Swaran Singh [Ghotna]

46 documented cases directly implicating Swaran Singh [Ghotna]:


Amritsar District

Amritsar II Subdistrict
Kuldeep Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar
Patti Subdistrict
Harbans Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Uboke

Bathinda District

Bathinda Subdistrict
Amarjit Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhucho Mandi

Faridkot District

Jaitu Subdistrict
Mandar Singh Male, age 33 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bish Nandi
Pritpal Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bish Nandi

Firozpur District

Zira Subdistrict
Nishan Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Padhri
Pritam Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Talwandi Jalle Khan

Gurdaspur District

Batala Subdistrict
Jagdish Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Batala
Dera Baba Nanak Subdistrict
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kot Maulvi
Gurdaspur Subdistrict
Tarsem Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kohar

Hoshiarpur District

Dasuya Subdistrict
Baljinder Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Korala Kalan
Jaswant Singh Male, age 30 at time of disappearance, Alawal Isa
Mukhminder Singh Sandhu Male, age 35-36 at time of disappearance, Data
Hoshiarpur Subdistrict
Harminder Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chalopur

Jalandhar District

Jalandhar I Subdistrict
Gurdeep Singh Male, age 50 at time of disappearance, Jalandar
Harminder Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jamsher
Jalandhar II Subdistrict
Avtar Singh Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bisrampur
Gurdev Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhirpur
Onkar Singh Male, age 30-31 at time of extrajudicial execution, Talwandi Jhandir
Nakodar Subdistrict
Manjit Kaur Female, age 34-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nurpur
Phillaur Subdistrict
Makhan Singh Male, age 26 at time of disappearance, Powadra

Kapurthala District

Kapurthala Subdistrict
Jaspal Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Saido Bholana
Palwinder Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mansurwal Bet
Ranjit Singh Male, age 14-15 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kanjli
Phagwara Subdistrict
Manbir Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of disappearance, Chaheru
Surinder Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Phagwara
Sultanpur Lodhi Subdistrict
Balvir Kaur Female, age 28-29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rampur Jagir

Ludhiana District

Jagroan Subdistrict
Ajmer Singh Male, age 35 at time of disappearance, Rasulpur Malla
Avtar Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kaunke
Harbhajan Kaur Female, age 44-45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Roomi
Roop Singh Male, age 29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dehrka
Teja Singh Male, age 43 at time of extrajudicial execution, Fatehgarh Sibian
Khanna Subdistrict
Randhir Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bibipur
Raikot Subdistrict
Charnjit Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Halwara
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 15 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jatpura

Moga District

Bhagha Purana Subdistrict
Makhan Singh Male, age 19 at time of disappearance, Tharaj
Moga Subdistrict
Iqbal Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of disappearance, Madoke
Komaljeet Singh Male, age 26-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chuharchak
Ranjit Singh Male, age 32 at time of disappearance, Ghal Kalan
Sarbjeet Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Madoke
Shingara Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Korewala Kalan
Nihal Singhwala Subdistrict
Jagtar Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Raoke Kalan

Rupnagar District

Rupnagar Subdistrict
Inderjit Singh Male, age 29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rattangarh

Sangrur District

Barnala Subdistrict
Jagga Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tapa
Malerkotla Subdistrict
Hakam Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhaini Kalan

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 35 at time of disappearance, location withheld

Key statistics of cases directly implicating Swaran Singh [Ghotna]:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

93.5% Male 43
 
 
6.5% Female 3

Marital status

54.3% Not married 25
 
 
45.7% Married 21

If married, did the victim have children?

37.0% Yes 17
 
 
8.7% No 4


Total children surviving victims: 42


Religion

100.0% Sikh 46
 

Caste

71.7% Jat 33
 
 
28.3% Non-Jat 13

Age

8.7% 0-17 4
 
73.9% 18-33 34
 
15.2% 34-49 7
 
2.2% 50-64 1
 

Education

6.5% No education 3
 
23.9% Primary school 11
 
8.7% Middle school 4
 
41.3% High school 19
 
2.2% Some college 1
 
8.7% College degree 4
 
6.5% Graduate degree 3
 
2.2% Vocational degree 1
 

Employment

28.3% Farmer/agriculture 13
 
13.0% Day labourer 6
 
13.0% Student 6
 
4.3% Mechanic 2
 
4.3% Driver (bus/truck/car) 2
 
4.3% Housewife 2
 
4.3% Shopkeeper 2
 
2.2% Unemployed 1
 
28.3% Other 13
 

Urban / Rural

84.8% Rural 39
 
 
13.0% Urban 6

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

56.5% Yes 26
 
 
41.3% No 19

Prior torture

52.2% Yes 24
 
 
4.3% No 2

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

97.8% Yes 45
 
 
2.2% No 1

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

17.6% Yes 6
 
 
79.4% No 27

Witnesses to abduction

73.9% Yes 34
 
 
8.7% No 4

Victim abduction location

26.1% Victim’s residence 12
 
19.6% Roadside 9
 
8.7% Friend/relative's residence 4
 
4.3% Police station 2
 
4.3% Village fields 2
 
4.3% Bus station/stand 2
 
2.2% Checkpoint (naka) 1
 
2.2% Shop/market 1
 
21.7% Other 10
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

67.4% Yes 31
 
 
30.4% No 14

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

13.0% Gave no response 6
 
10.9% Denied involvement 5
 
10.9% Other 5
 
4.3% Victim had escaped 2
 
4.3% Killed victim in an “encounter” 2
 
2.2% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 1
 
2.2% Told family to go to another police station 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

15.2% Yes 7
 
 
78.3% No 36

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

78.3% Extrajudicial executions 36
 
 
21.7% Enforced disappearances 10

Number of victims per family

80.4% 1 victim 37
 
19.6% 2 victims 9
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 46

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

28.3% Cremated the body 13
 

Security forces returned body

13.0% Yes 6
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
65.2% No 30
 

Condition of corpse, if known

8.7% Bullet wounds 4
 
6.5% Bruises 3
 
4.3% Broken bones 2
 
4.3% Other 2
 
4.3% Burn marks 2
 
2.2% Missing hair from head or face 1
 
2.2% Missing fingernails 1
 
2.2% Cuts/wounds 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

100.0% Yes 46
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security forces uniformed

102.9% Yes 35
 
 
5.9% No 2

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

93.5% Punjab Police 43
 
19.6% CRPF 9
 
2.2% BSF 1
 
2.2% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 
2.2% Other 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

69.6% Punjab police 32
 
10.9% Criminal Investigation Agency 5
 
2.2% CRPF 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

45.7% Combatant 21
 
 
45.7% Non-combatant 21

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

15.2% Yes 7
 
 
26.1% No 12

If provided support, support was voluntary

8.7% Yes 4
 
 
6.5% No 3

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

28.3% Yes 13
 
 
71.7% No 33

Approached security officials

43.5% Yes 20
 
 
54.3% No 25

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

56.5% Afraid of retaliation 26
 
21.7% Believed it would have been ineffective 10
 
17.4% Couldn’t afford 8
 
10.9% Not applicable 5
 
8.7% Didn’t know what to do 4
 
2.2% Other 1
 

Remedies desired from government

65.2% Truth commission 30
 
63.0% Monetary compensation to family 29
 
56.5% Employment 26
 
39.1% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 18
 
37.0% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 17
 
37.0% Investigations into abuses 17
 
26.1% Rehabilitation services to family members 12
 
19.6% Memorial for victims 9
 
15.2% Desire nothing from government 7
 
2.2% Other 1
 

Year & District  

District

4.3% Amritsar 2
 
2.2% Bathinda 1
 
4.3% Faridkot 2
 
4.3% Firozpur 2
 
6.5% Gurdaspur 3
 
8.7% Hoshiarpur 4
 
15.2% Jalandhar 7
 
13.0% Kapurthala 6
 
17.4% Ludhiana 8
 
15.2% Moga 7
 
2.2% Rupnagar 1
 
4.3% Sangrur 2
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
8.7% 1986 4
 
13.0% 1987 6
 
6.5% 1988 3
 
15.2% 1989 7
 
6.5% 1990 3
 
10.9% 1991 5
 
19.6% 1992 9
 
8.7% 1993 4
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
2.2% 1995 1
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.