Ajit Singh Sandhu

46 documented cases directly implicating Ajit Singh Sandhu:


Amritsar District

Amritsar II Subdistrict
Anokh Singh Male, age 35 at time of disappearance, Amritsar
Jaswant Singh Khalra Male, age 42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar
Rajinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jaspal Nagar
Khadoor Sahib Subdistrict
Gulwinder Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khadur Sahib
Harjit Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khojkipur
Randhir Singh Male, age 34-35 at time of disappearance, Mal Chak
Sardool Singh Male, age 50-55 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gagrewal
Saroop Singh Male, age 21 at time of disappearance, Fatehpur Badesha
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kot Mohammad Khan
Patti Subdistrict
Anokh Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Uboke
Jagdish Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Patti
Nishan Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rajoke
Satnaam Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Shahid
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Ajit Singh Male, age 58-60 at time of extrajudicial execution, Behla
Balwinder Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jhabal Kalan
Balwinder Singh Male, age 25-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mughal Chak
Bhagwan Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chohla Sahib Khurd
Gurdeep Singh Male, age 42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jiobala
Gurmaj Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sarhali Kalan
Harphool Singh Male, age 20 at time of disappearance, Jiobala
Jatinder Singh Male, age 26 at time of disappearance, Bhullar
Kartar Singh Male, age 55-60 at time of extrajudicial execution, Behla
Lakhwinder Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Behla
Manjinder Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rataul
Manjit Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manochahal
Niranjan Singh Male, age 58-60 at time of extrajudicial execution, Behla
Piara Singh Male, age 50-59 at time of disappearance, Jiobala
Sakatar Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Behla
Sarwan Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sarhali Kalan
Satnam Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manochahal
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhun
Surjit Singh Male, age 53 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chohla Sahib
Tajinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Palasaur

Fatehgarh Sahib District

Bassi Pathana Subdistrict
Sarbjeet Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ghel

Gurdaspur District

Batala Subdistrict
Waryam Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bure Nangal
Gurdaspur Subdistrict
Harjinder Singh Male, age 38-40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ram Nagar

Hoshiarpur District

Dasuya Subdistrict
Bikram Singh Male, age 23 at time of disappearance, Khuda
Kuljit Singh Dhatt Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ambala Jattan
Saroop Singh Male, age 27-30 at time of disappearance, Nangal Khunga
Mukerian Subdistrict
Satpal Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chak

Kapurthala District

Kapurthala Subdistrict
Ajit Singh Male, age 65 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khanpur
Gurmej Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Fattu Dhinga
Kulwinder Singh Male, age 10-11 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khanpur
Lakhwinder Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khanpur
Prithipal Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Fattu Dhinga

Location Withheld

Anonymous Female, location withheld

Key statistics of cases directly implicating Ajit Singh Sandhu:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

97.8% Male 45
 
 
2.2% Female 1

Marital status

47.8% Not married 22
 
 
52.2% Married 24

If married, did the victim have children?

47.8% Yes 22
 
 
4.3% No 2


Total children surviving victims: 69


Religion

100.0% Sikh 46
 

Caste

87.0% Jat 40
 
 
13.0% Non-Jat 6

Age

6.5% 0-17 3
 
58.7% 18-33 27
 
17.4% 34-49 8
 
13.0% 50-64 6
 
2.2% 65+ 1
 
2.2% Age unknown 1
 

Education

15.2% No education 7
 
15.2% Primary school 7
 
23.9% Middle school 11
 
34.8% High school 16
 
4.3% College degree 2
 
2.2% Vocational degree 1
 

Employment

45.7% Farmer/agriculture 21
 
6.5% Student 3
 
4.3% Unemployed 2
 
4.3% Shopkeeper 2
 
4.3% Day labourer 2
 
2.2% Housewife 1
 
2.2% Driver (bus/truck/car) 1
 
2.2% Mechanic 1
 
28.3% Other 13
 

Urban / Rural

89.1% Rural 41
 
 
8.7% Urban 4

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

26.1% Yes 12
 
 
73.9% No 34

Prior torture

21.7% Yes 10
 
 
4.3% No 2

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

100.0% Yes 46
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

30.2% Yes 13
 
 
51.2% No 22

Witnesses to abduction

93.5% Yes 43
 
 
2.2% No 1

Victim abduction location

30.4% Victim’s residence 14
 
10.9% Village fields 5
 
8.7% Friend/relative's residence 4
 
8.7% Roadside 4
 
6.5% Police station 3
 
2.2% Bus station/stand 1
 
2.2% Shop/market 1
 
2.2% Checkpoint (naka) 1
 
28.3% Other 13
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

73.9% Yes 34
 
 
26.1% No 12

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

19.6% Other 9
 
17.4% Denied involvement 8
 
17.4% Gave no response 8
 
17.4% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 8
 
8.7% Told family to go to another police station 4
 
4.3% Admitted custody only 2
 
4.3% Victim had escaped 2
 
4.3% Killed victim in an “encounter” 2
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
80.4% No 37

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

82.6% Extrajudicial executions 38
 
 
17.4% Enforced disappearances 8

Number of victims per family

69.6% 1 victim 32
 
17.4% 2 victims 8
 
6.5% 3 victims 3
 
6.5% 7 victims 3
 

Related incidents

2.2% Genuine encounters in family 1
 
 
97.8% No genuine encounters in family 45

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

28.3% Cremated the body 13
 
6.5% Dumped body in canal or river 3
 

Security forces returned body

2.2% Yes 1
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
80.4% No 37
 

Condition of corpse, if known

2.2% Other 1
 
2.2% Bullet wounds 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

100.0% Yes 46
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security forces uniformed

83.7% Yes 36
 
 
2.3% No 1

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

97.8% Punjab Police 45
 
21.7% CRPF 10
 
6.5% Black cat 3
 
6.5% Criminal Investigation Agency 3
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

80.4% Punjab police 37
 
8.7% CRPF 4
 
4.3% Criminal Investigation Agency 2
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

26.1% Combatant 12
 
 
73.9% Non-combatant 34

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

37.0% Yes 17
 
 
37.0% No 17

If provided support, support was voluntary

23.9% Yes 11
 
 
10.9% No 5

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

50.0% Yes 23
 
 
45.7% No 21

Approached security officials

60.9% Yes 28
 
 
39.1% No 18

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

41.3% Afraid of retaliation 19
 
10.9% Believed it would have been ineffective 5
 
6.5% Didn’t know what to do 3
 
4.3% Couldn’t afford 2
 
2.2% Not applicable 1
 
2.2% Other 1
 

Remedies desired from government

65.2% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 30
 
65.2% Monetary compensation to family 30
 
58.7% Truth commission 27
 
56.5% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 26
 
47.8% Employment 22
 
30.4% Investigations into abuses 14
 
23.9% Memorial for victims 11
 
17.4% Rehabilitation services to family members 8
 
8.7% Other 4
 

Time & Place  

District

71.7% Amritsar 33
 
2.2% Fatehgarh Sahib 1
 
4.3% Gurdaspur 2
 
8.7% Hoshiarpur 4
 
10.9% Kapurthala 5
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
0.0% 1987 0
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
6.5% 1989 3
 
2.2% 1990 1
 
8.7% 1991 4
 
56.5% 1992 26
 
21.7% 1993 10
 
2.2% 1994 1
 
2.2% 1995 1
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.