1986

103 documented cases in 1986:


Amritsar District

Ajnala Subdistrict
Balwinder Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jagdev Kalan, Ajnala
Harbhajan Singh Male, age 35-40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Harse Chhina, Ajnala
Harwinder Singh Male, age 28-29 at time of disappearance, Dalam, Ajnala
Sajjan Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kiampura, Ajnala
Sudsgar Singh Male, age 42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kotla Suraj Lohar, Ajnala
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kohali, Ajnala
Amritsar I Subdistrict
Gurcharan Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhilowal, Amritsar I
Kewal Singh Male, age 22-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bundala, Amritsar I
Kuldip Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chogawan Roopowali, Amritsar I
Roshan Lal Male, age 52 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kadrabad, Amritsar I
Sahib Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mallian, Amritsar I
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rasulpur Kalan, Amritsar I
Amritsar II Subdistrict
Amrik Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar, Amritsar II
Balbir Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Daoke, Amritsar II
Balwinder Singh Male, age 23-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sultanwind, Amritsar II
Daljit Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Verka, Amritsar II
Guljar Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar, Amritsar II
Harbans Singh Male, age 45 at time of disappearance, Maqbool Pura, Amritsar II
Harpal Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar, Amritsar II
Kuldeep Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar, Amritsar II
Narinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar, Amritsar II
Roshan Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of disappearance, Warpal, Amritsar II
Baba Bakala Subdistrict
Lakhwinder Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Naraingarh, Baba Bakala
Khadoor Sahib Subdistrict
Balwinder Singh Male, age 34-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khawaspur, Khadoor Sahib
Patti Subdistrict
Charn Singh Male, age 38-39 at time of extrajudicial execution, Asal Uttar, Patti
Gurmej Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tut, Patti
Hardev Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of disappearance, Khalra, Patti
Jaswinder Singh Male, age 16-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sarai Valtoha, Patti
Sukwinder Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhagupura, Patti
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Balbir Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sarhali Kalan, Tarn Taran
Chirmal Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Viring, Tarn Taran
Harbajan Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jaura, Tarn Taran
Hardeep Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of disappearance, Bathal Sehja Singh, Tarn Taran
Harjit Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pandori Gola, Tarn Taran
Harpreet Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tharu, Tarn Taran
Mukhtiar Singh Male, age 25 at time of disappearance, Chohla Sahib, Tarn Taran
Prem Singh Male, age 17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Buchar Kalan, Tarn Taran
Ram Singh Male, age 15-16 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chohla Sahib, Tarn Taran
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jaura, Tarn Taran
Surjit Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gharka, Tarn Taran

Bathinda District

Bathinda Subdistrict
Hardeep Singh Male, age 15-16 at time of disappearance, Lehra Bega, Bathinda
Rampura Phul Subdistrict
Baldev Singh Male, age 13-15 at time of extrajudicial execution, Neor, Rampura Phul

Faridkot District

Jaitu Subdistrict
Gurpreet Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gumti Khurd, Jaitu

Firozpur District

Firozpur Subdistrict
Balwinder Singh Male, age 20-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Loham, Firozpur
Lakhwinder Singh Male, age 17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Saide Ke Rohela, Firozpur
Satnam Singh Male, age 15 at time of extrajudicial execution, Saide Ke Rohela, Firozpur
Surinder Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Firozpur, Firozpur
Zira Subdistrict
Jeet Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jhanda Bagga Purana, Zira
Mehar Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of disappearance, Hardasa, Zira

Gurdaspur District

Batala Subdistrict
Ajit Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhadialanat, Batala
Hardeep Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of disappearance, Parowal, Batala
Harwinder Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Madra, Batala
Jagir Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dialgarh, Batala
Makhan Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chhit, Batala
Ranjit Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dialgarh, Batala
Satnam Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Daulatpur, Batala
Surat Singh Male, age 33 at time of extrajudicial execution, Harchowal, Batala
Dera Baba Nanak Subdistrict
Balwinder Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dera Baba Nanak, Dera Baba Nanak
Gurmej Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhilwan, Dera Baba Nanak
Harmohinder Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Veroke, Dera Baba Nanak
Jasbeer Kaur Female, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Veroke, Dera Baba Nanak
Satinderjit Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nikko Sarai, Dera Baba Nanak
Gurdaspur Subdistrict
Gurbachan Singh Male, age 39-42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gahlari, Gurdaspur
Nirmal Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Thakar Sandhu, Gurdaspur
Saroop Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of disappearance, Mundi Karal, Gurdaspur
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 35-40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kalanaur, Gurdaspur

Hoshiarpur District

Hoshiarpur Subdistrict
Ajitpal Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Hoshiarpur, Hoshiarpur
Harminder Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chalopur, Hoshiarpur

Jalandhar District

Jalandhar I Subdistrict
Balvir Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jalandhar, Jalandhar I
Kulwinder Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pholriwala, Jalandhar I
Rashpal Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhin, Jalandhar I
Nakodar Subdistrict
Manjit Kaur Female, age 34-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nurpur, Nakodar
Pardeep Singh Male, age 11-12 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nurpur, Nakodar
Ravinder Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Littran, Nakodar
Phillaur Subdistrict
Gurdeep Singh Male, age 60 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chuheki, Phillaur
Jhilman Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gursian Piran, Phillaur
Makhan Singh Male, age 25-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Talwan, Phillaur
Shahkot Subdistrict
Baldev Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rupewali, Shahkot
Joginder Singh Male, age 44 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rupewali, Shahkot

Kapurthala District

Bhulath Subdistrict
Baldhir Singh Multani Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ramgarh, Bhulath
Kulwant Singh Male, age 26-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chogawan, Bhulath
Simarjit Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nangal Lubana, Bhulath
Kapurthala Subdistrict
Kashmir Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mirzapur, Kapurthala
Phagwara Subdistrict
Manbir Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of disappearance, Chaheru, Phagwara
Satnaam Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Atholi, Phagwara

Ludhiana District

Jagroan Subdistrict
Harjinder Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Akhara, Jagroan
Ludhiana West Subdistrict
Varinder Singh Male, age 19 at time of disappearance, Dakha, Ludhiana West
Payal Subdistrict
Jagroop Singh Male, age 44 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jogi Majra, Payal
Raikot Subdistrict
Nachattar Kaur Female, age 40-41 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bassian, Raikot

Moga District

Bhagha Purana Subdistrict
Jagjeet Singh Male, age 55-56 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rode, Bhagha Purana
Jagsir Singh Male, age 15 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kaleke, Bhagha Purana
Moga Subdistrict
Anek Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sada Singhwala, Moga
Basant Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jhandiana Sharki, Moga
Joginder Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Malianwala, Moga
Nihal Singhwala Subdistrict
Parmjeet Singh Male, age 14 at time of extrajudicial execution, Raina, Nihal Singhwala

Nawanshahr District

Nawanshahr Subdistrict
Ranjeet Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of disappearance, Mazari, Nawanshahr

Patiala District

Patiala Subdistrict
Ram Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Daun Kalan, Patiala

Rupnagar District

Rupnagar Subdistrict
Ajit Singh Male, age 23-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manne Majra, Rupnagar
Ram Singh Male, age 70-72 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pathreri Jattan, Rupnagar

Sangrur District

Malerkotla Subdistrict
Hardev Singh Male, age 25 at time of disappearance, Kangarpur, Malerkotla

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 50 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 60-62 at time of disappearance, location withheld

Key statistics of cases in 1986:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

97.1% Male 100
 
 
2.9% Female 3

Marital status

68.0% Not married 70
 
 
32.0% Married 33

If married, did the victim have children?

25.2% Yes 26
 
 
6.8% No 7


Total children surviving victims: 96


Religion

100.0% Sikh 103
 

Caste

66.0% Jat 68
 
 
34.0% Non-Jat 35

Age

10.7% 0-17 11
 
68.9% 18-33 71
 
10.7% 34-49 11
 
4.9% 50-64 5
 
1.0% 65+ 1
 

Education

18.4% No education 19
 
25.2% Primary school 26
 
17.5% Middle school 18
 
27.2% High school 28
 
1.0% Some college 1
 
4.9% College degree 5
 
3.9% Graduate degree 4
 
1.9% Vocational degree 2
 

Employment

49.5% Farmer/agriculture 51
 
18.4% Student 19
 
9.7% Day labourer 10
 
2.9% Carpenter 3
 
2.9% Unemployed 3
 
2.9% Housewife 3
 
2.9% Shopkeeper 3
 
1.0% Mechanic 1
 
15.5% Other 16
 

Urban / Rural

84.5% Rural 87
 
 
12.6% Urban 13

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

39.8% Yes 41
 
 
57.3% No 59

Prior torture

28.2% Yes 29
 
 
11.7% No 12

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

66.0% Yes 68
 
 
32.0% No 33

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

16.3% Yes 8
 
 
85.7% No 42

Witnesses to abduction

47.6% Yes 49
 
 
5.8% No 6

Victim abduction location

10.7% Victim’s residence 11
 
9.7% Roadside 10
 
7.8% Friend/relative's residence 8
 
6.8% Village fields 7
 
2.9% Bus station/stand 3
 
1.9% Police station 2
 
1.9% Shop/market 2
 
1.9% Village drain 2
 
1.0% Checkpoint (naka) 1
 
17.5% Other 18
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

33.0% Yes 34
 
 
33.0% No 34

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

12.6% Other 13
 
6.8% Gave no response 7
 
4.9% Denied involvement 5
 
4.9% Killed victim in an “encounter” 5
 
3.9% Victim had escaped 4
 
1.9% Victim killed by militants 2
 
1.9% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 2
 
1.9% Told family to go to another police station 2
 
1.0% Victim killed in crossfire with militants 1
 
1.0% Victim killed by black cats 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

5.8% Yes 6
 
 
44.7% No 46

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

85.4% Extrajudicial executions 88
 
 
14.6% Enforced disappearances 15

Number of victims per family

81.6% 1 victim 84
 
15.5% 2 victims 16
 
2.9% 3 victims 3
 

Related incidents

1.9% Genuine encounters in family 2
 
 
96.1% No genuine encounters in family 99

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

19.4% Cremated the body 20
 
1.0% Buried the body 1
 

Security forces returned body

39.8% Yes 41
 
4.9% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 5
 
40.8% No 42
 

Condition of corpse, if known

37.9% Bullet wounds 39
 
10.7% Other 11
 
6.8% Broken bones 7
 
5.8% Cuts/wounds 6
 
1.9% Bruises 2
 
1.9% Burn marks 2
 
1.0% Missing fingernails 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

47.6% Yes 49
 
 
20.4% No 21

Security forces uniformed

98.0% Yes 48
 
 
4.1% No 2

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

51.5% Punjab Police 53
 
18.4% CRPF 19
 
5.8% BSF 6
 
1.9% Army 2
 
1.0% Black cat 1
 
1.0% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 
1.0% Other 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

65.0% Punjab police 67
 
23.3% CRPF 24
 
9.7% BSF 10
 
1.9% Black cat 2
 
1.9% Army 2
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

50.5% Combatant 52
 
 
43.7% Non-combatant 45

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

7.8% Yes 8
 
 
34.0% No 35

If provided support, support was voluntary

5.8% Yes 6
 
 
1.9% No 2

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

22.3% Yes 23
 
 
74.8% No 77

Approached security officials

37.9% Yes 39
 
 
59.2% No 61

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

56.3% Afraid of retaliation 58
 
22.3% Believed it would have been ineffective 23
 
18.4% Didn’t know what to do 19
 
13.6% Couldn’t afford 14
 
3.9% Other 4
 
2.9% Not applicable 3
 

Remedies desired from government

64.1% Monetary compensation to family 66
 
55.3% Truth commission 57
 
51.5% Employment 53
 
35.0% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 36
 
34.0% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 35
 
28.2% Memorial for victims 29
 
27.2% Investigations into abuses 28
 
17.5% Rehabilitation services to family members 18
 
4.9% Desire nothing from government 5
 
1.9% Other 2
 

Year & District  

District

38.8% Amritsar 40
 
1.9% Bathinda 2
 
1.0% Faridkot 1
 
5.8% Firozpur 6
 
16.5% Gurdaspur 17
 
1.9% Hoshiarpur 2
 
10.7% Jalandhar 11
 
5.8% Kapurthala 6
 
3.9% Ludhiana 4
 
5.8% Moga 6
 
1.0% Nawanshahr 1
 
1.0% Patiala 1
 
1.9% Rupnagar 2
 
1.0% Sangrur 1
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
1.9% 1985 2
 
92.2% 1986 95
 
4.9% 1987 5
 
1.0% 1988 1
 
0.0% 1989 0
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
0.0% 1991 0
 
0.0% 1992 0
 
0.0% 1993 0
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 

Note: Where a victim’s date of extrajudicial execution or disappearance falls within a date range that crosses two years (e.g. “between October 1989 and February 1990”), the case appears on both years’ pages. Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.