1999

8 documented cases in 1999:


Amritsar District

Amritsar II Subdistrict
Kamaljit Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar, Amritsar II
Baba Bakala Subdistrict
Satpal Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tangra, Baba Bakala

Fatehgarh Sahib District

Amloh Subdistrict
Gurtej Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jhambala, Amloh

Firozpur District

Firozpur Subdistrict
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 26-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bagguwala, Firozpur

Mansa District

Mansa Subdistrict
Kaka Singh Male, age 50-55 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khilian, Mansa

Rupnagar District

Kharar Subdistrict
Devinder Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Hasanpur, Kharar

Sangrur District

Moonak Subdistrict
Kulwant Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nawangaon, Moonak
Sunam Subdistrict
Balbir Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Namol, Sunam

Key statistics of cases in 1999:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 8
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

50.0% Not married 4
 
 
50.0% Married 4

If married, did the victim have children?

50.0% Yes 4
 


Total children surviving victims: 10


Religion

100.0% Sikh 8
 

Caste

87.5% Jat 7
 
 
12.5% Non-Jat 1

Age

62.5% 18-33 5
 
25.0% 34-49 2
 
12.5% 50-64 1
 

Education

37.5% No education 3
 
25.0% Primary school 2
 
25.0% High school 2
 
12.5% Some college 1
 

Employment

50.0% Farmer/agriculture 4
 
12.5% Shopkeeper 1
 
12.5% Driver (bus/truck/car) 1
 
12.5% Student 1
 
12.5% Other 1
 

Urban / Rural

87.5% Rural 7
 
 
12.5% Urban 1

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

50.0% Yes 4
 
 
50.0% No 4

Prior torture

50.0% Yes 4
 
 
0.0% No 0

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

62.5% Yes 5
 
 
37.5% No 3

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

20.0% Yes 1
 
 
60.0% No 3

Witnesses to abduction

62.5% Yes 5
 

Victim abduction location

25.0% Victim’s residence 2
 
12.5% Roadside 1
 
12.5% Other 1
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

62.5% Yes 5
 
 
0.0% No 0

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

12.5% Gave no response 1
 
12.5% Denied involvement 1
 
12.5% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 1
 
12.5% Victim accidentally killed in custody 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

12.5% Yes 1
 
 
37.5% No 3

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

100.0% Extrajudicial executions 8
 
 
0.0% Enforced disappearances 0

Number of victims per family

87.5% 1 victim 7
 
12.5% 2 victim 1
 

Related incidents

12.5% Genuine encounters in family 1
 
 
87.5% No genuine encounters in family 7

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces


Security forces returned body

87.5% Yes 7
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
12.5% No 1
 

Condition of corpse, if known

37.5% Other 3
 
25.0% Bruises 2
 
25.0% Cuts/wounds 2
 
12.5% Bullet wounds 1
 
12.5% Broken bones 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

100.0% Yes 8
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security forces uniformed

60.0% Yes 3
 
 
20.0% No 1

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

50.0% Punjab Police 4
 
25.0% Criminal Investigation Agency 2
 
12.5% Black cat 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

62.5% Punjab police 5
 
12.5% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 
12.5% Black cat 1
 
12.5% Other 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

25.0% Combatant 2
 
 
75.0% Non-combatant 6

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

37.5% Yes 3
 
 
37.5% No 3

If provided support, support was voluntary

25.0% Yes 2
 
 
12.5% No 1

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

25.0% Yes 2
 
 
75.0% No 6

Approached security officials

25.0% Yes 2
 
 
75.0% No 6

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

37.5% Afraid of retaliation 3
 
37.5% Didn’t know what to do 3
 
25.0% Believed it would have been ineffective 2
 
12.5% Other 1
 

Remedies desired from government

75.0% Monetary compensation to family 6
 
50.0% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 4
 
50.0% Employment 4
 
50.0% Truth commission 4
 
37.5% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 3
 
37.5% Investigations into abuses 3
 
25.0% Rehabilitation services to family members 2
 
12.5% Memorial for victims 1
 

Year & District 

District

25.0% Amritsar 2
 
12.5% Fatehgarh Sahib 1
 
12.5% Firozpur 1
 
12.5% Mansa 1
 
12.5% Rupnagar 1
 
25.0% Sangrur 2
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
0.0% 1987 0
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
0.0% 1989 0
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
0.0% 1991 0
 
0.0% 1992 0
 
0.0% 1993 0
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
100.0% 1999 8
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
0.0% Date Unknown 0
 

Note: Where a victim’s date of extrajudicial execution or disappearance falls within a date range that crosses two years (e.g. “between October 1989 and February 1990”), the case appears on both years’ pages. Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.