Muktsar

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


40 documented cases in Muktsar District


Key statistics for documented cases in Muktsar District

Victim Demographics 

Gender

97.5% Male 39
 
 
2.5% Female 1

Marital status

47.5% Not married 19
 
 
52.5% Married 21

If married, did the victim have children?

40.0% Yes 16
 
 
5.0% No 2


Total children surviving victims: 51


Religion

100.0% Sikh 40
 

Caste

77.5% Jat 31
 
 
22.5% Non-Jat 9

Age

2.5% 0-17 1
 
65.0% 18-33 26
 
20.0% 34-49 8
 
7.5% 50-64 3
 
2.5% 65+ 1
 

Education

42.5% No education 17
 
20.0% Primary school 8
 
15.0% Middle school 6
 
20.0% High school 8
 
2.5% College degree 1
 

Employment

57.5% Farmer/agriculture 23
 
15.0% Day labourer 6
 
5.0% Student 2
 
2.5% Shopkeeper 1
 
2.5% Driver (bus/truck/car) 1
 
2.5% Mechanic 1
 
2.5% Housewife 1
 
17.5% Other 7
 

Urban / Rural

90.0% Rural 36
 
 
10.0% Urban 4

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

47.5% Yes 19
 
 
52.5% No 21

Prior torture

35.0% Yes 14
 
 
12.5% No 5

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

60.0% Yes 24
 
 
40.0% No 16

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

27.3% Yes 6
 
 
18.2% No 4

Witnesses to abduction

55.0% Yes 22
 

Victim abduction location

12.5% Victim’s residence 5
 
7.5% Friend/relative's residence 3
 
7.5% Roadside 3
 
7.5% Police station 3
 
5.0% Village fields 2
 
2.5% Checkpoint (naka) 1
 
2.5% Village drain 1
 
10.0% Other 4
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

45.0% Yes 18
 
 
15.0% No 6

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

7.5% Gave no response 3
 
5.0% Killed victim in an “encounter” 2
 
5.0% Denied involvement 2
 
2.5% Victim had escaped 1
 
2.5% Told family to go to another police station 1
 
2.5% Other 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
50.0% No 20

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

87.5% Extrajudicial executions 35
 
 
12.5% Enforced disappearances 5

Number of victims per family

65.0% 1 victim 26
 
25.0% 2 victim 10
 
10.0% 3 victim 4
 

Related incidents

5.0% Genuine encounters in family 2
 
 
95.0% No genuine encounters in family 38

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

42.5% Cremated the body 17
 
2.5% Dumped body in canal or river 1
 

Security forces returned body

15.0% Yes 6
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
72.5% No 29
 

Condition of corpse, if known

7.5% Bullet wounds 3
 
7.5% Cuts/wounds 3
 
5.0% Missing hair from head or face 2
 
5.0% Other 2
 
2.5% Bruises 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

60.0% Yes 24
 
 
12.5% No 5

Security forces uniformed

86.4% Yes 19
 
 
0.0% No 0

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

60.0% Punjab Police 24
 
2.5% Black cat 1
 
2.5% Other 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

80.0% Punjab police 32
 
12.5% CRPF 5
 
5.0% BSF 2
 
5.0% Black cat 2
 
2.5% Army 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

60.0% Combatant 24
 
 
40.0% Non-combatant 16

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

12.5% Yes 5
 
 
27.5% No 11

If provided support, support was voluntary

7.5% Yes 3
 
 
5.0% No 2

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

15.0% Yes 6
 
 
85.0% No 34

Approached security officials

22.5% Yes 9
 
 
77.5% No 31

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

75.0% Afraid of retaliation 30
 
15.0% Didn’t know what to do 6
 
7.5% Couldn’t afford 3
 

Remedies desired from government

82.5% Monetary compensation to family 33
 
77.5% Employment 31
 
55.0% Truth commission 22
 
30.0% Investigations into abuses 12
 
25.0% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 10
 
10.0% Rehabilitation services to family members 4
 
10.0% Memorial for victims 4
 
10.0% Desire nothing from government 4
 

Year & District 

District

100.0% Muktsar 40
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
2.5% 1984 1
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
0.0% 1987 0
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
12.5% 1989 5
 
25.0% 1990 10
 
12.5% 1991 5
 
20.0% 1992 8
 
22.5% 1993 9
 
2.5% 1994 1
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
2.5% Date Unknown 1