Malerkotla

District: Sangrur

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


Key statistics for documented cases in Malerkotla Subdistrict

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 35
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

60.0% Not married 21
 
 
40.0% Married 14

If married, did the victim have children?

40.0% Yes 14
 


Total children surviving victims: 44


Religion

80.0% Sikh 28
 
 
20.0% Non-Sikh 7

Caste

54.3% Non-Jat 19
 
 
45.7% Jat 16

Age

8.6% 0-17 3
 
65.7% 18-33 23
 
20.0% 34-49 7
 
2.9% 50-64 1
 
2.9% 65+ 1
 

Education

28.6% No education 10
 
20.0% Primary school 7
 
20.0% Middle school 7
 
17.1% High school 6
 
2.9% Some college 1
 
5.7% College degree 2
 
2.9% Graduate degree 1
 

Employment

40.0% Farmer/agriculture 14
 
28.6% Day labourer 10
 
8.6% Student 3
 
5.7% Driver (bus/truck/car) 2
 
2.9% Unemployed 1
 
28.6% Other 10
 

Urban / Rural

91.4% Rural 32
 
 
8.6% Urban 3

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

31.4% Yes 11
 
 
68.6% No 24

Prior torture

17.1% Yes 6
 
 
14.3% No 5

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

65.7% Yes 23
 
 
34.3% No 12

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

35.7% Yes 5
 
 
85.7% No 12

Witnesses to abduction

40.0% Yes 14
 
 
14.3% No 5

Victim abduction location

20.0% Victim’s residence 7
 
11.4% Roadside 4
 
5.7% Friend/relative's residence 2
 
5.7% Police station 2
 
2.9% Village fields 1
 
2.9% Bus station/stand 1
 
8.6% Other 3
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

40.0% Yes 14
 
 
25.7% No 9

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

22.9% Gave no response 8
 
20.0% Denied involvement 7
 
14.3% Told family to go to another police station 5
 
2.9% Killed victim in an “encounter” 1
 
2.9% Other 1
 
2.9% Victim had escaped 1
 
2.9% Admitted custody only 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
60.0% No 21

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

60.0% Extrajudicial executions 21
 
 
40.0% Enforced disappearances 14

Number of victims per family

88.6% 1 victim 31
 
11.4% 6 victim 4
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 35

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

5.7% Other 2
 
2.9% Buried the body 1
 
2.9% Dumped body in canal or river 1
 
2.9% Cremated the body 1
 

Security forces returned body

25.7% Yes 9
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
34.3% No 12
 

Condition of corpse, if known

22.9% Bullet wounds 8
 
5.7% Bruises 2
 
2.9% Broken bones 1
 
2.9% Cuts/wounds 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

60.0% Yes 21
 
 
5.7% No 2

Security forces uniformed

107.1% Yes 15
 
 
21.4% No 3

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

60.0% Punjab Police 21
 
5.7% Criminal Investigation Agency 2
 
2.9% Other 1
 
2.9% Black cat 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

60.0% Punjab police 21
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

8.6% Combatant 3
 
 
82.9% Non-combatant 29

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

5.7% Yes 2
 
 
74.3% No 26

If provided support, support was voluntary

2.9% Yes 1
 
 
2.9% No 1

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

20.0% Yes 7
 
 
80.0% No 28

Approached security officials

57.1% Yes 20
 
 
42.9% No 15

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

60.0% Afraid of retaliation 21
 
40.0% Didn’t know what to do 14
 
20.0% Couldn’t afford 7
 
8.6% Not applicable 3
 

Remedies desired from government

82.9% Truth commission 29
 
74.3% Monetary compensation to family 26
 
65.7% Investigations into abuses 23
 
60.0% Employment 21
 
42.9% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 15
 
11.4% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 4
 
2.9% Other 1
 
2.9% Desire nothing from government 1
 

Year & District 

District

100.0% Sangrur 35
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
22.9% 1983 8
 
2.9% 1984 1
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
2.9% 1986 1
 
5.7% 1987 2
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
5.7% 1989 2
 
2.9% 1990 1
 
8.6% 1991 3
 
31.4% 1992 11
 
8.6% 1993 3
 
2.9% 1994 1
 
2.9% 1995 1
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
2.9% Date Unknown 1