Khubi Ram

30 documented cases directly implicating Khubi Ram in abduction/disappearance:


Amritsar District

Ajnala Subdistrict
Balwinder Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chhiddan
Amritsar I Subdistrict
Balwinder Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of disappearance, Mansur Ki Patti
Khadoor Sahib Subdistrict
Gurdyal Singh Male, age 20 at time of disappearance, Lalpur
Sarbjit Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of disappearance, Lalpur
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kot Mohammad Khan
Patti Subdistrict
Gurnam Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bahadhar Nagar
Jagir Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rasulpur
Sukhwant Singh Male, age 23-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhagana
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Ajit Singh Male, age 58-60 at time of extrajudicial execution, Behla
Bhagwan Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chohla Sahib Khurd
Dharam Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jaura
Gurmej Kaur Female, age 61-63 at time of extrajudicial execution, Naushehra Pannuan
Gurmej Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sarhali Kalan
Hardeep Singh Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Thatha
Inderjeet Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sakhira
Jasbir Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bath Kalan
Jatinder Singh Male, age 26 at time of disappearance, Bhullar
Kartar Singh Male, age 55-60 at time of extrajudicial execution, Behla
Kewal Singh Male, age 50 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sangatpur
Lakhwinder Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Behla
Manjinder Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rataul
Niranjan Singh Male, age 58-60 at time of extrajudicial execution, Behla
Punjab Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chhappa
Sakatar Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Behla
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 18 at time of disappearance, Jhabal Kalan
Surinderpal Singh Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jaura
Surjit Singh Male, age 53 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chohla Sahib
Surjit Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gagobua
Tajinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Palasaur

Firozpur District

Firozpur Subdistrict
Gursahib Singh Male, age 15 at time of extrajudicial execution, Faridowala

Key statistics of cases directly implicating Khubi Ram:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

96.7% Male 29
 
 
3.3% Female 1

Marital status

53.3% Not married 16
 
 
46.7% Married 14

If married, did the victim have children?

40.0% Yes 12
 
 
6.7% No 2


Total children surviving victims: 46


Religion

100.0% Sikh 30
 

Caste

93.3% Jat 28
 
 
6.7% Non-Jat 2

Age

10.0% 0-17 3
 
70.0% 18-33 21
 
20.0% 50-64 6
 

Education

20.0% No education 6
 
10.0% Primary school 3
 
20.0% Middle school 6
 
43.3% High school 13
 
6.7% College degree 2
 

Employment

70.0% Farmer/agriculture 21
 
10.0% Student 3
 
6.7% Mechanic 2
 
3.3% Housewife 1
 
3.3% Day labourer 1
 
16.7% Other 5
 

Urban / Rural

100.0% Rural 30
 
 
0.0% Urban 0

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

13.3% Yes 4
 
 
86.7% No 26

Prior torture

6.7% Yes 2
 
 
6.7% No 2

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

100.0% Yes 30
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

32.0% Yes 8
 
 
64.0% No 16

Witnesses to abduction

83.3% Yes 25
 
 
3.3% No 1

Victim abduction location

20.0% Victim’s residence 6
 
20.0% Roadside 6
 
16.7% Village fields 5
 
16.7% Friend/relative's residence 5
 
10.0% Checkpoint (naka) 3
 
6.7% Shop/market 2
 
10.0% Other 3
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

66.7% Yes 20
 
 
33.3% No 10

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

26.7% Other 8
 
20.0% Denied involvement 6
 
16.7% Told family to go to another police station 5
 
13.3% Gave no response 4
 
13.3% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 4
 
6.7% Victim had escaped 2
 
3.3% Killed victim in an “encounter” 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
76.7% No 23

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

83.3% Extrajudicial executions 25
 
 
16.7% Enforced disappearances 5

Number of victims per family

80.0% 1 victim 24
 
16.7% 2 victim 5
 
3.3% 4 victim 1
 

Related incidents

3.3% Genuine encounters in family 1
 
 
96.7% No genuine encounters in family 29

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

16.7% Cremated the body 5
 

Security forces returned body

3.3% Yes 1
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
80.0% No 24
 

Condition of corpse, if known

6.7% Bullet wounds 2
 
3.3% Burn marks 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

100.0% Yes 30
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security forces uniformed

104.0% Yes 26
 
 
0.0% No 0

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

93.3% Punjab Police 28
 
66.7% CRPF 20
 
16.7% Criminal Investigation Agency 5
 
6.7% Army 2
 
6.7% BSF 2
 
3.3% Black cat 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

83.3% Punjab police 25
 
30.0% CRPF 9
 
10.0% Criminal Investigation Agency 3
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

23.3% Combatant 7
 
 
73.3% Non-combatant 22

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

36.7% Yes 11
 
 
36.7% No 11

If provided support, support was voluntary

23.3% Yes 7
 
 
13.3% No 4

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

60.0% Yes 18
 
 
36.7% No 11

Approached security officials

63.3% Yes 19
 
 
36.7% No 11

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

33.3% Afraid of retaliation 10
 
20.0% Believed it would have been ineffective 6
 
6.7% Didn’t know what to do 2
 
3.3% Couldn’t afford 1
 

Remedies desired from government

73.3% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 22
 
53.3% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 16
 
53.3% Monetary compensation to family 16
 
50.0% Truth commission 15
 
40.0% Employment 12
 
20.0% Rehabilitation services to family members 6
 
20.0% Investigations into abuses 6
 
13.3% Memorial for victims 4
 
3.3% Other 1
 

Year & District 

District

96.7% Amritsar 29
 
3.3% Firozpur 1
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
0.0% 1987 0
 
6.7% 1988 2
 
0.0% 1989 0
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
26.7% 1991 8
 
53.3% 1992 16
 
10.0% 1993 3
 
3.3% 1994 1
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
0.0% Date Unknown 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.