Gobind Ram

31 documented cases directly implicating Gobind Ram in abduction/disappearance:


Amritsar District

Amritsar I Subdistrict
Hoshiar Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lehrka
Patti Subdistrict
Kulwant Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Saido
Mehal Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Saido

Gurdaspur District

Batala Subdistrict
Baldev Singh Male, age 30 at time of disappearance, Hardo Jhanda
Balkar Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rali Ali Kalan
Bawa Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhagowal
Binder Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Hassanpur Khurd
Daljit Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chahal
Daljit Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kandila
Heera Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Qila Lal Singh
Jaswant Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Madra
Lakhwinder Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhole Ke
Mangal Singh Male, age 25-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dharamkot
Surjit Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tawandi Lal Singh
Dera Baba Nanak Subdistrict
Dalbir Singh Male, age 26-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Talwandi Goraya
Gurdaspur Subdistrict
Baldev Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of disappearance, Ghuman Khurd
Dharamjeet Singh Male, age 29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Wadala Bangar
Harpal Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Zafarwal
Pritam Singh Male, age 23-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Naharpur
Surinder Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Arjanpur
Pathankot Subdistrict
Avtar Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Balotar

Moga District

Bhagha Purana Subdistrict
Balbahadur Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kaleke
Malkeet Singh Male, age 26-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rode
Mejor Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kaleke
Ranjit Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kaleke
Moga Subdistrict
Gurdeep Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ghal Kalan
Hari Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhalleke
Naib Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jhandewala

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 40-45 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld

Key statistics of cases directly implicating Gobind Ram:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 31
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

77.4% Not married 24
 
 
22.6% Married 7

If married, did the victim have children?

16.1% Yes 5
 
 
6.5% No 2


Total children surviving victims: 10


Religion

100.0% Sikh 31
 

Caste

80.6% Jat 25
 
 
19.4% Non-Jat 6

Age

3.2% 0-17 1
 
87.1% 18-33 27
 
6.5% 34-49 2
 

Education

19.4% No education 6
 
12.9% Primary school 4
 
32.3% Middle school 10
 
29.0% High school 9
 
3.2% Some college 1
 
3.2% College degree 1
 

Employment

45.2% Farmer/agriculture 14
 
12.9% Day labourer 4
 
9.7% Student 3
 
6.5% Driver (bus/truck/car) 2
 
6.5% Mechanic 2
 
3.2% Shopkeeper 1
 
19.4% Other 6
 

Urban / Rural

90.3% Rural 28
 
 
0.0% Urban 0

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

45.2% Yes 14
 
 
54.8% No 17

Prior torture

41.9% Yes 13
 
 
3.2% No 1

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

96.8% Yes 30
 
 
3.2% No 1

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

25.0% Yes 6
 
 
75.0% No 18

Witnesses to abduction

77.4% Yes 24
 

Victim abduction location

29.0% Friend/relative's residence 9
 
19.4% Victim’s residence 6
 
19.4% Roadside 6
 
6.5% Village fields 2
 
3.2% Police station 1
 
3.2% Village drain 1
 
3.2% Shop/market 1
 
9.7% Other 3
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

77.4% Yes 24
 
 
19.4% No 6

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

9.7% Gave no response 3
 
6.5% Other 2
 
6.5% Denied involvement 2
 
6.5% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 2
 
3.2% Victim had escaped 1
 
3.2% Victim accidentally killed in custody 1
 
3.2% Told family to go to another police station 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

6.5% Yes 2
 
 
54.8% No 17

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

93.5% Extrajudicial executions 29
 
 
6.5% Enforced disappearances 2

Number of victims per family

87.1% 1 victim 27
 
12.9% 2 victim 4
 

Related incidents

3.2% Genuine encounters in family 1
 
 
96.8% No genuine encounters in family 30

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

38.7% Cremated the body 12
 

Security forces returned body

6.5% Yes 2
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
87.1% No 27
 

Condition of corpse, if known

12.9% Burn marks 4
 
9.7% Bullet wounds 3
 
9.7% Cuts/wounds 3
 
6.5% Broken bones 2
 
6.5% Bruises 2
 
6.5% Missing fingernails 2
 
6.5% Missing hair from head or face 2
 
3.2% Other 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

100.0% Yes 31
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security forces uniformed

87.5% Yes 21
 
 
4.2% No 1

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

96.8% Punjab Police 30
 
12.9% BSF 4
 
9.7% CRPF 3
 
6.5% Black cat 2
 
3.2% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

87.1% Punjab police 27
 
6.5% BSF 2
 
3.2% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 
3.2% Black cat 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

67.7% Combatant 21
 
 
29.0% Non-combatant 9

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

16.1% Yes 5
 
 
12.9% No 4

If provided support, support was voluntary

12.9% Yes 4
 
 
3.2% No 1

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

12.9% Yes 4
 
 
87.1% No 27

Approached security officials

29.0% Yes 9
 
 
71.0% No 22

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

77.4% Afraid of retaliation 24
 
25.8% Believed it would have been ineffective 8
 
25.8% Didn’t know what to do 8
 
25.8% Couldn’t afford 8
 

Remedies desired from government

87.1% Monetary compensation to family 27
 
80.6% Employment 25
 
80.6% Truth commission 25
 
58.1% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 18
 
54.8% Memorial for victims 17
 
45.2% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 14
 
38.7% Investigations into abuses 12
 
35.5% Rehabilitation services to family members 11
 
6.5% Desire nothing from government 2
 

Year & District 

District

9.7% Amritsar 3
 
58.1% Gurdaspur 18
 
22.6% Moga 7
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
3.2% 1984 1
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
25.8% 1987 8
 
16.1% 1988 5
 
45.2% 1989 14
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
0.0% 1991 0
 
3.2% 1992 1
 
0.0% 1993 0
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
6.5% Date Unknown 2
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.