Sant Kumar

14 documented cases directly implicating Sant Kumar:


Fatehgarh Sahib District

Khamanon Subdistrict
Gurcharan Singh Male, age 31-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhamian

Ludhiana District

Jagroan Subdistrict
Jaswant Singh Male, age 42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Boparai Kalan
Ludhiana West Subdistrict
Rajinder Singh Male, age 49-50 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bulara
Payal Subdistrict
Avtar Singh Male, age 28-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gidri
Raikot Subdistrict
Charnjit Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Halwara
Hardev Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Leel
Shamsher Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Raikot

Patiala District

Samana Subdistrict
Gurnaam Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Daroli

Rupnagar District

Rupnagar Subdistrict
Amarjit Singh Male, age 29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kheri Salabatpur

Sangrur District

Barnala Subdistrict
Jora Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Naraingarh Sohian
Kartar Singh Male, age 37 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhotna
Lember Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khudi Kalan
Surjit Singh Male, age 48-50 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sanghera
Dhuri Subdistrict
Amarjeet Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Alal

Key statistics of cases directly implicating Sant Kumar:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 14
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

21.4% Not married 3
 
 
78.6% Married 11

If married, did the victim have children?

64.3% Yes 9
 
 
14.3% No 2


Total children surviving victims: 17


Religion

100.0% Sikh 14
 

Caste

71.4% Jat 10
 
 
28.6% Non-Jat 4

Age

64.3% 18-33 9
 
28.6% 34-49 4
 

Education

7.1% No education 1
 
14.3% Primary school 2
 
14.3% Middle school 2
 
35.7% High school 5
 
14.3% Some college 2
 
7.1% College degree 1
 
7.1% Graduate degree 1
 

Employment

42.9% Farmer/agriculture 6
 
14.3% Day labourer 2
 
7.1% Shopkeeper 1
 
42.9% Other 6
 

Urban / Rural

92.9% Rural 13
 
 
7.1% Urban 1

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

78.6% Yes 11
 
 
21.4% No 3

Prior torture

57.1% Yes 8
 
 
21.4% No 3

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

100.0% Yes 14
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

50.0% Yes 5
 
 
60.0% No 6

Witnesses to abduction

71.4% Yes 10
 
 
7.1% No 1

Victim abduction location

28.6% Victim’s residence 4
 
14.3% Village fields 2
 
14.3% Bus station/stand 2
 
14.3% Friend/relative's residence 2
 
7.1% Shop/market 1
 
7.1% Roadside 1
 
7.1% Other 1
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

78.6% Yes 11
 
 
21.4% No 3

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

21.4% Gave no response 3
 
14.3% Denied involvement 2
 
14.3% Other 2
 
14.3% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 2
 
7.1% Victim had escaped 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
100.0% No 14

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

100.0% Extrajudicial executions 14
 
 
0.0% Enforced disappearances 0

Number of victims per family

92.9% 1 victim 13
 
7.1% 2 victims 1
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 14

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

42.9% Cremated the body 6
 

Security forces returned body

0.0% Yes 0
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
100.0% No 14
 

Condition of corpse, if known


Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

100.0% Yes 14
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security forces uniformed

90.0% Yes 9
 
 
20.0% No 2

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

85.7% Punjab Police 12
 
28.6% Criminal Investigation Agency 4
 
7.1% Other 1
 
7.1% CRPF 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

78.6% Punjab police 11
 
35.7% Criminal Investigation Agency 5
 
7.1% CRPF 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

42.9% Combatant 6
 
 
57.1% Non-combatant 8

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

35.7% Yes 5
 
 
21.4% No 3

If provided support, support was voluntary

28.6% Yes 4
 
 
7.1% No 1

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

21.4% Yes 3
 
 
78.6% No 11

Approached security officials

57.1% Yes 8
 
 
42.9% No 6

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

57.1% Afraid of retaliation 8
 
35.7% Didn’t know what to do 5
 
21.4% Couldn’t afford 3
 
7.1% Believed it would have been ineffective 1
 

Remedies desired from government

92.9% Monetary compensation to family 13
 
85.7% Truth commission 12
 
85.7% Employment 12
 
57.1% Investigations into abuses 8
 
42.9% Rehabilitation services to family members 6
 
35.7% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 5
 
28.6% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 4
 
14.3% Memorial for victims 2
 

Time & Place  

District

7.1% Fatehgarh Sahib 1
 
42.9% Ludhiana 6
 
7.1% Patiala 1
 
7.1% Rupnagar 1
 
35.7% Sangrur 5
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
14.3% 1987 2
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
14.3% 1989 2
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
14.3% 1991 2
 
21.4% 1992 3
 
21.4% 1993 3
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
7.1% 1995 1
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.