Harinder Singh [Chahal]

15 documented cases directly implicating Harinder Singh [Chahal] in abduction/disappearance:


Ludhiana District

Jagraon Subdistrict
Gurcharan Singh Male, age 36-37 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lamma
Gurdeep Singh Male, age 35-36 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mann
Gurdev Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dholan
Harchand Singh Male, age 34-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mann
Jasvir Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mann
Jaswant Singh Male, age 42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Boparai Kalan
Kulwant Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of disappearance, Mann
Ranjit Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mann
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mann
Raikot Subdistrict
Gurdial Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bassian

Moga District

Moga Subdistrict
Balwinder Singh Male, age 37 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhudike
Jagjeet Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chirak
Nihal Singhwala Subdistrict
Avtar Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Raoke Kalan

Location Withheld

Chamkaur Singh Male, age 19 at time of disappearance, Kalkatta, Madhya Pradesh
Nirmal Singh Male, age 22 at time of disappearance, Kolkata, West Bengal

Key statistics of cases directly implicating Harinder Singh [Chahal]:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 15
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

60.0% Not married 9
 
 
40.0% Married 6

If married, did the victim have children?

33.3% Yes 5
 
 
6.7% No 1


Total children surviving victims: 12


Religion

100.0% Sikh 15
 

Caste

60.0% Jat 9
 
 
40.0% Non-Jat 6

Age

6.7% 0-17 1
 
53.3% 18-33 8
 
40.0% 34-49 6
 

Education

13.3% No education 2
 
20.0% Primary school 3
 
33.3% Middle school 5
 
20.0% High school 3
 
13.3% Some college 2
 

Employment

33.3% Farmer/agriculture 5
 
20.0% Driver (bus/truck/car) 3
 
6.7% Day labourer 1
 
40.0% Other 6
 

Urban / Rural

86.7% Rural 13
 
 
0.0% Urban 0

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

26.7% Yes 4
 
 
73.3% No 11

Prior torture

13.3% Yes 2
 
 
13.3% No 2

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

100.0% Yes 15
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

9.1% Yes 1
 
 
100.0% No 11

Witnesses to abduction

73.3% Yes 11
 
 
6.7% No 1

Victim abduction location

40.0% Victim’s residence 6
 
13.3% Police station 2
 
6.7% Roadside 1
 
6.7% Friend/relative's residence 1
 
6.7% Shop/market 1
 
20.0% Other 3
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

80.0% Yes 12
 
 
20.0% No 3

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

13.3% Other 2
 
6.7% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 1
 
6.7% Told family to go to another police station 1
 
6.7% Denied involvement 1
 
6.7% Victim killed while trying to escape 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
100.0% No 15

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

80.0% Extrajudicial executions 12
 
 
20.0% Enforced disappearances 3

Number of victims per family

73.3% 1 victim 11
 
26.7% 2 victims 4
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 15

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

6.7% Cremated the body 1
 

Security forces returned body

0.0% Yes 0
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
80.0% No 12
 

Condition of corpse, if known


Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

100.0% Yes 15
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security forces uniformed

100.0% Yes 11
 
 
0.0% No 0

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

80.0% Punjab Police 12
 
53.3% Criminal Investigation Agency 8
 
20.0% Other 3
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

66.7% Punjab police 10
 
53.3% Criminal Investigation Agency 8
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

6.7% Combatant 1
 
 
93.3% Non-combatant 14

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

20.0% Yes 3
 
 
66.7% No 10

If provided support, support was voluntary

13.3% Yes 2
 
 
6.7% No 1

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

26.7% Yes 4
 
 
73.3% No 11

Approached security officials

26.7% Yes 4
 
 
73.3% No 11

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

53.3% Afraid of retaliation 8
 
13.3% Didn’t know what to do 2
 
6.7% Not applicable 1
 
6.7% Believed it would have been ineffective 1
 
6.7% Couldn’t afford 1
 

Remedies desired from government

93.3% Monetary compensation to family 14
 
93.3% Truth commission 14
 
46.7% Employment 7
 
40.0% Investigations into abuses 6
 
26.7% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 4
 
20.0% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 3
 
20.0% Rehabilitation services to family members 3
 
6.7% Desire nothing from government 1
 
6.7% Memorial for victims 1
 

Year & District  

District

66.7% Ludhiana 10
 
20.0% Moga 3
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
0.0% 1987 0
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
0.0% 1989 0
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
0.0% 1991 0
 
13.3% 1992 2
 
73.3% 1993 11
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
6.7% 1995 1
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.