Sita Ram

14 documented cases directly implicating Sita Ram in abduction/disappearance:


Amritsar District

Amritsar I Subdistrict
Ranjit Singh Male, age 25 at time of disappearance, Kaler Mangat
Baba Bakala Subdistrict
Rana Partap Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tarsikka
Khadoor Sahib Subdistrict
Satnam Singh Male, age 30-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kaler Dhaiwala
Patti Subdistrict
Shamsher Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhun
Surjit Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Valtoha
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Darshan Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Thathian Mahantan
Harpreet Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tharu
Mehal Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pandori Gola
Pargat Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Behla
Surjit Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gharka

Hoshiarpur District

Dasuya Subdistrict
Kuljit Singh Dhatt Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ambala Jattan
Sarbjit Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Johal

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 60-62 at time of disappearance, location withheld

Key statistics of cases directly implicating Sita Ram:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 14
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

64.3% Not married 9
 
 
35.7% Married 5

If married, did the victim have children?

35.7% Yes 5
 


Total children surviving victims: 13


Religion

100.0% Sikh 14
 

Caste

64.3% Jat 9
 
 
35.7% Non-Jat 5

Age

85.7% 18-33 12
 
7.1% 34-49 1
 
7.1% 50-64 1
 

Education

7.1% No education 1
 
21.4% Primary school 3
 
7.1% Middle school 1
 
50.0% High school 7
 
7.1% College degree 1
 

Employment

35.7% Farmer/agriculture 5
 
14.3% Shopkeeper 2
 
7.1% Day labourer 1
 
7.1% Carpenter 1
 
7.1% Unemployed 1
 
42.9% Other 6
 

Urban / Rural

85.7% Rural 12
 
 
0.0% Urban 0

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

64.3% Yes 9
 
 
28.6% No 4

Prior torture

42.9% Yes 6
 
 
21.4% No 3

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

100.0% Yes 14
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

18.2% Yes 2
 
 
63.6% No 7

Witnesses to abduction

78.6% Yes 11
 
 
7.1% No 1

Victim abduction location

28.6% Roadside 4
 
21.4% Friend/relative's residence 3
 
14.3% Victim’s residence 2
 
7.1% Checkpoint (naka) 1
 
7.1% Shop/market 1
 
21.4% Other 3
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

92.9% Yes 13
 
 
7.1% No 1

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

28.6% Gave no response 4
 
21.4% Other 3
 
14.3% Killed victim in an “encounter” 2
 
14.3% Denied involvement 2
 
14.3% Victim had escaped 2
 
14.3% Told family to go to another police station 2
 
7.1% Admitted custody only 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

14.3% Yes 2
 
 
57.1% No 8

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

85.7% Extrajudicial executions 12
 
 
14.3% Enforced disappearances 2

Number of victims per family

85.7% 1 victim 12
 
7.1% 2 victim 1
 
7.1% 3 victim 1
 

Related incidents

7.1% Genuine encounters in family 1
 
 
92.9% No genuine encounters in family 13

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

21.4% Cremated the body 3
 
7.1% Buried the body 1
 

Security forces returned body

7.1% Yes 1
 
7.1% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 1
 
71.4% No 10
 

Condition of corpse, if known

14.3% Bruises 2
 
14.3% Bullet wounds 2
 
7.1% Cuts/wounds 1
 
7.1% Broken bones 1
 
7.1% Burn marks 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

100.0% Yes 14
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security forces uniformed

100.0% Yes 11
 
 
0.0% No 0

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

100.0% Punjab Police 14
 
35.7% CRPF 5
 
7.1% BSF 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

71.4% Punjab police 10
 
7.1% CRPF 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

42.9% Combatant 6
 
 
42.9% Non-combatant 6

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

14.3% Yes 2
 
 
21.4% No 3

If provided support, support was voluntary

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
14.3% No 2

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

57.1% Yes 8
 
 
42.9% No 6

Approached security officials

78.6% Yes 11
 
 
21.4% No 3

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

35.7% Afraid of retaliation 5
 
7.1% Not applicable 1
 
7.1% Believed it would have been ineffective 1
 
7.1% Didn’t know what to do 1
 
7.1% Couldn’t afford 1
 
7.1% Other 1
 

Remedies desired from government

50.0% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 7
 
50.0% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 7
 
50.0% Truth commission 7
 
42.9% Monetary compensation to family 6
 
42.9% Investigations into abuses 6
 
28.6% Employment 4
 
21.4% Desire nothing from government 3
 
21.4% Other 3
 
14.3% Memorial for victims 2
 
7.1% Rehabilitation services to family members 1
 

Year & District 

District

71.4% Amritsar 10
 
14.3% Hoshiarpur 2
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
14.3% 1986 2
 
42.9% 1987 6
 
7.1% 1988 1
 
14.3% 1989 2
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
0.0% 1991 0
 
7.1% 1992 1
 
7.1% 1993 1
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
7.1% Date Unknown 1
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.