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18 documented cases implicating security forces based in None:


Amritsar District

Amritsar I Subdistrict
Ajmer Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Wadala Viram
Khadoor Sahib Subdistrict
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kot Mohammad Khan

Fatehgarh Sahib District

Fatehgarh Sahib Subdistrict
Gurwinder Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jiwanpura

Gurdaspur District

Batala Subdistrict
Gurinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Batala
Gurdaspur Subdistrict
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bangowani

Jalandhar District

Jalandhar I Subdistrict
Satinderpal Singh Male, age 25 at time of disappearance, Sansarpur

Rupnagar District

Anandpur Sahib Subdistrict
Lakhwinder Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sahota
Manjinder Pal Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nangal
Kharar Subdistrict
Harminder Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Padiala
Rupnagar Subdistrict
Gurmail Singh Male, age 27 at time of disappearance, Dhangrali
Jasvir Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bari Rauni
S.A.S.Nagar (Mohali) Subdistrict
Amarjeet Singh Male, age 28-30 at time of disappearance, Mohali

Sangrur District

Malerkotla Subdistrict
Inderjit Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of disappearance, Malerkotla

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 5 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 34 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Nirvair Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Panipat, Haryana
Nishan Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chandigarh

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in None:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 18
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

66.7% Not married 12
 
 
33.3% Married 6

If married, did the victim have children?

27.8% Yes 5
 


Total children surviving victims: 8


Religion

100.0% Sikh 18
 

Caste

66.7% Jat 12
 
 
33.3% Non-Jat 6

Age

83.3% 18-33 15
 
11.1% 34-49 2
 

Education

5.6% No education 1
 
5.6% Middle school 1
 
50.0% High school 9
 
11.1% Some college 2
 
16.7% College degree 3
 
11.1% Vocational degree 2
 

Employment

22.2% Student 4
 
16.7% Farmer/agriculture 3
 
16.7% Unemployed 3
 
11.1% Driver (bus/truck/car) 2
 
44.4% Other 8
 

Urban / Rural

50.0% Rural 9
 
 
27.8% Urban 5

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

38.9% Yes 7
 
 
61.1% No 11

Prior torture

33.3% Yes 6
 
 
5.6% No 1

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

72.2% Yes 13
 
 
27.8% No 5

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
72.7% No 8

Witnesses to abduction

61.1% Yes 11
 
 
11.1% No 2

Victim abduction location

16.7% Victim’s residence 3
 
11.1% Roadside 2
 
5.6% Bus station/stand 1
 
5.6% Friend/relative's residence 1
 
5.6% Police station 1
 
11.1% Other 2
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

38.9% Yes 7
 
 
33.3% No 6

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

22.2% Other 4
 
22.2% Gave no response 4
 
11.1% Victim had escaped 2
 
11.1% Denied involvement 2
 
5.6% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

16.7% Yes 3
 
 
33.3% No 6

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

77.8% Extrajudicial executions 14
 
 
22.2% Enforced disappearances 4

Number of victims per family

88.9% 1 victim 16
 
5.6% 2 victims 1
 
5.6% 3 victims 1
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 18

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

11.1% Cremated the body 2
 

Security forces returned body

22.2% Yes 4
 
5.6% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 1
 
50.0% No 9
 

Condition of corpse, if known

27.8% Other 5
 
22.2% Bruises 4
 
11.1% Cuts/wounds 2
 
5.6% Broken bones 1
 
5.6% Missing fingernails 1
 
5.6% Bullet wounds 1
 
5.6% Missing hair from head or face 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

83.3% Yes 15
 
 
5.6% No 1

Security forces uniformed

27.3% Yes 3
 
 
27.3% No 3

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

66.7% Other 12
 
16.7% Punjab Police 3
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

44.4% Other 8
 
38.9% Punjab police 7
 
11.1% Black cat 2
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

27.8% Combatant 5
 
 
66.7% Non-combatant 12

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

16.7% Yes 3
 
 
44.4% No 8

If provided support, support was voluntary

11.1% Yes 2
 
 
5.6% No 1

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

33.3% Yes 6
 
 
66.7% No 12

Approached security officials

61.1% Yes 11
 
 
38.9% No 7

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

55.6% Afraid of retaliation 10
 
22.2% Couldn’t afford 4
 
22.2% Not applicable 4
 
16.7% Didn’t know what to do 3
 
11.1% Believed it would have been ineffective 2
 

Remedies desired from government

77.8% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 14
 
77.8% Truth commission 14
 
61.1% Monetary compensation to family 11
 
61.1% Employment 11
 
38.9% Investigations into abuses 7
 
33.3% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 6
 
27.8% Rehabilitation services to family members 5
 
16.7% Memorial for victims 3
 

Year & District  

District

11.1% Amritsar 2
 
5.6% Fatehgarh Sahib 1
 
11.1% Gurdaspur 2
 
5.6% Jalandhar 1
 
33.3% Rupnagar 6
 
5.6% Sangrur 1
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
5.6% 1985 1
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
5.6% 1987 1
 
11.1% 1988 2
 
0.0% 1989 0
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
44.4% 1991 8
 
16.7% 1992 3
 
11.1% 1993 2
 
5.6% 1994 1
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.