Sita Ram

12 documented cases directly implicating Sita Ram in abduction/disappearance:


Amritsar District

Amritsar I Subdistrict
Ranjit Singh Male, age 25 at time of disappearance, Kaler Mangat
Baba Bakala Subdistrict
Rana Partap Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tarsikka
Khadoor Sahib Subdistrict
Satnam Singh Male, age 30-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kaler Dhaiwala
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Darshan Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Thathian Mahantan
Harpreet Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tharu
Mehal Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pandori Gola
Pargat Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Behla
Surjit Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gharka

Hoshiarpur District

Dasuya Subdistrict
Kuljit Singh Dhatt Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ambala Jattan
Sarbjit Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Johal

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 60-62 at time of disappearance, location withheld

Key statistics of cases directly implicating Sita Ram:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 12
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

58.3% Not married 7
 
 
41.7% Married 5

If married, did the victim have children?

41.7% Yes 5
 


Total children surviving victims: 13


Religion

100.0% Sikh 12
 

Caste

58.3% Jat 7
 
 
41.7% Non-Jat 5

Age

83.3% 18-33 10
 
8.3% 34-49 1
 
8.3% 50-64 1
 

Education

8.3% No education 1
 
25.0% Primary school 3
 
8.3% Middle school 1
 
41.7% High school 5
 
8.3% College degree 1
 

Employment

25.0% Farmer/agriculture 3
 
16.7% Shopkeeper 2
 
8.3% Carpenter 1
 
8.3% Unemployed 1
 
8.3% Day labourer 1
 
50.0% Other 6
 

Urban / Rural

83.3% Rural 10
 
 
0.0% Urban 0

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

66.7% Yes 8
 
 
25.0% No 3

Prior torture

41.7% Yes 5
 
 
25.0% No 3

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

100.0% Yes 12
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

20.0% Yes 2
 
 
60.0% No 6

Witnesses to abduction

83.3% Yes 10
 
 
8.3% No 1

Victim abduction location

25.0% Roadside 3
 
16.7% Friend/relative's residence 2
 
16.7% Victim’s residence 2
 
8.3% Shop/market 1
 
8.3% Checkpoint (naka) 1
 
25.0% Other 3
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

91.7% Yes 11
 
 
8.3% No 1

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

33.3% Gave no response 4
 
25.0% Other 3
 
16.7% Killed victim in an “encounter” 2
 
16.7% Victim had escaped 2
 
16.7% Denied involvement 2
 
8.3% Admitted custody only 1
 
8.3% Told family to go to another police station 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

16.7% Yes 2
 
 
58.3% No 7

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

83.3% Extrajudicial executions 10
 
 
16.7% Enforced disappearances 2

Number of victims per family

83.3% 1 victim 10
 
8.3% 2 victims 1
 
8.3% 3 victims 1
 

Related incidents

8.3% Genuine encounters in family 1
 
 
91.7% No genuine encounters in family 11

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

8.3% Cremated the body 1
 
8.3% Buried the body 1
 

Security forces returned body

8.3% Yes 1
 
8.3% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 1
 
66.7% No 8
 

Condition of corpse, if known

16.7% Bullet wounds 2
 
16.7% Bruises 2
 
8.3% Broken bones 1
 
8.3% Cuts/wounds 1
 
8.3% Burn marks 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

100.0% Yes 12
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security forces uniformed

90.0% Yes 9
 
 
0.0% No 0

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

100.0% Punjab Police 12
 
25.0% CRPF 3
 
8.3% BSF 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

66.7% Punjab police 8
 
8.3% CRPF 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

50.0% Combatant 6
 
 
41.7% Non-combatant 5

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

8.3% Yes 1
 
 
25.0% No 3

If provided support, support was voluntary

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
8.3% No 1

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

58.3% Yes 7
 
 
41.7% No 5

Approached security officials

83.3% Yes 10
 
 
16.7% No 2

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

33.3% Afraid of retaliation 4
 
8.3% Couldn’t afford 1
 
8.3% Other 1
 
8.3% Not applicable 1
 
8.3% Didn’t know what to do 1
 
8.3% Believed it would have been ineffective 1
 

Remedies desired from government

58.3% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 7
 
50.0% Truth commission 6
 
50.0% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 6
 
41.7% Investigations into abuses 5
 
33.3% Monetary compensation to family 4
 
25.0% Desire nothing from government 3
 
25.0% Other 3
 
25.0% Employment 3
 
16.7% Memorial for victims 2
 
8.3% Rehabilitation services to family members 1
 

Year & District  

District

66.7% Amritsar 8
 
16.7% Hoshiarpur 2
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
16.7% 1986 2
 
41.7% 1987 5
 
8.3% 1988 1
 
16.7% 1989 2
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
0.0% 1991 0
 
8.3% 1992 1
 
0.0% 1993 0
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.