Patti

District: Amritsar

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


516 documented cases in Patti Subdistrict

Ahmedpur, 4 cases
Balair, 6
Benka, 1
Bhojoke, 1
Boparai, 1
Bua, 4
Dal, 6
Dalairi, 1
Dassuwal, 10
Dhagana, 5
Dholan, 4
Dhun, 7
Dode, 1
Dubli, 3
Gajjal, 3
Gilpan, 1
Harike, 6
Jalloke, 2
Kairon, 16
Kalia, 2
Kals, 4
Khalra, 2
Lakhna, 3
Lakhna, 2
Lauhka, 9
Maan, 1
Marrar, 5
Munawan, 3
Nabipur, 1
Nadohar, 2
Narla, 2
Narli, 7
Panghri, 2
Patti, 9
Puhla, 4
Punian, 1
Rajoke, 1
Sabhrai, 16
Saido, 5
Saidpur, 1
Sandhra, 2
Shahid, 5
Sidhwan, 4
Sugga, 4
Sungwan, 1
Sur Singh, 24
Tatle, 2
Thatha, 1
Tut, 5
Uboke, 5
Valtoha, 16
Warnala, 5
Wiram, 1

Key statistics for documented cases in Patti Subdistrict

Victim Demographics 

Gender

98.8% Male 510
 
 
1.2% Female 6

Marital status

64.0% Not married 330
 
 
35.9% Married 185

If married, did the victim have children?

29.8% Yes 154
 
 
4.3% No 22


Total children surviving victims: 410


Religion

99.8% Sikh 515
 
 
0.2% Non-Sikh 1

Caste

75.2% Jat 388
 
 
24.8% Non-Jat 128

Age

7.2% 0-17 37
 
74.0% 18-33 382
 
12.0% 34-49 62
 
3.5% 50-64 18
 
1.2% 65+ 6
 
0.6% Age unknown 3
 

Education

39.1% No education 202
 
16.7% Primary school 86
 
15.5% Middle school 80
 
26.0% High school 134
 
1.2% College degree 6
 
0.6% Graduate degree 3
 
0.8% Vocational degree 4
 

Employment

55.4% Farmer/agriculture 286
 
13.2% Day labourer 68
 
4.8% Student 25
 
4.8% Shopkeeper 25
 
3.9% Driver (bus/truck/car) 20
 
3.9% Unemployed 20
 
0.8% Mechanic 4
 
0.6% Housewife 3
 
15.5% Other 80
 

Urban / Rural

96.5% Rural 498
 
 
3.5% Urban 18

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

31.6% Yes 163
 
 
67.6% No 349

Prior torture

22.7% Yes 117
 
 
8.9% No 46

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

78.7% Yes 406
 
 
18.8% No 97

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

16.9% Yes 54
 
 
75.6% No 242

Witnesses to abduction

62.0% Yes 320
 
 
3.5% No 18

Victim abduction location

15.7% Victim’s residence 81
 
14.7% Friend/relative's residence 76
 
14.3% Roadside 74
 
7.9% Village fields 41
 
3.3% Checkpoint (naka) 17
 
2.7% Shop/market 14
 
1.4% Police station 7
 
1.2% Bus station/stand 6
 
0.6% Village drain 3
 
12.8% Other 66
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

51.6% Yes 266
 
 
27.1% No 140

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

16.5% Other 85
 
13.8% Denied involvement 71
 
7.8% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 40
 
6.8% Gave no response 35
 
6.8% Killed victim in an “encounter” 35
 
6.0% Told family to go to another police station 31
 
2.1% Admitted custody only 11
 
1.2% Victim had escaped 6
 
0.4% Victim killed in crossfire with militants 2
 
0.2% Victim accidentally killed in custody 1
 
0.2% Victim killed by militants 1
 
0.2% Victim killed by black cats 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

2.1% Yes 11
 
 
46.7% No 241

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

90.1% Extrajudicial executions 465
 
 
9.9% Enforced disappearances 51

Number of victims per family

81.2% 1 victim 419
 
14.1% 2 victims 73
 
4.7% 3 victims 24
 

Related incidents

3.3% Genuine encounters in family 17
 
 
95.5% No genuine encounters in family 493

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

43.6% Cremated the body 225
 
1.7% Dumped body in canal or river 9
 
0.2% Buried the body 1
 

Security forces returned body

15.7% Yes 81
 
1.2% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 6
 
72.9% No 376
 

Condition of corpse, if known

17.2% Bullet wounds 89
 
3.3% Cuts/wounds 17
 
2.9% Other 15
 
2.3% Broken bones 12
 
2.3% Bruises 12
 
1.2% Missing fingernails 6
 
1.0% Missing hair from head or face 5
 
1.0% Burn marks 5
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

47.9% Yes 247
 
 
31.2% No 161

Security forces uniformed

84.1% Yes 269
 
 
6.9% No 22

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

69.8% Punjab Police 360
 
13.0% CRPF 67
 
2.1% Black cat 11
 
2.1% Other 11
 
1.7% BSF 9
 
0.6% Criminal Investigation Agency 3
 
0.2% Army 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

77.5% Punjab police 400
 
10.5% CRPF 54
 
2.5% BSF 13
 
2.3% Army 12
 
0.8% Black cat 4
 
0.8% Other 4
 
0.2% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

34.1% Combatant 176
 
 
62.0% Non-combatant 320

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

18.6% Yes 96
 
 
41.7% No 215

If provided support, support was voluntary

9.3% Yes 48
 
 
7.6% No 39

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

46.1% Yes 238
 
 
53.1% No 274

Approached security officials

48.4% Yes 250
 
 
50.8% No 262

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

43.2% Afraid of retaliation 223
 
16.1% Didn’t know what to do 83
 
11.2% Believed it would have been ineffective 58
 
7.9% Couldn’t afford 41
 
1.6% Not applicable 8
 
0.6% Other 3
 

Remedies desired from government

79.8% Monetary compensation to family 412
 
59.3% Employment 306
 
41.5% Truth commission 214
 
33.5% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 173
 
28.1% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 145
 
13.4% Investigations into abuses 69
 
13.0% Rehabilitation services to family members 67
 
6.4% Memorial for victims 33
 
3.1% Other 16
 
1.6% Desire nothing from government 8
 

Year & District  

District

100.0% Amritsar 516
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.4% 1984 2
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
1.0% 1986 5
 
3.1% 1987 16
 
5.2% 1988 27
 
10.9% 1989 56
 
13.0% 1990 67
 
21.1% 1991 109
 
26.2% 1992 135
 
10.9% 1993 56
 
1.4% 1994 7
 
0.4% 1995 2
 
0.4% 1996 2
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.2% 2003 1
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0