Amritsar

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


Key statistics for documented cases in Amritsar District

Victim Demographics 

Gender

96.9% Male 2,034
 
 
3.1% Female 65

Marital status

58.6% Not married 1,231
 
 
41.2% Married 865

If married, did the victim have children?

35.0% Yes 735
 
 
4.8% No 101


Total children surviving victims: 1,997


Religion

99.0% Sikh 2,078
 
 
1.0% Non-Sikh 20

Caste

73.4% Jat 1,541
 
 
26.4% Non-Jat 555

Age

5.7% 0-17 120
 
73.5% 18-33 1,543
 
13.2% 34-49 278
 
3.8% 50-64 80
 
1.2% 65+ 26
 
0.2% Age unknown 4
 

Education

26.6% No education 558
 
17.6% Primary school 370
 
15.0% Middle school 315
 
34.1% High school 716
 
0.9% Some college 18
 
2.9% College degree 61
 
1.0% Graduate degree 20
 
1.7% Vocational degree 36
 

Employment

44.2% Farmer/agriculture 927
 
14.5% Day labourer 305
 
6.5% Student 137
 
4.5% Shopkeeper 95
 
4.4% Driver (bus/truck/car) 92
 
4.3% Unemployed 90
 
1.9% Housewife 39
 
0.8% Mechanic 16
 
0.4% Carpenter 9
 
22.1% Other 464
 

Urban / Rural

89.4% Rural 1,877
 
 
10.6% Urban 222

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

36.3% Yes 761
 
 
62.8% No 1,319

Prior torture

26.9% Yes 564
 
 
9.4% No 197

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

79.4% Yes 1,667
 
 
18.3% No 385

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

19.8% Yes 255
 
 
80.0% No 1,031

Witnesses to abduction

61.4% Yes 1,288
 
 
4.1% No 86

Victim abduction location

18.5% Victim’s residence 389
 
16.9% Roadside 354
 
12.2% Friend/relative's residence 257
 
6.3% Village fields 132
 
3.4% Checkpoint (naka) 71
 
2.5% Shop/market 53
 
2.2% Police station 46
 
1.2% Bus station/stand 25
 
0.7% Village drain 14
 
11.3% Other 238
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

51.8% Yes 1,087
 
 
27.4% No 575

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

16.3% Other 342
 
16.2% Denied involvement 340
 
11.2% Gave no response 236
 
8.4% Told family to go to another police station 176
 
6.9% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 144
 
5.8% Killed victim in an “encounter” 122
 
3.5% Admitted custody only 74
 
1.3% Victim had escaped 27
 
0.4% Victim killed in crossfire with militants 8
 
0.3% Victim accidentally killed in custody 7
 
0.3% Victim killed by militants 6
 
0.1% Victim killed while trying to escape 2
 
0.0% Victim killed by black cats 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

3.4% Yes 71
 
 
44.9% No 943

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

87.8% Extrajudicial executions 1,842
 
 
12.2% Enforced disappearances 257

Number of victims per family

81.3% 1 victim 1,706
 
12.6% 2 victim 264
 
4.8% 3 victim 101
 
0.3% 4 victim 7
 
0.6% 5 victim 12
 
0.4% 9 victim 9
 

Related incidents

3.6% Genuine encounters in family 76
 
 
95.8% No genuine encounters in family 2,010

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

36.8% Cremated the body 773
 
2.6% Dumped body in canal or river 55
 
0.1% Buried the body 2
 
0.1% Dumped body in well or drain 2
 
0.0% Other 1
 

Security forces returned body

15.2% Yes 319
 
1.4% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 30
 
71.0% No 1,490
 

Condition of corpse, if known

15.6% Bullet wounds 328
 
3.8% Broken bones 79
 
3.6% Cuts/wounds 76
 
3.0% Bruises 63
 
2.0% Other 41
 
1.8% Burn marks 38
 
0.9% Missing fingernails 19
 
0.9% Missing hair from head or face 18
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

53.5% Yes 1,123
 
 
26.0% No 545

Security forces uniformed

89.9% Yes 1,158
 
 
6.9% No 89

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

70.8% Punjab Police 1,487
 
14.1% CRPF 296
 
1.9% Other 40
 
1.6% Black cat 34
 
1.4% Army 30
 
1.0% Criminal Investigation Agency 22
 
0.9% BSF 19
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

74.4% Punjab police 1,562
 
10.6% CRPF 222
 
2.2% Black cat 47
 
2.2% Army 46
 
1.1% BSF 24
 
1.0% Other 21
 
0.5% Criminal Investigation Agency 11
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

37.2% Combatant 780
 
 
59.2% Non-combatant 1,242

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

18.3% Yes 384
 
 
38.4% No 807

If provided support, support was voluntary

10.1% Yes 212
 
 
7.0% No 146

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

58.9% Yes 1,237
 
 
39.5% No 830

Approached security officials

51.9% Yes 1,090
 
 
47.2% No 991

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

30.6% Afraid of retaliation 642
 
12.4% Didn’t know what to do 260
 
10.1% Believed it would have been ineffective 212
 
4.6% Couldn’t afford 97
 
2.0% Not applicable 43
 
0.5% Other 11
 

Remedies desired from government

76.5% Monetary compensation to family 1,606
 
58.8% Employment 1,235
 
47.3% Truth commission 993
 
41.0% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 861
 
38.8% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 815
 
16.1% Investigations into abuses 337
 
12.1% Rehabilitation services to family members 254
 
7.7% Memorial for victims 161
 
4.7% Other 98
 
2.9% Desire nothing from government 61
 

Year & District 

District

100.0% Amritsar 2,099
 

Year

0.0% 1981 1
 
0.1% 1982 2
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
2.3% 1984 48
 
0.3% 1985 7
 
1.8% 1986 37
 
5.2% 1987 110
 
4.9% 1988 102
 
7.3% 1989 153
 
9.4% 1990 198
 
19.8% 1991 415
 
29.3% 1992 615
 
12.5% 1993 262
 
1.5% 1994 32
 
0.3% 1995 6
 
0.2% 1996 4
 
0.2% 1997 5
 
0.1% 1998 2
 
0.1% 1999 2
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 1
 
0.1% 2003 2
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 1
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 1
 
4.4% Date Unknown 92