Amritsar I

District: Amritsar

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


Key statistics for documented cases in Amritsar I Subdistrict

Victim Demographics 

Gender

98.2% Male 164
 
 
1.8% Female 3

Marital status

55.7% Not married 93
 
 
44.3% Married 74

If married, did the victim have children?

37.1% Yes 62
 
 
6.0% No 10


Total children surviving victims: 143


Religion

99.4% Sikh 166
 
 
0.6% Non-Sikh 1

Caste

74.9% Jat 125
 
 
25.1% Non-Jat 42

Age

2.4% 0-17 4
 
80.8% 18-33 135
 
11.4% 34-49 19
 
2.4% 50-64 4
 
0.6% 65+ 1
 

Education

11.4% No education 19
 
16.2% Primary school 27
 
18.0% Middle school 30
 
42.5% High school 71
 
6.0% College degree 10
 
1.2% Graduate degree 2
 
4.8% Vocational degree 8
 

Employment

38.9% Farmer/agriculture 65
 
13.2% Day labourer 22
 
10.2% Student 17
 
6.0% Unemployed 10
 
6.0% Driver (bus/truck/car) 10
 
3.0% Shopkeeper 5
 
2.4% Carpenter 4
 
1.2% Housewife 2
 
24.0% Other 40
 

Urban / Rural

98.8% Rural 165
 
 
1.2% Urban 2

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

42.5% Yes 71
 
 
56.9% No 95

Prior torture

35.9% Yes 60
 
 
6.6% No 11

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

80.2% Yes 134
 
 
17.4% No 29

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

13.3% Yes 14
 
 
82.9% No 87

Witnesses to abduction

62.9% Yes 105
 
 
7.2% No 12

Victim abduction location

25.7% Roadside 43
 
15.6% Victim’s residence 26
 
12.6% Friend/relative's residence 21
 
3.6% Village fields 6
 
1.8% Bus station/stand 3
 
1.8% Checkpoint (naka) 3
 
1.8% Police station 3
 
1.2% Shop/market 2
 
1.2% Village drain 2
 
9.6% Other 16
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

53.3% Yes 89
 
 
26.3% No 44

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

13.8% Denied involvement 23
 
10.8% Gave no response 18
 
7.8% Other 13
 
7.2% Told family to go to another police station 12
 
5.4% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 9
 
5.4% Killed victim in an “encounter” 9
 
3.0% Victim had escaped 5
 
3.0% Admitted custody only 5
 
0.6% Victim killed in crossfire with militants 1
 
0.6% Victim killed by militants 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

6.0% Yes 10
 
 
45.5% No 76

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

83.2% Extrajudicial executions 139
 
 
16.8% Enforced disappearances 28

Number of victims per family

87.4% 1 victim 146
 
7.8% 2 victims 13
 
4.8% 3 victims 8
 

Related incidents

4.2% Genuine encounters in family 7
 
 
95.8% No genuine encounters in family 160

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

29.3% Cremated the body 49
 
4.8% Dumped body in canal or river 8
 
1.2% Dumped body in well or drain 2
 

Security forces returned body

16.2% Yes 27
 
2.4% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 4
 
64.7% No 108
 

Condition of corpse, if known

14.4% Bullet wounds 24
 
4.2% Broken bones 7
 
4.2% Bruises 7
 
3.0% Cuts/wounds 5
 
1.2% Burn marks 2
 
1.2% Other 2
 
0.6% Missing fingernails 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

56.3% Yes 94
 
 
25.1% No 42

Security forces uniformed

81.9% Yes 86
 
 
9.5% No 10

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

71.3% Punjab Police 119
 
8.4% CRPF 14
 
3.0% Other 5
 
1.8% Army 3
 
1.2% Black cat 2
 
0.6% BSF 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

73.1% Punjab police 122
 
7.8% CRPF 13
 
2.4% Army 4
 
1.8% Black cat 3
 
0.6% BSF 1
 
0.6% Other 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

44.9% Combatant 75
 
 
52.7% Non-combatant 88

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

22.2% Yes 37
 
 
28.1% No 47

If provided support, support was voluntary

13.8% Yes 23
 
 
7.2% No 12

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

58.7% Yes 98
 
 
39.5% No 66

Approached security officials

44.9% Yes 75
 
 
54.5% No 91

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

29.9% Afraid of retaliation 50
 
17.4% Didn’t know what to do 29
 
8.4% Believed it would have been ineffective 14
 
3.6% Couldn’t afford 6
 
3.0% Not applicable 5
 
0.6% Other 1
 

Remedies desired from government

82.0% Monetary compensation to family 137
 
56.9% Employment 95
 
47.3% Truth commission 79
 
36.5% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 61
 
34.7% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 58
 
12.0% Investigations into abuses 20
 
11.4% Memorial for victims 19
 
10.8% Rehabilitation services to family members 18
 
3.6% Desire nothing from government 6
 
2.4% Other 4
 

Year & District  

District

100.0% Amritsar 167
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.6% 1982 1
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
2.4% 1984 4
 
1.2% 1985 2
 
2.4% 1986 4
 
5.4% 1987 9
 
4.8% 1988 8
 
10.2% 1989 17
 
4.8% 1990 8
 
24.0% 1991 40
 
27.5% 1992 46
 
10.2% 1993 17
 
1.8% 1994 3
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.6% 1998 1
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0