Patti

District: Amritsar

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


513 documented cases in Patti Subdistrict

Ahmedpur, 4 cases
Balair, 6
Benka, 1
Bhojoke, 1
Boparai, 1
Bua, 4
Dal, 6
Dalairi, 1
Dassuwal, 10
Dhagana, 5
Dholan, 4
Dhun, 7
Dode, 1
Dubli, 3
Gajjal, 3
Gilpan, 1
Harike, 6
Jalloke, 2
Kairon, 16
Kalia, 2
Kals, 4
Khalra, 2
Lakhna, 3
Lakhna, 2
Lauhka, 9
Maan, 1
Marrar, 5
Munawan, 3
Nabipur, 1
Nadohar, 2
Narla, 2
Narli, 7
Panghri, 2
Patti, 9
Puhla, 4
Punian, 1
Rajoke, 1
Sabhrai, 16
Saido, 5
Saidpur, 1
Sandhra, 2
Shahid, 5
Sidhwan, 4
Sugga, 4
Sungwan, 1
Sur Singh, 24
Tatle, 2
Thatha, 1
Tut, 5
Uboke, 5
Valtoha, 16
Warnala, 5
Wiram, 1

Key statistics for documented cases in Patti Subdistrict

Victim Demographics 

Gender

99.0% Male 508
 
 
1.0% Female 5

Marital status

63.7% Not married 327
 
 
36.1% Married 185

If married, did the victim have children?

30.0% Yes 154
 
 
4.3% No 22


Total children surviving victims: 410


Religion

99.8% Sikh 512
 
 
0.2% Non-Sikh 1

Caste

75.4% Jat 387
 
 
24.6% Non-Jat 126

Age

7.2% 0-17 37
 
73.9% 18-33 379
 
12.1% 34-49 62
 
3.5% 50-64 18
 
1.2% 65+ 6
 
0.6% Age unknown 3
 

Education

39.2% No education 201
 
16.8% Primary school 86
 
15.6% Middle school 80
 
25.7% High school 132
 
1.2% College degree 6
 
0.6% Graduate degree 3
 
0.8% Vocational degree 4
 

Employment

55.6% Farmer/agriculture 285
 
13.1% Day labourer 67
 
4.9% Student 25
 
4.7% Shopkeeper 24
 
3.9% Driver (bus/truck/car) 20
 
3.9% Unemployed 20
 
0.8% Mechanic 4
 
0.6% Housewife 3
 
15.4% Other 79
 

Urban / Rural

96.5% Rural 495
 
 
3.5% Urban 18

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

31.8% Yes 163
 
 
67.4% No 346

Prior torture

22.8% Yes 117
 
 
9.0% No 46

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

78.6% Yes 403
 
 
18.9% No 97

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

17.0% Yes 54
 
 
76.0% No 241

Witnesses to abduction

61.8% Yes 317
 
 
3.5% No 18

Victim abduction location

15.6% Victim’s residence 80
 
14.6% Friend/relative's residence 75
 
14.2% Roadside 73
 
8.0% Village fields 41
 
3.3% Checkpoint (naka) 17
 
2.7% Shop/market 14
 
1.4% Police station 7
 
1.2% Bus station/stand 6
 
0.6% Village drain 3
 
12.9% Other 66
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

52.0% Yes 267
 
 
26.5% No 136

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

16.6% Other 85
 
13.6% Denied involvement 70
 
7.8% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 40
 
6.8% Gave no response 35
 
6.8% Killed victim in an “encounter” 35
 
6.0% Told family to go to another police station 31
 
2.1% Admitted custody only 11
 
1.2% Victim had escaped 6
 
0.4% Victim killed in crossfire with militants 2
 
0.2% Victim killed by black cats 1
 
0.2% Victim accidentally killed in custody 1
 
0.2% Victim killed by militants 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

2.1% Yes 11
 
 
46.6% No 239

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

90.3% Extrajudicial executions 463
 
 
9.7% Enforced disappearances 50

Number of victims per family

81.1% 1 victim 416
 
14.2% 2 victim 73
 
4.7% 3 victim 24
 

Related incidents

3.3% Genuine encounters in family 17
 
 
95.5% No genuine encounters in family 490

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

43.7% Cremated the body 224
 
1.8% Dumped body in canal or river 9
 
0.2% Buried the body 1
 

Security forces returned body

15.8% Yes 81
 
1.2% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 6
 
72.9% No 374
 

Condition of corpse, if known

17.3% Bullet wounds 89
 
3.3% Cuts/wounds 17
 
2.9% Other 15
 
2.3% Bruises 12
 
2.3% Broken bones 12
 
1.2% Missing fingernails 6
 
1.0% Missing hair from head or face 5
 
1.0% Burn marks 5
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

48.7% Yes 250
 
 
30.4% No 156

Security forces uniformed

84.2% Yes 267
 
 
6.9% No 22

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

70.0% Punjab Police 359
 
13.1% CRPF 67
 
2.1% Other 11
 
2.1% Black cat 11
 
1.6% BSF 8
 
0.8% Criminal Investigation Agency 4
 
0.2% Army 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

77.8% Punjab police 399
 
10.5% CRPF 54
 
2.3% Army 12
 
2.3% BSF 12
 
1.0% Black cat 5
 
0.8% Other 4
 
0.2% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

34.3% Combatant 176
 
 
61.8% Non-combatant 317

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

18.7% Yes 96
 
 
41.3% No 212

If provided support, support was voluntary

9.4% Yes 48
 
 
7.6% No 39

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

46.4% Yes 238
 
 
52.8% No 271

Approached security officials

48.3% Yes 248
 
 
50.9% No 261

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

42.9% Afraid of retaliation 220
 
16.0% Didn’t know what to do 82
 
11.3% Believed it would have been ineffective 58
 
7.8% Couldn’t afford 40
 
1.6% Not applicable 8
 
0.6% Other 3
 

Remedies desired from government

79.7% Monetary compensation to family 409
 
59.5% Employment 305
 
41.7% Truth commission 214
 
33.5% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 172
 
28.1% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 144
 
13.5% Investigations into abuses 69
 
13.1% Rehabilitation services to family members 67
 
6.4% Memorial for victims 33
 
3.1% Other 16
 
1.6% Desire nothing from government 8
 

Year & District 

District

100.0% Amritsar 513
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.4% 1984 2
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
1.0% 1986 5
 
3.1% 1987 16
 
5.3% 1988 27
 
10.7% 1989 55
 
13.1% 1990 67
 
21.2% 1991 109
 
26.1% 1992 134
 
10.7% 1993 55
 
1.4% 1994 7
 
0.4% 1995 2
 
0.4% 1996 2
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.2% 2003 1
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
6.0% Date Unknown 31