1983

21 documented cases in 1983:


Firozpur District

Firozpur Subdistrict
Dharm Kaur Female, age 60 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jaimalwala Alias Pireana, Firozpur

Kapurthala District

Kapurthala Subdistrict
Ajit Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhandal Bet, Kapurthala
Phagwara Subdistrict
Amar Singh Male, age 64 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gaunspur, Phagwara

Ludhiana District

Ludhiana East Subdistrict
Gurjit Singh Male, age 20-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Qilla Raipur, Ludhiana East
Katar Singh Male, age 60 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dehlon, Ludhiana East
Payal Subdistrict
Dalip Singh Male, age 29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Payal, Payal
Inderjeet Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dudhal, Payal
Jagir Singh Male, age 55-56 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jogi Majra, Payal
Ujagar Singh Male, age 48 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jogi Majra, Payal

Patiala District

Dera Bassi Subdistrict
Gurnam Singh Male, age 40-45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Basauli, Dera Bassi
Sukha Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sangaundh, Dera Bassi
Patiala Subdistrict
Joginder Singh Male, age 55-60 at time of extrajudicial execution, Daun Kalan, Patiala

Sangrur District

Malerkotla Subdistrict
Amarjeet Singh Male, age 42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Badshahpur, Malerkotla
Gurcharan Singh Male, age 42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kanganwal, Malerkotla
Gurdial Singh Male, age 50-52 at time of extrajudicial execution, Upal Kheri, Malerkotla
Gurmeet Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manvi, Malerkotla
Ilam Deen Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ranwan, Malerkotla
Maggar Singh Male, age 26-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lasoi, Malerkotla
Mohamad Rafiq Male, age 47-48 at time of extrajudicial execution, Malerkotla, Malerkotla
Pawan Kumar Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khanpur, Malerkotla

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld

Key statistics of cases in 1983:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

95.2% Male 20
 
 
4.8% Female 1

Marital status

23.8% Not married 5
 
 
76.2% Married 16

If married, did the victim have children?

71.4% Yes 15
 
 
4.8% No 1


Total children surviving victims: 60


Religion

85.7% Sikh 18
 
 
14.3% Non-Sikh 3

Caste

71.4% Jat 15
 
 
28.6% Non-Jat 6

Age

38.1% 18-33 8
 
33.3% 34-49 7
 
28.6% 50-64 6
 

Education

52.4% No education 11
 
4.8% Primary school 1
 
4.8% Middle school 1
 
28.6% High school 6
 
4.8% College degree 1
 

Employment

57.1% Farmer/agriculture 12
 
4.8% Day labourer 1
 
4.8% Housewife 1
 
33.3% Other 7
 

Urban / Rural

81.0% Rural 17
 
 
14.3% Urban 3

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

33.3% Yes 7
 
 
66.7% No 14

Prior torture

14.3% Yes 3
 
 
19.0% No 4

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

23.8% Yes 5
 
 
76.2% No 16

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

66.7% Yes 2
 
 
66.7% No 2

Witnesses to abduction

14.3% Yes 3
 

Victim abduction location

9.5% Victim’s residence 2
 
9.5% Roadside 2
 
4.8% Checkpoint (naka) 1
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

19.0% Yes 4
 
 
4.8% No 1

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

14.3% Gave no response 3
 
4.8% Other 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
23.8% No 5

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

100.0% Extrajudicial executions 21
 
 
0.0% Enforced disappearances 0

Number of victims per family

100.0% 1 victim 21
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 21

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces


Security forces returned body

100.0% Yes 21
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
0.0% No 0
 

Condition of corpse, if known

81.0% Bullet wounds 17
 
23.8% Bruises 5
 
9.5% Broken bones 2
 
9.5% Cuts/wounds 2
 
4.8% Other 1
 
4.8% Missing hair from head or face 1
 
4.8% Missing fingernails 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

57.1% Yes 12
 
 
9.5% No 2

Security forces uniformed

133.3% Yes 4
 
 
0.0% No 0

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

23.8% Punjab Police 5
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

90.5% Punjab police 19
 
9.5% CRPF 2
 
4.8% Army 1
 
4.8% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

9.5% Combatant 2
 
 
90.5% Non-combatant 19

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
90.5% No 19

If provided support, support was voluntary

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
0.0% No 0

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

23.8% Yes 5
 
 
76.2% No 16

Approached security officials

14.3% Yes 3
 
 
85.7% No 18

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

47.6% Afraid of retaliation 10
 
23.8% Didn’t know what to do 5
 
4.8% Believed it would have been ineffective 1
 
4.8% Couldn’t afford 1
 

Remedies desired from government

85.7% Monetary compensation to family 18
 
81.0% Employment 17
 
42.9% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 9
 
42.9% Truth commission 9
 
19.0% Investigations into abuses 4
 
14.3% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 3
 
9.5% Memorial for victims 2
 
4.8% Desire nothing from government 1
 
4.8% Rehabilitation services to family members 1
 

Year & District  

District

4.8% Firozpur 1
 
9.5% Kapurthala 2
 
28.6% Ludhiana 6
 
14.3% Patiala 3
 
38.1% Sangrur 8
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
100.0% 1983 21
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
0.0% 1987 0
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
0.0% 1989 0
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
0.0% 1991 0
 
0.0% 1992 0
 
0.0% 1993 0
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 

Note: Where a victim’s date of extrajudicial execution or disappearance falls within a date range that crosses two years (e.g. “between October 1989 and February 1990”), the case appears on both years’ pages. Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.