Mohd. Izhar Alam

16 documented cases directly implicating Mohd. Izhar Alam in abduction/disappearance:


Amritsar District

Ajnala Subdistrict
Gurmej Singh Male, age 45 at time of disappearance, Mananwala
Major Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khatrai Kalan
Rajwinder Kaur Female, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khatrai Kalan
Amritsar I Subdistrict
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rasulpur Kalan
Amritsar II Subdistrict
Avtar Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Balwinder Singh Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jhabal Kalan
Harnam Singh Male, age 60 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dugalwala
Swaranjit Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Aladinpur

Gurdaspur District

Batala Subdistrict
Balwinder Singh Male, age 15-16 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mari Buchian

Hoshiarpur District

Dasuya Subdistrict
Gurcharan Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bahla
Hoshiarpur Subdistrict
Harminder Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chalopur

Jalandhar District

Jalandhar II Subdistrict
Amarjeet Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhirowal
Nakodar Subdistrict
Ravinder Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Littran
Phillaur Subdistrict
Jhilman Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gursian Piran

Kapurthala District

Bhulath Subdistrict
Baldhir Singh Multani Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ramgarh

Nawanshahr District

Nawanshahr Subdistrict
Baldev Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Poonian

Key statistics of cases directly implicating Mohd. Izhar Alam:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

93.8% Male 15
 
 
6.2% Female 1

Marital status

68.8% Not married 11
 
 
31.2% Married 5

If married, did the victim have children?

31.2% Yes 5
 


Total children surviving victims: 13


Religion

100.0% Sikh 16
 

Caste

81.2% Jat 13
 
 
18.8% Non-Jat 3

Age

6.2% 0-17 1
 
81.2% 18-33 13
 
6.2% 34-49 1
 
6.2% 50-64 1
 

Education

6.2% No education 1
 
18.8% Primary school 3
 
18.8% Middle school 3
 
18.8% High school 3
 
12.5% College degree 2
 
18.8% Graduate degree 3
 
6.2% Vocational degree 1
 

Employment

43.8% Farmer/agriculture 7
 
31.2% Student 5
 
6.2% Day labourer 1
 
6.2% Housewife 1
 
25.0% Other 4
 

Urban / Rural

93.8% Rural 15
 
 
6.2% Urban 1

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

62.5% Yes 10
 
 
25.0% No 4

Prior torture

31.2% Yes 5
 
 
31.2% No 5

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

81.2% Yes 13
 
 
18.8% No 3

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
133.3% No 12

Witnesses to abduction

56.2% Yes 9
 
 
6.2% No 1

Victim abduction location

31.2% Roadside 5
 
12.5% Victim’s residence 2
 
12.5% Checkpoint (naka) 2
 
6.2% Village fields 1
 
6.2% Shop/market 1
 
12.5% Other 2
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

43.8% Yes 7
 
 
37.5% No 6

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

12.5% Gave no response 2
 
12.5% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 2
 
6.2% Denied involvement 1
 
6.2% Victim had escaped 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

6.2% Yes 1
 
 
43.8% No 7

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

93.8% Extrajudicial executions 15
 
 
6.2% Enforced disappearances 1

Number of victims per family

68.8% 1 victim 11
 
25.0% 2 victim 4
 
6.2% 3 victim 1
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 16

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

50.0% Cremated the body 8
 
6.2% Dumped body in canal or river 1
 

Security forces returned body

0.0% Yes 0
 
6.2% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 1
 
87.5% No 14
 

Condition of corpse, if known

31.2% Bullet wounds 5
 
31.2% Other 5
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

100.0% Yes 16
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security forces uniformed

111.1% Yes 10
 
 
0.0% No 0

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

81.2% Punjab Police 13
 
31.2% CRPF 5
 
6.2% BSF 1
 
6.2% Black cat 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

93.8% Punjab police 15
 
31.2% CRPF 5
 
25.0% BSF 4
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

62.5% Combatant 10
 
 
25.0% Non-combatant 4

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

12.5% Yes 2
 
 
12.5% No 2

If provided support, support was voluntary

6.2% Yes 1
 
 
6.2% No 1

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

50.0% Yes 8
 
 
50.0% No 8

Approached security officials

37.5% Yes 6
 
 
56.2% No 9

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

37.5% Afraid of retaliation 6
 
12.5% Believed it would have been ineffective 2
 
6.2% Didn’t know what to do 1
 
6.2% Couldn’t afford 1
 

Remedies desired from government

56.2% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 9
 
50.0% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 8
 
50.0% Truth commission 8
 
37.5% Investigations into abuses 6
 
37.5% Memorial for victims 6
 
31.2% Monetary compensation to family 5
 
25.0% Employment 4
 
18.8% Rehabilitation services to family members 3
 
6.2% Desire nothing from government 1
 
6.2% Other 1
 

Year & District 

District

50.0% Amritsar 8
 
6.2% Gurdaspur 1
 
12.5% Hoshiarpur 2
 
18.8% Jalandhar 3
 
6.2% Kapurthala 1
 
6.2% Nawanshahr 1
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
25.0% 1986 4
 
18.8% 1987 3
 
18.8% 1988 3
 
18.8% 1989 3
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
12.5% 1991 2
 
6.2% 1992 1
 
0.0% 1993 0
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
0.0% Date Unknown 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.