Kapurthala

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


157 documented cases in Kapurthala District


Key statistics for documented cases in Kapurthala District

Victim Demographics 

Gender

95.5% Male 150
 
 
4.5% Female 7

Marital status

53.5% Not married 84
 
 
46.5% Married 73

If married, did the victim have children?

38.9% Yes 61
 
 
7.0% No 11


Total children surviving victims: 199


Religion

96.8% Sikh 152
 
 
3.2% Non-Sikh 5

Caste

61.8% Jat 97
 
 
38.2% Non-Jat 60

Age

7.0% 0-17 11
 
71.3% 18-33 112
 
12.1% 34-49 19
 
5.7% 50-64 9
 
2.5% 65+ 4
 

Education

17.8% No education 28
 
16.6% Primary school 26
 
17.2% Middle school 27
 
33.1% High school 52
 
2.5% Some college 4
 
5.1% College degree 8
 
5.1% Graduate degree 8
 
1.3% Vocational degree 2
 

Employment

44.6% Farmer/agriculture 70
 
10.2% Student 16
 
8.3% Day labourer 13
 
5.1% Driver (bus/truck/car) 8
 
4.5% Unemployed 7
 
3.8% Housewife 6
 
3.2% Shopkeeper 5
 
2.5% Mechanic 4
 
1.3% Carpenter 2
 
23.6% Other 37
 

Urban / Rural

89.8% Rural 141
 
 
10.2% Urban 16

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

55.4% Yes 87
 
 
43.9% No 69

Prior torture

43.9% Yes 69
 
 
11.5% No 18

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

82.2% Yes 129
 
 
17.2% No 27

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

25.9% Yes 22
 
 
90.6% No 77

Witnesses to abduction

54.1% Yes 85
 
 
9.6% No 15

Victim abduction location

22.3% Victim’s residence 35
 
14.6% Roadside 23
 
8.9% Friend/relative's residence 14
 
6.4% Shop/market 10
 
4.5% Village fields 7
 
2.5% Bus station/stand 4
 
2.5% Police station 4
 
1.3% Checkpoint (naka) 2
 
13.4% Other 21
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

51.0% Yes 80
 
 
30.6% No 48

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

16.6% Denied involvement 26
 
14.6% Gave no response 23
 
8.9% Other 14
 
7.6% Killed victim in an “encounter” 12
 
7.0% Told family to go to another police station 11
 
5.1% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 8
 
3.2% Victim had escaped 5
 
1.3% Admitted custody only 2
 
0.6% Victim killed by militants 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

4.5% Yes 7
 
 
70.7% No 111

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

81.5% Extrajudicial executions 128
 
 
18.5% Enforced disappearances 29

Number of victims per family

75.8% 1 victim 119
 
13.4% 2 victim 21
 
7.0% 3 victim 11
 
3.8% 7 victim 6
 

Related incidents

8.3% Genuine encounters in family 13
 
 
91.1% No genuine encounters in family 143

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

21.7% Cremated the body 34
 
1.3% Dumped body in canal or river 2
 

Security forces returned body

22.9% Yes 36
 
0.6% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 1
 
57.3% No 90
 

Condition of corpse, if known

21.0% Bullet wounds 33
 
5.1% Bruises 8
 
4.5% Broken bones 7
 
2.5% Other 4
 
1.9% Burn marks 3
 
1.3% Cuts/wounds 2
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

62.4% Yes 98
 
 
17.2% No 27

Security forces uniformed

84.7% Yes 72
 
 
21.2% No 18

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

76.4% Punjab Police 120
 
9.6% CRPF 15
 
3.2% Criminal Investigation Agency 5
 
1.3% BSF 2
 
0.6% Other 1
 
0.6% Black cat 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

70.7% Punjab police 111
 
7.6% CRPF 12
 
7.0% Criminal Investigation Agency 11
 
1.9% BSF 3
 
1.9% Black cat 3
 
0.6% Other 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

42.7% Combatant 67
 
 
54.8% Non-combatant 86

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

9.6% Yes 15
 
 
43.9% No 69

If provided support, support was voluntary

6.4% Yes 10
 
 
2.5% No 4

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

21.7% Yes 34
 
 
77.7% No 122

Approached security officials

56.1% Yes 88
 
 
42.7% No 67

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

53.5% Afraid of retaliation 84
 
12.7% Didn’t know what to do 20
 
10.8% Believed it would have been ineffective 17
 
10.2% Couldn’t afford 16
 
3.8% Not applicable 6
 
1.9% Other 3
 

Remedies desired from government

65.6% Truth commission 103
 
65.0% Monetary compensation to family 102
 
51.0% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 80
 
47.8% Employment 75
 
38.2% Investigations into abuses 60
 
30.6% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 48
 
26.1% Memorial for victims 41
 
12.7% Desire nothing from government 20
 
8.9% Rehabilitation services to family members 14
 
1.9% Other 3
 

Year & District 

District

100.0% Kapurthala 157
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.6% 1982 1
 
1.3% 1983 2
 
1.3% 1984 2
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
3.8% 1986 6
 
4.5% 1987 7
 
5.1% 1988 8
 
13.4% 1989 21
 
16.6% 1990 26
 
11.5% 1991 18
 
16.6% 1992 26
 
15.9% 1993 25
 
1.3% 1994 2
 
0.6% 1995 1
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.6% 1997 1
 
0.6% 1998 1
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.6% 2005 1
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
5.7% Date Unknown 9