Swaran Singh [Ghotna]

49 documented cases directly implicating Swaran Singh [Ghotna] in abduction/disappearance:


Amritsar District

Amritsar II Subdistrict
Kuldeep Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar
Patti Subdistrict
Harbans Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Uboke
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhikhiwind

Bathinda District

Bathinda Subdistrict
Amarjit Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhucho Mandi

Faridkot District

Jaitu Subdistrict
Mandar Singh Male, age 33 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bish Nandi
Pritpal Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bish Nandi

Firozpur District

Zira Subdistrict
Nishan Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Padhri
Pritam Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Talwandi Jalle Khan

Gurdaspur District

Batala Subdistrict
Jagdish Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Batala
Dera Baba Nanak Subdistrict
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kot Maulvi
Gurdaspur Subdistrict
Tarsem Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kohar

Hoshiarpur District

Dasuya Subdistrict
Baljinder Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Korala Kalan
Jaswant Singh Male, age 30 at time of disappearance, Alawal Isa
Mukhminder Singh Sandhu Male, age 35-36 at time of disappearance, Data
Hoshiarpur Subdistrict
Harminder Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chalopur

Jalandhar District

Jalandhar I Subdistrict
Gurdeep Singh Male, age 50 at time of disappearance, Jalandhar
Harminder Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jamsher
Jalandhar II Subdistrict
Avtar Singh Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bisrampur
Gurdev Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhirpur
Onkar Singh Male, age 30-31 at time of extrajudicial execution, Talwandi Jhandir
Nakodar Subdistrict
Manjit Kaur Female, age 34-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nurpur
Phillaur Subdistrict
Makhan Singh Male, age 26 at time of disappearance, Powadra

Kapurthala District

Kapurthala Subdistrict
Jaspal Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Saido Bholana
Palwinder Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mansurwal Bet
Ranjit Singh Male, age 14-15 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kanjli
Phagwara Subdistrict
Manbir Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of disappearance, Chaheru
Surinder Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Phagwara
Sultanpur Lodhi Subdistrict
Balvir Kaur Female, age 28-29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rampur Jagir

Ludhiana District

Jagroan Subdistrict
Ajmer Singh Male, age 35 at time of disappearance, Rasulpur Malla
Avtar Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kaunke
Gurdev Singh Kaunke Male, age 42-43 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kaunke Kalan
Harbhajan Kaur Female, age 44-45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Roomi
Roop Singh Male, age 29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dehrka
Teja Singh Male, age 43 at time of extrajudicial execution, Fatehgarh Sibian
Khanna Subdistrict
Randhir Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bibipur
Raikot Subdistrict
Charnjit Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Halwara
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 15 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jatpura

Moga District

Bhagha Purana Subdistrict
Makhan Singh Male, age 19 at time of disappearance, Tharaj
Moga Subdistrict
Iqbal Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of disappearance, Madoke
Komaljeet Singh Male, age 26-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chuharchak
Nirbhai Singh Male, age 25-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chuharchak
Ranjit Singh Male, age 32 at time of disappearance, Ghal Kalan
Sarbjeet Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Madoke
Shingara Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Korewala Kalan
Nihal Singhwala Subdistrict
Jagtar Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Raoke Kalan

Rupnagar District

Rupnagar Subdistrict
Inderjit Singh Male, age 29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rattangarh

Sangrur District

Barnala Subdistrict
Jagga Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tapa
Malerkotla Subdistrict
Hakam Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhaini Kalan

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 35 at time of disappearance, location withheld

Key statistics of cases directly implicating Swaran Singh [Ghotna]:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

93.9% Male 46
 
 
6.1% Female 3

Marital status

55.1% Not married 27
 
 
44.9% Married 22

If married, did the victim have children?

36.7% Yes 18
 
 
8.2% No 4


Total children surviving victims: 49


Religion

100.0% Sikh 49
 

Caste

73.5% Jat 36
 
 
26.5% Non-Jat 13

Age

10.2% 0-17 5
 
71.4% 18-33 35
 
16.3% 34-49 8
 
2.0% 50-64 1
 

Education

8.2% No education 4
 
24.5% Primary school 12
 
8.2% Middle school 4
 
40.8% High school 20
 
2.0% Some college 1
 
8.2% College degree 4
 
6.1% Graduate degree 3
 
2.0% Vocational degree 1
 

Employment

30.6% Farmer/agriculture 15
 
12.2% Day labourer 6
 
12.2% Student 6
 
4.1% Unemployed 2
 
4.1% Housewife 2
 
4.1% Driver (bus/truck/car) 2
 
4.1% Shopkeeper 2
 
4.1% Mechanic 2
 
26.5% Other 13
 

Urban / Rural

83.7% Rural 41
 
 
14.3% Urban 7

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

55.1% Yes 27
 
 
42.9% No 21

Prior torture

49.0% Yes 24
 
 
6.1% No 3

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

98.0% Yes 48
 
 
2.0% No 1

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

18.9% Yes 7
 
 
78.4% No 29

Witnesses to abduction

75.5% Yes 37
 
 
8.2% No 4

Victim abduction location

28.6% Victim’s residence 14
 
18.4% Roadside 9
 
8.2% Friend/relative's residence 4
 
4.1% Bus station/stand 2
 
4.1% Village fields 2
 
4.1% Police station 2
 
2.0% Checkpoint (naka) 1
 
2.0% Shop/market 1
 
22.4% Other 11
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

67.3% Yes 33
 
 
30.6% No 15

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

14.3% Denied involvement 7
 
12.2% Other 6
 
12.2% Gave no response 6
 
6.1% Killed victim in an “encounter” 3
 
4.1% Victim had escaped 2
 
2.0% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 1
 
2.0% Told family to go to another police station 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

14.3% Yes 7
 
 
77.6% No 38

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

79.6% Extrajudicial executions 39
 
 
20.4% Enforced disappearances 10

Number of victims per family

81.6% 1 victim 40
 
18.4% 2 victim 9
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 49

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

28.6% Cremated the body 14
 

Security forces returned body

12.2% Yes 6
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
67.3% No 33
 

Condition of corpse, if known

8.2% Bullet wounds 4
 
6.1% Bruises 3
 
4.1% Other 2
 
4.1% Broken bones 2
 
4.1% Burn marks 2
 
2.0% Missing fingernails 1
 
2.0% Cuts/wounds 1
 
2.0% Missing hair from head or face 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

100.0% Yes 49
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security forces uniformed

100.0% Yes 37
 
 
8.1% No 3

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

95.9% Punjab Police 47
 
18.4% CRPF 9
 
2.0% BSF 1
 
2.0% Other 1
 
2.0% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

71.4% Punjab police 35
 
12.2% Criminal Investigation Agency 6
 
2.0% CRPF 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

42.9% Combatant 21
 
 
49.0% Non-combatant 24

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

16.3% Yes 8
 
 
28.6% No 14

If provided support, support was voluntary

10.2% Yes 5
 
 
6.1% No 3

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

28.6% Yes 14
 
 
71.4% No 35

Approached security officials

44.9% Yes 22
 
 
53.1% No 26

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

55.1% Afraid of retaliation 27
 
22.4% Believed it would have been ineffective 11
 
16.3% Couldn’t afford 8
 
10.2% Not applicable 5
 
10.2% Didn’t know what to do 5
 
4.1% Other 2
 

Remedies desired from government

67.3% Truth commission 33
 
63.3% Monetary compensation to family 31
 
55.1% Employment 27
 
40.8% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 20
 
36.7% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 18
 
36.7% Investigations into abuses 18
 
24.5% Rehabilitation services to family members 12
 
18.4% Memorial for victims 9
 
14.3% Desire nothing from government 7
 
4.1% Other 2
 

Year & District 

District

6.1% Amritsar 3
 
2.0% Bathinda 1
 
4.1% Faridkot 2
 
4.1% Firozpur 2
 
6.1% Gurdaspur 3
 
8.2% Hoshiarpur 4
 
14.3% Jalandhar 7
 
12.2% Kapurthala 6
 
18.4% Ludhiana 9
 
16.3% Moga 8
 
2.0% Rupnagar 1
 
4.1% Sangrur 2
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
8.2% 1986 4
 
12.2% 1987 6
 
6.1% 1988 3
 
14.3% 1989 7
 
8.2% 1990 4
 
10.2% 1991 5
 
18.4% 1992 9
 
10.2% 1993 5
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
2.0% 1995 1
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
10.2% Date Unknown 5
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.