1984

106 documented cases in 1984:


Amritsar District

Ajnala Subdistrict
Charn Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Adliwala, Ajnala
Dalbir Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Raja Sansi, Ajnala
Gurmukh Singh Male, age 68 at time of extrajudicial execution, Adliwala, Ajnala
Harjit Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Salimpura, Ajnala
Jassa Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Adliwala, Ajnala
Karaz Singh Male, age 38 at time of extrajudicial execution, Maure, Ajnala
Karnail Singh Male, age 75 at time of extrajudicial execution, Harse Chhina Patti Vichla Qila (Nivan Qila), Ajnala
Kundan Singh Male, age 30-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jasraur, Ajnala
Puran Kaur Female, age 70 at time of extrajudicial execution, Harse Chhina Patti Subazpura, Ajnala
Ram Singh Male, age 60 at time of extrajudicial execution, Raja Sansi, Ajnala
Ranjit Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Harse Chhina Patti Subazpura, Ajnala
Sajjan Singh Male, age 51 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bua Nangali, Ajnala
Amritsar I Subdistrict
Hans Raj Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Majitha, Amritsar I
Harpal Singh Bhatti Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ludhar, Amritsar I
Kewal Singh Male, age 22-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bundala, Amritsar I
Major Singh Male, age 33 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kot Hride Ram, Amritsar I
Mohan Singh Male, age 50 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kot Hride Ram, Amritsar I
Amritsar II Subdistrict
Amarjit Kaur Female, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar, Amritsar II
Amarjit Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chatiwind, Amritsar II
Arjinder Pal Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar, Amritsar II
Baldev Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar, Amritsar II
Charan Singh Male, age 60 at time of extrajudicial execution, Loharka Kalan, Amritsar II
Dalbir Singh Male, age 45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar, Amritsar II
Darshan Singh Male, age 40-45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar, Amritsar II
Gurbachan Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar, Amritsar II
Gyan Singh Male, age 31-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar, Amritsar II
Jeevan Singh Male, age 40-50 at time of extrajudicial execution, Heir, Amritsar II
Kirpal Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar, Amritsar II
Kuldeep Singh Male, age 31 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sultanwind, Amritsar II
Mahinderpartap Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar, Amritsar II
Makhan Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kale Ghanupur, Amritsar II
Mohinder Singh Male, age 60 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kathanian, Amritsar II
Mukhtair Singh Male, age 50-55 at time of disappearance, Chabba Khurd, Amritsar II
Mukhtar Singh Male, age 60-62 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pandori, Amritsar II
Pritam Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar, Amritsar II
Ram Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chatiwind, Amritsar II
Surat Singh Male, age 62-63 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sultanwind, Amritsar II
Waryam Singh Male, age 31-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar, Amritsar II
Baba Bakala Subdistrict
Sohan Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Saido Lehal, Baba Bakala
Khadoor Sahib Subdistrict
Atma Singh Male, age 13-14 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rahal Chahal, Khadoor Sahib
Karnail Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jallala Bad, Khadoor Sahib
Udham Singh Male, age 50-55 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rahal Chahal, Khadoor Sahib
Patti Subdistrict
Achar Singh Male, age 23-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mari Kamboke, Patti
Kartar Singh Male, age 29-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chuslewar, Patti
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Balbir Singh Male, age 30-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhun, Tarn Taran
Boor Singh Male, age 34-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Aima Kalan, Tarn Taran
Gajjan Singh Male, age 36 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chak Sikandar, Tarn Taran
Puran Singh Male, age 26-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhure, Tarn Taran
Santokh Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Koharaka, Tarn Taran

Firozpur District

Fazilka Subdistrict
Gamdoor Singh Male, age 13 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jore Jand Urf Chimnewala, Fazilka
Sukhdarshan Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mahuana Bodla, Fazilka
Firozpur Subdistrict
Churanji Lal Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mudki, Firozpur
Kartar Singh Male, age 40-42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sadhu Shahwala, Firozpur
Labh Singh Male, age 30-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mattar Uttar, Firozpur
Jalalabad Subdistrict
Gurdeep Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chak Gulam Rasulwala, Jalalabad
Gurdev Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Maujewala, Jalalabad
Zira Subdistrict
Gurdeep Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Talwandi Bhai, Zira
Jaswant Singh Male, age 16 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mallanwala, Zira

Gurdaspur District

Batala Subdistrict
Buta Singh Male, age 30-31 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ghanieke Bangar, Batala
Gurnam Singh Male, age 30-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhaliwal, Batala
Heera Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Qila Lal Singh, Batala
Mangal Singh Male, age 32-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Meeke, Batala
Pyara Singh Male, age 45-50 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mand, Batala
Dera Baba Nanak Subdistrict
Ajit Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tarpala, Dera Baba Nanak
Gurdaspur Subdistrict
Baljit Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of disappearance, Chuhar Chak, Gurdaspur
Gurmeet Singh Male, age 30-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tugalwala, Gurdaspur
Lakhbir Singh Male, age 30-31 at time of extrajudicial execution, Agwan, Gurdaspur
Suba Singh Male, age 30-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Talwandi, Gurdaspur

Hoshiarpur District

Hoshiarpur Subdistrict
Surinder Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kotali Bawdass, Hoshiarpur

Jalandhar District

Jalandhar I Subdistrict
Baljit Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jalandhar, Jalandhar I
Jalandhar II Subdistrict
Butta Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Narpur, Jalandhar II
Karnail Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jalalwal, Jalandhar II
Nakodar Subdistrict
Jagir Singh Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chak Kalan, Nakodar

Kapurthala District

Kapurthala Subdistrict
Gurmukh Singh Male, age 20 at time of disappearance, Kanjli, Kapurthala
Narinderjit Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bamuwal, Kapurthala

Ludhiana District

Jagroan Subdistrict
Ajmair Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Malsian Bhaike, Jagroan
Balwinder Singh Male, age 23-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sherpur Kalan, Jagroan
Guljar Singh Male, age 55-60 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sherpur Kalan, Jagroan
Pyara Singh Male, age 34-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amargarh Urf Kaler, Jagroan
Ram Singh Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sherpur Khurd, Jagroan
Rattan Singh Male, age 60-65 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kaunke, Jagroan
Ludhiana West Subdistrict
Jasdev Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gill, Ludhiana West
Samrala Subdistrict
Avtar Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jassowal, Samrala

Moga District

Bhagha Purana Subdistrict
Ajeet Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhaloor, Bhagha Purana
Moga Subdistrict
Baljeet Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ajitwal, Moga
Gurmail Singh Male, age 25-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Maheshari, Moga
Gurmail Singh Gaila Male, age 28-29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ajitwal, Moga
Jagan Singh Male, age 43 at time of extrajudicial execution, Talwandi Bhangerian, Moga
Jagir Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Daulewala, Moga
Mahinder Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sherpur Taiban, Moga
Malkeet Singh Male, age 55 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhudike, Moga
Nihal Singhwala Subdistrict
Chamkaur Singh Male, age 28-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Raoke Kalan, Nihal Singhwala

Muktsar District

Muktsar Subdistrict
Gullu Singh Male, age 65 at time of extrajudicial execution, Muktsar, Muktsar

Patiala District

Patiala Subdistrict
Barkha Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Karhali, Patiala
Samana Subdistrict
Inder Kaur Female, age 62-65 at time of extrajudicial execution, Danipur, Samana

Sangrur District

Dhuri Subdistrict
Hakam Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhadogal, Dhuri
Malerkotla Subdistrict
Swaran Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Shergarh Urf Cheema, Malerkotla

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 19-20 at time of disappearance, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 75 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 45 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 14 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 22 at time of disappearance, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld

Key statistics of cases in 1984:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

97.2% Male 103
 
 
2.8% Female 3

Marital status

39.6% Not married 42
 
 
60.4% Married 64

If married, did the victim have children?

58.5% Yes 62
 
 
1.9% No 2


Total children surviving victims: 213


Religion

98.1% Sikh 104
 
 
1.9% Non-Sikh 2

Caste

64.2% Jat 68
 
 
35.8% Non-Jat 38

Age

6.6% 0-17 7
 
58.5% 18-33 62
 
17.9% 34-49 19
 
12.3% 50-64 13
 
4.7% 65+ 5
 

Education

40.6% No education 43
 
16.0% Primary school 17
 
13.2% Middle school 14
 
22.6% High school 24
 
0.9% Some college 1
 
4.7% College degree 5
 
0.9% Graduate degree 1
 
0.9% Vocational degree 1
 

Employment

44.3% Farmer/agriculture 47
 
15.1% Day labourer 16
 
6.6% Shopkeeper 7
 
4.7% Student 5
 
2.8% Housewife 3
 
1.9% Mechanic 2
 
1.9% Unemployed 2
 
0.9% Driver (bus/truck/car) 1
 
28.3% Other 30
 

Urban / Rural

73.6% Rural 78
 
 
17.9% Urban 19

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

20.8% Yes 22
 
 
77.4% No 82

Prior torture

14.2% Yes 15
 
 
6.6% No 7

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

40.6% Yes 43
 
 
59.4% No 63

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

10.3% Yes 3
 
 
96.6% No 28

Witnesses to abduction

27.4% Yes 29
 
 
3.8% No 4

Victim abduction location

9.4% Roadside 10
 
8.5% Victim’s residence 9
 
5.7% Friend/relative's residence 6
 
3.8% Checkpoint (naka) 4
 
1.9% Village fields 2
 
0.9% Shop/market 1
 
0.9% Bus station/stand 1
 
7.5% Other 8
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

21.7% Yes 23
 
 
18.9% No 20

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

12.3% Gave no response 13
 
12.3% Other 13
 
4.7% Denied involvement 5
 
3.8% Killed victim in an “encounter” 4
 
1.9% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 2
 
1.9% Told family to go to another police station 2
 
0.9% Victim accidentally killed in custody 1
 
0.9% Victim had escaped 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
30.2% No 32

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

95.3% Extrajudicial executions 101
 
 
4.7% Enforced disappearances 5

Number of victims per family

94.3% 1 victim 100
 
4.7% 2 victims 5
 
0.9% 3 victims 1
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 106

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

29.2% Cremated the body 31
 
1.9% Dumped body in canal or river 2
 
0.9% Dumped body in well or drain 1
 

Security forces returned body

36.8% Yes 39
 
1.9% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 2
 
56.6% No 60
 

Condition of corpse, if known

35.8% Bullet wounds 38
 
9.4% Bruises 10
 
6.6% Cuts/wounds 7
 
3.8% Broken bones 4
 
3.8% Burn marks 4
 
2.8% Missing hair from head or face 3
 
1.9% Other 2
 
1.9% Missing fingernails 2
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

28.3% Yes 30
 
 
18.9% No 20

Security forces uniformed

113.8% Yes 33
 
 
3.4% No 1

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

18.9% Punjab Police 20
 
13.2% Army 14
 
11.3% CRPF 12
 
1.9% BSF 2
 
0.9% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

34.0% Army 36
 
33.0% CRPF 35
 
32.1% Punjab police 34
 
7.5% BSF 8
 
2.8% Black cat 3
 
0.9% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

13.2% Combatant 14
 
 
84.0% Non-combatant 89

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

4.7% Yes 5
 
 
78.3% No 83

If provided support, support was voluntary

3.8% Yes 4
 
 
0.9% No 1

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

28.3% Yes 30
 
 
69.8% No 74

Approached security officials

34.0% Yes 36
 
 
65.1% No 69

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

46.2% Afraid of retaliation 49
 
26.4% Didn’t know what to do 28
 
16.0% Believed it would have been ineffective 17
 
11.3% Couldn’t afford 12
 
0.9% Not applicable 1
 

Remedies desired from government

74.5% Monetary compensation to family 79
 
60.4% Employment 64
 
51.9% Truth commission 55
 
30.2% Investigations into abuses 32
 
27.4% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 29
 
20.8% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 22
 
19.8% Memorial for victims 21
 
17.9% Rehabilitation services to family members 19
 
6.6% Desire nothing from government 7
 
5.7% Other 6
 

Year & District  

District

46.2% Amritsar 49
 
8.5% Firozpur 9
 
9.4% Gurdaspur 10
 
0.9% Hoshiarpur 1
 
3.8% Jalandhar 4
 
1.9% Kapurthala 2
 
7.5% Ludhiana 8
 
8.5% Moga 9
 
0.9% Muktsar 1
 
1.9% Patiala 2
 
1.9% Sangrur 2
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
99.1% 1984 105
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
0.9% 1987 1
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
0.0% 1989 0
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
0.0% 1991 0
 
0.0% 1992 0
 
0.0% 1993 0
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 

Note: Where a victim’s date of extrajudicial execution or disappearance falls within a date range that crosses two years (e.g. “between October 1989 and February 1990”), the case appears on both years’ pages. Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.