
5.6% Day labourer 1
 
5.6% Driver (bus/truck/car) 1
 
22.2% Other 4
 

Urban / Rural

88.9% Rural 16
 
 
0.0% Urban 0

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

66.7% Yes 12
 
 
33.3% No 6

Prior torture

66.7% Yes 12
 
 
0.0% No 0

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

88.9% Yes 16
 
 
11.1% No 2

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

18.2% Yes 2
 
 
63.6% No 7

Witnesses to abduction

61.1% Yes 11
 
 
16.7% No 3

Victim abduction location

22.2% Victim’s residence 4
 
16.7% Police station 3
 
11.1% Roadside 2
 
5.6% Checkpoint (naka) 1
 
5.6% Shop/market 1
 
11.1% Other 2
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

66.7% Yes 12
 
 
22.2% No 4

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

27.8% Gave no response 5
 
11.1% Denied involvement 2
 
11.1% Victim had escaped 2
 
5.6% Killed victim in an “encounter” 1
 
5.6% Told family to go to another police station 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
83.3% No 15

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

61.1% Extrajudicial executions 11
 
 
38.9% Enforced disappearances 7

Number of victims per family

72.2% 1 victim 13
 
11.1% 2 victim 2
 
16.7% 3 victim 3
 

Related incidents

5.6% Genuine encounters in family 1
 
 
94.4% No genuine encounters in family 17

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

5.6% Cremated the body 1
 
5.6% Dumped body in canal or river 1
 

Security forces returned body

33.3% Yes 6
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
27.8% No 5
 

Condition of corpse, if known

22.2% Other 4
 
11.1% Bullet wounds 2
 
5.6% Bruises 1
 
5.6% Cuts/wounds 1
 
5.6% Broken bones 1
 
5.6% Missing hair from head or face 1
 
5.6% Missing fingernails 1
 
5.6% Burn marks 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

66.7% Yes 12
 
 
16.7% No 3

Security forces uniformed

90.9% Yes 10
 
 
9.1% No 1

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

55.6% Punjab Police 10
 
33.3% Criminal Investigation Agency 6
 
5.6% Other 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

44.4% Punjab police 8
 
27.8% Criminal Investigation Agency 5
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

27.8% Combatant 5
 
 
66.7% Non-combatant 12

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

33.3% Yes 6
 
 
33.3% No 6

If provided support, support was voluntary

16.7% Yes 3
 
 
16.7% No 3

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

27.8% Yes 5
 
 
72.2% No 13

Approached security officials

50.0% Yes 9
 
 
50.0% No 9

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

66.7% Afraid of retaliation 12
 
16.7% Didn’t know what to do 3
 
11.1% Not applicable 2
 
11.1% Believed it would have been ineffective 2
 
11.1% Couldn’t afford 2
 

Remedies desired from government

88.9% Employment 16
 
83.3% Monetary compensation to family 15
 
72.2% Truth commission 13
 
50.0% Investigations into abuses 9
 
38.9% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 7
 
38.9% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 7
 
33.3% Rehabilitation services to family members 6
 
5.6% Memorial for victims 1
 

Year & District 

District

5.6% Firozpur 1
 
72.2% Patiala 13
 
11.1% Sangrur 2
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
0.0% 1987 0
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
0.0% 1989 0
 
11.1% 1990 2
 
11.1% 1991 2
 
22.2% 1992 4
 
38.9% 1993 7
 
5.6% 1994 1
 
5.6% 1995 1
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
5.6% Date Unknown 1
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.