J.P. Birdi

3 documented cases directly implicating J.P. Birdi in abduction/disappearance:


Gurdaspur District

Batala Subdistrict
Makhan Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chhit
Gurdaspur Subdistrict
Satwant Singh Male, age 26 at time of disappearance, Arjanpur

Jalandhar District

Jalandhar II Subdistrict
Narmeet Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of disappearance, Chamiara

Key statistics of cases directly implicating J.P. Birdi:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 3
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

100.0% Not married 3
 
 
0.0% Married 0

If married, did the victim have children?


Total children surviving victims: 0


Religion

100.0% Sikh 3
 

Caste

100.0% Jat 3
 

Age

100.0% 18-33 3
 

Education

33.3% Middle school 1
 
33.3% Some college 1
 
33.3% Graduate degree 1
 

Employment

33.3% Student 1
 
33.3% Farmer/agriculture 1
 
33.3% Other 1
 

Urban / Rural

100.0% Rural 3
 
 
0.0% Urban 0

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

100.0% Yes 3
 
 
0.0% No 0

Prior torture

100.0% Yes 3
 
 
0.0% No 0

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

100.0% Yes 3
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

50.0% Yes 1
 
 
50.0% No 1

Witnesses to abduction

66.7% Yes 2
 

Victim abduction location

33.3% Shop/market 1
 
33.3% Roadside 1
 
33.3% Bus station/stand 1
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

33.3% Yes 1
 
 
66.7% No 2

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

33.3% Gave no response 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
0.0% No 0

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

33.3% Extrajudicial executions 1
 
 
66.7% Enforced disappearances 2

Number of victims per family

100.0% 1 victim 3
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 3

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces


Security forces returned body

33.3% Yes 1
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
0.0% No 0
 

Condition of corpse, if known

33.3% Bullet wounds 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

100.0% Yes 3
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security forces uniformed

50.0% Yes 1
 
 
100.0% No 2

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

100.0% Punjab Police 3
 
33.3% CRPF 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

33.3% Punjab police 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

100.0% Combatant 3
 
 
0.0% Non-combatant 0

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
0.0% No 0

If provided support, support was voluntary

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
0.0% No 0

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

33.3% Yes 1
 
 
66.7% No 2

Approached security officials

66.7% Yes 2
 
 
33.3% No 1

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

66.7% Afraid of retaliation 2
 

Remedies desired from government

100.0% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 3
 
100.0% Truth commission 3
 
66.7% Investigations into abuses 2
 
66.7% Rehabilitation services to family members 2
 
66.7% Monetary compensation to family 2
 
33.3% Employment 1
 
33.3% Memorial for victims 1
 
33.3% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 1
 

Year & District 

District

66.7% Gurdaspur 2
 
33.3% Jalandhar 1
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
33.3% 1986 1
 
0.0% 1987 0
 
33.3% 1988 1
 
0.0% 1989 0
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
0.0% 1991 0
 
33.3% 1992 1
 
0.0% 1993 0
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
0.0% Date Unknown 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.