Tarn Taran

District: Amritsar

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


462 documented cases in Tarn Taran Subdistrict

Aima Kalan, 1 case
Bachre, 1
Bagrian, 6
Behla, 8
Bhojian, 4
Bhullar, 3
Bhure, 1
Buhga, 3
Burj, 2
Burj, 1
Chhappa, 4
Deo, 6
Dhand, 2
Dhattal, 1
Dhotian, 13
Dugri, 1
Gagobua, 5
Gharka, 3
Jandoke, 1
Jaura, 8
Jiobala, 4
Jodhpur, 2
Kadgill, 4
Kaler, 2
Kals, 1
Kambo, 3
Khara, 6
Kheda, 1
Khera, 1
Leian, 1
Mahna, 1
Malia, 3
Malian, 3
Maluwal, 1
Mamanke, 1
Mianpur, 1
Muse, 2
Pakhoke, 7
Piddi, 1
Rataul, 5
Ratoke, 1
Sakhira, 19
Sanghe, 6
Sheron, 1
Tharu, 6
Thatha, 1
Thathi, 2
Viring, 2
Walipur, 4
Warana, 7

Key statistics for documented cases in Tarn Taran Subdistrict

Victim Demographics 

Gender

97.4% Male 450
 
 
2.6% Female 12

Marital status

58.4% Not married 270
 
 
41.3% Married 191

If married, did the victim have children?

34.8% Yes 161
 
 
3.9% No 18


Total children surviving victims: 469


Religion

98.5% Sikh 455
 
 
1.5% Non-Sikh 7

Caste

70.6% Jat 326
 
 
29.4% Non-Jat 136

Age

6.3% 0-17 29
 
71.9% 18-33 332
 
13.2% 34-49 61
 
5.2% 50-64 24
 
1.3% 65+ 6
 

Education

27.5% No education 127
 
16.0% Primary school 74
 
14.1% Middle school 65
 
36.4% High school 168
 
0.9% Some college 4
 
2.8% College degree 13
 
0.9% Graduate degree 4
 
1.3% Vocational degree 6
 

Employment

43.3% Farmer/agriculture 200
 
16.5% Day labourer 76
 
4.5% Student 21
 
3.9% Unemployed 18
 
3.2% Shopkeeper 15
 
3.2% Driver (bus/truck/car) 15
 
1.1% Housewife 5
 
0.6% Mechanic 3
 
27.1% Other 125
 

Urban / Rural

93.7% Rural 433
 
 
6.3% Urban 29

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

32.3% Yes 149
 
 
67.5% No 312

Prior torture

23.2% Yes 107
 
 
9.1% No 42

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

81.0% Yes 374
 
 
16.5% No 76

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

21.1% Yes 63
 
 
77.9% No 232

Witnesses to abduction

64.5% Yes 298
 
 
3.5% No 16

Victim abduction location

20.1% Victim’s residence 93
 
14.5% Roadside 67
 
13.0% Friend/relative's residence 60
 
7.1% Village fields 33
 
4.1% Police station 19
 
3.7% Checkpoint (naka) 17
 
2.6% Shop/market 12
 
1.5% Bus station/stand 7
 
0.6% Village drain 3
 
9.7% Other 45
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

56.9% Yes 263
 
 
24.0% No 111

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

20.6% Denied involvement 95
 
16.9% Other 78
 
10.4% Told family to go to another police station 48
 
10.0% Gave no response 46
 
8.0% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 37
 
5.8% Killed victim in an “encounter” 27
 
3.9% Admitted custody only 18
 
0.9% Victim killed in crossfire with militants 4
 
0.6% Victim had escaped 3
 
0.2% Victim accidentally killed in custody 1
 
0.2% Victim killed by militants 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

2.8% Yes 13
 
 
48.5% No 224

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

89.2% Extrajudicial executions 412
 
 
10.8% Enforced disappearances 50

Number of victims per family

79.9% 1 victim 369
 
14.7% 2 victims 68
 
4.1% 3 victims 19
 
1.3% 4 victims 6
 

Related incidents

5.0% Genuine encounters in family 23
 
 
95.0% No genuine encounters in family 439

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

34.0% Cremated the body 157
 
3.5% Dumped body in canal or river 16
 
0.2% Buried the body 1
 

Security forces returned body

13.6% Yes 63
 
0.9% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 4
 
74.7% No 345
 

Condition of corpse, if known

13.2% Bullet wounds 61
 
4.3% Broken bones 20
 
3.7% Cuts/wounds 17
 
2.2% Bruises 10
 
1.7% Burn marks 8
 
1.3% Other 6
 
0.9% Missing fingernails 4
 
0.6% Missing hair from head or face 3
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

59.5% Yes 275
 
 
20.6% No 95

Security forces uniformed

93.0% Yes 277
 
 
4.0% No 12

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

74.0% Punjab Police 342
 
17.7% CRPF 82
 
1.7% Black cat 8
 
1.3% Criminal Investigation Agency 6
 
0.6% Other 3
 
0.4% Army 2
 
0.2% BSF 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

77.5% Punjab police 358
 
12.1% CRPF 56
 
1.1% Army 5
 
1.1% Criminal Investigation Agency 5
 
1.1% Black cat 5
 
0.6% Other 3
 
0.2% BSF 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

34.2% Combatant 158
 
 
62.1% Non-combatant 287

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

18.0% Yes 83
 
 
41.6% No 192

If provided support, support was voluntary

10.0% Yes 46
 
 
7.4% No 34

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

64.1% Yes 296
 
 
34.6% No 160

Approached security officials

56.3% Yes 260
 
 
42.6% No 197

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

27.1% Afraid of retaliation 125
 
11.3% Believed it would have been ineffective 52
 
9.1% Didn’t know what to do 42
 
3.9% Couldn’t afford 18
 
1.9% Not applicable 9
 
0.2% Other 1
 

Remedies desired from government

74.5% Monetary compensation to family 344
 
61.7% Employment 285
 
42.9% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 198
 
40.5% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 187
 
40.3% Truth commission 186
 
16.0% Investigations into abuses 74
 
12.8% Rehabilitation services to family members 59
 
8.0% Memorial for victims 37
 
6.1% Other 28
 
2.6% Desire nothing from government 12
 

Year & District  

District

100.0% Amritsar 462
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
1.1% 1984 5
 
0.6% 1985 3
 
2.4% 1986 11
 
5.0% 1987 23
 
5.6% 1988 26
 
5.8% 1989 27
 
9.5% 1990 44
 
18.2% 1991 84
 
30.5% 1992 141
 
14.9% 1993 69
 
0.9% 1994 4
 
0.4% 1995 2
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.2% 1998 1
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0