Ajnala

District: Amritsar

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


238 documented cases in Ajnala Subdistrict

Adliwala, 9 cases
Bagga, 1
Balbawa, 1
Barar, 2
Bath, 3
Bhullar, 1
Bohlian, 1
Dadrai, 1
Dalam, 3
Dalleke, 1
Dujowal, 1
Jasraur, 1
Jatta, 1
Jauns, 1
Jhander, 4
Kakar, 6
Kakar, 1
Kaler, 2
Karyal, 2
Kawe, 1
Kohala, 4
Kohali, 3
Lopoke, 1
Madoke, 1
Makowal, 3
Maure, 2
Motla, 1
Mukam, 1
Nissoke, 1
Odhar, 1
Padri, 1
Pandori, 1
Passia, 2
Ranian, 1
Shahpur, 1
Shahura, 4
Tareen, 1
Thatta, 1
Thatti, 1
Veroke, 2
Wachhoa, 1

Key statistics for documented cases in Ajnala Subdistrict

Victim Demographics 

Gender

97.1% Male 231
 
 
2.9% Female 7

Marital status

59.2% Not married 141
 
 
40.8% Married 97

If married, did the victim have children?

35.3% Yes 84
 
 
5.0% No 12


Total children surviving victims: 232


Religion

98.3% Sikh 234
 
 
1.7% Non-Sikh 4

Caste

79.0% Jat 188
 
 
21.0% Non-Jat 50

Age

4.6% 0-17 11
 
70.6% 18-33 168
 
16.8% 34-49 40
 
3.8% 50-64 9
 
1.3% 65+ 3
 

Education

29.8% No education 71
 
17.2% Primary school 41
 
14.7% Middle school 35
 
31.1% High school 74
 
1.7% Some college 4
 
2.1% College degree 5
 
0.8% Graduate degree 2
 
2.5% Vocational degree 6
 

Employment

52.1% Farmer/agriculture 124
 
14.3% Day labourer 34
 
7.6% Student 18
 
3.4% Driver (bus/truck/car) 8
 
2.5% Housewife 6
 
2.5% Shopkeeper 6
 
0.8% Unemployed 2
 
0.4% Mechanic 1
 
17.6% Other 42
 

Urban / Rural

97.9% Rural 233
 
 
2.1% Urban 5

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

45.0% Yes 107
 
 
53.8% No 128

Prior torture

31.9% Yes 76
 
 
13.0% No 31

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

78.2% Yes 186
 
 
18.9% No 45

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

19.9% Yes 27
 
 
77.9% No 106

Witnesses to abduction

57.1% Yes 136
 
 
5.9% No 14

Victim abduction location

18.5% Roadside 44
 
16.0% Victim’s residence 38
 
10.1% Friend/relative's residence 24
 
7.6% Village fields 18
 
5.0% Checkpoint (naka) 12
 
2.1% Police station 5
 
1.3% Shop/market 3
 
0.8% Bus station/stand 2
 
10.9% Other 26
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

48.3% Yes 115
 
 
29.4% No 70

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

18.9% Other 45
 
13.0% Gave no response 31
 
11.8% Denied involvement 28
 
8.8% Told family to go to another police station 21
 
7.1% Killed victim in an “encounter” 17
 
6.3% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 15
 
1.7% Admitted custody only 4
 
0.8% Victim had escaped 2
 
0.8% Victim killed by militants 2
 
0.4% Victim accidentally killed in custody 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

4.6% Yes 11
 
 
37.0% No 88

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

89.9% Extrajudicial executions 214
 
 
10.1% Enforced disappearances 24

Number of victims per family

84.9% 1 victim 202
 
12.6% 2 victim 30
 
2.5% 3 victim 6
 

Related incidents

2.9% Genuine encounters in family 7
 
 
97.1% No genuine encounters in family 231

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

35.7% Cremated the body 85
 
1.7% Dumped body in canal or river 4
 
0.4% Other 1
 

Security forces returned body

16.4% Yes 39
 
1.3% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 3
 
72.3% No 172
 

Condition of corpse, if known

15.5% Bullet wounds 37
 
5.5% Cuts/wounds 13
 
4.6% Broken bones 11
 
4.2% Bruises 10
 
2.9% Burn marks 7
 
2.1% Other 5
 
1.7% Missing hair from head or face 4
 
1.3% Missing fingernails 3
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

40.3% Yes 96
 
 
34.9% No 83

Security forces uniformed

88.2% Yes 120
 
 
4.4% No 6

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

64.3% Punjab Police 153
 
15.5% CRPF 37
 
3.8% Other 9
 
2.5% Army 6
 
1.3% BSF 3
 
0.4% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 
0.4% Black cat 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

72.3% Punjab police 172
 
14.3% CRPF 34
 
3.4% Army 8
 
2.5% Other 6
 
1.7% BSF 4
 
0.8% Black cat 2
 
0.4% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

47.1% Combatant 112
 
 
50.8% Non-combatant 121

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

12.2% Yes 29
 
 
35.7% No 85

If provided support, support was voluntary

5.0% Yes 12
 
 
6.7% No 16

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

60.9% Yes 145
 
 
36.6% No 87

Approached security officials

52.5% Yes 125
 
 
46.2% No 110

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

25.6% Afraid of retaliation 61
 
12.2% Didn’t know what to do 29
 
11.3% Believed it would have been ineffective 27
 
2.1% Not applicable 5
 
1.7% Couldn’t afford 4
 

Remedies desired from government

76.1% Monetary compensation to family 181
 
62.2% Employment 148
 
52.1% Truth commission 124
 
45.8% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 109
 
43.7% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 104
 
15.1% Investigations into abuses 36
 
13.0% Rehabilitation services to family members 31
 
5.9% Memorial for victims 14
 
2.9% Other 7
 
2.9% Desire nothing from government 7
 

Year & District 

District

100.0% Amritsar 238
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
5.0% 1984 12
 
0.4% 1985 1
 
2.5% 1986 6
 
8.4% 1987 20
 
5.0% 1988 12
 
9.7% 1989 23
 
8.4% 1990 20
 
15.1% 1991 36
 
30.3% 1992 72
 
9.2% 1993 22
 
0.8% 1994 2
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.8% 1996 2
 
0.8% 1997 2
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
3.4% Date Unknown 8