1985

28 documented cases in 1985:


Amritsar District

Ajnala Subdistrict
Balbir Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chhiddan, Ajnala
Amritsar I Subdistrict
Avtar Singh Male, age 28-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Devi Dasspura, Amritsar I
Gurdev Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of disappearance, Wadala Johal, Amritsar I
Kewal Singh Male, age 22-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bundala, Amritsar I
Khadoor Sahib Subdistrict
Baldev Singh Male, age 45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pindian, Khadoor Sahib
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Bagga Singh Male, age 45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Malia, Tarn Taran
Gurmej Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tarn Taran, Tarn Taran
Jaswant Singh Male, age 35-40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Buchar Kalan, Tarn Taran

Bathinda District

Bathinda Subdistrict
Hardeep Singh Male, age 15-16 at time of disappearance, Lehra Bega, Bathinda

Firozpur District

Firozpur Subdistrict
Jagtar Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ghall Khurd, Firozpur
Zira Subdistrict
Kulwant Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sodhiwala, Zira
Mehar Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of disappearance, Hardasa, Zira

Gurdaspur District

Batala Subdistrict
Gurinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Batala, Batala
Satnam Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jaitu Sarja, Batala
Dera Baba Nanak Subdistrict
Gurbhej Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rajeke, Dera Baba Nanak
Prakash Chand Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dera Baba Nanak, Dera Baba Nanak
Gurdaspur Subdistrict
Darshan Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Awankha, Gurdaspur
Karam Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tatley, Gurdaspur

Jalandhar District

Jalandhar I Subdistrict
Charanjit Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jalandhar, Jalandhar I

Ludhiana District

Raikot Subdistrict
Halminder Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Leel, Raikot

Moga District

Moga Subdistrict
Mangal Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mangewala, Moga
Prem Kumar Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Singhanwala, Moga

Nawanshahr District

Nawanshahr Subdistrict
Chuhar Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Behram, Nawanshahr

Rupnagar District

Rupnagar Subdistrict
Ram Singh Male, age 70-72 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pathreri Jattan, Rupnagar

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Rattan Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, New Delhi

Key statistics of cases in 1985:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 28
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

64.3% Not married 18
 
 
32.1% Married 9

If married, did the victim have children?

28.6% Yes 8
 
 
3.6% No 1


Total children surviving victims: 19


Religion

92.9% Sikh 26
 
 
7.1% Non-Sikh 2

Caste

50.0% Non-Jat 14
 
 
50.0% Jat 14

Age

3.6% 0-17 1
 
78.6% 18-33 22
 
14.3% 34-49 4
 
3.6% 65+ 1
 

Education

28.6% No education 8
 
14.3% Primary school 4
 
10.7% Middle school 3
 
32.1% High school 9
 
3.6% College degree 1
 
10.7% Graduate degree 3
 

Employment

32.1% Farmer/agriculture 9
 
25.0% Day labourer 7
 
7.1% Driver (bus/truck/car) 2
 
7.1% Unemployed 2
 
3.6% Student 1
 
3.6% Mechanic 1
 
25.0% Other 7
 

Urban / Rural

71.4% Rural 20
 
 
14.3% Urban 4

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

35.7% Yes 10
 
 
64.3% No 18

Prior torture

32.1% Yes 9
 
 
3.6% No 1

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

75.0% Yes 21
 
 
25.0% No 7

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

22.2% Yes 4
 
 
50.0% No 9

Witnesses to abduction

64.3% Yes 18
 
 
3.6% No 1

Victim abduction location

21.4% Victim’s residence 6
 
7.1% Village fields 2
 
7.1% Checkpoint (naka) 2
 
7.1% Roadside 2
 
3.6% Friend/relative's residence 1
 
3.6% Shop/market 1
 
3.6% Police station 1
 
10.7% Other 3
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

46.4% Yes 13
 
 
28.6% No 8

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

17.9% Other 5
 
10.7% Gave no response 3
 
7.1% Killed victim in an “encounter” 2
 
3.6% Victim accidentally killed in custody 1
 
3.6% Denied involvement 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

3.6% Yes 1
 
 
50.0% No 14

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

89.3% Extrajudicial executions 25
 
 
10.7% Enforced disappearances 3

Number of victims per family

92.9% 1 victim 26
 
7.1% 2 victim 2
 

Related incidents

3.6% Genuine encounters in family 1
 
 
96.4% No genuine encounters in family 27

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

14.3% Cremated the body 4
 
3.6% Dumped body in canal or river 1
 

Security forces returned body

39.3% Yes 11
 
7.1% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 2
 
42.9% No 12
 

Condition of corpse, if known

25.0% Bullet wounds 7
 
17.9% Cuts/wounds 5
 
14.3% Other 4
 
14.3% Broken bones 4
 
7.1% Bruises 2
 
7.1% Missing hair from head or face 2
 
3.6% Burn marks 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

39.3% Yes 11
 
 
28.6% No 8

Security forces uniformed

88.9% Yes 16
 
 
5.6% No 1

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

53.6% Punjab Police 15
 
10.7% CRPF 3
 
7.1% Army 2
 
3.6% Other 1
 
3.6% Black cat 1
 
3.6% BSF 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

57.1% Punjab police 16
 
7.1% Other 2
 
7.1% BSF 2
 
7.1% CRPF 2
 
3.6% Army 1
 
3.6% Black cat 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

32.1% Combatant 9
 
 
57.1% Non-combatant 16

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

3.6% Yes 1
 
 
50.0% No 14

If provided support, support was voluntary

3.6% Yes 1
 
 
0.0% No 0

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

21.4% Yes 6
 
 
75.0% No 21

Approached security officials

39.3% Yes 11
 
 
60.7% No 17

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

50.0% Afraid of retaliation 14
 
35.7% Couldn’t afford 10
 
17.9% Didn’t know what to do 5
 
7.1% Believed it would have been ineffective 2
 
7.1% Not applicable 2
 

Remedies desired from government

71.4% Monetary compensation to family 20
 
67.9% Employment 19
 
50.0% Truth commission 14
 
32.1% Rehabilitation services to family members 9
 
28.6% Investigations into abuses 8
 
25.0% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 7
 
21.4% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 6
 
21.4% Memorial for victims 6
 

Year & District 

District

28.6% Amritsar 8
 
3.6% Bathinda 1
 
10.7% Firozpur 3
 
21.4% Gurdaspur 6
 
3.6% Jalandhar 1
 
3.6% Ludhiana 1
 
7.1% Moga 2
 
3.6% Nawanshahr 1
 
3.6% Rupnagar 1
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
92.9% 1985 26
 
3.6% 1986 1
 
3.6% 1987 1
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
0.0% 1989 0
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
0.0% 1991 0
 
0.0% 1992 0
 
0.0% 1993 0
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
0.0% Date Unknown 0
 

Note: Where a victim’s date of extrajudicial execution or disappearance falls within a date range that crosses two years (e.g. “between October 1989 and February 1990”), the case appears on both years’ pages. Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.