Chandigarh

26 documented cases implicating security forces based in Chandigarh:


Amritsar District

Amritsar I Subdistrict
Ajmer Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Wadala Viram
Khadoor Sahib Subdistrict
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kot Mohammad Khan

Chandigarh District

Chandigarh Subdistrict
Nishan Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chandigarh

Fatehgarh Sahib District

Fatehgarh Sahib Subdistrict
Gurwinder Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jiwanpura

Gurdaspur District

Batala Subdistrict
Gurwinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Batala
Gurdaspur Subdistrict
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bangowani

Hoshiarpur District

Garhshankar Subdistrict
Umrao Singh Male, age 29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Akalgarh

Jalandhar District

Jalandhar I Subdistrict
Satinderpal Singh Male, age 25 at time of disappearance, Sansarpur

Kapurthala District

Phagwara Subdistrict
Talwinder Singh Babbar Male, age 48 at time of extrajudicial execution, Panchhat

Rupnagar District

Anandpur Sahib Subdistrict
Lakhwinder Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sahota
Manjinder Pal Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nangal
Kharar Subdistrict
Harminder Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Padiala
Rupnagar Subdistrict
Dewarki Kaur Female, age 87-88 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jatana
Gurmail Singh Male, age 27 at time of disappearance, Dhangrali
Jasmair Kaur Female, age 45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jatana
Jasvir Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bari Rauni
Manpreet Kaur Female, age 13 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jatana
Ravinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Solkhian
S.A.S.Nagar (Mohali) Subdistrict
Amarjeet Singh Male, age 28-30 at time of disappearance, Mohali
Balwant Singh Multani Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mohali

Sangrur District

Malerkotla Subdistrict
Inderjit Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of disappearance, Malerkotla

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 5 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 34 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Nirvair Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Panipat, Haryana

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Chandigarh:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

88.5% Male 23
 
 
11.5% Female 3

Marital status

61.5% Not married 16
 
 
38.5% Married 10

If married, did the victim have children?

30.8% Yes 8
 
 
3.8% No 1


Total children surviving victims: 20


Religion

100.0% Sikh 26
 

Caste

57.7% Jat 15
 
 
42.3% Non-Jat 11

Age

3.8% 0-17 1
 
73.1% 18-33 19
 
15.4% 34-49 4
 
3.8% 65+ 1
 

Education

7.7% No education 2
 
7.7% Primary school 2
 
3.8% Middle school 1
 
42.3% High school 11
 
7.7% Some college 2
 
19.2% College degree 5
 
11.5% Vocational degree 3
 

Employment

26.9% Student 7
 
19.2% Farmer/agriculture 5
 
15.4% Unemployed 4
 
7.7% Driver (bus/truck/car) 2
 
3.8% Housewife 1
 
42.3% Other 11
 

Urban / Rural

57.7% Rural 15
 
 
23.1% Urban 6

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

42.3% Yes 11
 
 
57.7% No 15

Prior torture

34.6% Yes 9
 
 
7.7% No 2

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

65.4% Yes 17
 
 
34.6% No 9

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
85.7% No 12

Witnesses to abduction

53.8% Yes 14
 
 
7.7% No 2

Victim abduction location

15.4% Victim’s residence 4
 
7.7% Roadside 2
 
3.8% Friend/relative's residence 1
 
3.8% Checkpoint (naka) 1
 
3.8% Bus station/stand 1
 
3.8% Police station 1
 
15.4% Other 4
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

42.3% Yes 11
 
 
23.1% No 6

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

19.2% Other 5
 
15.4% Gave no response 4
 
7.7% Denied involvement 2
 
7.7% Victim had escaped 2
 
3.8% Killed victim in an “encounter” 1
 
3.8% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 1
 
3.8% Told family to go to another police station 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

15.4% Yes 4
 
 
34.6% No 9

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

84.6% Extrajudicial executions 22
 
 
15.4% Enforced disappearances 4

Number of victims per family

80.8% 1 victim 21
 
3.8% 2 victim 1
 
15.4% 3 victim 4
 

Related incidents

11.5% Genuine encounters in family 3
 
 
88.5% No genuine encounters in family 23

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

11.5% Cremated the body 3
 

Security forces returned body

30.8% Yes 8
 
3.8% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 1
 
50.0% No 13
 

Condition of corpse, if known

23.1% Bullet wounds 6
 
15.4% Bruises 4
 
15.4% Burn marks 4
 
15.4% Other 4
 
7.7% Cuts/wounds 2
 
3.8% Broken bones 1
 
3.8% Missing hair from head or face 1
 
3.8% Missing fingernails 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

84.6% Yes 22
 
 
3.8% No 1

Security forces uniformed

35.7% Yes 5
 
 
28.6% No 4

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

57.7% Other 15
 
19.2% Punjab Police 5
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

61.5% Other 16
 
34.6% Punjab police 9
 
19.2% Black cat 5
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

34.6% Combatant 9
 
 
61.5% Non-combatant 16

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

11.5% Yes 3
 
 
46.2% No 12

If provided support, support was voluntary

7.7% Yes 2
 
 
3.8% No 1

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

30.8% Yes 8
 
 
69.2% No 18

Approached security officials

50.0% Yes 13
 
 
50.0% No 13

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

57.7% Afraid of retaliation 15
 
30.8% Didn’t know what to do 8
 
26.9% Couldn’t afford 7
 
19.2% Not applicable 5
 
7.7% Believed it would have been ineffective 2
 
3.8% Other 1
 

Remedies desired from government

69.2% Truth commission 18
 
65.4% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 17
 
61.5% Monetary compensation to family 16
 
61.5% Employment 16
 
38.5% Rehabilitation services to family members 10
 
34.6% Investigations into abuses 9
 
26.9% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 7
 
11.5% Memorial for victims 3
 

Year & District 

District

7.7% Amritsar 2
 
3.8% Fatehgarh Sahib 1
 
7.7% Gurdaspur 2
 
3.8% Hoshiarpur 1
 
3.8% Jalandhar 1
 
3.8% Kapurthala 1
 
42.3% Rupnagar 11
 
3.8% Sangrur 1
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
3.8% 1985 1
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
3.8% 1987 1
 
7.7% 1988 2
 
0.0% 1989 0
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
53.8% 1991 14
 
15.4% 1992 4
 
11.5% 1993 3
 
3.8% 1994 1
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
0.0% Date Unknown 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.