Mansa

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


92 documented cases in Mansa District


Key statistics for documented cases in Mansa District

Victim Demographics 

Gender

98.9% Male 91
 
 
1.1% Female 1

Marital status

48.9% Not married 45
 
 
51.1% Married 47

If married, did the victim have children?

43.5% Yes 40
 
 
7.6% No 7


Total children surviving victims: 113


Religion

96.7% Sikh 89
 
 
3.3% Non-Sikh 3

Caste

62.0% Jat 57
 
 
38.0% Non-Jat 35

Age

6.5% 0-17 6
 
69.6% 18-33 64
 
18.5% 34-49 17
 
3.3% 50-64 3
 
2.2% 65+ 2
 

Education

47.8% No education 44
 
21.7% Primary school 20
 
9.8% Middle school 9
 
17.4% High school 16
 
2.2% Some college 2
 
1.1% Graduate degree 1
 

Employment

51.1% Farmer/agriculture 47
 
20.7% Day labourer 19
 
3.3% Student 3
 
3.3% Driver (bus/truck/car) 3
 
2.2% Shopkeeper 2
 
1.1% Housewife 1
 
1.1% Mechanic 1
 
25.0% Other 23
 

Urban / Rural

90.2% Rural 83
 
 
9.8% Urban 9

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

58.7% Yes 54
 
 
41.3% No 38

Prior torture

44.6% Yes 41
 
 
14.1% No 13

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

88.0% Yes 81
 
 
10.9% No 10

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

15.2% Yes 10
 
 
84.8% No 56

Witnesses to abduction

71.7% Yes 66
 
 
5.4% No 5

Victim abduction location

23.9% Victim’s residence 22
 
13.0% Friend/relative's residence 12
 
10.9% Village fields 10
 
10.9% Roadside 10
 
5.4% Bus station/stand 5
 
4.3% Police station 4
 
3.3% Shop/market 3
 
1.1% Village drain 1
 
1.1% Checkpoint (naka) 1
 
12.0% Other 11
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

44.6% Yes 41
 
 
43.5% No 40

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

26.1% Denied involvement 24
 
18.5% Gave no response 17
 
14.1% Told family to go to another police station 13
 
6.5% Other 6
 
2.2% Killed victim in an “encounter” 2
 
2.2% Victim had escaped 2
 
2.2% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 2
 
1.1% Victim accidentally killed in custody 1
 
1.1% Victim killed by militants 1
 
1.1% Admitted custody only 1
 
1.1% Victim killed while trying to escape 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

4.3% Yes 4
 
 
78.3% No 72

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

65.2% Extrajudicial executions 60
 
 
34.8% Enforced disappearances 32

Number of victims per family

78.3% 1 victim 72
 
14.1% 2 victim 13
 
3.3% 3 victim 3
 
4.3% 5 victim 4
 

Related incidents

8.7% Genuine encounters in family 8
 
 
90.2% No genuine encounters in family 83

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

15.2% Cremated the body 14
 
4.3% Dumped body in canal or river 4
 

Security forces returned body

7.6% Yes 7
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
57.6% No 53
 

Condition of corpse, if known

4.3% Other 4
 
3.3% Bullet wounds 3
 
3.3% Broken bones 3
 
1.1% Bruises 1
 
1.1% Cuts/wounds 1
 
1.1% Burn marks 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

64.1% Yes 59
 
 
18.5% No 17

Security forces uniformed

81.8% Yes 54
 
 
15.2% No 10

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

80.4% Punjab Police 74
 
7.6% Criminal Investigation Agency 7
 
5.4% CRPF 5
 
3.3% Other 3
 
1.1% Black cat 1
 
1.1% BSF 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

60.9% Punjab police 56
 
2.2% Other 2
 
2.2% Criminal Investigation Agency 2
 
2.2% CRPF 2
 
1.1% Army 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

35.9% Combatant 33
 
 
64.1% Non-combatant 59

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

19.6% Yes 18
 
 
39.1% No 36

If provided support, support was voluntary

13.0% Yes 12
 
 
2.2% No 2

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

28.3% Yes 26
 
 
71.7% No 66

Approached security officials

48.9% Yes 45
 
 
51.1% No 47

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

56.5% Afraid of retaliation 52
 
53.3% Didn’t know what to do 49
 
23.9% Couldn’t afford 22
 
17.4% Believed it would have been ineffective 16
 
10.9% Not applicable 10
 
1.1% Other 1
 

Remedies desired from government

75.0% Truth commission 69
 
66.3% Monetary compensation to family 61
 
57.6% Employment 53
 
52.2% Investigations into abuses 48
 
25.0% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 23
 
18.5% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 17
 
15.2% Memorial for victims 14
 
13.0% Rehabilitation services to family members 12
 
1.1% Other 1
 

Year & District 

District

100.0% Mansa 92
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
0.0% 1987 0
 
1.1% 1988 1
 
0.0% 1989 0
 
1.1% 1990 1
 
28.3% 1991 26
 
29.3% 1992 27
 
16.3% 1993 15
 
4.3% 1994 4
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
1.1% 1998 1
 
1.1% 1999 1
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
17.4% Date Unknown 16