Patiala (Alipur, Badungar)

61 documented cases implicating security forces based in Patiala (Alipur, Badungar):


Amritsar District

Ajnala Subdistrict
Baljinder Singh Male, age 40-42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kohala
Mehtab Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of disappearance, Kohala
Amritsar I Subdistrict
Ajmer Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Wadala Viram
Amritsar II Subdistrict
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar

Fatehgarh Sahib District

Bassi Pathana Subdistrict
Mejor Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jawanda
Khamanon Subdistrict
Sewa Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ajner

Firozpur District

Jalalabad Subdistrict
Major Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khuranj

Gurdaspur District

Batala Subdistrict
Sukhpal Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kala Afgana
Dera Baba Nanak Subdistrict
Ranjit Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Thetharke
Gurdaspur Subdistrict
Darshan Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Awankha

Jalandhar District

Phillaur Subdistrict
Harbhajan Singh Male, age 32-33 at time of extrajudicial execution, Panj Dhera

Kapurthala District

Phagwara Subdistrict
Kulwinder Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhadda

Ludhiana District

Ludhiana East Subdistrict
Gurcharn Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mangli Unchhi
Leela Singh Male, age 32-33 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ludhiana
Pritpal Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ludhiana
Payal Subdistrict
Avtar Singh Male, age 28-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gidri

Patiala District

Dera Bassi Subdistrict
Sukha Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sangaundh
Nabha Subdistrict
Bhupinder Singh Male, age 24 at time of disappearance, Alipur
Nirmal Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nauhra
Patiala Subdistrict
Acchar Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of disappearance, Patiala
Ajit Singh Male, age 35 at time of disappearance, Dadhera
Amrik Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Patiala
Balwinder Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Majal Khurd
Balwinder Singh Male, age 27 at time of disappearance, Patiala
Charan Kaur Female, age 50 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chalela
Gurcharan Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Daun Kalan
Gurdev Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Patiala
Gurinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of disappearance, Patiala
Gyaan Singh Male, age 90 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kauli
Harcharan Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Patiala
Jagdish Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dadhera
Joginder Singh Male, age 55-60 at time of extrajudicial execution, Daun Kalan
Karam Singh Male, age 23 at time of disappearance, Patiala
Manjit Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Patiala
Nishan Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Saifdipur
Pooran Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chaura
Pooran Singh Male, age 22 at time of disappearance, Uppali
Ram Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Daun Kalan
Ranvir Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Patiala
Sarbjit Singh Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Hajipur
Shinder Kaur Female, age 45 at time of disappearance, Kheri Musalmani
Rajpura Subdistrict
Manjinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rajpura
Mohinder Singh Male, age 20-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhapal
Sucha Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sarala Kalan
Samana Subdistrict
Avtar Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Shutrana
Balkar Singh Male, age 18-20 at time of disappearance, Shadipur Alias Momian
Gurnaam Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Daroli
Harwinder Singh Male, age 27 at time of disappearance, Dhanetha
Jasbir Singh Male, age 15-16 at time of extrajudicial execution, Miyal
Lakhwinder Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Miyal Khurd
Palwinder Singh Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Haryaoo Khurd
Ranjit Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sarai Patti
Sukhchain Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dugal Kalan

Rupnagar District

Rupnagar Subdistrict
Amarjit Singh Male, age 29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kheri Salabatpur
Avtar Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rangian
Harnek Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Badwali

Sangrur District

Dhuri Subdistrict
Ajmer Singh Male, age 45-46 at time of extrajudicial execution, Banganwali
Sangrur Subdistrict
Bhupinder Singh Male, age 32 at time of disappearance, Balad Kalan
Rajinder Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Balad Kalan

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 25-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Patiala (Alipur, Badungar):

Victim Demographics 

Gender

96.7% Male 59
 
 
3.3% Female 2

Marital status

47.5% Not married 29
 
 
52.5% Married 32

If married, did the victim have children?

42.6% Yes 26
 
 
8.2% No 5


Total children surviving victims: 70


Religion

100.0% Sikh 61
 

Caste

72.1% Jat 44
 
 
26.2% Non-Jat 16

Age

1.6% 0-17 1
 
80.3% 18-33 49
 
13.1% 34-49 8
 
3.3% 50-64 2
 
1.6% 65+ 1
 

Education

21.3% No education 13
 
8.2% Primary school 5
 
4.9% Middle school 3
 
41.0% High school 25
 
4.9% Some college 3
 
9.8% College degree 6
 
6.6% Graduate degree 4
 
3.3% Vocational degree 2
 

Employment

29.5% Farmer/agriculture 18
 
18.0% Student 11
 
4.9% Day labourer 3
 
3.3% Unemployed 2
 
3.3% Housewife 2
 
1.6% Driver (bus/truck/car) 1
 
1.6% Shopkeeper 1
 
45.9% Other 28
 

Urban / Rural

73.8% Rural 45
 
 
23.0% Urban 14

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

68.9% Yes 42
 
 
31.1% No 19

Prior torture

63.9% Yes 39
 
 
4.9% No 3

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

78.7% Yes 48
 
 
21.3% No 13

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

21.4% Yes 6
 
 
85.7% No 24

Witnesses to abduction

45.9% Yes 28
 
 
11.5% No 7

Victim abduction location

16.4% Victim’s residence 10
 
11.5% Roadside 7
 
9.8% Bus station/stand 6
 
6.6% Shop/market 4
 
3.3% Village fields 2
 
3.3% Police station 2
 
1.6% Checkpoint (naka) 1
 
1.6% Friend/relative's residence 1
 
21.3% Other 13
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

39.3% Yes 24
 
 
39.3% No 24

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

23.0% Gave no response 14
 
11.5% Denied involvement 7
 
6.6% Other 4
 
4.9% Victim had escaped 3
 
4.9% Told family to go to another police station 3
 
4.9% Killed victim in an “encounter” 3
 
1.6% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 1
 
1.6% Admitted custody only 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

11.5% Yes 7
 
 
60.7% No 37

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

80.3% Extrajudicial executions 49
 
 
19.7% Enforced disappearances 12

Number of victims per family

78.7% 1 victim 48
 
16.4% 2 victims 10
 
3.3% 3 victims 2
 
1.6% 4 victims 1
 

Related incidents

8.2% Genuine encounters in family 5
 
 
91.8% No genuine encounters in family 56

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

16.4% Cremated the body 10
 
3.3% Dumped body in canal or river 2
 
1.6% Buried the body 1
 

Security forces returned body

24.6% Yes 15
 
4.9% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 3
 
50.8% No 31
 

Condition of corpse, if known

14.8% Bullet wounds 9
 
8.2% Other 5
 
6.6% Bruises 4
 
3.3% Cuts/wounds 2
 
3.3% Burn marks 2
 
3.3% Broken bones 2
 
1.6% Missing fingernails 1
 
1.6% Missing hair from head or face 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

57.4% Yes 35
 
 
23.0% No 14

Security forces uniformed

85.7% Yes 24
 
 
35.7% No 10

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

65.6% Punjab Police 40
 
14.8% Criminal Investigation Agency 9
 
3.3% Black cat 2
 
1.6% Other 1
 
1.6% CRPF 1
 
1.6% Army 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

67.2% Punjab police 41
 
16.4% Criminal Investigation Agency 10
 
1.6% CRPF 1
 
1.6% Black cat 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

62.3% Combatant 38
 
 
36.1% Non-combatant 22

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

8.2% Yes 5
 
 
27.9% No 17

If provided support, support was voluntary

6.6% Yes 4
 
 
1.6% No 1

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

19.7% Yes 12
 
 
80.3% No 49

Approached security officials

45.9% Yes 28
 
 
54.1% No 33

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

75.4% Afraid of retaliation 46
 
31.1% Couldn’t afford 19
 
18.0% Didn’t know what to do 11
 
6.6% Believed it would have been ineffective 4
 
1.6% Not applicable 1
 

Remedies desired from government

68.9% Truth commission 42
 
68.9% Monetary compensation to family 42
 
59.0% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 36
 
57.4% Employment 35
 
39.3% Memorial for victims 24
 
32.8% Investigations into abuses 20
 
29.5% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 18
 
23.0% Rehabilitation services to family members 14
 
4.9% Desire nothing from government 3
 

Time & Place  

District

6.6% Amritsar 4
 
3.3% Fatehgarh Sahib 2
 
1.6% Firozpur 1
 
4.9% Gurdaspur 3
 
1.6% Jalandhar 1
 
1.6% Kapurthala 1
 
6.6% Ludhiana 4
 
60.7% Patiala 37
 
4.9% Rupnagar 3
 
4.9% Sangrur 3
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
3.3% 1983 2
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
1.6% 1985 1
 
1.6% 1986 1
 
4.9% 1987 3
 
4.9% 1988 3
 
6.6% 1989 4
 
4.9% 1990 3
 
23.0% 1991 14
 
13.1% 1992 8
 
16.4% 1993 10
 
8.2% 1994 5
 
3.3% 1995 2
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.