Batala

District: Gurdaspur

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


345 documented cases in Batala Subdistrict

Ainokot, 1 case
Aulakh, 4
Awan, 4
Awan, 1
Bagha, 1
Ball, 3
Basrai, 1
Bhait, 1
Bham, 3
Bhamboi, 2
Bhamri, 3
Bharath, 2
Bhol, 1
Bhullar, 1
Bolewal, 3
Boparai, 1
Chahal, 6
Chandke, 2
Cheema, 11
Chhit, 2
Chima, 6
Dalam, 1
Damodar, 4
Dhanda, 3
Dhapai, 9
Dhira, 1
Diya, 1
Dogar, 1
Galowal, 1
Ghuman, 1
Gulbob, 1
Jangla, 1
Kalian, 3
Kandila, 1
Kaure, 1
Khaira, 2
Khojala, 9
Khokhar, 1
Khokhar, 2
Khudi, 1
Kulla, 1
Lailla, 1
Madra, 8
Mahlwan, 3
Mand, 1
Manesh, 3
Meeke, 2
Mokal, 2
Nangal, 1
Nat, 4
Nathwal, 2
Nurpur, 1
Parowal, 1
Qadian, 4
Rampur, 1
Rampur, 2
Rikhia, 1
Samrai, 2
Sangrai, 3
Sarchur, 2
Sarwali, 2
Talwara, 1
Udhowal, 2

Key statistics for documented cases in Batala Subdistrict

Victim Demographics 

Gender

99.1% Male 342
 
 
0.9% Female 3

Marital status

69.6% Not married 240
 
 
30.4% Married 105

If married, did the victim have children?

25.2% Yes 87
 
 
4.3% No 15


Total children surviving victims: 226


Religion

99.1% Sikh 342
 
 
0.9% Non-Sikh 3

Caste

85.2% Jat 294
 
 
14.8% Non-Jat 51

Age

5.8% 0-17 20
 
80.6% 18-33 278
 
8.1% 34-49 28
 
1.7% 50-64 6
 
0.6% 65+ 2
 

Education

12.8% No education 44
 
12.2% Primary school 42
 
20.3% Middle school 70
 
45.8% High school 158
 
1.7% Some college 6
 
2.6% College degree 9
 
1.7% Graduate degree 6
 
2.9% Vocational degree 10
 

Employment

49.9% Farmer/agriculture 172
 
16.8% Student 58
 
7.5% Driver (bus/truck/car) 26
 
7.5% Day labourer 26
 
3.8% Mechanic 13
 
3.2% Shopkeeper 11
 
0.9% Unemployed 3
 
0.9% Housewife 3
 
22.6% Other 78
 

Urban / Rural

91.0% Rural 314
 
 
9.0% Urban 31

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

48.7% Yes 168
 
 
51.0% No 176

Prior torture

44.3% Yes 153
 
 
4.3% No 15

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

78.6% Yes 271
 
 
19.7% No 68

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

25.1% Yes 60
 
 
73.2% No 175

Witnesses to abduction

69.3% Yes 239
 
 
3.2% No 11

Victim abduction location

18.0% Roadside 62
 
16.5% Victim’s residence 57
 
13.0% Friend/relative's residence 45
 
7.0% Village fields 24
 
3.5% Checkpoint (naka) 12
 
3.2% Bus station/stand 11
 
1.7% Police station 6
 
1.2% Village drain 4
 
0.9% Shop/market 3
 
10.7% Other 37
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

51.9% Yes 179
 
 
26.7% No 92

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

9.3% Gave no response 32
 
5.8% Other 20
 
5.8% Denied involvement 20
 
5.5% Told family to go to another police station 19
 
3.8% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 13
 
2.3% Killed victim in an “encounter” 8
 
0.6% Victim had escaped 2
 
0.3% Victim accidentally killed in custody 1
 
0.3% Victim killed in crossfire with militants 1
 
0.3% Admitted custody only 1
 
0.3% Victim killed by militants 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

2.0% Yes 7
 
 
44.6% No 154

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

91.3% Extrajudicial executions 315
 
 
8.7% Enforced disappearances 30

Number of victims per family

81.7% 1 victim 282
 
15.7% 2 victims 54
 
1.2% 3 victims 4
 
1.4% 4 victims 5
 

Related incidents

2.9% Genuine encounters in family 10
 
 
96.8% No genuine encounters in family 334

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

50.1% Cremated the body 173
 
0.3% Dumped body in canal or river 1
 

Security forces returned body

7.0% Yes 24
 
0.6% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 2
 
83.8% No 289
 

Condition of corpse, if known

10.1% Bullet wounds 35
 
4.9% Broken bones 17
 
3.8% Cuts/wounds 13
 
3.8% Missing hair from head or face 13
 
3.2% Bruises 11
 
2.3% Other 8
 
1.7% Burn marks 6
 
0.9% Missing fingernails 3
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

62.0% Yes 214
 
 
19.7% No 68

Security forces uniformed

78.7% Yes 188
 
 
7.1% No 17

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

69.3% Punjab Police 239
 
6.4% CRPF 22
 
5.8% BSF 20
 
3.5% Black cat 12
 
3.2% Other 11
 
0.6% Army 2
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

82.3% Punjab police 284
 
4.9% BSF 17
 
4.3% CRPF 15
 
3.2% Black cat 11
 
2.6% Other 9
 
1.2% Army 4
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

55.7% Combatant 192
 
 
41.2% Non-combatant 142

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

8.4% Yes 29
 
 
31.0% No 107

If provided support, support was voluntary

5.2% Yes 18
 
 
2.9% No 10

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

15.1% Yes 52
 
 
84.3% No 291

Approached security officials

26.1% Yes 90
 
 
73.3% No 253

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

73.0% Afraid of retaliation 252
 
26.7% Believed it would have been ineffective 92
 
25.2% Didn’t know what to do 87
 
17.1% Couldn’t afford 59
 
2.6% Not applicable 9
 
0.3% Other 1
 

Remedies desired from government

84.9% Monetary compensation to family 293
 
67.2% Truth commission 232
 
65.5% Employment 226
 
54.5% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 188
 
51.6% Investigations into abuses 178
 
50.4% Memorial for victims 174
 
46.4% Rehabilitation services to family members 160
 
41.4% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 143
 
2.6% Desire nothing from government 9
 
1.7% Other 6
 

Time & Place  

District

100.0% Gurdaspur 345
 

Year

0.6% 1981 2
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
1.4% 1984 5
 
0.6% 1985 2
 
2.3% 1986 8
 
3.5% 1987 12
 
5.8% 1988 20
 
11.3% 1989 39
 
7.2% 1990 25
 
23.8% 1991 82
 
29.0% 1992 100
 
9.0% 1993 31
 
1.7% 1994 6
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.3% 1998 1
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0