1995

55 documented cases in 1995:


Amritsar District

Amritsar I Subdistrict
Rawail Kaur Female, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pandher, Amritsar I
Amritsar II Subdistrict
Jaswant Singh Khalra Male, age 42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar, Amritsar II
Baba Bakala Subdistrict
Dharambir Singh Male, age 39 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kammonke, Baba Bakala
Khadoor Sahib Subdistrict
Angrej Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of disappearance, Gagrewal, Khadoor Sahib
Patti Subdistrict
Hira Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Thathi Jaimal Singh, Patti
Karj Singh Male, age 25-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dalairi, Patti
Kashmir Singh Male, age 55 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sito Mah Jhungian, Patti
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Bikkar Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Takhu Chak, Tarn Taran
Gurdyal Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rai Siana, Tarn Taran
Kashmir Singh Male, age 45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Thathgarh, Tarn Taran
Rattan Singh Male, age 20-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Koharaka, Tarn Taran
Tarsem Singh Male, age 22-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gharka, Tarn Taran

Bathinda District

Bathinda Subdistrict
Darshan Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of disappearance, Lehra Dhul Kot, Bathinda

Firozpur District

Firozpur Subdistrict
Gurcharan Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Haraj, Firozpur
Harbans Singh Male, age 31-36 at time of extrajudicial execution, Machhiwara Alias Kamagar, Firozpur
Zira Subdistrict
Kartar Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Wara Pohwindian, Zira

Gurdaspur District

Batala Subdistrict
Gurdit Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Awan, Batala
Gurdaspur Subdistrict
Meva Singh Male, age 70 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chandu Wadala, Gurdaspur
Shingara Singh Male, age 49-50 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rose, Gurdaspur

Hoshiarpur District

Dasuya Subdistrict
Balbir Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mand, Dasuya
Bhadur Singh Male, age 50 at time of extrajudicial execution, Baranda, Dasuya

Jalandhar District

Shahkot Subdistrict
Mahinder Singh Male, age 50-55 at time of disappearance, Kotla Heran, Shahkot

Kapurthala District

Kapurthala Subdistrict
Gopal Singh Male, age 33 at time of disappearance, Bhawanipur, Kapurthala

Ludhiana District

Jagroan Subdistrict
Harpal Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kamalpura, Jagroan
Jaswant Singh Male, age 42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Boparai Kalan, Jagroan
Joginder Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhundri, Jagroan
Pritam Singh Male, age 38 at time of disappearance, Mallah, Jagroan

Moga District

Bhagha Purana Subdistrict
Balveer Singh Male, age 42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Smalsar, Bhagha Purana
Moga Subdistrict
Sarbjeet Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Madoke, Moga
Nihal Singhwala Subdistrict
Harbans Singh Male, age 50 at time of disappearance, Burj Hamira, Nihal Singhwala

Nawanshahr District

Nawanshahr Subdistrict
Sital Singh Male, age 20 at time of disappearance, Lidhar Kalan, Nawanshahr

Patiala District

Patiala Subdistrict
Gurcharan Singh Male, age 29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Patiala, Patiala
Kuldev Singh Male, age 50-52 at time of extrajudicial execution, Patiala, Patiala
Raj Kaur Female, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Patiala, Patiala
Rajpura Subdistrict
Mohinder Singh Male, age 20-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhapal, Rajpura
Samana Subdistrict
Amrik Singh Male, age 32-33 at time of extrajudicial execution, Patran, Samana
Surjeet Singh Male, age 29-36 at time of extrajudicial execution, Samana, Samana

Rupnagar District

Rupnagar Subdistrict
Didar Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Haripur Alias Rormajra, Rupnagar
Gursewak Singh Male, age 26 at time of disappearance, Kotla Nihang, Rupnagar
Satveer Singh Male, age 30 at time of disappearance, Rupnagar, Rupnagar

Sangrur District

Barnala Subdistrict
Gurmail Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhaini Jassa, Barnala
Dhuri Subdistrict
Ajmer Singh Male, age 45-46 at time of extrajudicial execution, Banganwali, Dhuri
Hardeep Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pedni Kalan, Dhuri
Malerkotla Subdistrict
Chamkour Singh Male, age 31 at time of disappearance, Malikpur Alias Jandali Khurd, Malerkotla
Moonak Subdistrict
Charanjit Kaur Female, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nawangaon, Moonak
Sangrur Subdistrict
Bhupinder Singh Male, age 32 at time of disappearance, Balad Kalan, Sangrur
Darshan Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Longowal, Sangrur
Sunam Subdistrict
Bhagwant Singh Male, age 27 at time of disappearance, Sunam, Sunam

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 20 at time of disappearance, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 18-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 40-42 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Dilbagh Singh Male, age 41-42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bombay

Key statistics of cases in 1995:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

94.5% Male 52
 
 
5.5% Female 3

Marital status

47.3% Not married 26
 
 
52.7% Married 29

If married, did the victim have children?

41.8% Yes 23
 
 
7.3% No 4


Total children surviving victims: 72


Religion

100.0% Sikh 55
 

Caste

70.9% Jat 39
 
 
27.3% Non-Jat 15

Age

3.6% 0-17 2
 
56.4% 18-33 31
 
21.8% 34-49 12
 
9.1% 50-64 5
 
1.8% 65+ 1
 
1.8% Age unknown 1
 

Education

30.9% No education 17
 
14.5% Primary school 8
 
10.9% Middle school 6
 
30.9% High school 17
 
3.6% Some college 2
 
3.6% College degree 2
 
1.8% Graduate degree 1
 

Employment

36.4% Farmer/agriculture 20
 
20.0% Day labourer 11
 
5.5% Housewife 3
 
5.5% Driver (bus/truck/car) 3
 
3.6% Shopkeeper 2
 
3.6% Student 2
 
1.8% Unemployed 1
 
1.8% Carpenter 1
 
1.8% Mechanic 1
 
20.0% Other 11
 

Urban / Rural

70.9% Rural 39
 
 
16.4% Urban 9

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

41.8% Yes 23
 
 
56.4% No 31

Prior torture

32.7% Yes 18
 
 
9.1% No 5

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

74.5% Yes 41
 
 
23.6% No 13

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

6.5% Yes 2
 
 
100.0% No 31

Witnesses to abduction

56.4% Yes 31
 
 
5.5% No 3

Victim abduction location

29.1% Victim’s residence 16
 
9.1% Shop/market 5
 
9.1% Friend/relative's residence 5
 
7.3% Roadside 4
 
5.5% Police station 3
 
3.6% Bus station/stand 2
 
1.8% Village fields 1
 
9.1% Other 5
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

40.0% Yes 22
 
 
34.5% No 19

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

23.6% Denied involvement 13
 
18.2% Gave no response 10
 
7.3% Told family to go to another police station 4
 
7.3% Other 4
 
1.8% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 1
 
1.8% Killed victim in an “encounter” 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

1.8% Yes 1
 
 
61.8% No 34

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

76.4% Extrajudicial executions 42
 
 
23.6% Enforced disappearances 13

Number of victims per family

83.6% 1 victim 46
 
7.3% 2 victim 4
 
3.6% 3 victim 2
 
5.5% 4 victim 3
 

Related incidents

3.6% Genuine encounters in family 2
 
 
94.5% No genuine encounters in family 52

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

12.7% Cremated the body 7
 
3.6% Dumped body in canal or river 2
 

Security forces returned body

12.7% Yes 7
 
5.5% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 3
 
56.4% No 31
 

Condition of corpse, if known

7.3% Bullet wounds 4
 
7.3% Other 4
 
3.6% Cuts/wounds 2
 
3.6% Broken bones 2
 
1.8% Missing hair from head or face 1
 
1.8% Missing fingernails 1
 
1.8% Bruises 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

61.8% Yes 34
 
 
10.9% No 6

Security forces uniformed

96.8% Yes 30
 
 
16.1% No 5

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

69.1% Punjab Police 38
 
3.6% Criminal Investigation Agency 2
 
1.8% CRPF 1
 
1.8% Other 1
 
1.8% BSF 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

67.3% Punjab police 37
 
3.6% BSF 2
 
1.8% CRPF 1
 
1.8% Other 1
 
1.8% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 
1.8% Army 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

29.1% Combatant 16
 
 
65.5% Non-combatant 36

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

18.2% Yes 10
 
 
47.3% No 26

If provided support, support was voluntary

10.9% Yes 6
 
 
7.3% No 4

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

40.0% Yes 22
 
 
56.4% No 31

Approached security officials

43.6% Yes 24
 
 
52.7% No 29

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

41.8% Afraid of retaliation 23
 
25.5% Didn’t know what to do 14
 
18.2% Couldn’t afford 10
 
9.1% Believed it would have been ineffective 5
 

Remedies desired from government

67.3% Truth commission 37
 
67.3% Monetary compensation to family 37
 
50.9% Employment 28
 
34.5% Investigations into abuses 19
 
32.7% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 18
 
20.0% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 11
 
18.2% Memorial for victims 10
 
12.7% Rehabilitation services to family members 7
 
7.3% Desire nothing from government 4
 
5.5% Other 3
 

Year & District 

District

21.8% Amritsar 12
 
1.8% Bathinda 1
 
5.5% Firozpur 3
 
5.5% Gurdaspur 3
 
3.6% Hoshiarpur 2
 
1.8% Jalandhar 1
 
1.8% Kapurthala 1
 
7.3% Ludhiana 4
 
5.5% Moga 3
 
1.8% Nawanshahr 1
 
10.9% Patiala 6
 
5.5% Rupnagar 3
 
14.5% Sangrur 8
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
0.0% 1987 0
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
0.0% 1989 0
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
0.0% 1991 0
 
0.0% 1992 0
 
10.9% 1993 6
 
12.7% 1994 7
 
72.7% 1995 40
 
3.6% 1996 2
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
0.0% Date Unknown 0
 

Note: Where a victim’s date of extrajudicial execution or disappearance falls within a date range that crosses two years (e.g. “between October 1989 and February 1990”), the case appears on both years’ pages. Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.