1985

27 documented cases in 1985:


Amritsar District

Ajnala Subdistrict
Balbir Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chhiddan, Ajnala
Amritsar I Subdistrict
Avtar Singh Male, age 28-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Devi Dasspura, Amritsar I
Gurdev Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of disappearance, Wadala Johal, Amritsar I
Kewal Singh Male, age 22-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bundala, Amritsar I
Khadoor Sahib Subdistrict
Baldev Singh Male, age 45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pindian, Khadoor Sahib
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Bagga Singh Male, age 45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Malia, Tarn Taran
Gurmej Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tarn Taran, Tarn Taran
Jaswant Singh Male, age 35-40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Buchar Kalan, Tarn Taran

Bathinda District

Bathinda Subdistrict
Hardeep Singh Male, age 15-16 at time of disappearance, Lehra Bega, Bathinda

Firozpur District

Firozpur Subdistrict
Jagtar Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ghall Khurd, Firozpur
Zira Subdistrict
Kulwant Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sodhiwala, Zira
Mehar Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of disappearance, Hardasa, Zira

Gurdaspur District

Batala Subdistrict
Gurinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Batala, Batala
Satnam Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jaitu Sarja, Batala
Dera Baba Nanak Subdistrict
Gurbhej Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rajeke, Dera Baba Nanak
Prakash Chand Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dera Baba Nanak, Dera Baba Nanak
Gurdaspur Subdistrict
Darshan Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Awankha, Gurdaspur
Karam Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tatley, Gurdaspur

Jalandhar District

Jalandhar I Subdistrict
Charanjit Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jalandhar, Jalandhar I

Ludhiana District

Raikot Subdistrict
Halminder Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Leel, Raikot

Moga District

Moga Subdistrict
Mangal Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mangewala, Moga
Prem Kumar Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Singhanwala, Moga

Nawanshahr District

Nawanshahr Subdistrict
Chuhar Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Behram, Nawanshahr

Rupnagar District

Rupnagar Subdistrict
Ram Singh Male, age 70-72 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pathreri Jattan, Rupnagar

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Rattan Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, New Delhi

Key statistics of cases in 1985:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 27
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

66.7% Not married 18
 
 
29.6% Married 8

If married, did the victim have children?

25.9% Yes 7
 
 
3.7% No 1


Total children surviving victims: 17


Religion

92.6% Sikh 25
 
 
7.4% Non-Sikh 2

Caste

51.9% Jat 14
 
 
48.1% Non-Jat 13

Age

3.7% 0-17 1
 
77.8% 18-33 21
 
14.8% 34-49 4
 
3.7% 65+ 1
 

Education

29.6% No education 8
 
14.8% Primary school 4
 
11.1% Middle school 3
 
29.6% High school 8
 
3.7% College degree 1
 
11.1% Graduate degree 3
 

Employment

33.3% Farmer/agriculture 9
 
25.9% Day labourer 7
 
7.4% Unemployed 2
 
7.4% Driver (bus/truck/car) 2
 
3.7% Student 1
 
3.7% Mechanic 1
 
22.2% Other 6
 

Urban / Rural

74.1% Rural 20
 
 
14.8% Urban 4

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

37.0% Yes 10
 
 
63.0% No 17

Prior torture

33.3% Yes 9
 
 
3.7% No 1

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

77.8% Yes 21
 
 
22.2% No 6

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

22.2% Yes 4
 
 
50.0% No 9

Witnesses to abduction

66.7% Yes 18
 
 
3.7% No 1

Victim abduction location

22.2% Victim’s residence 6
 
7.4% Checkpoint (naka) 2
 
7.4% Roadside 2
 
7.4% Village fields 2
 
3.7% Friend/relative's residence 1
 
3.7% Shop/market 1
 
3.7% Police station 1
 
11.1% Other 3
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

48.1% Yes 13
 
 
29.6% No 8

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

18.5% Other 5
 
11.1% Gave no response 3
 
7.4% Killed victim in an “encounter” 2
 
3.7% Victim accidentally killed in custody 1
 
3.7% Denied involvement 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

3.7% Yes 1
 
 
51.9% No 14

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

88.9% Extrajudicial executions 24
 
 
11.1% Enforced disappearances 3

Number of victims per family

92.6% 1 victim 25
 
7.4% 2 victims 2
 

Related incidents

3.7% Genuine encounters in family 1
 
 
96.3% No genuine encounters in family 26

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

11.1% Cremated the body 3
 
3.7% Dumped body in canal or river 1
 

Security forces returned body

40.7% Yes 11
 
7.4% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 2
 
40.7% No 11
 

Condition of corpse, if known

25.9% Bullet wounds 7
 
18.5% Cuts/wounds 5
 
14.8% Other 4
 
14.8% Broken bones 4
 
7.4% Bruises 2
 
7.4% Missing hair from head or face 2
 
3.7% Burn marks 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

40.7% Yes 11
 
 
29.6% No 8

Security forces uniformed

88.9% Yes 16
 
 
5.6% No 1

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

55.6% Punjab Police 15
 
11.1% CRPF 3
 
7.4% Army 2
 
3.7% BSF 1
 
3.7% Other 1
 
3.7% Black cat 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

55.6% Punjab police 15
 
7.4% BSF 2
 
7.4% Other 2
 
3.7% Army 1
 
3.7% CRPF 1
 
3.7% Black cat 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

33.3% Combatant 9
 
 
55.6% Non-combatant 15

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

3.7% Yes 1
 
 
51.9% No 14

If provided support, support was voluntary

3.7% Yes 1
 
 
0.0% No 0

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

22.2% Yes 6
 
 
74.1% No 20

Approached security officials

40.7% Yes 11
 
 
59.3% No 16

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

48.1% Afraid of retaliation 13
 
33.3% Couldn’t afford 9
 
18.5% Didn’t know what to do 5
 
7.4% Not applicable 2
 
7.4% Believed it would have been ineffective 2
 

Remedies desired from government

70.4% Monetary compensation to family 19
 
66.7% Employment 18
 
51.9% Truth commission 14
 
33.3% Rehabilitation services to family members 9
 
29.6% Investigations into abuses 8
 
25.9% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 7
 
22.2% Memorial for victims 6
 
22.2% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 6
 

Year & District  

District

29.6% Amritsar 8
 
3.7% Bathinda 1
 
11.1% Firozpur 3
 
22.2% Gurdaspur 6
 
3.7% Jalandhar 1
 
3.7% Ludhiana 1
 
7.4% Moga 2
 
3.7% Nawanshahr 1
 
3.7% Rupnagar 1
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
92.6% 1985 25
 
3.7% 1986 1
 
3.7% 1987 1
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
0.0% 1989 0
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
0.0% 1991 0
 
0.0% 1992 0
 
0.0% 1993 0
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 

Note: Where a victim’s date of extrajudicial execution or disappearance falls within a date range that crosses two years (e.g. “between October 1989 and February 1990”), the case appears on both years’ pages. Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.