Ajnala

District: Amritsar

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


239 documented cases in Ajnala Subdistrict

Adliwala, 9 cases
Bagga, 1
Balbawa, 1
Barar, 2
Bath, 3
Bhullar, 1
Bohlian, 1
Dadrai, 1
Dalam, 3
Dalleke, 1
Dujowal, 1
Jasraur, 1
Jatta, 1
Jauns, 1
Jhander, 4
Kakar, 6
Kakar, 1
Kaler, 2
Karyal, 2
Kawe, 1
Kohala, 4
Kohali, 3
Lopoke, 1
Madoke, 1
Makam, 1
Makowal, 3
Maure, 2
Motla, 1
Nissoke, 1
Odhar, 1
Padri, 1
Pandori, 1
Passia, 2
Ranian, 1
Shahpur, 1
Shahura, 4
Tareen, 1
Thatta, 1
Thatti, 1
Veroke, 2
Wachhoa, 1

Key statistics for documented cases in Ajnala Subdistrict

Victim Demographics 

Gender

97.1% Male 232
 
 
2.9% Female 7

Marital status

59.0% Not married 141
 
 
41.0% Married 98

If married, did the victim have children?

35.6% Yes 85
 
 
5.0% No 12


Total children surviving victims: 234


Religion

98.3% Sikh 235
 
 
1.7% Non-Sikh 4

Caste

78.7% Jat 188
 
 
21.3% Non-Jat 51

Age

4.6% 0-17 11
 
70.3% 18-33 168
 
17.2% 34-49 41
 
3.8% 50-64 9
 
1.3% 65+ 3
 

Education

30.1% No education 72
 
17.2% Primary school 41
 
14.6% Middle school 35
 
31.0% High school 74
 
1.7% Some college 4
 
2.1% College degree 5
 
0.8% Graduate degree 2
 
2.5% Vocational degree 6
 

Employment

51.9% Farmer/agriculture 124
 
14.6% Day labourer 35
 
7.5% Student 18
 
3.3% Driver (bus/truck/car) 8
 
2.5% Shopkeeper 6
 
2.5% Housewife 6
 
0.8% Unemployed 2
 
0.4% Mechanic 1
 
17.6% Other 42
 

Urban / Rural

97.9% Rural 234
 
 
2.1% Urban 5

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

45.2% Yes 108
 
 
53.6% No 128

Prior torture

31.8% Yes 76
 
 
13.4% No 32

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

78.2% Yes 187
 
 
18.8% No 45

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

20.6% Yes 28
 
 
77.9% No 106

Witnesses to abduction

56.9% Yes 136
 
 
5.9% No 14

Victim abduction location

18.8% Roadside 45
 
15.9% Victim’s residence 38
 
10.0% Friend/relative's residence 24
 
7.5% Village fields 18
 
5.0% Checkpoint (naka) 12
 
2.1% Police station 5
 
1.3% Shop/market 3
 
0.8% Bus station/stand 2
 
10.9% Other 26
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

48.5% Yes 116
 
 
29.3% No 70

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

19.2% Other 46
 
13.0% Gave no response 31
 
11.7% Denied involvement 28
 
8.8% Told family to go to another police station 21
 
7.1% Killed victim in an “encounter” 17
 
6.3% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 15
 
1.7% Admitted custody only 4
 
0.8% Victim had escaped 2
 
0.8% Victim killed by militants 2
 
0.4% Victim accidentally killed in custody 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

4.6% Yes 11
 
 
37.2% No 89

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

89.5% Extrajudicial executions 214
 
 
10.5% Enforced disappearances 25

Number of victims per family

84.9% 1 victim 203
 
12.6% 2 victims 30
 
2.5% 3 victims 6
 

Related incidents

2.9% Genuine encounters in family 7
 
 
97.1% No genuine encounters in family 232

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

35.6% Cremated the body 85
 
1.7% Dumped body in canal or river 4
 
0.4% Other 1
 

Security forces returned body

16.3% Yes 39
 
1.3% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 3
 
72.0% No 172
 

Condition of corpse, if known

15.5% Bullet wounds 37
 
5.4% Cuts/wounds 13
 
4.6% Broken bones 11
 
4.2% Bruises 10
 
2.9% Burn marks 7
 
2.1% Other 5
 
1.7% Missing hair from head or face 4
 
1.3% Missing fingernails 3
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

40.6% Yes 97
 
 
35.1% No 84

Security forces uniformed

89.0% Yes 121
 
 
4.4% No 6

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

64.4% Punjab Police 154
 
15.5% CRPF 37
 
3.8% Other 9
 
2.5% Army 6
 
1.3% BSF 3
 
0.4% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 
0.4% Black cat 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

72.0% Punjab police 172
 
13.4% CRPF 32
 
3.3% Army 8
 
2.5% Other 6
 
1.7% BSF 4
 
0.8% Black cat 2
 
0.4% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

47.3% Combatant 113
 
 
50.6% Non-combatant 121

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

12.1% Yes 29
 
 
35.6% No 85

If provided support, support was voluntary

5.0% Yes 12
 
 
6.7% No 16

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

61.1% Yes 146
 
 
36.4% No 87

Approached security officials

52.7% Yes 126
 
 
46.0% No 110

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

25.5% Afraid of retaliation 61
 
12.1% Didn’t know what to do 29
 
11.3% Believed it would have been ineffective 27
 
2.1% Not applicable 5
 
1.7% Couldn’t afford 4
 

Remedies desired from government

75.7% Monetary compensation to family 181
 
61.9% Employment 148
 
51.9% Truth commission 124
 
45.6% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 109
 
43.5% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 104
 
15.1% Investigations into abuses 36
 
13.0% Rehabilitation services to family members 31
 
5.9% Memorial for victims 14
 
2.9% Desire nothing from government 7
 
2.9% Other 7
 

Time & Place  

District

100.0% Amritsar 239
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
4.6% 1984 11
 
0.4% 1985 1
 
2.5% 1986 6
 
8.4% 1987 20
 
5.0% 1988 12
 
9.6% 1989 23
 
8.4% 1990 20
 
15.9% 1991 38
 
29.7% 1992 71
 
9.2% 1993 22
 
0.8% 1994 2
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.8% 1996 2
 
0.8% 1997 2
 
0.4% 1998 1
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0