Amritsar I

District: Amritsar

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


Key statistics for documented cases in Amritsar I Subdistrict

Victim Demographics 

Gender

98.2% Male 163
 
 
1.8% Female 3

Marital status

55.4% Not married 92
 
 
44.6% Married 74

If married, did the victim have children?

37.3% Yes 62
 
 
6.0% No 10


Total children surviving victims: 143


Religion

99.4% Sikh 165
 
 
0.6% Non-Sikh 1

Caste

74.7% Jat 124
 
 
25.3% Non-Jat 42

Age

2.4% 0-17 4
 
80.7% 18-33 134
 
11.4% 34-49 19
 
2.4% 50-64 4
 
0.6% 65+ 1
 

Education

11.4% No education 19
 
16.3% Primary school 27
 
18.1% Middle school 30
 
42.2% High school 70
 
6.0% College degree 10
 
1.2% Graduate degree 2
 
4.8% Vocational degree 8
 

Employment

38.6% Farmer/agriculture 64
 
13.3% Day labourer 22
 
10.2% Student 17
 
6.0% Driver (bus/truck/car) 10
 
6.0% Unemployed 10
 
3.0% Shopkeeper 5
 
2.4% Carpenter 4
 
1.2% Housewife 2
 
24.1% Other 40
 

Urban / Rural

98.8% Rural 164
 
 
1.2% Urban 2

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

42.8% Yes 71
 
 
56.6% No 94

Prior torture

36.1% Yes 60
 
 
6.6% No 11

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

80.1% Yes 133
 
 
17.5% No 29

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

14.4% Yes 15
 
 
81.7% No 85

Witnesses to abduction

62.7% Yes 104
 
 
7.2% No 12

Victim abduction location

25.3% Roadside 42
 
15.7% Victim’s residence 26
 
12.7% Friend/relative's residence 21
 
3.6% Village fields 6
 
1.8% Police station 3
 
1.8% Checkpoint (naka) 3
 
1.8% Bus station/stand 3
 
1.2% Village drain 2
 
1.2% Shop/market 2
 
9.6% Other 16
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

53.0% Yes 88
 
 
26.5% No 44

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

13.9% Denied involvement 23
 
10.2% Gave no response 17
 
7.8% Other 13
 
7.2% Told family to go to another police station 12
 
5.4% Killed victim in an “encounter” 9
 
5.4% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 9
 
3.0% Victim had escaped 5
 
3.0% Admitted custody only 5
 
0.6% Victim killed in crossfire with militants 1
 
0.6% Victim killed by militants 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

6.0% Yes 10
 
 
45.2% No 75

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

83.7% Extrajudicial executions 139
 
 
16.3% Enforced disappearances 27

Number of victims per family

88.0% 1 victim 146
 
7.2% 2 victim 12
 
4.8% 3 victim 8
 

Related incidents

4.2% Genuine encounters in family 7
 
 
95.8% No genuine encounters in family 159

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

29.5% Cremated the body 49
 
4.8% Dumped body in canal or river 8
 
1.2% Dumped body in well or drain 2
 

Security forces returned body

16.3% Yes 27
 
2.4% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 4
 
65.1% No 108
 

Condition of corpse, if known

14.5% Bullet wounds 24
 
4.2% Bruises 7
 
4.2% Broken bones 7
 
3.0% Cuts/wounds 5
 
1.2% Other 2
 
1.2% Burn marks 2
 
0.6% Missing fingernails 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

56.6% Yes 94
 
 
24.7% No 41

Security forces uniformed

83.7% Yes 87
 
 
8.7% No 9

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

71.1% Punjab Police 118
 
9.0% CRPF 15
 
3.0% Other 5
 
1.8% Army 3
 
1.2% Black cat 2
 
0.6% BSF 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

73.5% Punjab police 122
 
7.8% CRPF 13
 
2.4% Army 4
 
1.8% Black cat 3
 
0.6% Other 1
 
0.6% BSF 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

45.2% Combatant 75
 
 
52.4% Non-combatant 87

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

21.7% Yes 36
 
 
28.3% No 47

If provided support, support was voluntary

13.3% Yes 22
 
 
7.2% No 12

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

58.4% Yes 97
 
 
39.8% No 66

Approached security officials

45.2% Yes 75
 
 
54.2% No 90

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

30.1% Afraid of retaliation 50
 
17.5% Didn’t know what to do 29
 
8.4% Believed it would have been ineffective 14
 
3.6% Couldn’t afford 6
 
3.0% Not applicable 5
 
0.6% Other 1
 

Remedies desired from government

82.5% Monetary compensation to family 137
 
57.2% Employment 95
 
47.6% Truth commission 79
 
36.1% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 60
 
34.9% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 58
 
12.0% Investigations into abuses 20
 
11.4% Memorial for victims 19
 
10.8% Rehabilitation services to family members 18
 
3.6% Desire nothing from government 6
 
2.4% Other 4
 

Year & District 

District

100.0% Amritsar 166
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.6% 1982 1
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
2.4% 1984 4
 
1.2% 1985 2
 
2.4% 1986 4
 
5.4% 1987 9
 
4.8% 1988 8
 
10.2% 1989 17
 
4.2% 1990 7
 
24.1% 1991 40
 
27.7% 1992 46
 
10.2% 1993 17
 
1.8% 1994 3
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.6% 1998 1
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
4.2% Date Unknown 7