Ajit Singh Sandhu

60 documented cases directly implicating Ajit Singh Sandhu in abduction/disappearance:


Amritsar District

Amritsar II Subdistrict
Anokh Singh Male, age 35 at time of disappearance, Amritsar
Jaswant Singh Khalra Male, age 42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar
Rajinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jaspal Nagar
Khadoor Sahib Subdistrict
Balwinder Singh Male, age 42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Vain Poin
Gulwinder Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khadur Sahib
Harjit Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khojkipur
Kewal Singh Male, age 28-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Fatehpur Badesha
Kuldip Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of disappearance, Fatehpur Badesha
Randhir Singh Male, age 34-35 at time of disappearance, Mal Chak
Sardool Singh Male, age 50-55 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gagrewal
Saroop Singh Male, age 21 at time of disappearance, Fatehpur Badesha
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kot Mohammad Khan
Patti Subdistrict
Anokh Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Uboke
Buta Singh Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhura Kohna
Jagdish Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Patti
Kabul Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rasulpur
Nishan Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rajoke
Satnaam Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Shahid
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Ajit Singh Male, age 58-60 at time of extrajudicial execution, Behla
Atma Singh Male, age 67-68 at time of extrajudicial execution, Naushehra Pannuan
Balbir Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dugri
Balwinder Singh Male, age 25-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mughal Chak
Balwinder Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jhabal Kalan
Bhagwan Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chohla Sahib Khurd
Davinder Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tarn Taran
Gurdeep Singh Male, age 42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jiobala
Gurmej Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sarhali Kalan
Harphool Singh Male, age 20 at time of disappearance, Jiobala
Inderjeet Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sakhira
Iqbal Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chhina Bidhi Chand
Jatinder Singh Male, age 26 at time of disappearance, Bhullar
Kartar Singh Male, age 55-60 at time of extrajudicial execution, Behla
Lakhwinder Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Behla
Manjinder Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rataul
Manjit Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manochahal
Niranjan Singh Male, age 58-60 at time of extrajudicial execution, Behla
Parmjit Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kambo
Piara Singh Male, age 50-59 at time of disappearance, Jiobala
Punjab Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chhappa
Rupinderjit Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tarn Taran
Sakatar Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Behla
Sarwan Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sarhali Kalan
Satnam Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manochahal
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhun
Surinder Kaur Female, age 35-36 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tarn Taran
Surjit Singh Male, age 53 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chohla Sahib
Tajinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Palasaur

Fatehgarh Sahib District

Bassi Pathana Subdistrict
Sarbjeet Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ghel

Gurdaspur District

Batala Subdistrict
Waryam Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bure Nangal
Gurdaspur Subdistrict
Harjinder Singh Male, age 38-40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ram Nagar

Hoshiarpur District

Dasuya Subdistrict
Bikram Singh Male, age 23 at time of disappearance, Khuda
Kuljit Singh Dhatt Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ambala Jattan
Saroop Singh Male, age 27-30 at time of disappearance, Nangal Khunga
Mukerian Subdistrict
Satpal Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chak

Kapurthala District

Kapurthala Subdistrict
Ajit Singh Male, age 65 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khanpur
Gurmej Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Fattu Dhinga
Kulwinder Singh Male, age 10-11 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khanpur
Lakhwinder Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khanpur
Prithipal Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Fattu Dhinga

Location Withheld

Anonymous Female, location withheld

Key statistics of cases directly implicating Ajit Singh Sandhu:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

96.7% Male 58
 
 
3.3% Female 2

Marital status

48.3% Not married 29
 
 
51.7% Married 31

If married, did the victim have children?

46.7% Yes 28
 
 
5.0% No 3


Total children surviving victims: 84


Religion

100.0% Sikh 60
 

Caste

85.0% Jat 51
 
 
15.0% Non-Jat 9

Age

5.0% 0-17 3
 
60.0% 18-33 36
 
20.0% 34-49 12
 
10.0% 50-64 6
 
3.3% 65+ 2
 
1.7% Age unknown 1
 

Education

13.3% No education 8
 
13.3% Primary school 8
 
25.0% Middle school 15
 
33.3% High school 20
 
5.0% College degree 3
 
1.7% Graduate degree 1
 
3.3% Vocational degree 2
 

Employment

43.3% Farmer/agriculture 26
 
8.3% Shopkeeper 5
 
6.7% Student 4
 
3.3% Day labourer 2
 
3.3% Unemployed 2
 
1.7% Driver (bus/truck/car) 1
 
1.7% Mechanic 1
 
1.7% Housewife 1
 
30.0% Other 18
 

Urban / Rural

86.7% Rural 52
 
 
11.7% Urban 7

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

31.7% Yes 19
 
 
68.3% No 41

Prior torture

20.0% Yes 12
 
 
11.7% No 7

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

100.0% Yes 60
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

32.1% Yes 17
 
 
52.8% No 28

Witnesses to abduction

88.3% Yes 53
 
 
1.7% No 1

Victim abduction location

26.7% Victim’s residence 16
 
11.7% Village fields 7
 
10.0% Friend/relative's residence 6
 
10.0% Roadside 6
 
8.3% Police station 5
 
5.0% Shop/market 3
 
1.7% Checkpoint (naka) 1
 
1.7% Bus station/stand 1
 
25.0% Other 15
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

73.3% Yes 44
 
 
26.7% No 16

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

18.3% Other 11
 
16.7% Gave no response 10
 
16.7% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 10
 
13.3% Denied involvement 8
 
6.7% Told family to go to another police station 4
 
5.0% Killed victim in an “encounter” 3
 
3.3% Admitted custody only 2
 
3.3% Victim had escaped 2
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

3.3% Yes 2
 
 
76.7% No 46

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

85.0% Extrajudicial executions 51
 
 
15.0% Enforced disappearances 9

Number of victims per family

71.7% 1 victim 43
 
16.7% 2 victim 10
 
5.0% 3 victim 3
 
1.7% 4 victim 1
 
5.0% 7 victim 3
 

Related incidents

1.7% Genuine encounters in family 1
 
 
98.3% No genuine encounters in family 59

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

28.3% Cremated the body 17
 
8.3% Dumped body in canal or river 5
 

Security forces returned body

1.7% Yes 1
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
83.3% No 50
 

Condition of corpse, if known

1.7% Bullet wounds 1
 
1.7% Other 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

100.0% Yes 60
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security forces uniformed

79.2% Yes 42
 
 
5.7% No 3

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

93.3% Punjab Police 56
 
18.3% CRPF 11
 
13.3% Criminal Investigation Agency 8
 
5.0% Black cat 3
 
1.7% Other 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

80.0% Punjab police 48
 
8.3% CRPF 5
 
5.0% Criminal Investigation Agency 3
 
1.7% Black cat 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

30.0% Combatant 18
 
 
70.0% Non-combatant 42

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

36.7% Yes 22
 
 
33.3% No 20

If provided support, support was voluntary

23.3% Yes 14
 
 
10.0% No 6

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

51.7% Yes 31
 
 
45.0% No 27

Approached security officials

56.7% Yes 34
 
 
41.7% No 25

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

41.7% Afraid of retaliation 25
 
16.7% Believed it would have been ineffective 10
 
6.7% Didn’t know what to do 4
 
3.3% Couldn’t afford 2
 
1.7% Other 1
 

Remedies desired from government

70.0% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 42
 
60.0% Monetary compensation to family 36
 
55.0% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 33
 
50.0% Truth commission 30
 
45.0% Employment 27
 
28.3% Investigations into abuses 17
 
20.0% Memorial for victims 12
 
13.3% Rehabilitation services to family members 8
 
6.7% Other 4
 

Year & District 

District

78.3% Amritsar 47
 
1.7% Fatehgarh Sahib 1
 
3.3% Gurdaspur 2
 
6.7% Hoshiarpur 4
 
8.3% Kapurthala 5
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
0.0% 1987 0
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
5.0% 1989 3
 
3.3% 1990 2
 
6.7% 1991 4
 
58.3% 1992 35
 
21.7% 1993 13
 
3.3% 1994 2
 
1.7% 1995 1
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
0.0% Date Unknown 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.