Harinder Singh [Chahal]

14 documented cases directly implicating Harinder Singh [Chahal]:


Ludhiana District

Jagroan Subdistrict
Gurcharan Singh Male, age 36-37 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lamma
Gurdeep Singh Male, age 35-36 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mann
Gurdev Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dholan
Harchand Singh Male, age 34-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mann
Jasvir Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mann
Jaswant Singh Male, age 42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Boparai Kalan
Kulwant Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of disappearance, Mann
Ranjit Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mann
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mann
Raikot Subdistrict
Gurdial Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bassian

Moga District

Moga Subdistrict
Jagjeet Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chirak
Nihal Singhwala Subdistrict
Avtar Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Raoke Kalan

Location Withheld

Chamkaur Singh Male, age 19 at time of disappearance, Kalkatta, Madhya Pradesh
Nirmal Singh Male, age 22 at time of disappearance, Kolkata, West Bengal

Key statistics of cases directly implicating Harinder Singh [Chahal]:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 14
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

57.1% Not married 8
 
 
42.9% Married 6

If married, did the victim have children?

35.7% Yes 5
 
 
7.1% No 1


Total children surviving victims: 12


Religion

100.0% Sikh 14
 

Caste

57.1% Jat 8
 
 
42.9% Non-Jat 6

Age

7.1% 0-17 1
 
57.1% 18-33 8
 
35.7% 34-49 5
 

Education

14.3% No education 2
 
21.4% Primary school 3
 
35.7% Middle school 5
 
14.3% High school 2
 
14.3% Some college 2
 

Employment

28.6% Farmer/agriculture 4
 
21.4% Driver (bus/truck/car) 3
 
7.1% Day labourer 1
 
42.9% Other 6
 

Urban / Rural

85.7% Rural 12
 
 
0.0% Urban 0

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

28.6% Yes 4
 
 
71.4% No 10

Prior torture

14.3% Yes 2
 
 
14.3% No 2

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

100.0% Yes 14
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

10.0% Yes 1
 
 
110.0% No 11

Witnesses to abduction

71.4% Yes 10
 
 
7.1% No 1

Victim abduction location

42.9% Victim’s residence 6
 
14.3% Police station 2
 
7.1% Friend/relative's residence 1
 
7.1% Shop/market 1
 
7.1% Roadside 1
 
21.4% Other 3
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

85.7% Yes 12
 
 
14.3% No 2

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

14.3% Other 2
 
7.1% Denied involvement 1
 
7.1% Victim killed while trying to escape 1
 
7.1% Told family to go to another police station 1
 
7.1% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
100.0% No 14

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

78.6% Extrajudicial executions 11
 
 
21.4% Enforced disappearances 3

Number of victims per family

71.4% 1 victim 10
 
28.6% 2 victims 4
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 14

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

7.1% Cremated the body 1
 

Security forces returned body

0.0% Yes 0
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
78.6% No 11
 

Condition of corpse, if known


Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

100.0% Yes 14
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security forces uniformed

110.0% Yes 11
 
 
0.0% No 0

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

85.7% Punjab Police 12
 
28.6% Criminal Investigation Agency 4
 
21.4% Other 3
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

64.3% Punjab police 9
 
35.7% Criminal Investigation Agency 5
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

7.1% Combatant 1
 
 
92.9% Non-combatant 13

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

21.4% Yes 3
 
 
64.3% No 9

If provided support, support was voluntary

14.3% Yes 2
 
 
7.1% No 1

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

28.6% Yes 4
 
 
71.4% No 10

Approached security officials

28.6% Yes 4
 
 
71.4% No 10

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

57.1% Afraid of retaliation 8
 
7.1% Not applicable 1
 
7.1% Believed it would have been ineffective 1
 
7.1% Couldn’t afford 1
 
7.1% Didn’t know what to do 1
 

Remedies desired from government

100.0% Monetary compensation to family 14
 
92.9% Truth commission 13
 
50.0% Employment 7
 
35.7% Investigations into abuses 5
 
28.6% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 4
 
21.4% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 3
 
21.4% Rehabilitation services to family members 3
 
7.1% Desire nothing from government 1
 

Time & Place  

District

71.4% Ludhiana 10
 
14.3% Moga 2
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
0.0% 1987 0
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
0.0% 1989 0
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
0.0% 1991 0
 
14.3% 1992 2
 
71.4% 1993 10
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
7.1% 1995 1
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.