Mohd. Izhar Alam

11 documented cases directly implicating Mohd. Izhar Alam in abduction/disappearance:


Amritsar District

Ajnala Subdistrict
Gurmej Singh Male, age 45 at time of disappearance, Mananwala
Major Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khatrai Kalan
Rajwinder Kaur Female, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khatrai Kalan
Amritsar I Subdistrict
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rasulpur Kalan
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Balwinder Singh Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jhabal Kalan
Harnam Singh Male, age 60 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dugalwala
Swaranjit Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Aladinpur

Gurdaspur District

Batala Subdistrict
Balwinder Singh Male, age 15-16 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mari Buchian

Hoshiarpur District

Dasuya Subdistrict
Gurcharan Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bahla

Jalandhar District

Jalandhar II Subdistrict
Amarjeet Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhirowal

Nawanshahr District

Nawanshahr Subdistrict
Baldev Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Poonian

Key statistics of cases directly implicating Mohd. Izhar Alam:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

90.9% Male 10
 
 
9.1% Female 1

Marital status

54.5% Not married 6
 
 
45.5% Married 5

If married, did the victim have children?

45.5% Yes 5
 


Total children surviving victims: 13


Religion

100.0% Sikh 11
 

Caste

90.9% Jat 10
 
 
9.1% Non-Jat 1

Age

9.1% 0-17 1
 
72.7% 18-33 8
 
9.1% 34-49 1
 
9.1% 50-64 1
 

Education

9.1% No education 1
 
18.2% Primary school 2
 
27.3% Middle school 3
 
18.2% High school 2
 
18.2% College degree 2
 
9.1% Vocational degree 1
 

Employment

54.5% Farmer/agriculture 6
 
18.2% Student 2
 
9.1% Housewife 1
 
18.2% Other 2
 

Urban / Rural

100.0% Rural 11
 
 
0.0% Urban 0

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

72.7% Yes 8
 
 
27.3% No 3

Prior torture

45.5% Yes 5
 
 
27.3% No 3

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

100.0% Yes 11
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
125.0% No 10

Witnesses to abduction

72.7% Yes 8
 
 
9.1% No 1

Victim abduction location

36.4% Roadside 4
 
18.2% Checkpoint (naka) 2
 
18.2% Victim’s residence 2
 
9.1% Village fields 1
 
18.2% Other 2
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

54.5% Yes 6
 
 
45.5% No 5

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

18.2% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 2
 
18.2% Gave no response 2
 
9.1% Victim had escaped 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
54.5% No 6

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

90.9% Extrajudicial executions 10
 
 
9.1% Enforced disappearances 1

Number of victims per family

54.5% 1 victim 6
 
36.4% 2 victims 4
 
9.1% 3 victims 1
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 11

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

27.3% Cremated the body 3
 
9.1% Dumped body in canal or river 1
 

Security forces returned body

0.0% Yes 0
 
9.1% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 1
 
81.8% No 9
 

Condition of corpse, if known

9.1% Bullet wounds 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

100.0% Yes 11
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security forces uniformed

100.0% Yes 8
 
 
0.0% No 0

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

100.0% Punjab Police 11
 
45.5% CRPF 5
 
9.1% BSF 1
 
9.1% Black cat 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

90.9% Punjab police 10
 
18.2% CRPF 2
 
9.1% BSF 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

81.8% Combatant 9
 
 
18.2% Non-combatant 2

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

18.2% Yes 2
 
 
0.0% No 0

If provided support, support was voluntary

9.1% Yes 1
 
 
9.1% No 1

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

36.4% Yes 4
 
 
63.6% No 7

Approached security officials

45.5% Yes 5
 
 
54.5% No 6

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

54.5% Afraid of retaliation 6
 
18.2% Believed it would have been ineffective 2
 
9.1% Didn’t know what to do 1
 

Remedies desired from government

54.5% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 6
 
54.5% Truth commission 6
 
45.5% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 5
 
45.5% Monetary compensation to family 5
 
36.4% Memorial for victims 4
 
27.3% Employment 3
 
27.3% Investigations into abuses 3
 
18.2% Rehabilitation services to family members 2
 
9.1% Desire nothing from government 1
 

Year & District  

District

63.6% Amritsar 7
 
9.1% Gurdaspur 1
 
9.1% Hoshiarpur 1
 
9.1% Jalandhar 1
 
9.1% Nawanshahr 1
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
18.2% 1987 2
 
27.3% 1988 3
 
27.3% 1989 3
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
18.2% 1991 2
 
9.1% 1992 1
 
0.0% 1993 0
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.