Batala

District: Gurdaspur

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


351 documented cases in Batala Subdistrict

Ainokot, 1 case
Aulakh, 4
Awan, 4
Awan, 1
Bagha, 1
Ball, 3
Basrai, 1
Bhait, 1
Bham, 3
Bhamboi, 2
Bhamri, 3
Bharath, 2
Bhol, 1
Bhullar, 1
Bolewal, 3
Boparai, 1
Chahal, 4
Chandke, 2
Cheema, 11
Chhit, 2
Chima, 6
Dalam, 1
Damodar, 4
Dhanda, 3
Dhapai, 9
Dhira, 1
Diya, 1
Dogar, 1
Galowal, 1
Ghuman, 1
Gulbob, 1
Harsian, 1
Jangla, 1
Kalian, 3
Kandila, 1
Kaure, 1
Khaira, 2
Khojala, 10
Khokhar, 1
Khokhar, 2
Khudi, 1
Kulla, 1
Lailla, 1
Madra, 8
Mahlwan, 3
Mand, 2
Manesh, 3
Meeke, 2
Mokal, 2
Nangal, 1
Nat, 4
Nathwal, 2
Nurpur, 1
Parowal, 1
Qadian, 4
Rampur, 1
Rampur, 2
Rikhia, 1
Samrai, 2
Sangrai, 3
Sarchur, 2
Sarwali, 2
Talwara, 1
Thatha, 1
Udhowal, 2

Key statistics for documented cases in Batala Subdistrict

Victim Demographics 

Gender

99.1% Male 348
 
 
0.9% Female 3

Marital status

69.5% Not married 244
 
 
30.5% Married 107

If married, did the victim have children?

25.1% Yes 88
 
 
4.6% No 16


Total children surviving victims: 227


Religion

99.1% Sikh 348
 
 
0.9% Non-Sikh 3

Caste

85.5% Jat 300
 
 
14.5% Non-Jat 51

Age

5.7% 0-17 20
 
81.2% 18-33 285
 
7.7% 34-49 27
 
1.7% 50-64 6
 
0.6% 65+ 2
 

Education

12.3% No education 43
 
12.3% Primary school 43
 
19.9% Middle school 70
 
46.7% High school 164
 
1.7% Some college 6
 
2.6% College degree 9
 
1.7% Graduate degree 6
 
2.8% Vocational degree 10
 

Employment

49.9% Farmer/agriculture 175
 
17.1% Student 60
 
7.7% Driver (bus/truck/car) 27
 
7.1% Day labourer 25
 
3.7% Mechanic 13
 
3.4% Shopkeeper 12
 
0.9% Unemployed 3
 
0.9% Housewife 3
 
22.5% Other 79
 

Urban / Rural

91.2% Rural 320
 
 
8.8% Urban 31

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

48.4% Yes 170
 
 
51.3% No 180

Prior torture

43.6% Yes 153
 
 
4.8% No 17

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

78.3% Yes 275
 
 
19.9% No 70

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

24.6% Yes 59
 
 
73.8% No 177

Witnesses to abduction

68.4% Yes 240
 
 
2.8% No 10

Victim abduction location

18.2% Roadside 64
 
16.2% Victim’s residence 57
 
12.8% Friend/relative's residence 45
 
6.8% Village fields 24
 
3.7% Checkpoint (naka) 13
 
3.1% Bus station/stand 11
 
1.7% Police station 6
 
1.1% Village drain 4
 
0.9% Shop/market 3
 
11.1% Other 39
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

51.9% Yes 182
 
 
26.5% No 93

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

9.4% Gave no response 33
 
6.8% Other 24
 
6.0% Denied involvement 21
 
5.7% Told family to go to another police station 20
 
4.0% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 14
 
2.3% Killed victim in an “encounter” 8
 
0.6% Victim had escaped 2
 
0.3% Victim killed in crossfire with militants 1
 
0.3% Victim accidentally killed in custody 1
 
0.3% Victim killed by militants 1
 
0.3% Admitted custody only 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

2.0% Yes 7
 
 
45.3% No 159

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

91.5% Extrajudicial executions 321
 
 
8.5% Enforced disappearances 30

Number of victims per family

81.8% 1 victim 287
 
15.7% 2 victims 55
 
1.1% 3 victims 4
 
1.4% 4 victims 5
 

Related incidents

3.1% Genuine encounters in family 11
 
 
96.6% No genuine encounters in family 339

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

49.9% Cremated the body 175
 
0.3% Dumped body in canal or river 1
 

Security forces returned body

7.1% Yes 25
 
0.6% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 2
 
83.8% No 294
 

Condition of corpse, if known

10.5% Bullet wounds 37
 
4.8% Broken bones 17
 
3.7% Missing hair from head or face 13
 
3.7% Cuts/wounds 13
 
3.1% Bruises 11
 
2.3% Other 8
 
1.7% Burn marks 6
 
0.9% Missing fingernails 3
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

61.3% Yes 215
 
 
20.2% No 71

Security forces uniformed

79.6% Yes 191
 
 
7.1% No 17

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

68.9% Punjab Police 242
 
6.3% BSF 22
 
6.3% CRPF 22
 
3.4% Black cat 12
 
3.1% Other 11
 
0.6% Army 2
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

82.6% Punjab police 290
 
5.4% BSF 19
 
4.6% CRPF 16
 
3.1% Black cat 11
 
2.6% Other 9
 
1.1% Army 4
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

55.3% Combatant 194
 
 
42.2% Non-combatant 148

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

8.5% Yes 30
 
 
31.9% No 112

If provided support, support was voluntary

5.1% Yes 18
 
 
3.1% No 11

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

15.1% Yes 53
 
 
84.3% No 296

Approached security officials

27.4% Yes 96
 
 
72.1% No 253

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

72.6% Afraid of retaliation 255
 
26.2% Believed it would have been ineffective 92
 
25.4% Didn’t know what to do 89
 
16.8% Couldn’t afford 59
 
2.6% Not applicable 9
 
0.3% Other 1
 

Remedies desired from government

84.0% Monetary compensation to family 295
 
65.8% Truth commission 231
 
64.4% Employment 226
 
54.1% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 190
 
50.7% Investigations into abuses 178
 
50.4% Memorial for victims 177
 
45.0% Rehabilitation services to family members 158
 
41.3% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 145
 
3.1% Desire nothing from government 11
 
1.7% Other 6
 

Year & District  

District

100.0% Gurdaspur 351
 

Year

0.6% 1981 2
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
1.4% 1984 5
 
0.6% 1985 2
 
2.3% 1986 8
 
3.7% 1987 13
 
5.7% 1988 20
 
11.7% 1989 41
 
6.8% 1990 24
 
24.5% 1991 86
 
28.5% 1992 100
 
8.8% 1993 31
 
1.7% 1994 6
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.3% 1998 1
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0