Sabhrai

14 documented cases implicating security forces based in Sabhrai:


Amritsar District

Amritsar II Subdistrict
Balwinder Singh Male, age 18-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar
Patti Subdistrict
Bakhsheesh Singh Male, age 14-15 at time of extrajudicial execution, Saido
Balwinder Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sabhrai
Harbans Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sarai Valtoha
Mohinder Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sabhrai
Partap Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kot Budha
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chima Kalan
Taar Singh Male, age 30-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sabhrai
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Didar Singh Male, age 22-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chhappa
Hardip Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Buhga
Tarlok Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chhappa

Firozpur District

Firozpur Subdistrict
Butta Singh Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bandala

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Sabhrai:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 14
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

57.1% Not married 8
 
 
42.9% Married 6

If married, did the victim have children?

28.6% Yes 4
 
 
14.3% No 2


Total children surviving victims: 18


Religion

100.0% Sikh 14
 

Caste

50.0% Non-Jat 7
 
 
50.0% Jat 7

Age

7.1% 0-17 1
 
71.4% 18-33 10
 
7.1% 34-49 1
 
14.3% Age unknown 2
 

Education

50.0% No education 7
 
7.1% Primary school 1
 
14.3% Middle school 2
 
28.6% High school 4
 

Employment

35.7% Farmer/agriculture 5
 
35.7% Day labourer 5
 
14.3% Student 2
 
7.1% Shopkeeper 1
 
14.3% Other 2
 

Urban / Rural

92.9% Rural 13
 
 
7.1% Urban 1

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

64.3% Yes 9
 
 
35.7% No 5

Prior torture

35.7% Yes 5
 
 
28.6% No 4

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

100.0% Yes 14
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

8.3% Yes 1
 
 
108.3% No 13

Witnesses to abduction

85.7% Yes 12
 
 
7.1% No 1

Victim abduction location

28.6% Victim’s residence 4
 
21.4% Village fields 3
 
14.3% Friend/relative's residence 2
 
7.1% Bus station/stand 1
 
7.1% Checkpoint (naka) 1
 
7.1% Shop/market 1
 
14.3% Other 2
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

85.7% Yes 12
 
 
14.3% No 2

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

14.3% Other 2
 
14.3% Admitted custody only 2
 
7.1% Gave no response 1
 
7.1% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 1
 
7.1% Denied involvement 1
 
7.1% Told family to go to another police station 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
78.6% No 11

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

100.0% Extrajudicial executions 14
 
 
0.0% Enforced disappearances 0

Number of victims per family

71.4% 1 victim 10
 
21.4% 2 victims 3
 
7.1% 3 victims 1
 

Related incidents

7.1% Genuine encounters in family 1
 
 
92.9% No genuine encounters in family 13

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

78.6% Cremated the body 11
 
7.1% Dumped body in canal or river 1
 

Security forces returned body

0.0% Yes 0
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
100.0% No 14
 

Condition of corpse, if known


Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

92.9% Yes 13
 
 
7.1% No 1

Security forces uniformed

100.0% Yes 12
 
 
8.3% No 1

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

92.9% Punjab Police 13
 
7.1% Black cat 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

100.0% Punjab police 14
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

42.9% Combatant 6
 
 
57.1% Non-combatant 8

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

21.4% Yes 3
 
 
35.7% No 5

If provided support, support was voluntary

7.1% Yes 1
 
 
7.1% No 1

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

50.0% Yes 7
 
 
50.0% No 7

Approached security officials

50.0% Yes 7
 
 
50.0% No 7

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

35.7% Afraid of retaliation 5
 
28.6% Believed it would have been ineffective 4
 
14.3% Didn’t know what to do 2
 

Remedies desired from government

64.3% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 9
 
57.1% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 8
 
57.1% Monetary compensation to family 8
 
50.0% Employment 7
 
42.9% Truth commission 6
 
14.3% Investigations into abuses 2
 
14.3% Rehabilitation services to family members 2
 

Year & District  

District

92.9% Amritsar 13
 
7.1% Firozpur 1
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
0.0% 1987 0
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
0.0% 1989 0
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
0.0% 1991 0
 
71.4% 1992 10
 
14.3% 1993 2
 
14.3% 1994 2
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.