Amritsar II

District: Amritsar

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


Key statistics for documented cases in Amritsar II Subdistrict

Victim Demographics 

Gender

94.1% Male 269
 
 
5.9% Female 17

Marital status

52.1% Not married 149
 
 
47.9% Married 137

If married, did the victim have children?

41.6% Yes 119
 
 
5.2% No 15


Total children surviving victims: 337


Religion

98.3% Sikh 281
 
 
1.4% Non-Sikh 4

Caste

64.3% Jat 184
 
 
35.3% Non-Jat 101

Age

4.5% 0-17 13
 
72.4% 18-33 207
 
14.7% 34-49 42
 
5.2% 50-64 15
 
1.0% 65+ 3
 
0.3% Age unknown 1
 

Education

21.3% No education 61
 
20.3% Primary school 58
 
12.6% Middle school 36
 
35.3% High school 101
 
2.1% Some college 6
 
4.5% College degree 13
 
1.0% Graduate degree 3
 
2.1% Vocational degree 6
 

Employment

31.5% Farmer/agriculture 90
 
17.1% Day labourer 49
 
8.4% Student 24
 
6.6% Shopkeeper 19
 
4.5% Driver (bus/truck/car) 13
 
3.8% Housewife 11
 
2.8% Unemployed 8
 
1.7% Mechanic 5
 
1.4% Carpenter 4
 
28.0% Other 80
 

Urban / Rural

43.7% Rural 125
 
 
56.3% Urban 161

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

39.5% Yes 113
 
 
58.7% No 168

Prior torture

31.5% Yes 90
 
 
8.0% No 23

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

79.0% Yes 226
 
 
18.9% No 54

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

24.2% Yes 39
 
 
91.3% No 147

Witnesses to abduction

56.3% Yes 161
 
 
4.9% No 14

Victim abduction location

22.4% Victim’s residence 64
 
18.9% Roadside 54
 
10.1% Friend/relative's residence 29
 
5.2% Shop/market 15
 
3.5% Checkpoint (naka) 10
 
2.8% Village fields 8
 
2.1% Bus station/stand 6
 
1.0% Police station 3
 
0.7% Village drain 2
 
8.4% Other 24
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

43.0% Yes 123
 
 
35.7% No 102

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

17.8% Denied involvement 51
 
15.7% Gave no response 45
 
14.7% Other 42
 
6.6% Told family to go to another police station 19
 
4.9% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 14
 
3.5% Killed victim in an “encounter” 10
 
2.4% Admitted custody only 7
 
1.4% Victim had escaped 4
 
0.3% Victim accidentally killed in custody 1
 
0.3% Victim killed while trying to escape 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

3.8% Yes 11
 
 
47.6% No 136

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

86.0% Extrajudicial executions 246
 
 
14.0% Enforced disappearances 40

Number of victims per family

79.0% 1 victim 226
 
11.2% 2 victims 32
 
6.3% 3 victims 18
 
3.5% 5 victims 10
 

Related incidents

3.1% Genuine encounters in family 9
 
 
96.5% No genuine encounters in family 276

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

34.6% Cremated the body 99
 
0.7% Dumped body in canal or river 2
 

Security forces returned body

21.3% Yes 61
 
1.7% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 5
 
62.6% No 179
 

Condition of corpse, if known

21.0% Bullet wounds 60
 
7.0% Broken bones 20
 
5.9% Bruises 17
 
5.9% Cuts/wounds 17
 
4.9% Burn marks 14
 
2.1% Other 6
 
1.4% Missing hair from head or face 4
 
1.4% Missing fingernails 4
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

52.1% Yes 149
 
 
26.2% No 75

Security forces uniformed

96.3% Yes 155
 
 
11.2% No 18

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

68.2% Punjab Police 195
 
14.7% CRPF 42
 
2.1% Army 6
 
2.1% Other 6
 
1.4% Black cat 4
 
1.0% Criminal Investigation Agency 3
 
0.3% BSF 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

66.8% Punjab police 191
 
8.7% CRPF 25
 
7.0% Black cat 20
 
3.1% Army 9
 
0.7% BSF 2
 
0.7% Other 2
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

38.8% Combatant 111
 
 
55.2% Non-combatant 158

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

13.3% Yes 38
 
 
39.5% No 113

If provided support, support was voluntary

9.8% Yes 28
 
 
2.8% No 8

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

63.6% Yes 182
 
 
35.0% No 100

Approached security officials

49.3% Yes 141
 
 
50.3% No 144

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

25.9% Afraid of retaliation 74
 
11.2% Didn’t know what to do 32
 
9.1% Believed it would have been ineffective 26
 
3.5% Couldn’t afford 10
 
1.0% Not applicable 3
 
0.3% Other 1
 

Remedies desired from government

68.9% Monetary compensation to family 197
 
59.1% Truth commission 169
 
53.5% Employment 153
 
45.5% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 130
 
40.2% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 115
 
26.9% Investigations into abuses 77
 
13.3% Memorial for victims 38
 
9.1% Other 26
 
7.3% Rehabilitation services to family members 21
 
5.9% Desire nothing from government 17
 

Year & District  

District

100.0% Amritsar 286
 

Year

0.3% 1981 1
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
7.3% 1984 21
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
3.1% 1986 9
 
5.9% 1987 17
 
3.1% 1988 9
 
4.9% 1989 14
 
9.4% 1990 27
 
21.0% 1991 60
 
31.1% 1992 89
 
7.3% 1993 21
 
1.4% 1994 4
 
0.3% 1995 1
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.3% 1997 1
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.3% 1999 1
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.3% 2002 1
 
0.3% 2003 1
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.3% 2012 1