Kapurthala

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


154 documented cases in Kapurthala District


Key statistics for documented cases in Kapurthala District

Victim Demographics 

Gender

95.5% Male 147
 
 
4.5% Female 7

Marital status

53.2% Not married 82
 
 
46.8% Married 72

If married, did the victim have children?

39.0% Yes 60
 
 
7.1% No 11


Total children surviving victims: 196


Religion

96.8% Sikh 149
 
 
3.2% Non-Sikh 5

Caste

62.3% Jat 96
 
 
37.7% Non-Jat 58

Age

7.8% 0-17 12
 
70.8% 18-33 109
 
11.7% 34-49 18
 
5.8% 50-64 9
 
2.6% 65+ 4
 

Education

18.2% No education 28
 
17.5% Primary school 27
 
17.5% Middle school 27
 
31.2% High school 48
 
2.6% Some college 4
 
5.2% College degree 8
 
5.2% Graduate degree 8
 
1.3% Vocational degree 2
 

Employment

44.2% Farmer/agriculture 68
 
11.0% Student 17
 
8.4% Day labourer 13
 
5.2% Driver (bus/truck/car) 8
 
3.9% Unemployed 6
 
3.9% Housewife 6
 
3.2% Shopkeeper 5
 
2.6% Mechanic 4
 
1.3% Carpenter 2
 
22.1% Other 34
 

Urban / Rural

89.6% Rural 138
 
 
10.4% Urban 16

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

55.8% Yes 86
 
 
43.5% No 67

Prior torture

44.8% Yes 69
 
 
11.0% No 17

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

81.8% Yes 126
 
 
17.5% No 27

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

27.4% Yes 23
 
 
89.3% No 75

Witnesses to abduction

54.5% Yes 84
 
 
9.7% No 15

Victim abduction location

23.4% Victim’s residence 36
 
14.3% Roadside 22
 
9.1% Friend/relative's residence 14
 
6.5% Shop/market 10
 
3.9% Village fields 6
 
2.6% Bus station/stand 4
 
2.6% Police station 4
 
1.3% Checkpoint (naka) 2
 
13.0% Other 20
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

51.9% Yes 80
 
 
29.2% No 45

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

16.2% Denied involvement 25
 
14.9% Gave no response 23
 
9.1% Other 14
 
7.1% Told family to go to another police station 11
 
6.5% Killed victim in an “encounter” 10
 
5.2% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 8
 
3.2% Victim had escaped 5
 
1.3% Admitted custody only 2
 
0.6% Victim killed by militants 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

4.5% Yes 7
 
 
70.8% No 109

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

81.2% Extrajudicial executions 125
 
 
18.8% Enforced disappearances 29

Number of victims per family

75.3% 1 victim 116
 
13.6% 2 victims 21
 
7.1% 3 victims 11
 
3.9% 7 victims 6
 

Related incidents

8.4% Genuine encounters in family 13
 
 
91.6% No genuine encounters in family 141

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

22.1% Cremated the body 34
 
0.6% Dumped body in canal or river 1
 

Security forces returned body

23.4% Yes 36
 
0.6% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 1
 
56.5% No 87
 

Condition of corpse, if known

21.4% Bullet wounds 33
 
5.2% Bruises 8
 
4.5% Broken bones 7
 
2.6% Other 4
 
1.9% Burn marks 3
 
1.3% Cuts/wounds 2
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

60.4% Yes 93
 
 
16.9% No 26

Security forces uniformed

85.7% Yes 72
 
 
20.2% No 17

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

76.6% Punjab Police 118
 
9.7% CRPF 15
 
3.2% Criminal Investigation Agency 5
 
1.3% BSF 2
 
0.6% Other 1
 
0.6% Black cat 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

70.1% Punjab police 108
 
7.8% CRPF 12
 
7.1% Criminal Investigation Agency 11
 
1.9% BSF 3
 
1.3% Black cat 2
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

41.6% Combatant 64
 
 
56.5% Non-combatant 87

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

9.7% Yes 15
 
 
45.5% No 70

If provided support, support was voluntary

6.5% Yes 10
 
 
2.6% No 4

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

22.1% Yes 34
 
 
77.3% No 119

Approached security officials

55.8% Yes 86
 
 
43.5% No 67

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

53.2% Afraid of retaliation 82
 
11.7% Didn’t know what to do 18
 
11.0% Believed it would have been ineffective 17
 
10.4% Couldn’t afford 16
 
3.9% Not applicable 6
 
1.3% Other 2
 

Remedies desired from government

65.6% Truth commission 101
 
65.6% Monetary compensation to family 101
 
51.3% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 79
 
49.4% Employment 76
 
38.3% Investigations into abuses 59
 
31.2% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 48
 
26.6% Memorial for victims 41
 
12.3% Desire nothing from government 19
 
9.1% Rehabilitation services to family members 14
 
1.9% Other 3
 

Time & Place  

District

100.0% Kapurthala 154
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.6% 1982 1
 
1.3% 1983 2
 
1.3% 1984 2
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
3.9% 1986 6
 
3.9% 1987 6
 
5.2% 1988 8
 
13.6% 1989 21
 
17.5% 1990 27
 
11.7% 1991 18
 
15.6% 1992 24
 
15.6% 1993 24
 
1.3% 1994 2
 
0.6% 1995 1
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.6% 1997 1
 
0.6% 1998 1
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.6% 2005 1
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0