1982

9 documented cases in 1982:


Amritsar District

Amritsar I Subdistrict
Balwant Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhadde, Amritsar I
Amritsar II Subdistrict
Om Parkash Male, age 19-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Muradpura, Amritsar II
Khadoor Sahib Subdistrict
Kulwant Singh Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nagoke, Khadoor Sahib

Kapurthala District

Kapurthala Subdistrict
Hira Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sangojla, Kapurthala

Ludhiana District

Ludhiana West Subdistrict
Gurmeet Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhurkot, Ludhiana West

Moga District

Bhagha Purana Subdistrict
Bhola Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rode, Bhagha Purana
Hardev Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rode, Bhagha Purana
Moga Subdistrict
Jasdev Singh Male, age 23-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kot Ise Khan, Moga
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kot Ise Khan, Moga

Key statistics of cases in 1982:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 9
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

66.7% Not married 6
 
 
33.3% Married 3

If married, did the victim have children?

22.2% Yes 2
 


Total children surviving victims: 7


Religion

100.0% Sikh 9
 

Caste

77.8% Jat 7
 
 
22.2% Non-Jat 2

Age

88.9% 18-33 8
 
11.1% 34-49 1
 

Education

33.3% No education 3
 
33.3% Primary school 3
 
22.2% Middle school 2
 
11.1% High school 1
 

Employment

66.7% Farmer/agriculture 6
 
11.1% Unemployed 1
 
11.1% Shopkeeper 1
 
22.2% Other 2
 

Urban / Rural

100.0% Rural 9
 
 
0.0% Urban 0

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

44.4% Yes 4
 
 
55.6% No 5

Prior torture

22.2% Yes 2
 
 
22.2% No 2

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

66.7% Yes 6
 
 
33.3% No 3

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
40.0% No 2

Witnesses to abduction

55.6% Yes 5
 

Victim abduction location

11.1% Roadside 1
 
11.1% Other 1
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

66.7% Yes 6
 
 
0.0% No 0

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

11.1% Other 1
 
11.1% Killed victim in an “encounter” 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

11.1% Yes 1
 
 
33.3% No 3

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

100.0% Extrajudicial executions 9
 
 
0.0% Enforced disappearances 0

Number of victims per family

77.8% 1 victim 7
 
22.2% 2 victim 2
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 9

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

33.3% Cremated the body 3
 

Security forces returned body

55.6% Yes 5
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
44.4% No 4
 

Condition of corpse, if known

44.4% Bullet wounds 4
 
22.2% Burn marks 2
 
22.2% Cuts/wounds 2
 
11.1% Broken bones 1
 
11.1% Bruises 1
 
11.1% Missing fingernails 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

55.6% Yes 5
 
 
22.2% No 2

Security forces uniformed

40.0% Yes 2
 
 
20.0% No 1

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

44.4% Punjab Police 4
 
22.2% Other 2
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

100.0% Punjab police 9
 
11.1% CRPF 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

66.7% Combatant 6
 
 
33.3% Non-combatant 3

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
33.3% No 3

If provided support, support was voluntary

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
0.0% No 0

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

22.2% Yes 2
 
 
66.7% No 6

Approached security officials

22.2% Yes 2
 
 
77.8% No 7

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

33.3% Afraid of retaliation 3
 
33.3% Didn’t know what to do 3
 
22.2% Believed it would have been ineffective 2
 
11.1% Not applicable 1
 

Remedies desired from government

77.8% Monetary compensation to family 7
 
55.6% Employment 5
 
55.6% Truth commission 5
 
33.3% Memorial for victims 3
 
33.3% Investigations into abuses 3
 
22.2% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 2
 
22.2% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 2
 
22.2% Desire nothing from government 2
 
11.1% Other 1
 
11.1% Rehabilitation services to family members 1
 

Year & District 

District

33.3% Amritsar 3
 
11.1% Kapurthala 1
 
11.1% Ludhiana 1
 
44.4% Moga 4
 

Year

11.1% 1981 1
 
88.9% 1982 8
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
0.0% 1987 0
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
0.0% 1989 0
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
0.0% 1991 0
 
0.0% 1992 0
 
0.0% 1993 0
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
0.0% Date Unknown 0
 

Note: Where a victim’s date of extrajudicial execution or disappearance falls within a date range that crosses two years (e.g. “between October 1989 and February 1990”), the case appears on both years’ pages. Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.