Dera Baba Nanak

District: Gurdaspur

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


Key statistics for documented cases in Dera Baba Nanak Subdistrict

Victim Demographics 

Gender

97.8% Male 90
 
 
2.2% Female 2

Marital status

63.0% Not married 58
 
 
37.0% Married 34

If married, did the victim have children?

26.1% Yes 24
 
 
9.8% No 9


Total children surviving victims: 49


Religion

96.7% Sikh 89
 
 
3.3% Non-Sikh 3

Caste

84.8% Jat 78
 
 
15.2% Non-Jat 14

Age

1.1% 0-17 1
 
91.3% 18-33 84
 
4.3% 34-49 4
 
1.1% 50-64 1
 

Education

12.0% No education 11
 
16.3% Primary school 15
 
21.7% Middle school 20
 
40.2% High school 37
 
1.1% Some college 1
 
5.4% College degree 5
 
1.1% Graduate degree 1
 
2.2% Vocational degree 2
 

Employment

54.3% Farmer/agriculture 50
 
14.1% Student 13
 
8.7% Day labourer 8
 
8.7% Driver (bus/truck/car) 8
 
5.4% Mechanic 5
 
2.2% Housewife 2
 
2.2% Shopkeeper 2
 
18.5% Other 17
 

Urban / Rural

94.6% Rural 87
 
 
5.4% Urban 5

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

51.1% Yes 47
 
 
48.9% No 45

Prior torture

43.5% Yes 40
 
 
7.6% No 7

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

79.3% Yes 73
 
 
18.5% No 17

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

9.1% Yes 6
 
 
72.7% No 48

Witnesses to abduction

71.7% Yes 66
 
 
4.3% No 4

Victim abduction location

18.5% Friend/relative's residence 17
 
14.1% Roadside 13
 
5.4% Victim’s residence 5
 
5.4% Village fields 5
 
5.4% Shop/market 5
 
4.3% Bus station/stand 4
 
2.2% Village drain 2
 
1.1% Checkpoint (naka) 1
 
16.3% Other 15
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

46.7% Yes 43
 
 
32.6% No 30

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

18.5% Other 17
 
6.5% Killed victim in an “encounter” 6
 
5.4% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 5
 
3.3% Gave no response 3
 
3.3% Denied involvement 3
 
3.3% Told family to go to another police station 3
 
1.1% Victim accidentally killed in custody 1
 
1.1% Admitted custody only 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

3.3% Yes 3
 
 
43.5% No 40

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

92.4% Extrajudicial executions 85
 
 
7.6% Enforced disappearances 7

Number of victims per family

82.6% 1 victim 76
 
15.2% 2 victims 14
 
2.2% 3 victims 2
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
98.9% No genuine encounters in family 91

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

48.9% Cremated the body 45
 

Security forces returned body

12.0% Yes 11
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
80.4% No 74
 

Condition of corpse, if known

9.8% Bullet wounds 9
 
3.3% Cuts/wounds 3
 
2.2% Broken bones 2
 
2.2% Bruises 2
 
1.1% Other 1
 
1.1% Missing hair from head or face 1
 
1.1% Burn marks 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

63.0% Yes 58
 
 
27.2% No 25

Security forces uniformed

62.1% Yes 41
 
 
4.5% No 3

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

71.7% Punjab Police 66
 
3.3% Black cat 3
 
3.3% BSF 3
 
3.3% CRPF 3
 
2.2% Other 2
 
1.1% Army 1
 
1.1% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

88.0% Punjab police 81
 
5.4% BSF 5
 
3.3% CRPF 3
 
2.2% Black cat 2
 
1.1% Army 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

63.0% Combatant 58
 
 
34.8% Non-combatant 32

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

10.9% Yes 10
 
 
22.8% No 21

If provided support, support was voluntary

8.7% Yes 8
 
 
1.1% No 1

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

7.6% Yes 7
 
 
91.3% No 84

Approached security officials

28.3% Yes 26
 
 
71.7% No 66

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

71.7% Afraid of retaliation 66
 
40.2% Couldn’t afford 37
 
26.1% Didn’t know what to do 24
 
16.3% Believed it would have been ineffective 15
 

Remedies desired from government

81.5% Monetary compensation to family 75
 
67.4% Truth commission 62
 
62.0% Employment 57
 
53.3% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 49
 
53.3% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 49
 
53.3% Rehabilitation services to family members 49
 
42.4% Investigations into abuses 39
 
39.1% Memorial for victims 36
 
5.4% Desire nothing from government 5
 

Year & District  

District

100.0% Gurdaspur 92
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
1.1% 1984 1
 
2.2% 1985 2
 
5.4% 1986 5
 
6.5% 1987 6
 
4.3% 1988 4
 
5.4% 1989 5
 
9.8% 1990 9
 
28.3% 1991 26
 
26.1% 1992 24
 
7.6% 1993 7
 
1.1% 1994 1
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0