Tarn Taran

District: Amritsar

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


458 documented cases in Tarn Taran Subdistrict

Aima Kalan, 1 case
Bachre, 1
Bagrian, 6
Behla, 8
Bhojian, 4
Bhullar, 3
Bhure, 1
Buhga, 3
Burj, 2
Burj, 1
Chhappa, 4
Deo, 6
Dhand, 2
Dhattal, 1
Dhotian, 13
Dugri, 1
Gagobua, 5
Gharka, 3
Jandoke, 1
Jaura, 8
Jiobala, 4
Jodhpur, 2
Kadgill, 4
Kaler, 2
Kals, 1
Kambo, 3
Khara, 6
Kheda, 1
Khera, 1
Leian, 1
Mahna, 1
Malia, 3
Malian, 3
Maluwal, 1
Mamanke, 1
Mianpur, 1
Muse, 2
Pakhoke, 7
Piddi, 1
Rataul, 5
Ratoke, 1
Sakhira, 19
Sanghe, 6
Sheron, 1
Tharu, 6
Thatha, 1
Thathi, 2
Viring, 2
Walipur, 4
Warana, 7

Key statistics for documented cases in Tarn Taran Subdistrict

Victim Demographics 

Gender

97.4% Male 446
 
 
2.6% Female 12

Marital status

58.7% Not married 269
 
 
41.0% Married 188

If married, did the victim have children?

34.5% Yes 158
 
 
3.9% No 18


Total children surviving victims: 461


Religion

98.5% Sikh 451
 
 
1.5% Non-Sikh 7

Caste

70.5% Jat 323
 
 
29.5% Non-Jat 135

Age

6.3% 0-17 29
 
71.8% 18-33 329
 
13.1% 34-49 60
 
5.2% 50-64 24
 
1.3% 65+ 6
 

Education

27.5% No education 126
 
15.9% Primary school 73
 
14.2% Middle school 65
 
36.2% High school 166
 
0.9% Some college 4
 
2.8% College degree 13
 
0.9% Graduate degree 4
 
1.3% Vocational degree 6
 

Employment

43.7% Farmer/agriculture 200
 
16.2% Day labourer 74
 
4.6% Student 21
 
3.9% Unemployed 18
 
3.3% Driver (bus/truck/car) 15
 
3.3% Shopkeeper 15
 
1.1% Housewife 5
 
0.7% Mechanic 3
 
26.9% Other 123
 

Urban / Rural

93.7% Rural 429
 
 
6.3% Urban 29

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

32.3% Yes 148
 
 
67.5% No 309

Prior torture

23.1% Yes 106
 
 
9.2% No 42

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

80.8% Yes 370
 
 
16.6% No 76

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

21.4% Yes 63
 
 
77.6% No 229

Witnesses to abduction

64.4% Yes 295
 
 
3.5% No 16

Victim abduction location

20.3% Victim’s residence 93
 
14.0% Roadside 64
 
12.9% Friend/relative's residence 59
 
7.2% Village fields 33
 
4.1% Police station 19
 
3.7% Checkpoint (naka) 17
 
2.6% Shop/market 12
 
1.5% Bus station/stand 7
 
0.7% Village drain 3
 
9.8% Other 45
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

56.8% Yes 260
 
 
24.0% No 110

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

20.7% Denied involvement 95
 
17.0% Other 78
 
10.5% Told family to go to another police station 48
 
9.8% Gave no response 45
 
8.1% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 37
 
5.9% Killed victim in an “encounter” 27
 
3.7% Admitted custody only 17
 
0.9% Victim killed in crossfire with militants 4
 
0.7% Victim had escaped 3
 
0.2% Victim killed by militants 1
 
0.2% Victim accidentally killed in custody 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

2.8% Yes 13
 
 
48.7% No 223

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

89.1% Extrajudicial executions 408
 
 
10.9% Enforced disappearances 50

Number of victims per family

79.7% 1 victim 365
 
14.8% 2 victim 68
 
4.1% 3 victim 19
 
1.3% 4 victim 6
 

Related incidents

5.0% Genuine encounters in family 23
 
 
95.0% No genuine encounters in family 435

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

34.1% Cremated the body 156
 
3.5% Dumped body in canal or river 16
 
0.2% Buried the body 1
 

Security forces returned body

13.8% Yes 63
 
0.9% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 4
 
74.5% No 341
 

Condition of corpse, if known

13.3% Bullet wounds 61
 
4.4% Broken bones 20
 
3.7% Cuts/wounds 17
 
2.2% Bruises 10
 
1.7% Burn marks 8
 
1.3% Other 6
 
0.9% Missing fingernails 4
 
0.7% Missing hair from head or face 3
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

59.6% Yes 273
 
 
20.3% No 93

Security forces uniformed

93.2% Yes 275
 
 
4.1% No 12

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

74.0% Punjab Police 339
 
17.7% CRPF 81
 
2.0% Criminal Investigation Agency 9
 
2.0% Black cat 9
 
0.7% Other 3
 
0.4% Army 2
 
0.2% BSF 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

77.7% Punjab police 356
 
12.2% CRPF 56
 
1.5% Criminal Investigation Agency 7
 
1.1% Army 5
 
1.1% Black cat 5
 
0.7% Other 3
 
0.2% BSF 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

34.3% Combatant 157
 
 
62.0% Non-combatant 284

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

17.9% Yes 82
 
 
41.5% No 190

If provided support, support was voluntary

9.8% Yes 45
 
 
7.4% No 34

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

63.8% Yes 292
 
 
34.9% No 160

Approached security officials

56.3% Yes 258
 
 
42.6% No 195

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

27.3% Afraid of retaliation 125
 
11.4% Believed it would have been ineffective 52
 
9.2% Didn’t know what to do 42
 
3.9% Couldn’t afford 18
 
1.5% Not applicable 7
 
0.2% Other 1
 

Remedies desired from government

74.2% Monetary compensation to family 340
 
61.4% Employment 281
 
43.0% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 197
 
40.6% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 186
 
40.0% Truth commission 183
 
15.9% Investigations into abuses 73
 
12.9% Rehabilitation services to family members 59
 
8.1% Memorial for victims 37
 
6.1% Other 28
 
2.4% Desire nothing from government 11
 

Year & District 

District

100.0% Amritsar 458
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
1.1% 1984 5
 
0.7% 1985 3
 
2.4% 1986 11
 
5.0% 1987 23
 
5.5% 1988 25
 
5.9% 1989 27
 
9.6% 1990 44
 
18.1% 1991 83
 
30.6% 1992 140
 
14.8% 1993 68
 
0.9% 1994 4
 
0.4% 1995 2
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.2% 1998 1
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
4.8% Date Unknown 22