Batala

District: Gurdaspur

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


348 documented cases in Batala Subdistrict

Ainokot, 1 case
Aulakh, 4
Awan, 4
Awan, 1
Bagha, 1
Ball, 3
Basrai, 1
Bhait, 1
Bham, 3
Bhamboi, 2
Bhamri, 3
Bharath, 2
Bhol, 1
Bhullar, 1
Bolewal, 3
Boparai, 1
Chahal, 4
Chandke, 2
Chhit, 2
Chima, 4
Dalam, 1
Damodar, 4
Dhanda, 3
Dhapai, 9
Dhira, 1
Diya, 1
Dogar, 1
Galowal, 1
Ghuman, 1
Gulbob, 1
Harsian, 1
Jangla, 1
Kahlwan, 3
Kalian, 3
Kandila, 1
Kaure, 1
Khaira, 2
Khojala, 10
Khokhar, 1
Khokhar, 2
Khudi, 1
Kulla, 1
Lailla, 1
Madra, 8
Mand, 2
Manesh, 3
Meeke, 2
Mokal, 2
Nangal, 1
Nat, 4
Nathwal, 2
Nurpur, 1
Parowal, 1
Qadian, 4
Rampur, 1
Rampur, 2
Rikhia, 1
Samrai, 2
Sangrai, 3
Sarchur, 2
Sarwali, 2
Talwara, 1
Thatha, 1
Udhowal, 2

Key statistics for documented cases in Batala Subdistrict

Victim Demographics 

Gender

99.1% Male 345
 
 
0.9% Female 3

Marital status

69.5% Not married 242
 
 
30.5% Married 106

If married, did the victim have children?

25.0% Yes 87
 
 
4.6% No 16


Total children surviving victims: 224


Religion

99.1% Sikh 345
 
 
0.9% Non-Sikh 3

Caste

85.3% Jat 297
 
 
14.7% Non-Jat 51

Age

5.7% 0-17 20
 
81.0% 18-33 282
 
7.8% 34-49 27
 
1.7% 50-64 6
 
0.6% 65+ 2
 

Education

12.4% No education 43
 
12.4% Primary school 43
 
20.1% Middle school 70
 
46.3% High school 161
 
1.7% Some college 6
 
2.6% College degree 9
 
1.7% Graduate degree 6
 
2.9% Vocational degree 10
 

Employment

50.0% Farmer/agriculture 174
 
17.2% Student 60
 
7.8% Driver (bus/truck/car) 27
 
7.2% Day labourer 25
 
3.7% Mechanic 13
 
2.9% Shopkeeper 10
 
0.9% Unemployed 3
 
0.9% Housewife 3
 
22.7% Other 79
 

Urban / Rural

91.1% Rural 317
 
 
8.9% Urban 31

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

48.9% Yes 170
 
 
50.9% No 177

Prior torture

44.0% Yes 153
 
 
4.9% No 17

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

78.2% Yes 272
 
 
20.1% No 70

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

23.6% Yes 56
 
 
74.3% No 176

Witnesses to abduction

68.1% Yes 237
 
 
2.9% No 10

Victim abduction location

19.8% Roadside 69
 
16.1% Victim’s residence 56
 
12.6% Friend/relative's residence 44
 
6.9% Village fields 24
 
3.2% Bus station/stand 11
 
2.6% Checkpoint (naka) 9
 
1.4% Police station 5
 
1.1% Village drain 4
 
0.9% Shop/market 3
 
10.9% Other 38
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

51.4% Yes 179
 
 
26.7% No 93

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

9.5% Gave no response 33
 
6.9% Other 24
 
6.0% Denied involvement 21
 
5.7% Told family to go to another police station 20
 
4.0% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 14
 
2.3% Killed victim in an “encounter” 8
 
0.6% Victim had escaped 2
 
0.3% Victim killed in crossfire with militants 1
 
0.3% Victim killed by militants 1
 
0.3% Admitted custody only 1
 
0.3% Victim accidentally killed in custody 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

2.0% Yes 7
 
 
45.1% No 157

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

91.4% Extrajudicial executions 318
 
 
8.6% Enforced disappearances 30

Number of victims per family

82.5% 1 victim 287
 
14.9% 2 victim 52
 
1.1% 3 victim 4
 
1.4% 4 victim 5
 

Related incidents

3.2% Genuine encounters in family 11
 
 
96.6% No genuine encounters in family 336

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

49.4% Cremated the body 172
 
0.3% Dumped body in canal or river 1
 

Security forces returned body

7.2% Yes 25
 
0.6% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 2
 
83.6% No 291
 

Condition of corpse, if known

10.3% Bullet wounds 36
 
4.6% Broken bones 16
 
3.7% Missing hair from head or face 13
 
3.4% Cuts/wounds 12
 
2.9% Bruises 10
 
2.0% Other 7
 
1.4% Burn marks 5
 
0.9% Missing fingernails 3
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

60.9% Yes 212
 
 
20.4% No 71

Security forces uniformed

79.3% Yes 188
 
 
7.2% No 17

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

69.0% Punjab Police 240
 
6.3% BSF 22
 
6.3% CRPF 22
 
3.4% Black cat 12
 
3.2% Other 11
 
0.6% Army 2
 
0.3% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

82.5% Punjab police 287
 
5.5% BSF 19
 
4.9% CRPF 17
 
3.7% Black cat 13
 
2.6% Other 9
 
1.1% Army 4
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

55.5% Combatant 193
 
 
42.0% Non-combatant 146

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

8.3% Yes 29
 
 
31.9% No 111

If provided support, support was voluntary

4.9% Yes 17
 
 
3.2% No 11

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

15.2% Yes 53
 
 
84.2% No 293

Approached security officials

27.6% Yes 96
 
 
71.8% No 250

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

72.4% Afraid of retaliation 252
 
26.1% Believed it would have been ineffective 91
 
25.6% Didn’t know what to do 89
 
17.0% Couldn’t afford 59
 
2.6% Not applicable 9
 
0.3% Other 1
 

Remedies desired from government

83.9% Monetary compensation to family 292
 
65.5% Truth commission 228
 
64.7% Employment 225
 
54.3% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 189
 
50.9% Investigations into abuses 177
 
50.6% Memorial for victims 176
 
45.4% Rehabilitation services to family members 158
 
41.1% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 143
 
3.2% Desire nothing from government 11
 
1.7% Other 6
 

Year & District 

District

100.0% Gurdaspur 348
 

Year

0.6% 1981 2
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
1.4% 1984 5
 
0.6% 1985 2
 
2.6% 1986 9
 
3.7% 1987 13
 
6.0% 1988 21
 
11.5% 1989 40
 
6.9% 1990 24
 
24.4% 1991 85
 
29.0% 1992 101
 
8.9% 1993 31
 
1.1% 1994 4
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
3.2% Date Unknown 11