Amritsar

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


Key statistics for documented cases in Amritsar District

Victim Demographics 

Gender

96.9% Male 2,051
 
 
3.1% Female 66

Marital status

58.7% Not married 1,243
 
 
41.1% Married 871

If married, did the victim have children?

35.0% Yes 741
 
 
4.7% No 100


Total children surviving victims: 2,022


Religion

99.0% Sikh 2,096
 
 
0.9% Non-Sikh 20

Caste

73.4% Jat 1,553
 
 
26.5% Non-Jat 561

Age

5.7% 0-17 120
 
73.6% 18-33 1,558
 
13.2% 34-49 280
 
3.8% 50-64 80
 
1.3% 65+ 27
 
0.2% Age unknown 4
 

Education

26.5% No education 561
 
17.8% Primary school 376
 
14.9% Middle school 316
 
34.2% High school 724
 
0.9% Some college 18
 
2.9% College degree 61
 
0.9% Graduate degree 20
 
1.7% Vocational degree 36
 

Employment

44.1% Farmer/agriculture 934
 
14.6% Day labourer 309
 
6.5% Student 137
 
4.7% Shopkeeper 99
 
4.3% Driver (bus/truck/car) 92
 
4.3% Unemployed 90
 
1.8% Housewife 39
 
0.8% Mechanic 16
 
0.4% Carpenter 9
 
22.1% Other 468
 

Urban / Rural

89.6% Rural 1,896
 
 
10.4% Urban 221

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

36.4% Yes 771
 
 
62.7% No 1,327

Prior torture

27.0% Yes 572
 
 
9.4% No 199

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

79.5% Yes 1,684
 
 
18.2% No 385

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

19.6% Yes 256
 
 
79.7% No 1,039

Witnesses to abduction

61.5% Yes 1,303
 
 
4.1% No 86

Victim abduction location

18.5% Victim’s residence 391
 
17.1% Roadside 363
 
12.3% Friend/relative's residence 261
 
6.2% Village fields 132
 
3.4% Checkpoint (naka) 71
 
2.5% Shop/market 53
 
2.2% Police station 46
 
1.2% Bus station/stand 25
 
0.7% Village drain 14
 
11.3% Other 240
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

51.7% Yes 1,095
 
 
27.6% No 584

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

16.2% Other 344
 
16.2% Denied involvement 344
 
11.1% Gave no response 236
 
8.3% Told family to go to another police station 176
 
6.9% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 147
 
5.8% Killed victim in an “encounter” 122
 
3.5% Admitted custody only 75
 
1.3% Victim had escaped 27
 
0.4% Victim killed in crossfire with militants 8
 
0.3% Victim accidentally killed in custody 7
 
0.3% Victim killed by militants 6
 
0.1% Victim killed while trying to escape 2
 
0.0% Victim killed by black cats 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

3.3% Yes 69
 
 
45.0% No 953

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

87.6% Extrajudicial executions 1,855
 
 
12.4% Enforced disappearances 262

Number of victims per family

81.2% 1 victim 1,718
 
12.7% 2 victims 269
 
4.8% 3 victims 102
 
0.3% 4 victims 7
 
0.6% 5 victims 12
 
0.4% 9 victims 9
 

Related incidents

3.6% Genuine encounters in family 76
 
 
95.7% No genuine encounters in family 2,027

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

36.8% Cremated the body 778
 
2.6% Dumped body in canal or river 55
 
0.1% Dumped body in well or drain 2
 
0.1% Buried the body 2
 
0.0% Other 1
 

Security forces returned body

15.1% Yes 319
 
1.5% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 31
 
70.9% No 1,502
 

Condition of corpse, if known

15.5% Bullet wounds 328
 
3.7% Broken bones 79
 
3.6% Cuts/wounds 76
 
3.0% Bruises 63
 
1.9% Other 41
 
1.8% Burn marks 38
 
0.9% Missing fingernails 19
 
0.9% Missing hair from head or face 18
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

53.3% Yes 1,129
 
 
26.2% No 554

Security forces uniformed

89.6% Yes 1,168
 
 
6.9% No 90

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

70.8% Punjab Police 1,498
 
14.0% CRPF 297
 
1.9% Other 41
 
1.6% Black cat 33
 
1.4% Army 30
 
0.9% BSF 20
 
0.9% Criminal Investigation Agency 18
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

74.1% Punjab police 1,569
 
10.4% CRPF 221
 
2.2% Army 46
 
2.1% Black cat 45
 
1.2% BSF 25
 
1.0% Other 21
 
0.4% Criminal Investigation Agency 9
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

37.1% Combatant 786
 
 
59.2% Non-combatant 1,254

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

18.5% Yes 391
 
 
38.4% No 812

If provided support, support was voluntary

10.3% Yes 218
 
 
6.9% No 147

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

59.0% Yes 1,249
 
 
39.5% No 836

Approached security officials

52.1% Yes 1,102
 
 
47.1% No 997

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

30.7% Afraid of retaliation 649
 
12.4% Didn’t know what to do 262
 
10.1% Believed it would have been ineffective 213
 
4.6% Couldn’t afford 98
 
2.1% Not applicable 45
 
0.5% Other 11
 

Remedies desired from government

76.6% Monetary compensation to family 1,622
 
58.9% Employment 1,247
 
47.2% Truth commission 1,000
 
41.1% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 870
 
38.9% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 823
 
16.2% Investigations into abuses 343
 
12.0% Rehabilitation services to family members 253
 
7.8% Memorial for victims 165
 
4.6% Other 98
 
2.9% Desire nothing from government 62
 

Time & Place  

District

100.0% Amritsar 2,117
 

Year

0.0% 1981 1
 
0.1% 1982 2
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
2.2% 1984 47
 
0.3% 1985 7
 
1.7% 1986 37
 
5.2% 1987 110
 
4.9% 1988 103
 
7.3% 1989 154
 
9.5% 1990 201
 
19.9% 1991 422
 
29.2% 1992 618
 
12.5% 1993 265
 
1.5% 1994 32
 
0.3% 1995 6
 
0.2% 1996 4
 
0.2% 1997 5
 
0.1% 1998 3
 
0.1% 1999 2
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 1
 
0.1% 2003 2
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 1
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 1