Chandigarh

25 documented cases implicating security forces based in Chandigarh:


Amritsar District

Amritsar I Subdistrict
Ajmer Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Wadala Viram
Khadoor Sahib Subdistrict
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kot Mohammad Khan

Chandigarh District

Chandigarh Subdistrict
Nishan Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chandigarh

Fatehgarh Sahib District

Fatehgarh Sahib Subdistrict
Gurwinder Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jiwanpura

Gurdaspur District

Batala Subdistrict
Gurinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Batala
Gurdaspur Subdistrict
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bangowani

Hoshiarpur District

Garhshankar Subdistrict
Umrao Singh Male, age 29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Akalgarh

Jalandhar District

Jalandhar I Subdistrict
Satinderpal Singh Male, age 25 at time of disappearance, Sansarpur

Kapurthala District

Phagwara Subdistrict
Talwinder Singh Babbar Male, age 48 at time of extrajudicial execution, Panchhat

Rupnagar District

Anandpur Sahib Subdistrict
Lakhwinder Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sahota
Manjinder Pal Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nangal
Kharar Subdistrict
Harminder Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Padiala
Rupnagar Subdistrict
Dewarki Kaur Female, age 87-88 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jatana
Gurmail Singh Male, age 27 at time of disappearance, Dhangrali
Jasmair Kaur Female, age 45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jatana
Jasvir Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bari Rauni
Manpreet Kaur Female, age 13 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jatana
Ravinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Solkhian
S.A.S.Nagar (Mohali) Subdistrict
Amarjeet Singh Male, age 28-30 at time of disappearance, Mohali

Sangrur District

Malerkotla Subdistrict
Inderjit Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of disappearance, Malerkotla

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 5 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 34 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Nirvair Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Panipat, Haryana

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Chandigarh:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

88.0% Male 22
 
 
12.0% Female 3

Marital status

60.0% Not married 15
 
 
40.0% Married 10

If married, did the victim have children?

32.0% Yes 8
 
 
4.0% No 1


Total children surviving victims: 20


Religion

100.0% Sikh 25
 

Caste

60.0% Jat 15
 
 
40.0% Non-Jat 10

Age

4.0% 0-17 1
 
72.0% 18-33 18
 
16.0% 34-49 4
 
4.0% 65+ 1
 

Education

8.0% No education 2
 
8.0% Primary school 2
 
4.0% Middle school 1
 
44.0% High school 11
 
8.0% Some college 2
 
16.0% College degree 4
 
12.0% Vocational degree 3
 

Employment

28.0% Student 7
 
20.0% Farmer/agriculture 5
 
16.0% Unemployed 4
 
8.0% Driver (bus/truck/car) 2
 
4.0% Housewife 1
 
40.0% Other 10
 

Urban / Rural

60.0% Rural 15
 
 
20.0% Urban 5

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

44.0% Yes 11
 
 
56.0% No 14

Prior torture

36.0% Yes 9
 
 
8.0% No 2

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

64.0% Yes 16
 
 
36.0% No 9

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
84.6% No 11

Witnesses to abduction

52.0% Yes 13
 
 
8.0% No 2

Victim abduction location

12.0% Victim’s residence 3
 
8.0% Roadside 2
 
4.0% Friend/relative's residence 1
 
4.0% Police station 1
 
4.0% Checkpoint (naka) 1
 
4.0% Bus station/stand 1
 
16.0% Other 4
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

40.0% Yes 10
 
 
24.0% No 6

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

20.0% Other 5
 
16.0% Gave no response 4
 
8.0% Denied involvement 2
 
8.0% Victim had escaped 2
 
4.0% Killed victim in an “encounter” 1
 
4.0% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

16.0% Yes 4
 
 
32.0% No 8

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

84.0% Extrajudicial executions 21
 
 
16.0% Enforced disappearances 4

Number of victims per family

80.0% 1 victim 20
 
4.0% 2 victim 1
 
16.0% 3 victim 4
 

Related incidents

12.0% Genuine encounters in family 3
 
 
88.0% No genuine encounters in family 22

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

12.0% Cremated the body 3
 

Security forces returned body

32.0% Yes 8
 
4.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 1
 
48.0% No 12
 

Condition of corpse, if known

24.0% Bullet wounds 6
 
16.0% Other 4
 
16.0% Bruises 4
 
16.0% Burn marks 4
 
8.0% Cuts/wounds 2
 
4.0% Missing hair from head or face 1
 
4.0% Broken bones 1
 
4.0% Missing fingernails 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

84.0% Yes 21
 
 
4.0% No 1

Security forces uniformed

30.8% Yes 4
 
 
30.8% No 4

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

56.0% Other 14
 
16.0% Punjab Police 4
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

60.0% Other 15
 
36.0% Punjab police 9
 
20.0% Black cat 5
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

36.0% Combatant 9
 
 
60.0% Non-combatant 15

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

12.0% Yes 3
 
 
44.0% No 11

If provided support, support was voluntary

8.0% Yes 2
 
 
4.0% No 1

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

28.0% Yes 7
 
 
72.0% No 18

Approached security officials

48.0% Yes 12
 
 
52.0% No 13

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

60.0% Afraid of retaliation 15
 
32.0% Didn’t know what to do 8
 
28.0% Couldn’t afford 7
 
16.0% Not applicable 4
 
8.0% Believed it would have been ineffective 2
 
4.0% Other 1
 

Remedies desired from government

72.0% Truth commission 18
 
64.0% Employment 16
 
64.0% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 16
 
64.0% Monetary compensation to family 16
 
40.0% Rehabilitation services to family members 10
 
36.0% Investigations into abuses 9
 
28.0% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 7
 
12.0% Memorial for victims 3
 

Year & District 

District

8.0% Amritsar 2
 
4.0% Fatehgarh Sahib 1
 
8.0% Gurdaspur 2
 
4.0% Hoshiarpur 1
 
4.0% Jalandhar 1
 
4.0% Kapurthala 1
 
40.0% Rupnagar 10
 
4.0% Sangrur 1
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
4.0% 1985 1
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
4.0% 1987 1
 
8.0% 1988 2
 
0.0% 1989 0
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
52.0% 1991 13
 
16.0% 1992 4
 
12.0% 1993 3
 
4.0% 1994 1
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
0.0% Date Unknown 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.