Sultanpur Lodhi

District: Kapurthala

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


Key statistics for documented cases in Sultanpur Lodhi Subdistrict

Victim Demographics 

Gender

94.6% Male 35
 
 
5.4% Female 2

Marital status

51.4% Not married 19
 
 
48.6% Married 18

If married, did the victim have children?

43.2% Yes 16
 
 
2.7% No 1


Total children surviving victims: 49


Religion

91.9% Sikh 34
 
 
8.1% Non-Sikh 3

Caste

51.4% Non-Jat 19
 
 
48.6% Jat 18

Age

5.4% 0-17 2
 
78.4% 18-33 29
 
13.5% 34-49 5
 
2.7% 50-64 1
 

Education

24.3% No education 9
 
10.8% Primary school 4
 
8.1% Middle school 3
 
45.9% High school 17
 
8.1% College degree 3
 

Employment

32.4% Farmer/agriculture 12
 
18.9% Day labourer 7
 
5.4% Student 2
 
5.4% Unemployed 2
 
5.4% Shopkeeper 2
 
2.7% Driver (bus/truck/car) 1
 
2.7% Housewife 1
 
2.7% Mechanic 1
 
27.0% Other 10
 

Urban / Rural

91.9% Rural 34
 
 
8.1% Urban 3

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

51.4% Yes 19
 
 
48.6% No 18

Prior torture

40.5% Yes 15
 
 
10.8% No 4

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

83.8% Yes 31
 
 
13.5% No 5

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

33.3% Yes 8
 
 
75.0% No 18

Witnesses to abduction

64.9% Yes 24
 
 
5.4% No 2

Victim abduction location

27.0% Victim’s residence 10
 
13.5% Shop/market 5
 
13.5% Roadside 5
 
10.8% Friend/relative's residence 4
 
5.4% Police station 2
 
2.7% Village fields 1
 
2.7% Bus station/stand 1
 
2.7% Other 1
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

62.2% Yes 23
 
 
21.6% No 8

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

21.6% Gave no response 8
 
16.2% Other 6
 
10.8% Denied involvement 4
 
2.7% Killed victim in an “encounter” 1
 
2.7% Victim had escaped 1
 
2.7% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 1
 
2.7% Admitted custody only 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

8.1% Yes 3
 
 
67.6% No 25

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

86.5% Extrajudicial executions 32
 
 
13.5% Enforced disappearances 5

Number of victims per family

70.3% 1 victim 26
 
27.0% 2 victim 10
 
2.7% 3 victim 1
 

Related incidents

8.1% Genuine encounters in family 3
 
 
91.9% No genuine encounters in family 34

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

29.7% Cremated the body 11
 

Security forces returned body

16.2% Yes 6
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
70.3% No 26
 

Condition of corpse, if known

18.9% Bullet wounds 7
 
2.7% Bruises 1
 
2.7% Broken bones 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

75.7% Yes 28
 
 
16.2% No 6

Security forces uniformed

87.5% Yes 21
 
 
12.5% No 3

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

78.4% Punjab Police 29
 
8.1% Criminal Investigation Agency 3
 
5.4% BSF 2
 
5.4% CRPF 2
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

62.2% Punjab police 23
 
16.2% Criminal Investigation Agency 6
 
5.4% CRPF 2
 
2.7% BSF 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

40.5% Combatant 15
 
 
56.8% Non-combatant 21

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

5.4% Yes 2
 
 
51.4% No 19

If provided support, support was voluntary

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
5.4% No 2

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

21.6% Yes 8
 
 
78.4% No 29

Approached security officials

54.1% Yes 20
 
 
43.2% No 16

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

45.9% Afraid of retaliation 17
 
18.9% Couldn’t afford 7
 
16.2% Didn’t know what to do 6
 
8.1% Believed it would have been ineffective 3
 
2.7% Other 1
 

Remedies desired from government

73.0% Monetary compensation to family 27
 
67.6% Truth commission 25
 
62.2% Employment 23
 
59.5% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 22
 
43.2% Investigations into abuses 16
 
27.0% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 10
 
24.3% Memorial for victims 9
 
2.7% Desire nothing from government 1
 
2.7% Rehabilitation services to family members 1
 

Year & District 

District

100.0% Kapurthala 37
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
8.1% 1987 3
 
5.4% 1988 2
 
13.5% 1989 5
 
24.3% 1990 9
 
8.1% 1991 3
 
16.2% 1992 6
 
13.5% 1993 5
 
2.7% 1994 1
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
8.1% Date Unknown 3