Sita Ram

21 documented cases directly implicating Sita Ram:


Amritsar District

Amritsar I Subdistrict
Ranjit Singh Male, age 25 at time of disappearance, Kaler Mangat
Baba Bakala Subdistrict
Rana Partap Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tarsikka
Khadoor Sahib Subdistrict
Satnam Singh Male, age 30-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kaler Dhaiwala
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Darshan Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Thathian Mahantan
Harpreet Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tharu
Mehal Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pandori Gola
Pargat Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Behla
Surjit Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gharka

Gurdaspur District

Batala Subdistrict
Daljit Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chahal
Jasbir Singh Male, age 25 at time of disappearance, Kastiwal
Keval Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sakhowal
Sukhchain Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khaira
Tarlochan Singh Male, age 16-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Wadala Granthian
Veer Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhattiwal
Dera Baba Nanak Subdistrict
Balbir Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tapala
Gurdaspur Subdistrict
Jasbir Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Boparai
Prabsharan Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Munan

Hoshiarpur District

Dasuya Subdistrict
Kuljit Singh Dhatt Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ambala Jattan
Sarbjit Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Johal

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 60-62 at time of disappearance, location withheld

Key statistics of cases directly implicating Sita Ram:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 21
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

71.4% Not married 15
 
 
28.6% Married 6

If married, did the victim have children?

28.6% Yes 6
 


Total children surviving victims: 17


Religion

100.0% Sikh 21
 

Caste

76.2% Jat 16
 
 
23.8% Non-Jat 5

Age

4.8% 0-17 1
 
85.7% 18-33 18
 
4.8% 34-49 1
 
4.8% 50-64 1
 

Education

4.8% No education 1
 
28.6% Primary school 6
 
9.5% Middle school 2
 
38.1% High school 8
 
14.3% College degree 3
 

Employment

38.1% Farmer/agriculture 8
 
14.3% Shopkeeper 3
 
4.8% Unemployed 1
 
4.8% Driver (bus/truck/car) 1
 
4.8% Carpenter 1
 
4.8% Day labourer 1
 
38.1% Other 8
 

Urban / Rural

90.5% Rural 19
 
 
0.0% Urban 0

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

57.1% Yes 12
 
 
38.1% No 8

Prior torture

42.9% Yes 9
 
 
14.3% No 3

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

100.0% Yes 21
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

22.2% Yes 4
 
 
72.2% No 13

Witnesses to abduction

85.7% Yes 18
 
 
4.8% No 1

Victim abduction location

28.6% Victim’s residence 6
 
19.0% Roadside 4
 
14.3% Village fields 3
 
14.3% Friend/relative's residence 3
 
4.8% Shop/market 1
 
4.8% Checkpoint (naka) 1
 
14.3% Other 3
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

66.7% Yes 14
 
 
33.3% No 7

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

19.0% Gave no response 4
 
14.3% Other 3
 
9.5% Denied involvement 2
 
9.5% Victim had escaped 2
 
9.5% Killed victim in an “encounter” 2
 
4.8% Admitted custody only 1
 
4.8% Told family to go to another police station 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

9.5% Yes 2
 
 
66.7% No 14

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

85.7% Extrajudicial executions 18
 
 
14.3% Enforced disappearances 3

Number of victims per family

85.7% 1 victim 18
 
9.5% 2 victims 2
 
4.8% 3 victims 1
 

Related incidents

4.8% Genuine encounters in family 1
 
 
95.2% No genuine encounters in family 20

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

33.3% Cremated the body 7
 
4.8% Buried the body 1
 

Security forces returned body

4.8% Yes 1
 
4.8% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 1
 
76.2% No 16
 

Condition of corpse, if known

9.5% Bullet wounds 2
 
9.5% Bruises 2
 
4.8% Burn marks 1
 
4.8% Broken bones 1
 
4.8% Cuts/wounds 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

100.0% Yes 21
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security forces uniformed

94.4% Yes 17
 
 
0.0% No 0

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

100.0% Punjab Police 21
 
28.6% CRPF 6
 
14.3% BSF 3
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

76.2% Punjab police 16
 
14.3% CRPF 3
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

52.4% Combatant 11
 
 
42.9% Non-combatant 9

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

9.5% Yes 2
 
 
28.6% No 6

If provided support, support was voluntary

4.8% Yes 1
 
 
4.8% No 1

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

38.1% Yes 8
 
 
61.9% No 13

Approached security officials

52.4% Yes 11
 
 
47.6% No 10

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

52.4% Afraid of retaliation 11
 
14.3% Believed it would have been ineffective 3
 
14.3% Couldn’t afford 3
 
14.3% Didn’t know what to do 3
 
4.8% Not applicable 1
 
4.8% Other 1
 

Remedies desired from government

57.1% Truth commission 12
 
57.1% Monetary compensation to family 12
 
52.4% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 11
 
47.6% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 10
 
47.6% Investigations into abuses 10
 
38.1% Memorial for victims 8
 
38.1% Employment 8
 
19.0% Rehabilitation services to family members 4
 
19.0% Desire nothing from government 4
 
14.3% Other 3
 

Time & Place  

District

38.1% Amritsar 8
 
42.9% Gurdaspur 9
 
9.5% Hoshiarpur 2
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
9.5% 1986 2
 
23.8% 1987 5
 
9.5% 1988 2
 
9.5% 1989 2
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
28.6% 1991 6
 
14.3% 1992 3
 
0.0% 1993 0
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.