BSF

156 documented cases directly implicating BSF in abduction/disappearance:


Amritsar District

Ajnala Subdistrict
Harbhajan Singh Male, age 35-40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Harse Chhina
Harjit Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Salimpura
Kashmir Singh Male, age 45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lodhi Gujjar
Kashmir Singh Male, age 32-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mananwala
Amritsar I Subdistrict
Pargat Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhangali Kalan
Roshan Lal Male, age 52 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kadrabad
Amritsar II Subdistrict
Baljinder Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khandwala
Narinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar
Baba Bakala Subdistrict
Harjinder Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mehta
Mohinder Singh Male, age 59-60 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhoewal
Khadoor Sahib Subdistrict
Balwinder Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lalpur
Gurdyal Singh Male, age 20 at time of disappearance, Lalpur
Gurmej Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mian Wind
Sahib Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of disappearance, Gagrewal
Sarbjit Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of disappearance, Lalpur
Patti Subdistrict
Bohar Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Valtoha
Jugraj Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sur Singh
Kulwant Kaur Female, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Saido
Lakhbir Singh Male, age 28-29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhaini Massa Singh
Mahinder Singh Male, age 28-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kals
Mehal Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Saido
Ram Lubaha Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sur Singh
Rasal Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Thathi Jaimal Singh
Sakatar Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ram Singh Wala
Sarwan Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhaini Massa Singh
Sarwan Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Muthianwala
Sarwan Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhaini Massa Singh
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Marrar
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Boor Singh Male, age 34-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Aima Kalan
Sukhwant Singh Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Thathi

Bathinda District

Bathinda Subdistrict
Malkit Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dan Singhwala

Faridkot District

Faridkot Subdistrict
Jatinder Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sibbian

Fatehgarh Sahib District

Khamanon Subdistrict
Darshan Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Saidpura

Firozpur District

Firozpur Subdistrict
Baggu Ram Male, age 38-40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Hazara Singhwala
Balkar Singh Male, age 19-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nihala Lawera
Bhajan Singh Male, age 35-38 at time of extrajudicial execution, Maste Ke
Fumman Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sultanwala
Jarnail Singh Male, age 33-34 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tibbi Kalan
Karnail Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sultanwala
Kartar Singh Male, age 40-42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sadhu Shahwala
Kehar Singh Male, age 60-65 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sultanwala
Laal Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Maste Ke
Mukhtiyar Singh Male, age 34-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pattli
Nirmal Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bandala
Sukhwant Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jhok Naudh Singh
Jalalabad Subdistrict
Pargat Singh Male, age 26-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ratta Khera
Zira Subdistrict
Darshan Singh Male, age 42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khosa Dalsingh
Iqbal Balla Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Roshan Shahwala
Jagrup Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chohlah
Kulwant Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sodhiwala
Nishan Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Padhri
Pritam Singh Male, age 70 at time of extrajudicial execution, Thatha

Gurdaspur District

Batala Subdistrict
Amarjit Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kotla Baman
Bachittar Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nathwal
Balbir Singh Male, age 45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chahal
Bhagat Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhagtupur
Dalip Singh Male, age 55-60 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhaliwal
Daljit Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dewaniwal
Daljit Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chahal
Davinder Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nathwal
Dilbag Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manesh
Gajjan Singh Male, age 28-29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Aulakh
Gurdev Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Panjgrain
Gurdial Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nawan Pind Milkhiwala
Gurdit Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Awan
Gurmukh Singh Male, age 42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Fatehgarh Churian
Gurnam Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dabanwala
Jagdish Raj Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Qadian
Jarnail Singh Male, age 29-33 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bahadurpur Rajoa
Karam Singh Male, age 38 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kotli Phassi
Kulwant Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Cheema
Kulwant Singh Male, age 30 at time of disappearance, Ainokot
Kulwant Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Harsian
Lakhwinder Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Taragarh
Lakhwinder Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sheikhwan
Major Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manesh
Malkit Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nangal Jhawar
Mangal Singh Male, age 32-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Meeke
Nirmal Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bolewal
Nirmal Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kotli Phassi
Nirvair Singh Male, age 22-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kotla Baja Singh
Paramjit Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Cheema
Punjab Singh Male, age 16 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khojala
Puran Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Wadala Granthian
Sarwan Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhagtupur
Satnam Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Awan
Sawinder Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lil Kalan
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 23-25 at time of disappearance, Dhanda
Tara Singh Male, age 75 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sagarpur
Zubair Ahmad Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Qadian
Dera Baba Nanak Subdistrict
Balbir Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tapala
Balwinder Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dera Baba Nanak
Harmohinder Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Veroke
Jasbeer Kaur Female, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Veroke
Kulwinder Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ransinke Tilla
Prakash Chand Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dera Baba Nanak
Tarsem Singh Male, age 28-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Shezada
Gurdaspur Subdistrict
Amrik Singh Male, age 29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gahlari
Balbir Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Theh Tikha
Dalbir Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kala Bala
Gurbachan Singh Male, age 39-42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gahlari
Gurcharan Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Raju Bela
Gurdeep Singh Male, age 35-40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kohar
Hardeep Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tung
Harjinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Arjanpur
Kuldip Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sandhwan
Lakhbir Singh Male, age 30-31 at time of extrajudicial execution, Agwan
Meva Singh Male, age 70 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chandu Wadala
Paramjeet Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Hem Rajpur
Parminder Singh Male, age 31 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gurdaspur
Pritam Singh Male, age 42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sohal
Pritam Singh Male, age 23-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Naharpur
Satnam Singh Male, age 45-47 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhumbli
Suba Singh Male, age 30-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Talwandi
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Devidaspur
Pathankot Subdistrict
Gurdeep Singh Male, age 45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pathankot
Mahinder Singh Male, age 60 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jhanjeli

Hoshiarpur District

Dasuya Subdistrict
Mukhminder Singh Sandhu Male, age 35-36 at time of disappearance, Data
Nirmal Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Randhawa
Hoshiarpur Subdistrict
Bachittar Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nasran

Jalandhar District

Jalandhar I Subdistrict
Balvir Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jalandhar
Jalandhar II Subdistrict
Amarjeet Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhirowal
Nakodar Subdistrict
Ravinder Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Littran
Phillaur Subdistrict
Jhilman Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gursian Piran

Kapurthala District

Bhulath Subdistrict
Baldhir Singh Multani Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ramgarh
Darbara Singh Male, age 80 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lit
Sultanpur Lodhi Subdistrict
Balvir Kaur Female, age 28-29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rampur Jagir
Parmjit Singh Male, age 15-16 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mohamadabad

Mansa District

Budhlada Subdistrict
Chajju Singh Male, age 43-44 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dodra

Moga District

Bhagha Purana Subdistrict
Ajeet Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhaloor
Balveer Singh Male, age 42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Smalsar
Harjinder Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chhota Ghar
Karnail Singh Male, age 70-75 at time of extrajudicial execution, Budh Singhwala
Moga Subdistrict
Anek Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sada Singhwala
Baljeet Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ajitwal
Gurmail Singh Male, age 25-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Maheshari
Gurmail Singh Gaila Male, age 28-29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ajitwal
Harbans Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dharamkot
Harnek Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jhandewala
Malkeet Singh Male, age 55 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhudike
Prem Kumar Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Singhanwala
Nihal Singhwala Subdistrict
Kushkaranjot Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lopon
Makhan Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Burj Hamira

Muktsar District

Muktsar Subdistrict
Iqbal Singh Male, age 60 at time of extrajudicial execution, Saddarwala
Nachattar Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Saddarwala

Nawanshahr District

Nawanshahr Subdistrict
Baldev Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Poonian

Rupnagar District

Rupnagar Subdistrict
Prithi Singh Male, age 26-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Makowal

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 22 at time of disappearance, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 40-45 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 30-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld

Key statistics of cases directly implicating BSF:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

98.1% Male 153
 
 
1.9% Female 3

Marital status

59.6% Not married 93
 
 
40.4% Married 63

If married, did the victim have children?

35.3% Yes 55
 
 
5.1% No 8


Total children surviving victims: 180


Religion

96.8% Sikh 151
 
 
3.2% Non-Sikh 5

Caste

76.9% Jat 120
 
 
23.1% Non-Jat 36

Age

3.2% 0-17 5
 
68.6% 18-33 107
 
17.9% 34-49 28
 
4.5% 50-64 7
 
3.2% 65+ 5
 

Education

25.6% No education 40
 
17.9% Primary school 28
 
16.0% Middle school 25
 
30.8% High school 48
 
1.3% Some college 2
 
3.2% College degree 5
 
1.3% Graduate degree 2
 
3.2% Vocational degree 5
 

Employment

56.4% Farmer/agriculture 88
 
12.2% Student 19
 
9.6% Day labourer 15
 
3.8% Shopkeeper 6
 
3.8% Unemployed 6
 
3.8% Driver (bus/truck/car) 6
 
1.3% Mechanic 2
 
0.6% Housewife 1
 
17.9% Other 28
 

Urban / Rural

87.2% Rural 136
 
 
7.1% Urban 11

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

27.6% Yes 43
 
 
70.5% No 110

Prior torture

21.8% Yes 34
 
 
5.8% No 9

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

55.8% Yes 87
 
 
43.6% No 68

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

14.7% Yes 10
 
 
92.6% No 63

Witnesses to abduction

43.6% Yes 68
 
 
5.8% No 9

Victim abduction location

11.5% Roadside 18
 
9.6% Victim’s residence 15
 
9.0% Friend/relative's residence 14
 
7.7% Village fields 12
 
1.9% Village drain 3
 
1.9% Shop/market 3
 
1.9% Checkpoint (naka) 3
 
1.3% Bus station/stand 2
 
0.6% Police station 1
 
7.7% Other 12
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

39.1% Yes 61
 
 
16.7% No 26

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

14.1% Other 22
 
9.0% Gave no response 14
 
5.1% Denied involvement 8
 
4.5% Killed victim in an “encounter” 7
 
4.5% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 7
 
3.8% Told family to go to another police station 6
 
1.9% Victim accidentally killed in custody 3
 
0.6% Admitted custody only 1
 
0.6% Victim had escaped 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

1.9% Yes 3
 
 
39.1% No 61

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

95.5% Extrajudicial executions 149
 
 
4.5% Enforced disappearances 7

Number of victims per family

83.3% 1 victim 130
 
9.0% 2 victims 14
 
6.4% 3 victims 10
 
1.3% 4 victims 2
 

Related incidents

1.9% Genuine encounters in family 3
 
 
98.1% No genuine encounters in family 153

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

37.8% Cremated the body 59
 
0.6% Dumped body in canal or river 1
 

Security forces returned body

30.1% Yes 47
 
1.3% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 2
 
64.1% No 100
 

Condition of corpse, if known

30.8% Bullet wounds 48
 
7.1% Bruises 11
 
5.8% Cuts/wounds 9
 
5.1% Broken bones 8
 
3.2% Other 5
 
3.2% Missing hair from head or face 5
 
2.6% Burn marks 4
 
1.9% Missing fingernails 3
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

51.3% Yes 80
 
 
18.6% No 29

Security forces uniformed

95.6% Yes 65
 
 
2.9% No 2

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

50.6% BSF 79
 
32.7% Punjab Police 51
 
11.5% CRPF 18
 
3.8% Army 6
 
0.6% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 
0.6% Black cat 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

68.6% BSF 107
 
59.6% Punjab police 93
 
19.2% CRPF 30
 
3.8% Army 6
 
1.9% Criminal Investigation Agency 3
 
1.9% Black cat 3
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

40.4% Combatant 63
 
 
57.1% Non-combatant 89

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

9.6% Yes 15
 
 
46.8% No 73

If provided support, support was voluntary

5.8% Yes 9
 
 
3.8% No 6

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

17.3% Yes 27
 
 
81.4% No 127

Approached security officials

35.3% Yes 55
 
 
63.5% No 99

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

58.3% Afraid of retaliation 91
 
23.7% Didn’t know what to do 37
 
21.8% Believed it would have been ineffective 34
 
17.3% Couldn’t afford 27
 
3.2% Not applicable 5
 
1.3% Other 2
 

Remedies desired from government

71.2% Monetary compensation to family 111
 
59.6% Employment 93
 
59.0% Truth commission 92
 
39.7% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 62
 
37.2% Investigations into abuses 58
 
32.7% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 51
 
27.6% Memorial for victims 43
 
25.6% Rehabilitation services to family members 40
 
9.0% Desire nothing from government 14
 
1.3% Other 2
 

Year & District  

District

19.2% Amritsar 30
 
0.6% Bathinda 1
 
0.6% Faridkot 1
 
0.6% Fatehgarh Sahib 1
 
12.2% Firozpur 19
 
41.7% Gurdaspur 65
 
1.9% Hoshiarpur 3
 
2.6% Jalandhar 4
 
2.6% Kapurthala 4
 
0.6% Mansa 1
 
9.0% Moga 14
 
1.3% Muktsar 2
 
0.6% Nawanshahr 1
 
0.6% Rupnagar 1
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
9.0% 1984 14
 
1.9% 1985 3
 
7.7% 1986 12
 
12.2% 1987 19
 
9.0% 1988 14
 
13.5% 1989 21
 
8.3% 1990 13
 
16.0% 1991 25
 
15.4% 1992 24
 
1.3% 1993 2
 
0.6% 1994 1
 
1.3% 1995 2
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.