Amritsar II

District: Amritsar

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


Key statistics for documented cases in Amritsar II Subdistrict

Victim Demographics 

Gender

94.0% Male 268
 
 
6.0% Female 17

Marital status

52.3% Not married 149
 
 
47.7% Married 136

If married, did the victim have children?

41.8% Yes 119
 
 
4.9% No 14


Total children surviving victims: 337


Religion

98.2% Sikh 280
 
 
1.4% Non-Sikh 4

Caste

64.2% Jat 183
 
 
35.4% Non-Jat 101

Age

4.6% 0-17 13
 
72.3% 18-33 206
 
14.7% 34-49 42
 
5.3% 50-64 15
 
1.1% 65+ 3
 
0.4% Age unknown 1
 

Education

21.4% No education 61
 
20.4% Primary school 58
 
12.6% Middle school 36
 
35.1% High school 100
 
2.1% Some college 6
 
4.6% College degree 13
 
1.1% Graduate degree 3
 
2.1% Vocational degree 6
 

Employment

31.6% Farmer/agriculture 90
 
17.2% Day labourer 49
 
8.4% Student 24
 
6.7% Shopkeeper 19
 
4.6% Driver (bus/truck/car) 13
 
3.9% Housewife 11
 
2.8% Unemployed 8
 
1.8% Mechanic 5
 
1.4% Carpenter 4
 
27.7% Other 79
 

Urban / Rural

43.5% Rural 124
 
 
56.5% Urban 161

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

39.6% Yes 113
 
 
58.6% No 167

Prior torture

31.6% Yes 90
 
 
8.1% No 23

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

78.9% Yes 225
 
 
18.9% No 54

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

24.4% Yes 39
 
 
91.2% No 146

Witnesses to abduction

56.1% Yes 160
 
 
4.9% No 14

Victim abduction location

22.1% Victim’s residence 63
 
18.9% Roadside 54
 
10.2% Friend/relative's residence 29
 
5.3% Shop/market 15
 
3.5% Checkpoint (naka) 10
 
2.8% Village fields 8
 
2.1% Bus station/stand 6
 
1.1% Police station 3
 
0.7% Village drain 2
 
8.4% Other 24
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

43.2% Yes 123
 
 
35.4% No 101

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

17.9% Denied involvement 51
 
15.4% Gave no response 44
 
14.7% Other 42
 
6.7% Told family to go to another police station 19
 
4.9% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 14
 
3.5% Killed victim in an “encounter” 10
 
2.5% Admitted custody only 7
 
1.4% Victim had escaped 4
 
0.4% Victim accidentally killed in custody 1
 
0.4% Victim killed while trying to escape 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

3.9% Yes 11
 
 
47.7% No 136

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

86.3% Extrajudicial executions 246
 
 
13.7% Enforced disappearances 39

Number of victims per family

78.9% 1 victim 225
 
11.2% 2 victims 32
 
6.3% 3 victims 18
 
3.5% 5 victims 10
 

Related incidents

3.2% Genuine encounters in family 9
 
 
96.5% No genuine encounters in family 275

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

34.7% Cremated the body 99
 
0.7% Dumped body in canal or river 2
 

Security forces returned body

21.4% Yes 61
 
1.8% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 5
 
62.8% No 179
 

Condition of corpse, if known

21.1% Bullet wounds 60
 
7.0% Broken bones 20
 
6.0% Bruises 17
 
6.0% Cuts/wounds 17
 
4.9% Burn marks 14
 
2.1% Other 6
 
1.4% Missing fingernails 4
 
1.4% Missing hair from head or face 4
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

52.3% Yes 149
 
 
26.3% No 75

Security forces uniformed

96.2% Yes 154
 
 
11.2% No 18

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

68.1% Punjab Police 194
 
14.7% CRPF 42
 
2.1% Other 6
 
2.1% Army 6
 
1.4% Black cat 4
 
1.1% Criminal Investigation Agency 3
 
0.4% BSF 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

67.0% Punjab police 191
 
8.8% CRPF 25
 
7.0% Black cat 20
 
3.2% Army 9
 
0.7% Other 2
 
0.7% BSF 2
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

38.9% Combatant 111
 
 
55.1% Non-combatant 157

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

13.3% Yes 38
 
 
39.3% No 112

If provided support, support was voluntary

9.8% Yes 28
 
 
2.8% No 8

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

63.9% Yes 182
 
 
34.7% No 99

Approached security officials

49.1% Yes 140
 
 
50.5% No 144

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

26.0% Afraid of retaliation 74
 
10.9% Didn’t know what to do 31
 
9.1% Believed it would have been ineffective 26
 
3.5% Couldn’t afford 10
 
1.1% Not applicable 3
 
0.4% Other 1
 

Remedies desired from government

69.1% Monetary compensation to family 197
 
59.3% Truth commission 169
 
53.3% Employment 152
 
45.6% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 130
 
40.4% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 115
 
27.0% Investigations into abuses 77
 
13.3% Memorial for victims 38
 
9.1% Other 26
 
7.4% Rehabilitation services to family members 21
 
6.0% Desire nothing from government 17
 

Time & Place  

District

100.0% Amritsar 285
 

Year

0.4% 1981 1
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
7.4% 1984 21
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
3.2% 1986 9
 
6.0% 1987 17
 
3.2% 1988 9
 
4.9% 1989 14
 
9.5% 1990 27
 
21.1% 1991 60
 
30.9% 1992 88
 
7.4% 1993 21
 
1.4% 1994 4
 
0.4% 1995 1
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.4% 1997 1
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.4% 1999 1
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.4% 2002 1
 
0.4% 2003 1
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.4% 2012 1