Ajit Singh Sandhu

52 documented cases directly implicating Ajit Singh Sandhu in abduction/disappearance:


Amritsar District

Amritsar II Subdistrict
Anokh Singh Male, age 35 at time of disappearance, Amritsar
Jaswant Singh Khalra Male, age 42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar
Rajinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jaspal Nagar
Khadoor Sahib Subdistrict
Balwinder Singh Male, age 42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Vain Poin
Gulwinder Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khadur Sahib
Harjit Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khojkipur
Randhir Singh Male, age 34-35 at time of disappearance, Mal Chak
Sardool Singh Male, age 50-55 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gagrewal
Saroop Singh Male, age 21 at time of disappearance, Fatehpur Badesha
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kot Mohammad Khan
Patti Subdistrict
Anokh Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Uboke
Jagdish Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Patti
Nishan Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rajoke
Satnaam Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Shahid
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Ajit Singh Male, age 58-60 at time of extrajudicial execution, Behla
Atma Singh Male, age 67-68 at time of extrajudicial execution, Naushehra Pannuan
Balbir Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dugri
Balwinder Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jhabal Kalan
Balwinder Singh Male, age 25-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mughal Chak
Bhagwan Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chohla Sahib Khurd
Gurdeep Singh Male, age 42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jiobala
Gurmej Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sarhali Kalan
Harphool Singh Male, age 20 at time of disappearance, Jiobala
Iqbal Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chhina Bidhi Chand
Jatinder Singh Male, age 26 at time of disappearance, Bhullar
Kartar Singh Male, age 55-60 at time of extrajudicial execution, Behla
Lakhwinder Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Behla
Manjinder Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rataul
Manjit Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manochahal
Niranjan Singh Male, age 58-60 at time of extrajudicial execution, Behla
Parmjit Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kambo
Piara Singh Male, age 50-59 at time of disappearance, Jiobala
Punjab Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chhappa
Sakatar Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Behla
Sarwan Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sarhali Kalan
Satnam Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manochahal
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhun
Surjit Singh Male, age 53 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chohla Sahib
Tajinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Palasaur

Fatehgarh Sahib District

Bassi Pathana Subdistrict
Sarbjeet Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ghel

Gurdaspur District

Batala Subdistrict
Waryam Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bure Nangal
Gurdaspur Subdistrict
Harjinder Singh Male, age 38-40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ram Nagar

Hoshiarpur District

Dasuya Subdistrict
Bikram Singh Male, age 23 at time of disappearance, Khuda
Kuljit Singh Dhatt Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ambala Jattan
Saroop Singh Male, age 27-30 at time of disappearance, Nangal Khunga
Mukerian Subdistrict
Satpal Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chak

Kapurthala District

Kapurthala Subdistrict
Ajit Singh Male, age 65 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khanpur
Gurmej Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Fattu Dhinga
Kulwinder Singh Male, age 10-11 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khanpur
Lakhwinder Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khanpur
Prithipal Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Fattu Dhinga

Location Withheld

Anonymous Female, location withheld

Key statistics of cases directly implicating Ajit Singh Sandhu:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

98.1% Male 51
 
 
1.9% Female 1

Marital status

48.1% Not married 25
 
 
51.9% Married 27

If married, did the victim have children?

48.1% Yes 25
 
 
3.8% No 2


Total children surviving victims: 80


Religion

100.0% Sikh 52
 

Caste

86.5% Jat 45
 
 
13.5% Non-Jat 7

Age

5.8% 0-17 3
 
57.7% 18-33 30
 
19.2% 34-49 10
 
11.5% 50-64 6
 
3.8% 65+ 2
 
1.9% Age unknown 1
 

Education

15.4% No education 8
 
15.4% Primary school 8
 
25.0% Middle school 13
 
32.7% High school 17
 
3.8% College degree 2
 
1.9% Graduate degree 1
 
1.9% Vocational degree 1
 

Employment

46.2% Farmer/agriculture 24
 
7.7% Student 4
 
7.7% Shopkeeper 4
 
3.8% Day labourer 2
 
3.8% Unemployed 2
 
1.9% Driver (bus/truck/car) 1
 
1.9% Housewife 1
 
1.9% Mechanic 1
 
25.0% Other 13
 

Urban / Rural

90.4% Rural 47
 
 
7.7% Urban 4

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

28.8% Yes 15
 
 
71.2% No 37

Prior torture

21.2% Yes 11
 
 
7.7% No 4

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

100.0% Yes 52
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

30.4% Yes 14
 
 
56.5% No 26

Witnesses to abduction

88.5% Yes 46
 
 
1.9% No 1

Victim abduction location

26.9% Victim’s residence 14
 
13.5% Village fields 7
 
9.6% Roadside 5
 
7.7% Friend/relative's residence 4
 
7.7% Police station 4
 
3.8% Shop/market 2
 
1.9% Checkpoint (naka) 1
 
1.9% Bus station/stand 1
 
26.9% Other 14
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

73.1% Yes 38
 
 
26.9% No 14

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

19.2% Other 10
 
17.3% Gave no response 9
 
17.3% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 9
 
15.4% Denied involvement 8
 
7.7% Told family to go to another police station 4
 
3.8% Killed victim in an “encounter” 2
 
3.8% Victim had escaped 2
 
3.8% Admitted custody only 2
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
82.7% No 43

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

84.6% Extrajudicial executions 44
 
 
15.4% Enforced disappearances 8

Number of victims per family

71.2% 1 victim 37
 
15.4% 2 victim 8
 
5.8% 3 victim 3
 
1.9% 4 victim 1
 
5.8% 7 victim 3
 

Related incidents

1.9% Genuine encounters in family 1
 
 
98.1% No genuine encounters in family 51

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

28.8% Cremated the body 15
 
5.8% Dumped body in canal or river 3
 

Security forces returned body

1.9% Yes 1
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
82.7% No 43
 

Condition of corpse, if known

1.9% Other 1
 
1.9% Bullet wounds 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

100.0% Yes 52
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security forces uniformed

89.1% Yes 41
 
 
4.3% No 2

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

98.1% Punjab Police 51
 
19.2% CRPF 10
 
11.5% Criminal Investigation Agency 6
 
5.8% Black cat 3
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

82.7% Punjab police 43
 
9.6% CRPF 5
 
5.8% Criminal Investigation Agency 3
 
1.9% Black cat 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

28.8% Combatant 15
 
 
71.2% Non-combatant 37

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

38.5% Yes 20
 
 
32.7% No 17

If provided support, support was voluntary

25.0% Yes 13
 
 
11.5% No 6

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

48.1% Yes 25
 
 
48.1% No 25

Approached security officials

59.6% Yes 31
 
 
40.4% No 21

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

44.2% Afraid of retaliation 23
 
15.4% Believed it would have been ineffective 8
 
5.8% Didn’t know what to do 3
 
3.8% Couldn’t afford 2
 
1.9% Other 1
 

Remedies desired from government

69.2% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 36
 
61.5% Monetary compensation to family 32
 
55.8% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 29
 
53.8% Truth commission 28
 
46.2% Employment 24
 
28.8% Investigations into abuses 15
 
23.1% Memorial for victims 12
 
15.4% Rehabilitation services to family members 8
 
7.7% Other 4
 

Year & District 

District

75.0% Amritsar 39
 
1.9% Fatehgarh Sahib 1
 
3.8% Gurdaspur 2
 
7.7% Hoshiarpur 4
 
9.6% Kapurthala 5
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
0.0% 1987 0
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
5.8% 1989 3
 
3.8% 1990 2
 
5.8% 1991 3
 
57.7% 1992 30
 
21.2% 1993 11
 
3.8% 1994 2
 
1.9% 1995 1
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
0.0% Date Unknown 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.