1997

14 documented cases in 1997:


Amritsar District

Ajnala Subdistrict
Kulwant Singh Male, age 60 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chak Allah Bakash, Ajnala
Nishan Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Makowal, Ajnala
Amritsar II Subdistrict
Narinder Singh Male, age 23-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar, Amritsar II
Baba Bakala Subdistrict
Baldev Singh Male, age 16 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dehriwala, Baba Bakala
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mehta, Baba Bakala

Firozpur District

Firozpur Subdistrict
Harbans Singh Male, age 31-36 at time of extrajudicial execution, Machhiwara Alias Kamagar, Firozpur

Hoshiarpur District

Hoshiarpur Subdistrict
Kashmir Singh Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pandori Rukman, Hoshiarpur

Jalandhar District

Phillaur Subdistrict
Jagan Nath Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Danduwal, Phillaur

Kapurthala District

Kapurthala Subdistrict
Gurbakhsh Singh Male, age 16 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhaliwal Bet, Kapurthala

Ludhiana District

Jagroan Subdistrict
Jaswant Singh Male, age 42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Boparai Kalan, Jagroan
Ludhiana East Subdistrict
Amritpal Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lehra, Ludhiana East
Ludhiana West Subdistrict
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 57-58 at time of extrajudicial execution, Narangwal, Ludhiana West

Nawanshahr District

Nawanshahr Subdistrict
Chhinder Pal Male, age 21 at time of disappearance, Mangat Dhingrian, Nawanshahr

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 55-60 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld

Key statistics of cases in 1997:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 14
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

50.0% Not married 7
 
 
50.0% Married 7

If married, did the victim have children?

42.9% Yes 6
 
 
7.1% No 1


Total children surviving victims: 21


Religion

92.9% Sikh 13
 
 
7.1% Non-Sikh 1

Caste

50.0% Jat 7
 
 
50.0% Non-Jat 7

Age

14.3% 0-17 2
 
42.9% 18-33 6
 
14.3% 34-49 2
 
21.4% 50-64 3
 

Education

28.6% No education 4
 
14.3% Primary school 2
 
7.1% Middle school 1
 
21.4% High school 3
 
7.1% Some college 1
 
7.1% Graduate degree 1
 
7.1% Vocational degree 1
 

Employment

28.6% Farmer/agriculture 4
 
14.3% Day labourer 2
 
7.1% Shopkeeper 1
 
7.1% Student 1
 
7.1% Carpenter 1
 
42.9% Other 6
 

Urban / Rural

85.7% Rural 12
 
 
7.1% Urban 1

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

50.0% Yes 7
 
 
50.0% No 7

Prior torture

35.7% Yes 5
 
 
14.3% No 2

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

71.4% Yes 10
 
 
28.6% No 4

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
87.5% No 7

Witnesses to abduction

57.1% Yes 8
 
 
7.1% No 1

Victim abduction location

21.4% Victim’s residence 3
 
14.3% Roadside 2
 
7.1% Friend/relative's residence 1
 
14.3% Other 2
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

35.7% Yes 5
 
 
35.7% No 5

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

42.9% Other 6
 
21.4% Gave no response 3
 
14.3% Denied involvement 2
 
14.3% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 2
 
7.1% Admitted custody only 1
 
7.1% Told family to go to another police station 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

7.1% Yes 1
 
 
57.1% No 8

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

92.9% Extrajudicial executions 13
 
 
7.1% Enforced disappearances 1

Number of victims per family

92.9% 1 victim 13
 
7.1% 2 victim 1
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
92.9% No genuine encounters in family 13

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces


Security forces returned body

50.0% Yes 7
 
7.1% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 1
 
35.7% No 5
 

Condition of corpse, if known

21.4% Bruises 3
 
21.4% Bullet wounds 3
 
21.4% Cuts/wounds 3
 
14.3% Broken bones 2
 
14.3% Other 2
 
7.1% Missing hair from head or face 1
 
7.1% Burn marks 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

50.0% Yes 7
 
 
21.4% No 3

Security forces uniformed

87.5% Yes 7
 
 
0.0% No 0

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

71.4% Punjab Police 10
 
7.1% CRPF 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

85.7% Punjab police 12
 
14.3% CRPF 2
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

21.4% Combatant 3
 
 
78.6% Non-combatant 11

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

14.3% Yes 2
 
 
57.1% No 8

If provided support, support was voluntary

7.1% Yes 1
 
 
7.1% No 1

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

42.9% Yes 6
 
 
57.1% No 8

Approached security officials

71.4% Yes 10
 
 
28.6% No 4

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

35.7% Afraid of retaliation 5
 
14.3% Couldn’t afford 2
 
7.1% Not applicable 1
 
7.1% Didn’t know what to do 1
 
7.1% Other 1
 

Remedies desired from government

85.7% Monetary compensation to family 12
 
64.3% Employment 9
 
64.3% Truth commission 9
 
42.9% Investigations into abuses 6
 
35.7% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 5
 
35.7% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 5
 
21.4% Rehabilitation services to family members 3
 
21.4% Other 3
 
14.3% Memorial for victims 2
 

Year & District 

District

35.7% Amritsar 5
 
7.1% Firozpur 1
 
7.1% Hoshiarpur 1
 
7.1% Jalandhar 1
 
7.1% Kapurthala 1
 
21.4% Ludhiana 3
 
7.1% Nawanshahr 1
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
0.0% 1987 0
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
0.0% 1989 0
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
0.0% 1991 0
 
0.0% 1992 0
 
0.0% 1993 0
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
14.3% 1995 2
 
7.1% 1996 1
 
78.6% 1997 11
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
0.0% Date Unknown 0
 

Note: Where a victim’s date of extrajudicial execution or disappearance falls within a date range that crosses two years (e.g. “between October 1989 and February 1990”), the case appears on both years’ pages. Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.