Sita Ram

13 documented cases directly implicating Sita Ram in abduction/disappearance:


Amritsar District

Amritsar I Subdistrict
Ranjit Singh Male, age 25 at time of disappearance, Kaler Mangat
Baba Bakala Subdistrict
Rana Partap Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tarsikka
Khadoor Sahib Subdistrict
Satnam Singh Male, age 30-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kaler Dhaiwala
Patti Subdistrict
Shamsher Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhun
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Darshan Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Thathian Mahantan
Harpreet Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tharu
Mehal Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pandori Gola
Pargat Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Behla
Surjit Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gharka

Hoshiarpur District

Dasuya Subdistrict
Kuljit Singh Dhatt Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ambala Jattan
Sarbjit Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Johal

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 60-62 at time of disappearance, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld

Key statistics of cases directly implicating Sita Ram:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 13
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

61.5% Not married 8
 
 
38.5% Married 5

If married, did the victim have children?

38.5% Yes 5
 


Total children surviving victims: 13


Religion

100.0% Sikh 13
 

Caste

61.5% Jat 8
 
 
38.5% Non-Jat 5

Age

84.6% 18-33 11
 
7.7% 34-49 1
 
7.7% 50-64 1
 

Education

7.7% No education 1
 
23.1% Primary school 3
 
7.7% Middle school 1
 
46.2% High school 6
 
7.7% College degree 1
 

Employment

30.8% Farmer/agriculture 4
 
15.4% Shopkeeper 2
 
7.7% Day labourer 1
 
7.7% Carpenter 1
 
7.7% Unemployed 1
 
46.2% Other 6
 

Urban / Rural

84.6% Rural 11
 
 
0.0% Urban 0

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

61.5% Yes 8
 
 
30.8% No 4

Prior torture

38.5% Yes 5
 
 
23.1% No 3

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

100.0% Yes 13
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

20.0% Yes 2
 
 
60.0% No 6

Witnesses to abduction

76.9% Yes 10
 
 
7.7% No 1

Victim abduction location

30.8% Roadside 4
 
15.4% Friend/relative's residence 2
 
15.4% Victim’s residence 2
 
7.7% Shop/market 1
 
7.7% Checkpoint (naka) 1
 
23.1% Other 3
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

92.3% Yes 12
 
 
7.7% No 1

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

30.8% Gave no response 4
 
23.1% Other 3
 
15.4% Told family to go to another police station 2
 
15.4% Killed victim in an “encounter” 2
 
15.4% Denied involvement 2
 
15.4% Victim had escaped 2
 
7.7% Admitted custody only 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

15.4% Yes 2
 
 
53.8% No 7

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

84.6% Extrajudicial executions 11
 
 
15.4% Enforced disappearances 2

Number of victims per family

76.9% 1 victim 10
 
15.4% 2 victim 2
 
7.7% 3 victim 1
 

Related incidents

7.7% Genuine encounters in family 1
 
 
92.3% No genuine encounters in family 12

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

15.4% Cremated the body 2
 
7.7% Buried the body 1
 

Security forces returned body

7.7% Yes 1
 
7.7% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 1
 
69.2% No 9
 

Condition of corpse, if known

15.4% Bullet wounds 2
 
15.4% Bruises 2
 
7.7% Broken bones 1
 
7.7% Cuts/wounds 1
 
7.7% Burn marks 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

100.0% Yes 13
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security forces uniformed

100.0% Yes 10
 
 
0.0% No 0

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

100.0% Punjab Police 13
 
30.8% CRPF 4
 
7.7% BSF 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

69.2% Punjab police 9
 
7.7% CRPF 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

46.2% Combatant 6
 
 
38.5% Non-combatant 5

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

7.7% Yes 1
 
 
23.1% No 3

If provided support, support was voluntary

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
7.7% No 1

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

61.5% Yes 8
 
 
38.5% No 5

Approached security officials

84.6% Yes 11
 
 
15.4% No 2

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

30.8% Afraid of retaliation 4
 
7.7% Couldn’t afford 1
 
7.7% Other 1
 
7.7% Didn’t know what to do 1
 
7.7% Believed it would have been ineffective 1
 
7.7% Not applicable 1
 

Remedies desired from government

53.8% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 7
 
53.8% Truth commission 7
 
46.2% Investigations into abuses 6
 
46.2% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 6
 
38.5% Monetary compensation to family 5
 
23.1% Other 3
 
23.1% Desire nothing from government 3
 
23.1% Employment 3
 
15.4% Memorial for victims 2
 
7.7% Rehabilitation services to family members 1
 

Year & District 

District

69.2% Amritsar 9
 
15.4% Hoshiarpur 2
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
15.4% 1986 2
 
46.2% 1987 6
 
7.7% 1988 1
 
15.4% 1989 2
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
0.0% 1991 0
 
7.7% 1992 1
 
0.0% 1993 0
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
7.7% Date Unknown 1
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.