Boha

6 documented cases implicating security forces based in Boha:


Fatehgarh Sahib District

Amloh Subdistrict
Jaspal Singh Male, age 35 at time of disappearance, Baina Buland

Mansa District

Budhlada Subdistrict
Gurdour Singh Male, age 28-29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Boha
Hakam Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Boha
Nachhatar Singh Male, age 39-40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Boha
Mansa Subdistrict
Bhola Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of disappearance, Mansa
Sardulgarh Subdistrict
Mewa Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khiali Chahianwali

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Boha:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 6
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

16.7% Not married 1
 
 
83.3% Married 5

If married, did the victim have children?

66.7% Yes 4
 
 
16.7% No 1


Total children surviving victims: 9


Religion

100.0% Sikh 6
 

Caste

83.3% Jat 5
 
 
16.7% Non-Jat 1

Age

66.7% 18-33 4
 
33.3% 34-49 2
 

Education

50.0% No education 3
 
16.7% Primary school 1
 
16.7% Middle school 1
 
16.7% High school 1
 

Employment

83.3% Farmer/agriculture 5
 
33.3% Other 2
 

Urban / Rural

83.3% Rural 5
 
 
16.7% Urban 1

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

33.3% Yes 2
 
 
66.7% No 4

Prior torture

33.3% Yes 2
 
 
0.0% No 0

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

100.0% Yes 6
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

20.0% Yes 1
 
 
100.0% No 5

Witnesses to abduction

83.3% Yes 5
 

Victim abduction location

33.3% Victim’s residence 2
 
33.3% Friend/relative's residence 2
 
16.7% Roadside 1
 
16.7% Village drain 1
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

16.7% Yes 1
 
 
83.3% No 5

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

50.0% Denied involvement 3
 
50.0% Told family to go to another police station 3
 
16.7% Gave no response 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
100.0% No 6

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

66.7% Extrajudicial executions 4
 
 
33.3% Enforced disappearances 2

Number of victims per family

66.7% 1 victim 4
 
33.3% 2 victim 2
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 6

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

16.7% Cremated the body 1
 
16.7% Dumped body in canal or river 1
 

Security forces returned body

0.0% Yes 0
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
66.7% No 4
 

Condition of corpse, if known


Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

83.3% Yes 5
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security forces uniformed

120.0% Yes 6
 
 
0.0% No 0

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

100.0% Punjab Police 6
 
33.3% CRPF 2
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

66.7% Punjab police 4
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

33.3% Combatant 2
 
 
66.7% Non-combatant 4

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

16.7% Yes 1
 
 
50.0% No 3

If provided support, support was voluntary

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
16.7% No 1

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

50.0% Yes 3
 
 
50.0% No 3

Approached security officials

66.7% Yes 4
 
 
33.3% No 2

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

50.0% Didn’t know what to do 3
 
33.3% Afraid of retaliation 2
 
16.7% Couldn’t afford 1
 

Remedies desired from government

100.0% Truth commission 6
 
83.3% Investigations into abuses 5
 
50.0% Monetary compensation to family 3
 
50.0% Employment 3
 
16.7% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 1
 
16.7% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 1
 

Year & District 

District

16.7% Fatehgarh Sahib 1
 
83.3% Mansa 5
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
0.0% 1987 0
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
0.0% 1989 0
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
16.7% 1991 1
 
66.7% 1992 4
 
0.0% 1993 0
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
16.7% Date Unknown 1
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.