1994

138 documented cases in 1994:


Amritsar District

Ajnala Subdistrict
Balkar Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kakar, Ajnala
Tarsem Singh Male, age 35-40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Harse Chhina Patti Subazpura, Ajnala
Amritsar I Subdistrict
Daljit Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of disappearance, Gadli, Amritsar I
Daljit Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Devi Dasspura, Amritsar I
Gurmej Singh Male, age 22-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sohian Kalan, Amritsar I
Rawail Kaur Female, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pandher, Amritsar I
Amritsar II Subdistrict
Dhaian Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar, Amritsar II
Kulwant Singh Male, age 18-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar, Amritsar II
Omkar Singh Male, age 32 at time of disappearance, Amritsar, Amritsar II
Sukhraj Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sultanwind, Amritsar II
Baba Bakala Subdistrict
Bakhshish Singh Male, age 60-70 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jhamke, Baba Bakala
Lashkar Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhattike, Baba Bakala
Manjit Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Wazir Bhullar, Baba Bakala
Khadoor Sahib Subdistrict
Amarjit Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manak Deke, Khadoor Sahib
Amarjit Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of disappearance, Gagrewal, Khadoor Sahib
Angrej Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of disappearance, Gagrewal, Khadoor Sahib
Baldev Singh Male, age 18-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lalpur, Khadoor Sahib
Harjit Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khojkipur, Khadoor Sahib
Joginder Singh Sabba Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tur, Khadoor Sahib
Kashmir Singh Male, age 37 at time of disappearance, Khadur Sahib, Khadoor Sahib
Makhan Singh Male, age 70-75 at time of disappearance, Waring, Khadoor Sahib
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jawandpur, Khadoor Sahib
Sukhjit Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sakkianwali, Khadoor Sahib
Sukhwant Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lohar, Khadoor Sahib
Patti Subdistrict
Ajit Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of disappearance, Asal Uttar, Patti
Amrik Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dubli, Patti
Jagir Singh Male, age 19-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Madar Mathra Bhagi, Patti
Manjit Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Farandipur, Patti
Mehar Singh Male, age 31-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Patti, Patti
Milakha Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gajjal, Patti
Mohinder Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sabhrai, Patti
Mukhtiar Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dassuwal, Patti
Sawinder Singh Male, age 21 at time of disappearance, Asal Uttar, Patti
Taar Singh Male, age 30-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sabhrai, Patti
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Balkar Singh Male, age 25-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Raniwala, Tarn Taran
Dalbir Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chohla Sahib, Tarn Taran
Kashmir Singh Male, age 45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Thathgarh, Tarn Taran
Lakhbir Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sakhira, Tarn Taran
Mukhtar Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jarmastpur, Tarn Taran
Punjab Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chhappa, Tarn Taran
Rattan Singh Male, age 20-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Koharaka, Tarn Taran
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jaura, Tarn Taran
Tarsem Singh Male, age 22-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gharka, Tarn Taran

Bathinda District

Bathinda Subdistrict
Ranjeet Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bathinda, Bathinda

Faridkot District

Faridkot Subdistrict
Gurmeet Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kauni, Faridkot

Firozpur District

Firozpur Subdistrict
Harbans Singh Male, age 31-36 at time of extrajudicial execution, Machhiwara Alias Kamagar, Firozpur
Harjeet Singh Male, age 23-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bukan Khanwala, Firozpur
Mahinder Singh Male, age 65 at time of extrajudicial execution, Karman, Firozpur
Zira Subdistrict
Fumman Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nihalke, Zira
Major Singh Male, age 40-45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Variah, Zira
Shuwinder Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Roshan Shahwala, Zira
Sukhmandir Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nihalke, Zira

Gurdaspur District

Batala Subdistrict
Dilbagh Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dharamkot, Batala
Gurdit Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Awan, Batala
Harwinder Singh Male, age 22-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ladhu Bhana, Batala
Lakhwinder Singh Male, age 26-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nangal Jhawar, Batala
Sukhpal Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kala Afgana, Batala
Dera Baba Nanak Subdistrict
Avtar Singh Male, age 31 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rattar Chhattar, Dera Baba Nanak
Gurdaspur Subdistrict
Balwinder Singh Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gurdaspur, Gurdaspur
Balwinder Singh Male, age 36 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhaini Paswal, Gurdaspur
Harjinder Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kahnuwan, Gurdaspur
Karam Singh Male, age 60 at time of extrajudicial execution, Masat Kot, Gurdaspur
Mangat Maseeh Male, age 61-62 at time of extrajudicial execution, Athwal, Gurdaspur
Raj Pal Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhaini Khadar, Gurdaspur
Saroop Singh Male, age 16 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhaini Paswal, Gurdaspur

Hoshiarpur District

Garhshankar Subdistrict
Mahinder Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ganguwal, Garhshankar
Ranbir Singh Male, age 26-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bham, Garhshankar

Jalandhar District

Jalandhar I Subdistrict
Narinder Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jandiali, Jalandhar I
Phillaur Subdistrict
Baljinder Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Matfallu, Phillaur

Kapurthala District

Phagwara Subdistrict
Sant Ram Male, age 50 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jagpalpur, Phagwara
Sultanpur Lodhi Subdistrict
Baldev Raj Male, age 38 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sahlapur Bet, Sultanpur Lodhi
Jagir Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gill, Sultanpur Lodhi

Ludhiana District

Jagroan Subdistrict
Amritpal Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khosa, Jagroan
Jaswant Singh Male, age 42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Boparai Kalan, Jagroan
Kuldeep Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sidhwan Kalan, Jagroan
Randhir Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dangian, Jagroan
Satnam Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhundri, Jagroan
Ludhiana East Subdistrict
Bhagwant Singh Male, age 26-27 at time of disappearance, Butahri, Ludhiana East
Ludhiana West Subdistrict
Gurpreet Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dugri, Ludhiana West
Samrala Subdistrict
Charan Singh Male, age 47 at time of extrajudicial execution, Goslan, Samrala

Mansa District

Budhlada Subdistrict
Joginder Singh Male, age 20 at time of disappearance, Maghanian, Budhlada
Saun Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dialpura, Budhlada
Mansa Subdistrict
Jangir Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Joga, Mansa
Sardulgarh Subdistrict
Harbans Singh Male, age 37 at time of extrajudicial execution, Raipur, Sardulgarh

Moga District

Bhagha Purana Subdistrict
Mander Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chand Purana, Bhagha Purana
Nirvair Singh Male, age 26-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chida, Bhagha Purana
Moga Subdistrict
Gurnaam Singh Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Takhanwad, Moga
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 22-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ajitwal, Moga

Muktsar District

Malout Subdistrict
Assa Singh Male, age 64 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kutianwali, Malout

Nawanshahr District

Nawanshahr Subdistrict
Sukhvir Singh Male, age 40 at time of disappearance, Sujjon, Nawanshahr

Patiala District

Patiala Subdistrict
Gurcharan Singh Male, age 29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Patiala, Patiala
Kuldev Singh Male, age 50-52 at time of extrajudicial execution, Patiala, Patiala
Raj Kaur Female, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Patiala, Patiala
Rattan Singh Male, age 55 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amam Nagar Urf Aliwala, Patiala
Rajpura Subdistrict
Mohinder Singh Male, age 20-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhapal, Rajpura
Samana Subdistrict
Jaswant Singh Male, age 63 at time of extrajudicial execution, Shutrana, Samana
Kehar Singh Male, age 60 at time of disappearance, Shutrana, Samana
Palwinder Singh Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Haryaoo Khurd, Samana
Surjeet Singh Male, age 29-36 at time of extrajudicial execution, Samana, Samana
Tara Singh Male, age 38-40 at time of disappearance, Talwandi Malik, Samana

Rupnagar District

Anandpur Sahib Subdistrict
Maan Singh Male, age 65-66 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mataur, Anandpur Sahib
Kharar Subdistrict
Harminder Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Padiala, Kharar
Rashpal Singh Male, age 18 at time of disappearance, Shiamipur, Kharar
Rupnagar Subdistrict
Ajaib Kaur Female, age 67-68 at time of disappearance, Chhota Samana, Rupnagar
Balbir Singh Male, age 32 at time of disappearance, Chhota Samana, Rupnagar
Dass Singh Male, age 68-70 at time of disappearance, Chhota Samana, Rupnagar
Ranjit Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rangian, Rupnagar

Sangrur District

Barnala Subdistrict
Nihal Singh Male, age 36 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tajoke, Barnala
Sukhwinder Singh Bhatti Male, age 43 at time of disappearance, Badbar, Barnala
Dhuri Subdistrict
Bikkar Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gurbaxpura, Dhuri
Narinder Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of disappearance, Bararwal, Dhuri
Ranjit Singh Male, age 37-38 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jakhlan, Dhuri
Malerkotla Subdistrict
Kulwant Singh Male, age 29 at time of disappearance, Sehke, Malerkotla
Moonak Subdistrict
Amrik Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of disappearance, Bakhora Kalan, Moonak
Daan Singh Male, age 90 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bakhora Kalan, Moonak
Pritam Singh Male, age 60-65 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bakhora Kalan, Moonak
Sahib Singh Male, age 22 at time of disappearance, Mandvi, Moonak
Sukhpal Singh Male, age 25 at time of disappearance, Sheikhuwas, Moonak
Sangrur Subdistrict
Rajinder Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Balad Kalan, Sangrur
Samsher Singh Male, age 55 at time of extrajudicial execution, Alo Arkh, Sangrur

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 27 at time of disappearance, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 40-42 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 35-36 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 30 at time of disappearance, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 33-34 at time of disappearance, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 24 at time of disappearance, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 50 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 70 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 72 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 20 at time of disappearance, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 18-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld

Key statistics of cases in 1994:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

97.8% Male 135
 
 
2.2% Female 3

Marital status

47.1% Not married 65
 
 
52.2% Married 72

If married, did the victim have children?

47.1% Yes 65
 
 
3.6% No 5


Total children surviving victims: 182


Religion

96.4% Sikh 133
 
 
3.6% Non-Sikh 5

Caste

65.9% Jat 91
 
 
34.1% Non-Jat 47

Age

1.4% 0-17 2
 
63.8% 18-33 88
 
16.7% 34-49 23
 
8.7% 50-64 12
 
5.8% 65+ 8
 

Education

33.3% No education 46
 
18.8% Primary school 26
 
10.1% Middle school 14
 
31.9% High school 44
 
1.4% Some college 2
 
2.2% College degree 3
 
1.4% Graduate degree 2
 
0.7% Vocational degree 1
 

Employment

49.3% Farmer/agriculture 68
 
18.1% Day labourer 25
 
4.3% Shopkeeper 6
 
3.6% Driver (bus/truck/car) 5
 
2.9% Unemployed 4
 
2.2% Student 3
 
2.2% Housewife 3
 
1.4% Mechanic 2
 
0.7% Carpenter 1
 
19.6% Other 27
 

Urban / Rural

79.0% Rural 109
 
 
8.0% Urban 11

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

55.1% Yes 76
 
 
44.9% No 62

Prior torture

44.9% Yes 62
 
 
10.1% No 14

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

82.6% Yes 114
 
 
15.2% No 21

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

20.7% Yes 18
 
 
80.5% No 70

Witnesses to abduction

63.0% Yes 87
 
 
8.7% No 12

Victim abduction location

23.9% Victim’s residence 33
 
12.3% Roadside 17
 
10.1% Friend/relative's residence 14
 
5.1% Village fields 7
 
5.1% Shop/market 7
 
2.9% Police station 4
 
2.2% Bus station/stand 3
 
1.4% Village drain 2
 
13.0% Other 18
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

53.6% Yes 74
 
 
28.3% No 39

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

20.3% Denied involvement 28
 
14.5% Gave no response 20
 
12.3% Other 17
 
7.2% Told family to go to another police station 10
 
5.1% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 7
 
3.6% Killed victim in an “encounter” 5
 
2.2% Victim had escaped 3
 
0.7% Victim killed by militants 1
 
0.7% Admitted custody only 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

3.6% Yes 5
 
 
63.8% No 88

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

79.7% Extrajudicial executions 110
 
 
20.3% Enforced disappearances 28

Number of victims per family

77.5% 1 victim 107
 
14.5% 2 victim 20
 
3.6% 3 victim 5
 
4.3% 4 victim 6
 

Related incidents

7.2% Genuine encounters in family 10
 
 
92.0% No genuine encounters in family 127

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

21.0% Cremated the body 29
 
2.2% Dumped body in canal or river 3
 

Security forces returned body

21.0% Yes 29
 
2.9% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 4
 
55.1% No 76
 

Condition of corpse, if known

8.7% Other 12
 
8.0% Bullet wounds 11
 
5.1% Bruises 7
 
3.6% Cuts/wounds 5
 
2.9% Missing hair from head or face 4
 
2.9% Broken bones 4
 
0.7% Burn marks 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

52.9% Yes 73
 
 
29.0% No 40

Security forces uniformed

83.9% Yes 73
 
 
12.6% No 11

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

75.4% Punjab Police 104
 
5.1% Other 7
 
2.2% Black cat 3
 
2.2% Criminal Investigation Agency 3
 
2.2% CRPF 3
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

71.7% Punjab police 99
 
2.2% Other 3
 
2.2% Criminal Investigation Agency 3
 
1.4% Army 2
 
1.4% Black cat 2
 
0.7% BSF 1
 
0.7% CRPF 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

26.8% Combatant 37
 
 
71.0% Non-combatant 98

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

16.7% Yes 23
 
 
52.9% No 73

If provided support, support was voluntary

9.4% Yes 13
 
 
5.8% No 8

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

35.5% Yes 49
 
 
64.5% No 89

Approached security officials

45.7% Yes 63
 
 
52.9% No 73

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

50.0% Afraid of retaliation 69
 
19.6% Couldn’t afford 27
 
14.5% Didn’t know what to do 20
 
9.4% Believed it would have been ineffective 13
 
4.3% Not applicable 6
 

Remedies desired from government

65.2% Monetary compensation to family 90
 
63.8% Truth commission 88
 
56.5% Employment 78
 
37.0% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 51
 
35.5% Investigations into abuses 49
 
27.5% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 38
 
15.2% Rehabilitation services to family members 21
 
14.5% Memorial for victims 20
 
6.5% Desire nothing from government 9
 
0.7% Other 1
 

Year & District 

District

31.2% Amritsar 43
 
0.7% Bathinda 1
 
0.7% Faridkot 1
 
5.1% Firozpur 7
 
9.4% Gurdaspur 13
 
1.4% Hoshiarpur 2
 
1.4% Jalandhar 2
 
2.2% Kapurthala 3
 
5.8% Ludhiana 8
 
2.9% Mansa 4
 
2.9% Moga 4
 
0.7% Muktsar 1
 
0.7% Nawanshahr 1
 
7.2% Patiala 10
 
5.1% Rupnagar 7
 
9.4% Sangrur 13
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
0.0% 1987 0
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
0.0% 1989 0
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
0.0% 1991 0
 
0.7% 1992 1
 
13.0% 1993 18
 
84.1% 1994 116
 
2.2% 1995 3
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
0.0% Date Unknown 0
 

Note: Where a victim’s date of extrajudicial execution or disappearance falls within a date range that crosses two years (e.g. “between October 1989 and February 1990”), the case appears on both years’ pages. Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.