Rupnagar

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


Key statistics for documented cases in Rupnagar District

Victim Demographics 

Gender

94.2% Male 98
 
 
5.8% Female 6

Marital status

51.0% Not married 53
 
 
49.0% Married 51

If married, did the victim have children?

45.2% Yes 47
 
 
3.8% No 4


Total children surviving victims: 122


Religion

98.1% Sikh 102
 
 
1.9% Non-Sikh 2

Caste

52.9% Jat 55
 
 
47.1% Non-Jat 49

Age

1.9% 0-17 2
 
79.8% 18-33 83
 
9.6% 34-49 10
 
1.9% 50-64 2
 
5.8% 65+ 6
 

Education

16.3% No education 17
 
10.6% Primary school 11
 
13.5% Middle school 14
 
48.1% High school 50
 
5.8% Some college 6
 
5.8% College degree 6
 

Employment

25.0% Farmer/agriculture 26
 
11.5% Student 12
 
8.7% Driver (bus/truck/car) 9
 
7.7% Day labourer 8
 
5.8% Mechanic 6
 
4.8% Unemployed 5
 
3.8% Shopkeeper 4
 
3.8% Housewife 4
 
1.9% Carpenter 2
 
35.6% Other 37
 

Urban / Rural

93.3% Rural 97
 
 
6.7% Urban 7

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

49.0% Yes 51
 
 
51.0% No 53

Prior torture

40.4% Yes 42
 
 
8.7% No 9

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

67.3% Yes 70
 
 
26.0% No 27

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

11.1% Yes 6
 
 
63.0% No 34

Witnesses to abduction

51.9% Yes 54
 
 
5.8% No 6

Victim abduction location

22.1% Victim’s residence 23
 
4.8% Village fields 5
 
3.8% Bus station/stand 4
 
2.9% Shop/market 3
 
2.9% Checkpoint (naka) 3
 
2.9% Roadside 3
 
1.9% Friend/relative's residence 2
 
1.0% Police station 1
 
16.3% Other 17
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

37.5% Yes 39
 
 
29.8% No 31

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

16.3% Gave no response 17
 
9.6% Denied involvement 10
 
6.7% Told family to go to another police station 7
 
6.7% Other 7
 
4.8% Killed victim in an “encounter” 5
 
1.9% Victim had escaped 2
 
1.0% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 1
 
1.0% Admitted custody only 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

1.9% Yes 2
 
 
57.7% No 60

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

75.0% Extrajudicial executions 78
 
 
25.0% Enforced disappearances 26

Number of victims per family

76.0% 1 victim 79
 
15.4% 2 victim 16
 
5.8% 3 victim 6
 
2.9% 4 victim 3
 

Related incidents

8.7% Genuine encounters in family 9
 
 
90.4% No genuine encounters in family 94

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

13.5% Cremated the body 14
 
1.0% Dumped body in canal or river 1
 

Security forces returned body

27.9% Yes 29
 
4.8% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 5
 
42.3% No 44
 

Condition of corpse, if known

20.2% Bullet wounds 21
 
7.7% Other 8
 
3.8% Bruises 4
 
3.8% Missing hair from head or face 4
 
3.8% Cuts/wounds 4
 
2.9% Burn marks 3
 
1.9% Missing fingernails 2
 
1.0% Broken bones 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

54.8% Yes 57
 
 
18.3% No 19

Security forces uniformed

79.6% Yes 43
 
 
16.7% No 9

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

57.7% Punjab Police 60
 
8.7% Criminal Investigation Agency 9
 
6.7% Other 7
 
4.8% CRPF 5
 
2.9% Black cat 3
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

63.5% Punjab police 66
 
10.6% Other 11
 
6.7% Criminal Investigation Agency 7
 
5.8% CRPF 6
 
4.8% Black cat 5
 
1.0% BSF 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

34.6% Combatant 36
 
 
59.6% Non-combatant 62

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

8.7% Yes 9
 
 
47.1% No 49

If provided support, support was voluntary

7.7% Yes 8
 
 
1.0% No 1

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

26.9% Yes 28
 
 
73.1% No 76

Approached security officials

31.7% Yes 33
 
 
68.3% No 71

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

59.6% Afraid of retaliation 62
 
23.1% Couldn’t afford 24
 
20.2% Didn’t know what to do 21
 
13.5% Believed it would have been ineffective 14
 
10.6% Not applicable 11
 
1.9% Other 2
 

Remedies desired from government

74.0% Truth commission 77
 
72.1% Monetary compensation to family 75
 
67.3% Employment 70
 
33.7% Rehabilitation services to family members 35
 
19.2% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 20
 
17.3% Investigations into abuses 18
 
13.5% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 14
 
3.8% Memorial for victims 4
 
1.9% Desire nothing from government 2
 
1.0% Other 1
 

Year & District 

District

100.0% Rupnagar 104
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
1.0% 1985 1
 
1.0% 1986 1
 
0.0% 1987 0
 
2.9% 1988 3
 
4.8% 1989 5
 
1.9% 1990 2
 
30.8% 1991 32
 
33.7% 1992 35
 
9.6% 1993 10
 
6.7% 1994 7
 
2.9% 1995 3
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
1.0% 1999 1
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
3.8% Date Unknown 4