1981

3 documented cases in 1981:


Amritsar District

Amritsar II Subdistrict
Om Parkash Male, age 19-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Muradpura, Amritsar II

Gurdaspur District

Batala Subdistrict
Baldev Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kahlwan, Batala
Harbinder Singh Male, age 17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khojala, Batala

Key statistics of cases in 1981:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 3
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

66.7% Not married 2
 
 
33.3% Married 1

If married, did the victim have children?

33.3% Yes 1
 


Total children surviving victims: 2


Religion

100.0% Sikh 3
 

Caste

66.7% Jat 2
 
 
33.3% Non-Jat 1

Age

33.3% 0-17 1
 
66.7% 18-33 2
 

Education

33.3% No education 1
 
33.3% Middle school 1
 
33.3% High school 1
 

Employment

66.7% Farmer/agriculture 2
 
33.3% Other 1
 

Urban / Rural

100.0% Rural 3
 
 
0.0% Urban 0

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

33.3% Yes 1
 
 
66.7% No 2

Prior torture

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
33.3% No 1

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

33.3% Yes 1
 
 
66.7% No 2

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
0.0% No 0

Witnesses to abduction

33.3% Yes 1
 

Victim abduction location


Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

33.3% Yes 1
 
 
0.0% No 0

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

33.3% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
33.3% No 1

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

100.0% Extrajudicial executions 3
 
 
0.0% Enforced disappearances 0

Number of victims per family

100.0% 1 victim 3
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 3

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

33.3% Cremated the body 1
 

Security forces returned body

0.0% Yes 0
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
100.0% No 3
 

Condition of corpse, if known


Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
33.3% No 1

Security forces uniformed

100.0% Yes 1
 
 
0.0% No 0

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

33.3% Punjab Police 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

100.0% Punjab police 3
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

0.0% Combatant 0
 
 
100.0% Non-combatant 3

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
100.0% No 3

If provided support, support was voluntary

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
0.0% No 0

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
100.0% No 3

Approached security officials

33.3% Yes 1
 
 
66.7% No 2

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

66.7% Didn’t know what to do 2
 
33.3% Not applicable 1
 

Remedies desired from government

66.7% Other 2
 
66.7% Monetary compensation to family 2
 
33.3% Desire nothing from government 1
 
33.3% Employment 1
 

Year & District 

District

33.3% Amritsar 1
 
66.7% Gurdaspur 2
 

Year

100.0% 1981 3
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
0.0% 1987 0
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
0.0% 1989 0
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
0.0% 1991 0
 
0.0% 1992 0
 
0.0% 1993 0
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
0.0% Date Unknown 0
 

Note: Where a victim’s date of extrajudicial execution or disappearance falls within a date range that crosses two years (e.g. “between October 1989 and February 1990”), the case appears on both years’ pages. Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.