Ajit Singh Sandhu

50 documented cases directly implicating Ajit Singh Sandhu in abduction/disappearance:


Amritsar District

Amritsar II Subdistrict
Anokh Singh Male, age 35 at time of disappearance, Amritsar
Jaswant Singh Khalra Male, age 42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar
Rajinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jaspal Nagar
Khadoor Sahib Subdistrict
Gulwinder Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khadur Sahib
Harjit Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khojkipur
Randhir Singh Male, age 34-35 at time of disappearance, Mal Chak
Sardool Singh Male, age 50-55 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gagrewal
Saroop Singh Male, age 21 at time of disappearance, Fatehpur Badesha
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kot Mohammad Khan
Patti Subdistrict
Anokh Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Uboke
Jagdish Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Patti
Nishan Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rajoke
Satnaam Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Shahid
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Ajit Singh Male, age 58-60 at time of extrajudicial execution, Behla
Balbir Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dugri
Balwinder Singh Male, age 25-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mughal Chak
Balwinder Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jhabal Kalan
Bhagwan Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chohla Sahib Khurd
Gurdeep Singh Male, age 42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jiobala
Gurmaj Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sarhali Kalan
Gurmej Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sarhali Kalan
Harphool Singh Male, age 20 at time of disappearance, Jiobala
Jatinder Singh Male, age 26 at time of disappearance, Bhullar
Kartar Singh Male, age 55-60 at time of extrajudicial execution, Behla
Lakhwinder Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Behla
Manjinder Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rataul
Manjit Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manochahal
Niranjan Singh Male, age 58-60 at time of extrajudicial execution, Behla
Parmjit Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kambo
Piara Singh Male, age 50-59 at time of disappearance, Jiobala
Punjab Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chhappa
Sakatar Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Behla
Sarwan Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sarhali Kalan
Satnam Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manochahal
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhun
Surjit Singh Male, age 53 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chohla Sahib
Tajinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Palasaur

Fatehgarh Sahib District

Bassi Pathana Subdistrict
Sarbjeet Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ghel

Gurdaspur District

Batala Subdistrict
Waryam Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bure Nangal
Gurdaspur Subdistrict
Harjinder Singh Male, age 38-40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ram Nagar

Hoshiarpur District

Dasuya Subdistrict
Bikram Singh Male, age 23 at time of disappearance, Khuda
Kuljit Singh Dhatt Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ambala Jattan
Saroop Singh Male, age 27-30 at time of disappearance, Nangal Khunga
Mukerian Subdistrict
Satpal Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chak

Kapurthala District

Kapurthala Subdistrict
Ajit Singh Male, age 65 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khanpur
Gurmej Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Fattu Dhinga
Kulwinder Singh Male, age 10-11 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khanpur
Lakhwinder Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khanpur
Prithipal Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Fattu Dhinga

Location Withheld

Anonymous Female, location withheld

Key statistics of cases directly implicating Ajit Singh Sandhu:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

98.0% Male 49
 
 
2.0% Female 1

Marital status

48.0% Not married 24
 
 
52.0% Married 26

If married, did the victim have children?

48.0% Yes 24
 
 
4.0% No 2


Total children surviving victims: 73


Religion

100.0% Sikh 50
 

Caste

88.0% Jat 44
 
 
12.0% Non-Jat 6

Age

6.0% 0-17 3
 
60.0% 18-33 30
 
18.0% 34-49 9
 
12.0% 50-64 6
 
2.0% 65+ 1
 
2.0% Age unknown 1
 

Education

14.0% No education 7
 
14.0% Primary school 7
 
26.0% Middle school 13
 
36.0% High school 18
 
4.0% College degree 2
 
2.0% Vocational degree 1
 

Employment

46.0% Farmer/agriculture 23
 
8.0% Student 4
 
4.0% Shopkeeper 2
 
4.0% Day labourer 2
 
4.0% Unemployed 2
 
2.0% Driver (bus/truck/car) 1
 
2.0% Mechanic 1
 
2.0% Housewife 1
 
28.0% Other 14
 

Urban / Rural

90.0% Rural 45
 
 
8.0% Urban 4

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

26.0% Yes 13
 
 
74.0% No 37

Prior torture

20.0% Yes 10
 
 
6.0% No 3

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

100.0% Yes 50
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

30.4% Yes 14
 
 
52.2% No 24

Witnesses to abduction

92.0% Yes 46
 
 
2.0% No 1

Victim abduction location

28.0% Victim’s residence 14
 
12.0% Roadside 6
 
12.0% Village fields 6
 
8.0% Friend/relative's residence 4
 
6.0% Police station 3
 
2.0% Bus station/stand 1
 
2.0% Shop/market 1
 
2.0% Checkpoint (naka) 1
 
28.0% Other 14
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

72.0% Yes 36
 
 
28.0% No 14

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

20.0% Other 10
 
18.0% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 9
 
18.0% Gave no response 9
 
16.0% Denied involvement 8
 
8.0% Told family to go to another police station 4
 
4.0% Victim had escaped 2
 
4.0% Killed victim in an “encounter” 2
 
4.0% Admitted custody only 2
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
80.0% No 40

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

84.0% Extrajudicial executions 42
 
 
16.0% Enforced disappearances 8

Number of victims per family

72.0% 1 victim 36
 
16.0% 2 victims 8
 
6.0% 3 victims 3
 
6.0% 7 victims 3
 

Related incidents

2.0% Genuine encounters in family 1
 
 
98.0% No genuine encounters in family 49

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

30.0% Cremated the body 15
 
6.0% Dumped body in canal or river 3
 

Security forces returned body

2.0% Yes 1
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
82.0% No 41
 

Condition of corpse, if known

2.0% Other 1
 
2.0% Bullet wounds 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

100.0% Yes 50
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security forces uniformed

84.8% Yes 39
 
 
2.2% No 1

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

98.0% Punjab Police 49
 
22.0% CRPF 11
 
8.0% Criminal Investigation Agency 4
 
6.0% Black cat 3
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

82.0% Punjab police 41
 
10.0% CRPF 5
 
4.0% Criminal Investigation Agency 2
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

30.0% Combatant 15
 
 
70.0% Non-combatant 35

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

36.0% Yes 18
 
 
34.0% No 17

If provided support, support was voluntary

22.0% Yes 11
 
 
12.0% No 6

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

46.0% Yes 23
 
 
50.0% No 25

Approached security officials

62.0% Yes 31
 
 
38.0% No 19

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

46.0% Afraid of retaliation 23
 
16.0% Believed it would have been ineffective 8
 
6.0% Didn’t know what to do 3
 
4.0% Couldn’t afford 2
 
2.0% Not applicable 1
 
2.0% Other 1
 

Remedies desired from government

68.0% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 34
 
62.0% Monetary compensation to family 31
 
60.0% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 30
 
54.0% Truth commission 27
 
46.0% Employment 23
 
28.0% Investigations into abuses 14
 
22.0% Memorial for victims 11
 
16.0% Rehabilitation services to family members 8
 
8.0% Other 4
 

Year & District  

District

74.0% Amritsar 37
 
2.0% Fatehgarh Sahib 1
 
4.0% Gurdaspur 2
 
8.0% Hoshiarpur 4
 
10.0% Kapurthala 5
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
0.0% 1987 0
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
6.0% 1989 3
 
4.0% 1990 2
 
8.0% 1991 4
 
56.0% 1992 28
 
20.0% 1993 10
 
4.0% 1994 2
 
2.0% 1995 1
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.