Rupnagar

District: Rupnagar

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


Key statistics for documented cases in Rupnagar Subdistrict

Victim Demographics 

Gender

93.3% Male 70
 
 
6.7% Female 5

Marital status

49.3% Not married 37
 
 
50.7% Married 38

If married, did the victim have children?

48.0% Yes 36
 
 
2.7% No 2


Total children surviving victims: 96


Religion

97.3% Sikh 73
 
 
2.7% Non-Sikh 2

Caste

54.7% Non-Jat 41
 
 
45.3% Jat 34

Age

1.3% 0-17 1
 
82.7% 18-33 62
 
6.7% 34-49 5
 
2.7% 50-64 2
 
5.3% 65+ 4
 

Education

16.0% No education 12
 
9.3% Primary school 7
 
14.7% Middle school 11
 
45.3% High school 34
 
8.0% Some college 6
 
6.7% College degree 5
 

Employment

18.7% Farmer/agriculture 14
 
13.3% Student 10
 
9.3% Driver (bus/truck/car) 7
 
8.0% Day labourer 6
 
8.0% Mechanic 6
 
6.7% Unemployed 5
 
4.0% Housewife 3
 
2.7% Carpenter 2
 
2.7% Shopkeeper 2
 
34.7% Other 26
 

Urban / Rural

98.7% Rural 74
 
 
1.3% Urban 1

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

52.0% Yes 39
 
 
48.0% No 36

Prior torture

42.7% Yes 32
 
 
9.3% No 7

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

60.0% Yes 45
 
 
33.3% No 25

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

12.1% Yes 4
 
 
66.7% No 22

Witnesses to abduction

44.0% Yes 33
 
 
5.3% No 4

Victim abduction location

20.0% Victim’s residence 15
 
4.0% Bus station/stand 3
 
2.7% Village fields 2
 
2.7% Shop/market 2
 
2.7% Checkpoint (naka) 2
 
2.7% Roadside 2
 
17.3% Other 13
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

30.7% Yes 23
 
 
29.3% No 22

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

14.7% Gave no response 11
 
9.3% Denied involvement 7
 
8.0% Other 6
 
5.3% Told family to go to another police station 4
 
4.0% Killed victim in an “encounter” 3
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

2.7% Yes 2
 
 
57.3% No 43

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

73.3% Extrajudicial executions 55
 
 
26.7% Enforced disappearances 20

Number of victims per family

70.7% 1 victim 53
 
17.3% 2 victim 13
 
8.0% 3 victim 6
 
4.0% 4 victim 3
 

Related incidents

8.0% Genuine encounters in family 6
 
 
92.0% No genuine encounters in family 69

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

12.0% Cremated the body 9
 
1.3% Dumped body in canal or river 1
 

Security forces returned body

32.0% Yes 24
 
2.7% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 2
 
38.7% No 29
 

Condition of corpse, if known

22.7% Bullet wounds 17
 
6.7% Other 5
 
5.3% Bruises 4
 
4.0% Burn marks 3
 
2.7% Missing hair from head or face 2
 
2.7% Cuts/wounds 2
 
1.3% Broken bones 1
 
1.3% Missing fingernails 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

57.3% Yes 43
 
 
12.0% No 9

Security forces uniformed

81.8% Yes 27
 
 
18.2% No 6

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

50.7% Punjab Police 38
 
9.3% Criminal Investigation Agency 7
 
5.3% Other 4
 
4.0% CRPF 3
 
2.7% Black cat 2
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

62.7% Punjab police 47
 
12.0% Other 9
 
8.0% CRPF 6
 
6.7% Black cat 5
 
5.3% Criminal Investigation Agency 4
 
1.3% BSF 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

41.3% Combatant 31
 
 
53.3% Non-combatant 40

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

6.7% Yes 5
 
 
44.0% No 33

If provided support, support was voluntary

6.7% Yes 5
 
 
0.0% No 0

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

18.7% Yes 14
 
 
81.3% No 61

Approached security officials

28.0% Yes 21
 
 
72.0% No 54

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

64.0% Afraid of retaliation 48
 
25.3% Couldn’t afford 19
 
22.7% Didn’t know what to do 17
 
14.7% Believed it would have been ineffective 11
 
6.7% Not applicable 5
 
2.7% Other 2
 

Remedies desired from government

76.0% Employment 57
 
74.7% Monetary compensation to family 56
 
73.3% Truth commission 55
 
37.3% Rehabilitation services to family members 28
 
13.3% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 10
 
10.7% Investigations into abuses 8
 
9.3% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 7
 
1.3% Desire nothing from government 1
 
1.3% Memorial for victims 1
 

Year & District 

District

100.0% Rupnagar 75
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
1.3% 1985 1
 
1.3% 1986 1
 
0.0% 1987 0
 
1.3% 1988 1
 
4.0% 1989 3
 
2.7% 1990 2
 
30.7% 1991 23
 
38.7% 1992 29
 
10.7% 1993 8
 
5.3% 1994 4
 
4.0% 1995 3
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
0.0% Date Unknown 0