Fazilka

24 documented cases implicating security forces based in Fazilka:


Amritsar District

Patti Subdistrict
Ajmer Singh Male, age 20 at time of disappearance, Gharyala

Firozpur District

Fazilka Subdistrict
Diyal Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Arniwala Sheikh Subhan
Gamdoor Singh Male, age 13 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jore Jand Urf Chimnewala
Hans Raj Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chak Dabwala
Harpal Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jorki Andhewali
Jarnail Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mulianwali
Kundan Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mulianwali
Makhan Singh Male, age 44-46 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ghurianan
Shubeg Singh Male, age 15 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jorki Andhewali
Sukhdarshan Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mahuana Bodla
Surjeet Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Arniwala Sheikh Subhan
Firozpur Subdistrict
Anokh Singh Male, age 40-45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Alfooke
Gurdev Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kamalwala
Jalalabad Subdistrict
Balwant Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mothanwala
Darshan Singh Male, age 23-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jala Lakheke Hithar
Gurbaksh Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mothanwala
Kashmir Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhamba Wattu Uttar
Zira Subdistrict
Surjit Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Arazi Sabrah
Surjit Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Behk Pasarian

Moga District

Moga Subdistrict
Baldev Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sherpur Taiban
Jasdev Singh Male, age 23-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kot Ise Khan
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kot Ise Khan

Muktsar District

Malout Subdistrict
Parkash Singh Male, age 28-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kutianwali
Muktsar Subdistrict
Subeg Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lubhanianwali

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Fazilka:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 24
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

58.3% Not married 14
 
 
41.7% Married 10

If married, did the victim have children?

37.5% Yes 9
 
 
4.2% No 1


Total children surviving victims: 33


Religion

100.0% Sikh 24
 

Caste

66.7% Jat 16
 
 
33.3% Non-Jat 8

Age

8.3% 0-17 2
 
75.0% 18-33 18
 
16.7% 34-49 4
 

Education

33.3% No education 8
 
33.3% Primary school 8
 
16.7% Middle school 4
 
16.7% High school 4
 

Employment

62.5% Farmer/agriculture 15
 
16.7% Day labourer 4
 
4.2% Driver (bus/truck/car) 1
 
4.2% Shopkeeper 1
 
16.7% Other 4
 

Urban / Rural

100.0% Rural 24
 
 
0.0% Urban 0

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

54.2% Yes 13
 
 
45.8% No 11

Prior torture

37.5% Yes 9
 
 
16.7% No 4

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

70.8% Yes 17
 
 
25.0% No 6

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

33.3% Yes 4
 
 
75.0% No 9

Witnesses to abduction

50.0% Yes 12
 
 
4.2% No 1

Victim abduction location

25.0% Victim’s residence 6
 
12.5% Bus station/stand 3
 
8.3% Village fields 2
 
8.3% Friend/relative's residence 2
 
8.3% Roadside 2
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

54.2% Yes 13
 
 
16.7% No 4

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

12.5% Killed victim in an “encounter” 3
 
8.3% Gave no response 2
 
4.2% Told family to go to another police station 1
 
4.2% Denied involvement 1
 
4.2% Other 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
58.3% No 14

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

95.8% Extrajudicial executions 23
 
 
4.2% Enforced disappearances 1

Number of victims per family

70.8% 1 victim 17
 
25.0% 2 victim 6
 
4.2% 3 victim 1
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 24

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

45.8% Cremated the body 11
 

Security forces returned body

12.5% Yes 3
 
4.2% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 1
 
79.2% No 19
 

Condition of corpse, if known

16.7% Bullet wounds 4
 
8.3% Missing hair from head or face 2
 
8.3% Cuts/wounds 2
 
4.2% Bruises 1
 
4.2% Broken bones 1
 
4.2% Burn marks 1
 
4.2% Missing fingernails 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

87.5% Yes 21
 
 
8.3% No 2

Security forces uniformed

116.7% Yes 14
 
 
0.0% No 0

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

58.3% Punjab Police 14
 
8.3% Other 2
 
8.3% CRPF 2
 
4.2% Black cat 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

91.7% Punjab police 22
 
8.3% CRPF 2
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

29.2% Combatant 7
 
 
70.8% Non-combatant 17

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

20.8% Yes 5
 
 
50.0% No 12

If provided support, support was voluntary

12.5% Yes 3
 
 
8.3% No 2

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

29.2% Yes 7
 
 
70.8% No 17

Approached security officials

33.3% Yes 8
 
 
66.7% No 16

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

70.8% Afraid of retaliation 17
 
33.3% Didn’t know what to do 8
 
4.2% Couldn’t afford 1
 
4.2% Believed it would have been ineffective 1
 
4.2% Not applicable 1
 

Remedies desired from government

83.3% Monetary compensation to family 20
 
79.2% Employment 19
 
75.0% Truth commission 18
 
41.7% Investigations into abuses 10
 
16.7% Rehabilitation services to family members 4
 
12.5% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 3
 
8.3% Desire nothing from government 2
 
8.3% Memorial for victims 2
 
8.3% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 2
 

Year & District 

District

4.2% Amritsar 1
 
75.0% Firozpur 18
 
12.5% Moga 3
 
8.3% Muktsar 2
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
8.3% 1982 2
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
8.3% 1984 2
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
8.3% 1987 2
 
12.5% 1988 3
 
4.2% 1989 1
 
16.7% 1990 4
 
12.5% 1991 3
 
29.2% 1992 7
 
0.0% 1993 0
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
0.0% Date Unknown 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.